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Information about napoleon bonaparte

Published on March 16, 2009

Author: mishizzletran


Slide 1: By Vickie Satele and Michelle Tran Napoleon Bonaparte 1769-1821 Childhood and Military School : Childhood and Military School Born August 15th, 1769 in Corsica 1779 Attended Royal Military Academy on a scholarship 1784 Recruited to Ecole Militaire in Paris Became an expert in artillery The youngest military officer appointed as lieutenant in France - at age 16! Short in stature, Napoleon was constantly made fun of by his French classmates. French Revolution Begins : French Revolution Begins July 14, 1789 large crowd storms the Bastille New constitution adopted Napoleon supported revolution Peasants holding the famous tri-color flag, outside Bastille’s walls. Siege of Toulon : Siege of Toulon December 1793 in Toulon, France French recaptures the city from the British Excellent usage of cannons Became Brigadier General at age 24 Cannon Fire Napoleon and his troops stand nearby as the British ships sink. The Reign of Terror : The Reign of Terror A period of brutal executions Maximilien Robespierre and the Committee of Public Safety are in power Thermidoreans later overthrow the Committee Napoleon is at his lowest point The Guillotine was used to execute anyone suspected of counterrevolutionary thoughts. This installed an immense fear among the people. Tuilleries Palace : Tuilleries Palace Tuilleries Palace, October 5, 1795, 30,000 armed citizen mob. Fought over 6 hours Cleared streets with cannons Made commander-in-chief of Army of the Interior Napoleon, mounted on his horse, directs French troops to bring their cannons around to fire on rebelling French citizens. Meeting Josephine : Meeting Josephine Found a woman, Marie-Josèphe-Rose (Josephine) Napoleon attached to her 2 kids from previous marriage Great beauty, and yet “not”. Married March 9, 1796 A portrait of Napoleon’s wife, Josephine Bonaparte Victory in Italy : Victory in Italy Austria greatest threat to the French Republic 1796 Three-pronged launch attack plan Ended with control of N. Italy Napoleon created a new country: The Cisalpine Republic March 1797 Napoleon declared a truce with Austria Victorious, Napoleon and his troops march into Milan, Italy, in 1796. Egyptian Campaign : Egyptian Campaign Invaded Egypt in 1798 Goal: take over routes of India to defeat the British Battle of The Pyramids: Cairo is captured Admiral Horatio Nelson defeats French Navy at Abu Qir Bay March to Syria Napoleon posing for a painting in Egypt. From General to First Consul : From General to First Consul November 1799 1800 elections- Votes for Napoleon were unanimous Most powerful man in France Revolution ends with his promotion Napoleon Bonaparte as First Consul of France. Changes in France : Changes in France Civil Code Education Reform The Concordat of 1801 A New Constitution A copy of the Civil Code. The Coronation : The Coronation Notre Dame, Paris December 4, 1804 Pope Pius VII invited from Rome Crowned himself Emperor Napoleon I Battle of Austerlitz : Battle of Austerlitz Also known as Battle of the Three Emperors Defeated the Third Coalition (an alliance of Austria, Prussia, Russia, and Great Britain) Took over all of Austria’s territory in Italy. Crowned himself king of Italy Napoleon at the Battle of Austerlitz. Divorce with Josephine / Marriage to the Archduchess : Divorce with Josephine / Marriage to the Archduchess 1809, divorced Josephine 1810, married Marie-Louise of Austria 1811, gave birth to an heir, Napoleon II.$281769-1821$29-And-Josephine-Tascher-De-La-Pagerie-$281763-1814$29-30th-November-1809.jpg Archduchess Marie-Louise, holding Napoleon’s first son, Napoleon II. Josephine was devastated by Napoleon’s decision. Here she is collapsed on the floor, held in her son’s arms. Russian Campaign: 1812 : Russian Campaign: 1812 Russia resumes trade with Britain Napoleon goes to war with Russia More than 500,000 of orig. 650,000 troops died Marked beginning of the end Napoleon's retreat from Moscow, painted by Adolph Northen in the 19th century Exile to Elba : Exile to Elba Gave up throne on April 11, 1814 Exiled to Elba Allies call upon Louis XVIII, brother of Louis XVI, to be king This 1814 British political cartoon shows a defeated and powerless Napoleon being drummed out of Europe to exile in Elba. Return to France : Return to France Returned to France by boat on March 1, 1815 Reinstated as Emperor Louis XVIII forced to flee Napoleon returns to France in this 1818 painting by Charles Auguste Guillaume Steuben. Hundred Days : Hundred Days Battle of Waterloo: Napoleon meets defeat Exiled to island of St. Helena The Emperor Napoleon addresses his Guard during the Battle of Waterloo Napoleon’s Legacy Lives On… : Napoleon’s Legacy Lives On… “I closed the gulf of anarchy and brought order out of chaos. I rewarded merit regardless of birth or wealth, wherever I found it. I abolished feudalism and restored equality to all regardless of religion and before the law. I fought the decrepit monarchies of the Old Regime because the alternative was the destruction of all this. I purified the Revolution.” “Ambition is never content, even on the summit of greatness.”

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