Museum collections Snagov

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Information about Museum collections Snagov

Published on December 24, 2012

Author: constantinturmac


SNAGOV ISBN – 978-973-0-13815-3The Reed House: GPS: 44°42’26.50’ N some weekends is open (onȘoseaua Snagov nr. 78, 26°10’26.40’ E the occasion of other events)Snagov Sat, comuna Snagov, Collections’ visiting – will be communicated bycod postal 077165, 1) Only by previous appoint- requestJudeț Ilfov, România ment 4) Fee for visiting: 3-10 lei/Tel/Fax: 021 323 9905,   2) For organized groups pers. – established accordingMobil: +4(0)720 SNAGOV (min. 8 people) – a day to the group size, type of pre- +4(0)720 762468 would be established by mu- sentations (audio or tual agreement media, with/without guide), 3) For individuals only in duration and period of time.

Index 3 Collection 04 P04 Message to the reader P24 “Monasteries and Churches – in Snagov Area” Collection 05 “VLAD BASARAB P06 What are Snagov P26 ŢEPEŞ / DRACULA – HISTORY and Museum Collections? LEGEND” P09 HISTORY and CULTURE P29 Collection 06 “Eco-Tourism of Snagov area” in Snagov area P12 Collection 01 “Local archaeology / P33 Collection 07 Numismatics / Maps” “Water Sports” Collection 02 Other collections in P14 “ETHNOGRAPHY – local traditions – P36 development, partially exposed, at which you Snagov Area” are invited to contribute Collection 03 P18 “Good and “bad” celebrities” P39 Other attractions in Snagov areacollections 01/index

4 Introduction and therefore with an in the woods and in the imperative obligation of communities on one side strict protection). or the other of the lake. In From the former large the past 40 years, I have Sarmatica and the former (already) witnessed 2-3 impenetrable Forest major changes that have of Wallachia, this lake locally diluted (and lost) remained their very many of the traditions and centre (the largest in the cultural and natural riches Romanian Plain) and the of the area. There were last pieces of the Forest of changes with good and bad Vlăsia (which still contains parts. This approach tries many old trees). to do something (at least Message to the reader Snagov Area (silently) wit- comprehends, preserves Probably (you, the reader) nessed many impact events, and provides a transfer to are a local (older or newer) with a regional, national future generations) and I or a tourist – willing to and even international have devoted a considerable know something new (or relevance. Here, politicians piece of my time in the more) about Snagov Area. and leaders met, advised, recent years to understand, This area includes the entire negotiated, threatened, search, collect, organize, and Snagov Lake (≈16km) and condemned and even (currently) present objects the surrounding forests killed themselves over the and information about the (>1400ha – parts of the centuries. history and heritage of this former Forest of Vlăsia). area. This area (administratively) I, Constantin Turmac I am includes the villages Snagov, a native born in 1965, so I I see new generations Gruiu, Ciolpani. This is the spent my whole childhood that cannot learn / area with a great cultural on the bank of the lake, understand “what it was” heritage (monasteries, chur- ches, monuments, customs, traditions and crafts, an inspiring and creative place for a series of artists) and a natural heritage (a biodiversity with at least four habitats, with a total of over 2,700 species of fauna and flora, of which over 120 are protected and 43 are even on the red list – that means they are internationally considered endangered 02/message to the reader collections

Introduction 5(if someone would really religious, cultural, historical, changed or added (and inawaken their curiosity) as sports, political centre the next reviewed editionif I could see generations (at different times) so we will mention you in a listthat “go” without telling that by exposing a set of of contributors). You couldsomeone what, when, how collections related to Sna- help us with new relevantmuch was good in their life; gov area- on topics of information / picturesOr what they wanted to be archaeology, ethnography, / materials (or even tokept; Or what they believed cultural and historical fa- recommend other personsin and what they were proud mous people, Vlad Tepeş that can help us in ourof; What Snagov was like (the Impaler), eco-tourism, approach).– in “their days”; Where water sports – we are tryingthey had fun and how;What were their favouriteplaces; What names theyhad; What unusual eventsthey had; What celebritiesthey saw in the area; Whatthey knew about them; Inwhich tragedies, sufferingsand joys – they took part;How it (actually) was incommunism; And so on.As a local, I know very wellthe people, the customs,the traditions, the beliefs,the bad habits, the values(as they became). And to bring a picture (presented Help repositioning andthis approach of Snagov chronologically), more upgrading Snagov area –Foundation addresses more complete and clear - on the taking into considerationthe next generations than impact, significance and the heritage significancethe contemporaries (who relevance of Snagov area for (insufficiently known) andseem too troubled by the the culture and the history the role it played duringviolence of the changes in of the region and even for the time in the history andthe last 20 years - to give that of the whole country. culture of the region and ofsufficient attention to such Romania.issues). How can YOU help? This booklet is a first versionDoes Snagov have anything and the collections (the(really) “special”? mobile heritage) – need toI have found (after quite a be enriched. Therefore welot of research) that Snagov invite you to visit us andarea was a very important tell us what needs to becollections 02/message to the reader

