Narcolepsy day

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Information about Narcolepsy day
Health & Medicine

Published on March 7, 2014

Author: ParveenKumarChadha1

Source: slideshare.net

Description

8th March 2014 is Narcolepsy Day.

Nursing Hi Nursing 8th March 2014 is Narcolepsy Day. Narcolepsy also known as hypnolepsy , is a chronic neurological disorder caused by the brain's inability to regulate sleep-wake cycles normally . People with narcolepsy often experience disturbed nocturnal sleep and an abnormal daytime sleep pattern, which often is confused with insomnia. Narcoleptics, when falling asleep, generally experience the REM stage of sleep within 5 minutes, while most people do not experience REM sleep until an hour or so later. One of the many problems that some narcoleptics experience is cataplexy, a sudden muscular weakness brought on by strong emotions. Narcolepsy is a neurological sleep disorder. It is not caused by mental illness or psychological problems. It is most likely affected by a number of genetic mutations and abnormalities that affect specific biologic factors in the brain, combined with an environmental trigger during the brain's development, such as a virus.

Narcolepsy Nursing Hi Nursing

What is Narcolepsy? • • • • A chronic sleeping disorder Hard to stay awake for longer periods of time Sudden attacks of sleep Can fall a sleep under any circumstances Nursing Hi Nursing

Symptoms • • • • • Excessive daytime sleeping Sudden loss of muscle tone Sleeping paralysis Hallucinations Low levels of Hypocretin/Orexin Nursing Hi Nursing

Causes • • • • • • Not exact known Genetics Infections Sleeping pattern – NREM + REM Hypocretin level H1N1 vaccination Nursing Hi Nursing

Statistics • Most common age of diagnostics is 20-40 years. • Affect 0.05% of the population world wide Nursing Hi Nursing

Treatments and drugs • No cure • Stimulates: - Modafilin - Methylphenidate • Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors: - Fluoxetine - Venlafaxine • Tricyclic antidepressants: - Protriptyline - Imipramine - Clomipramine • Sodium oxybate (Xyrem) Nursing Hi Nursing

Daily life • Recommendations: • Complications: - Public misunderstanding - Naps during the day - Exercise - Feelings and - No nicotine and alcohol relationships - Consistent sleeping - Physical harm schedule - Obesity Nursing Hi Nursing

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