Napkintalk

50 %
50 %
Information about Napkintalk

Published on January 20, 2008

Author: deg511

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Module 7 from Creative Modeling for Tech Visionaries: Napkintalk

Creative Modeling for Technology Visionaries Qualitative & Simplified Quantitative Modeling for Product Creation Module 7: Napkintalk David E. Goldberg University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Urbana, Illinois 61801 [email_address]

Engineering Creativity as Visual Modern engineering education hung up on science and math. Importance of language. Much engineering creativity is visual. Ability to think visually important in early stages of product development. Visual thinking often key to category creation and enhancement.

Modern engineering education hung up on science and math.

Importance of language.

Much engineering creativity is visual.

Ability to think visually important in early stages of product development.

Visual thinking often key to category creation and enhancement.

Roadmap Napkintalk & napkinthink. Ferguson’s distinction between engineer and artisan. Learning to see & the mind’s eye. Sketches: representation of what is or what should be. Diagrams: representation of thoughts or abstractions and their relationships. Quad charts: conceptual dimensions in 2D.

Napkintalk & napkinthink.

Ferguson’s distinction between engineer and artisan.

Learning to see & the mind’s eye.

Sketches: representation of what is or what should be.

Diagrams: representation of thoughts or abstractions and their relationships.

Quad charts: conceptual dimensions in 2D.

Napkintalk Napkintalk/think: 2 engineers in a restaurant. Ode to the paper napkin: http://www.elecdesign.com/Articles/Index.cfm?AD=1&AD=1&ArticleID=4588 Napkin goes back and forth. Deconstruct: Social process. Verbal exchange (dialectic). Visual exchange of sketched images.

Napkintalk/think: 2 engineers in a restaurant.

Ode to the paper napkin: http://www.elecdesign.com/Articles/Index.cfm?AD=1&AD=1&ArticleID=4588

Napkin goes back and forth.

Deconstruct:

Social process.

Verbal exchange (dialectic).

Visual exchange of sketched images.

Drawing as Distinction Ferguson makes distinction between artisans and engineers on the basis of engineer’s drawing and artisan’s lack! Design is a contingent process. Visual thinking is important throughout. Engineering education also involved shop classes. Hands dirty & understood connection between drawings and things made.

Ferguson makes distinction between artisans and engineers on the basis of engineer’s drawing and artisan’s lack!

Design is a contingent process.

Visual thinking is important throughout.

Engineering education also involved shop classes.

Hands dirty & understood connection between drawings and things made.

Short History of Demise of Drawing World War2 mobilized engineers and scientists on war effort. Led by engineer, Vannevar Bush. The Endless Frontier created NSF and devaluation of visual thinking began. Few electrical engineers or computer scientists take engineering graphics. Other disciplines dropping it. Sketching a lost art. Vannevar Bush (1890-1974)

World War2 mobilized engineers and scientists on war effort.

Led by engineer, Vannevar Bush.

The Endless Frontier created NSF and devaluation of visual thinking began.

Few electrical engineers or computer scientists take engineering graphics.

Other disciplines dropping it.

Sketching a lost art.

Why Visual Thinking Matters Four good reasons: Every pen stroke a creation. Represent world as it is. Create world that might be. Enhance thought process by representing thoughts and relationships between them in pictures.

Four good reasons:

Every pen stroke a creation.

Represent world as it is.

Create world that might be.

Enhance thought process by representing thoughts and relationships between them in pictures.

Every Mark of Pen Creates For most people, most common creative act is to put pen to paper. Writing a word or sketching a figure creates something that did not exist. By definition, a creative act. Think of pens and pencils as creative tools. Buy them, try different ones. Find some favorites.

For most people, most common creative act is to put pen to paper.

Writing a word or sketching a figure creates something that did not exist.

By definition, a creative act.

Think of pens and pencils as creative tools.

Buy them, try different ones.

Find some favorites.

Learning to See & Represent Brains have become symbolically dominated, but need to get in touch with what is. Drawing class a place to start. Exercises from Betty Edwards.

