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Information about Myth-Legend

Published on April 8, 2009

Author: Nguvananh_07b


WHAT IS MYTH? : WHAT IS MYTH? Stories based on tradition Either factual or fictional Explain the world and man’s experience reflect the universal concerns of mankind throughout history: birth, death, the afterlife, the origin of man and the world, good and evil and the nature of man himself. GREEK MYTHOLOGY : GREEK MYTHOLOGY GAIA (EARTH) CHAOS 12 TITANS URANUS (SKY) CYCLOPS 100-HAND GIANTS (imprisoned in Gaia’s body -> Cronus released them -> TARTARUS (lowest part of hell) 12 TITANS – 6 GODS : 12 TITANS – 6 GODS CRONUS (SATURN) – SKY OCEANUS – OCEAN COEUS – INTELLECT HYPERION – SUN CRIUS IAPETUS 12 TITANS – 6 GODDESSES : 12 TITANS – 6 GODDESSES RHEA – EARTH TETHYS – SEA THEMIS – JUSTICE THEIA – SORCERY PHOEBE – MOON MNEMOSYNE – MEMORY 12 OLYMPIANS : 12 OLYMPIANS - CRONUS + RHEA => 12 OLYMPIANS CRONUS: swallowed his children (GAIA’s prophecy) RHEA => gave a stone indeed => saved ZEUS => ZEUS tricked into disgoring his children => war between TITANS (elder gods) and OLYMPIANS (younger gods) 6 OLYMPIANS – 1ST GENERATION : 6 OLYMPIANS – 1ST GENERATION ZEUS (JUPITER) – SKY POSEIDON (NEPTUNE) – SEA HADES (PLUTO) – DEATH HERA (JUNO) – HEAVEN DEMETER (CERES) – FERTILITY HESTIA (VESTA) - HEARTH 6 OLYMPIANS – 2ND GENERATION : 6 OLYMPIANS – 2ND GENERATION APOLLO – youth, music, prophecy, healing HERMES (MERCURY) – messenger ARES (MARS) – war HEPHAESTUS (VULCAN) – fire ATHENA (MINERVA) – art, craft, war ARTEMIS (DIANA) – childbirth and animal APHRODITE (VENUS) – love and beauty DIONYSUS (BACCHUS) – wine and ecstasy ZEUS : ZEUS POSEIDON : POSEIDON HADES : HADES HERA : HERA Slide 12: DEMETER Slide 13: HESTIA Slide 14: APOLLO HERMES : HERMES Slide 16: HEPHAESTUS Slide 17: ATHENA ARTEMIS : ARTEMIS Slide 19: APHRODITE Slide 20: DYONYSUS MYTH VS LEGEND : MYTH VS LEGEND TYPES OF MYTH : TYPES OF MYTH WOMEN OF POWER (e.g Queen of Sheba) PARADISE (e.g. Shangri-la) HERO (e.g. King Arthur) QUEST (e.g. Jason and the Argonauts) JASON AND THE GOLEN FLEECE : JASON AND THE GOLEN FLEECE Slide 26: In J.R.R. Tolkien's Lord of the Rings series, there is a period of time before man called the Years of the Trees. Spirits and elves live a place called Valinor, lighted by the Two Trees and the stars, as the Sun and the Moon do not yet exist. Which of the following myths share a mythical archetype similar to this portion of Tolkien's story? a) Queen of Shebab) Jason and the Golden Fleecec) Shangri-Lad) King Arthur Slide 27: C The Years of the Trees were idyllic times before the time of man, with no war or strife. Two trees, one of silver and one of gold, gave light to the land. Later, the trees would be destroyed by the dark lord, Melkor, and the world plunged into darkness, until the Sun and the Moon were created to give light to the world Slide 28: Which of the following myths is referenced in the Bible, the Koran, the Book of Kings, and the Constitution of Ethiopia? a) Jason and the Golden Fleeceb) The Queen of Shebac) King Arthurd) Shangri-La Slide 29: B The Queen of Sheba figures in the stories of three major religions, and two countries. Both Ethiopia and Yemen claim her as their own, and it is possible that they are both right. Michael Wood, program host, posits that there may have been a time when both lands were ruled by the same person. Ethiopians see the Queen of Sheba as the mother of their nation, and her son by King Solomon as their first King. Haile Selassie, the Ethiopian dictator, had her story written into the Ethiopian Constitution as the story of the founding of the state. Slide 30: What did the Queen of Sheba bring to King Solomon and the Three Wise Men bring to the baby Jesus? a) A golden ramb) Frankincensec) Goldd) both b and c are correct Slide 31: D. The correct answer is frankincense, myrrh and gold. The Queen of Sheba brought frankincense, myrrh, gold, and precious jewels. The Wise Men also brought frankincense, myrrh, and gold. Frankincense was, and still is, a precious oil, found only in the Horn of Africa and Yemen. Its rarity helped narrow the search for the Queen of Sheba's kingdom. Grown on trees guarded by a deadly tree viper, frankincense was prized by the ancients for its ability to ward off evil spirits. Today, aromatherapists use frankincense to fight depression and both frankincense and myrrh to prevent cancer. Slide 32: What do Professor Robert Langdon of the best-selling novel The Da Vinci Code, Indiana Jones of film fame, and the legendary King Arthur have in common? a) They travelled to Jerusalem on a crusadeb) They sought the Holy Grailc) They die in the endd) They lose their loved one to a rival Slide 33: B King Arthur and his knights sought the Grail in Great Britain; Indiana sought it in the Holy Land; and Professor Langdon sought it in Europe. King Arthur and Indiana sought the simple wooden chalice used by Jesus at the Last Supper, the traditional grail. However, in The Da Vinci Code, Professor Langdon's claim to fame was his discovery that the grail was not a cup, but a person, Mary Magdalene. Slide 34: Throughout history there have been real-life queens who reigned over large domains, and often led armies. Which of the following warrior queens followed in the path of the Queen of Sheba? a) Eleanor of Aquitaineb) Cleopatrac) Queen Catherine of Russiad) All of the above Slide 35: The correct answer is All of the above. Eleanor of Aquitaine and Catherine the Great of Russia were powerful European queens who dominated the politics of their day. Smart, sophisticated, and politically savvy, they maintained and increased their power in a time where women were traditionally powerless. Cleopatra, Queen of Egypt, married her brother, but like the Queen of Sheba had a love affair with a ruler of a powerful kingdom, Julius Caesar of Rome, and bore him a son. After his death, she also had an affair with his successor, Marc Anthony of Rome. Slide 36: To what mythical archetype do the intergalactic voyagers of Star Trek: Enterprise owe their story? a) The Hero's Questb) The Lost Paradisec) The Woman of Powerd) The Hero of a Golden Age Slide 37: A The mission of the Enterprise is "to boldly go where no man has gone before." Like Jason, and many other heroes, the crew of the Enterprise must leave the bounds of the known world. Like the crew of the Enterprise, the Argonauts (named so because their boat was the Argo) face many deadly perils along the way, and must call on the talents of all their members to survive. Slide 38: What do the Lion King, Hamlet, Harry Potter, and Jason of the Argonauts all have in common? a) Their fathers were killed by their rivalsb) They were kingsc) Their mothers were killed by their rivalsd) They die at the end of the story Slide 39: A Jason, Hamlet, and the Lion King all lose their fathers to murderous uncles who usurp their thrones. Their stories all revolve around revenging their fathers and reclaiming their thrones. Harry Potter loses both his mother and his father to his rival, Voldemort, and his quest is to survive, and then to best his enemy.

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