Brains have become symbolically dominated, but need to get in touch with what is.

Drawing class a place to start.

Exercises from Betty Edwards.

Upside Down Exercise Take exercise sheet. Half class right side up. Half class up side down. Take short period to draw line drawing. No tracing.

Take exercise sheet.

Half class right side up.

Half class up side down.

Take short period to draw line drawing.

No tracing.

What’s the Point? Upside down drawings tend to be better. Less “symbol” thinking. Good results after 5 days of training. You can learn to see and draw what you see.

Upside down drawings tend to be better.

Less “symbol” thinking.

Good results after 5 days of training.

You can learn to see and draw what you see.

More Typical Sketch Useful ≠ work of art. Engineers represent designs w/ sketches. Convey conception or idea of invention. Example Edison’s 1877 conception of the phonograph.

Useful ≠ work of art.

Engineers represent designs w/ sketches.

Convey conception or idea of invention.

Example Edison’s 1877 conception of the phonograph.

Diagramming Sketching is about representing things. Diagramming is about representing concepts and their relationships. What is being represented: people, activities, terms, concepts, combination?. Prescriptive vs. descriptive vs. hybrid. Form of representation: graph or other form. People Organizational chart Social networks Activities Flow/process charts Schedules Systems dynamics Fishbone Ideas & terms Orbits Layers Venn diagram Semantic nets Quadrants Positioning diagrams

Sketching is about representing things.

Diagramming is about representing concepts and their relationships.

What is being represented: people, activities, terms, concepts, combination?.

Prescriptive vs. descriptive vs. hybrid.

Form of representation: graph or other form.

People

Organizational chart

Social networks

Activities

Flow/process charts

Schedules

Systems dynamics

Fishbone

Ideas & terms

Orbits

Layers

Venn diagram

Semantic nets

Quadrants

Positioning diagrams

Organizational Chart Boxes represent roles & people. Lines represent reporting relationship. Generally hierarchical. Prescriptive. East Bay Municipal Utility District

Boxes represent roles & people.

Lines represent reporting relationship.

Generally hierarchical.

Prescriptive.

Social Network Who is links to whom in the blogosphere? Other relationships. Can move in quantitative direction here. Descriptive.

Who is links to whom in the blogosphere?

Other relationships.

Can move in quantitative direction here.

Descriptive.

Flow Chart Lays out procedure or process in step-by-step manner. Activities & decisions. Oftentimes simple linear process flow. Can be prescriptive or descriptive.

Lays out procedure or process in step-by-step manner.

Activities & decisions.

Oftentimes simple linear process flow.

Can be prescriptive or descriptive.

System Dynamics Diagram Grew out of Jay Forester’s work. Qualitative use of control theory. Consider structure of feedback loops to think qualitatively about system response.

Grew out of Jay Forester’s work.

Qualitative use of control theory.

Consider structure of feedback loops to think qualitatively about system response.

System Dynamics Diagram Jay W. Forrester (b. 1918)

Schedules Types: CPM: critical path methods. PERT: program evaluation and review technique. Gantt or bar chart: visual representation of schedule. Precedence descriptive, timing prescriptive.

Types:

CPM: critical path methods.

PERT: program evaluation and review technique.

Gantt or bar chart: visual representation of schedule.

Precedence descriptive, timing prescriptive.

PERT Chart Arc as activity.

Arc as activity.

Bar Chart or Gantt Chart

Ishikawa or Fishbone Diagram Look for root causes of difficulty. Descriptive of problem difficulty. Purpose: diagnosis & prevention. Quality management keen on visual representation.

Look for root causes of difficulty.

Descriptive of problem difficulty.

Purpose: diagnosis & prevention.

Quality management keen on visual representation.

Orbit Diagrams Inside to outside. Drawn wrt insider. Example: DISCUS. Prescriptive.

Inside to outside.

Drawn wrt insider.

Example: DISCUS.

Prescriptive.

Venn Diagram Explicit representation of overlap or intersection. John Venn introduced 1881. VennDiagram.ppt Link to image

Explicit representation of overlap or intersection.

John Venn introduced 1881.

Architectural Layers

Back to Aristotelian Data Mining Have different dimensions of product/customer/org space from ADM. Consider theory or experiments in two or more dimensions at a time. Types: Quadrants Positioning diagrams Radar diagrams

Have different dimensions of product/customer/org space from ADM.

Consider theory or experiments in two or more dimensions at a time.

Types:

Quadrants

Positioning diagrams

Radar diagrams

Quad Chart

Stokes Quadrants D. E. Stokes (1997). Pasteur's Quadrant: Basic Science and Technological Innovation. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press.

D. E. Stokes (1997). Pasteur's Quadrant: Basic Science and Technological Innovation. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press.

Positioning Diagram From discrete to continuous. Often used in marketing to explore notion of niche. Un- or under-exploited market opportunities. Econobox Luxury Price Conservative Sporty Lifestyle American Family Sedans German Sports Sedans

From discrete to continuous.

Often used in marketing to explore notion of niche.

Un- or under-exploited market opportunities.

Radar Diagram Multiple dimensions. Useful to measure wrt ideal. Quality example. Point in n-space represented by pattern. http://www.mmo.org.tr/endustrimuhendisligi/2003_3/a_field_studyofmeasuring_dosyalar/image008.gif

Multiple dimensions.

Useful to measure wrt ideal.

Quality example.

Point in n-space represented by pattern.

Bottom Line Visual thinking is a companion to verbal thinking for the engineer. Perhaps even more central to engineering thought. Sketching to learn to see & invent. Diagramming to relate concepts. Variety of ways to do. Quadrants tie verbal dimensions to the visual.

Visual thinking is a companion to verbal thinking for the engineer.

Perhaps even more central to engineering thought.

Sketching to learn to see & invent.

Diagramming to relate concepts.

Variety of ways to do.

Quadrants tie verbal dimensions to the visual.

Add a comment

Related presentations

Related pages

NapkinTalk com Nous (aka Papo de Guardanapo), Objeto ...

NapkinTalk com Nous (aka Papo de Guardanapo) - O NapkinTalk ou Papo de Guardanapo é um serviço de consultoria descomplicada para pessoas que precisam
Read more

NapkinTalk - Consultoria Criativa Descomplicada - YouTube

NapkinTalk é uma consultoria de 30 minutos para criativos e inovadores tirarem suas ideias do papel. Conheça um pouco sobre essa nova forma de ...
Read more

Ana Carolina Alves | LinkedIn

O NapkinTalk é um modelo de consultoria de bolso onde empreendedores iniciantes conseguem consultar profissionais experts locais sobre dúvidas e ...
Read more

ANA CAROLINA ALVES (@anacarolina_fa) | Twitter

NapkinTalk é um projeto do @nous_cc para transforma Brasília, com colisões profissionais e consultorias de bolso https:// ingressos.napkintalk.com.br ...
Read more

Nous Cultura Creativa - YouTube

NapkinTalk - Consultoria Criativa Descomplicada - Duration: 61 seconds. 170 views; 3 months ago; CC; 1:51. Play next; Play now; Artesania e a Cultura ...
Read more

Carla Arena | Facebook

... Fazendas Reunidas Novo Tempo, Conexão André Villas Bôas, NapkinTalk, The British School, Rio de Janeiro, TEDxRio, Jorge Paulo Lemann, ...
Read more

Duo Flowerchild Fior (@DuoFlowerchild1) | Twitter

The latest Tweets from Duo Flowerchild Fior (@DuoFlowerchild1): "Temporary fulfillment is exactly that#ImGuilty#NapkinTalk"
Read more

Rodrigo Duarte | Facebook

Rodrigo Duarte is on Facebook. Join Facebook to connect with Rodrigo Duarte and others you may know. Facebook gives people the power to share and makes...
Read more

Brennen Jensen | LinkedIn

View Brennen Jensen’s professional profile on LinkedIn. LinkedIn is the world's largest business network, helping professionals like Brennen Jensen ...
Read more