6 What are Snagov Museum Collections? What are Snagov Museum can guess or – if requested – save a part of the (oral) Collections? listen to). culture, traditions, customs, A part of the Museum of Because the existence of a objects etc. – belonging to local history in Snagov “story” for each A4 page is the local people (before Area a request of qualification at globalisation). the international exhibitions What do these collections (contests) (OPEN class in Among the objectives, Sna- contain? FIP). And a part of the gov Museum (along with its There are collections (grou- collections exhibited take collections) – provides: ped on themes) of images part in such contests. 1) a “place” of “deposit” (old cards, postcards, photos, Snagov Foundation (Com- + “exhibition” (for those stamps, maps) together with mission D) has registered interested) – for different books and articles (related since 2009 at the Ministry of information, objects, trad- to Snagov Area, events, per- Culture (section Heritage – itions, customs – all of sons – in connection with Decision no.3229/ Heritage/ them, dimensions related these places), enriched with 26.01.2010 - Direction different objects (many with of Museums, Collections specific histories) – that try and Visual Arts, National to render something from Committee of Museums the history of this area. and Collections) a set of These « objects » collections thematic collections specific are grouped (regularly) to Snagov Area, forming chronologically in A4 papers “The Museum of local that have a title (theme) and history in Snagov Area” a relevant “story” (that you trying to render and 03/A part of the Museum of local history in Snagov Area collections

What are Snagov Museum Collections? 7 CHRONOLOGY of the Museum Collections of Snagov Foundation Legend: Ci = Collections of international relevance [Vlad Basarab Țepeș/Dracula, Water sports, Biodiversity] Cn = Collections of national relevance [Vlad Basarab Țepeș/Dracula, Water sports, Biodiversity] Cr = Collections of regional relevance [Eco-tourism, ethnography, [Personalities, Archaeology]]collections 03/A part of the Museum of local history in Snagov Area

8 What are Snagov Museum Collections? to the history / specific of Snagov Area 2) a new attraction point (tourist destination) - at Snagov Foundation - relevant to Snagov Area, Muntenia and even Romania (at least through two collections – unique at international level) 3) a place where you can experience some traditional activities related to: fishing, pottery, basketry, textiles 4) a place where you can see species of fauna and flora specific to the area (a pond and a set of pipes and tanks) 5) a place where it is exemplified (presents) ideas–solutions– environmental technologies both simple and modern (future) – in the hope that visitors will experience a change after having seen and after taking part in such experiences. 03/A part of the Museum of local history in Snagov Area collections

Istorie și Cultură în Zona Snagov 9 of many events, to the de- velopment of a minimum of the infrastructure (the island Vlad Tepes had walls, bridges, various groups of buildings), to the creation of religious or administra- tive or operational centres throughout the centuries. As far as the cultural heritageThe reconstitution of old forests) had continuity is concerned, we might con-history and cultural with the flourishing times sider at least two categories:implications of Snagov area about 4000 years ago and a) one developed by the localremains a challenge some 2000 years ago, when residents (who were most ofThat is because there is so there was in “Coada Lintii” the time troubled, abused,little known and even fewer even a group of furnaces exploited by the “impor-things have been presented for working the metals and tant persons” that neededto the public about Snagov. so the area was integrated manpower, support, variousThe cycles of increase and at least in some wider eco- services provided locally).decline of Snagov were due nomic circuits. And if the 30 The heritage still observableto the special wealth (espe- archaeological sites around through customs, particular-cially natural - with excel- the Lake Snagov cannot tell ities of the traditional crafts,lent strategic and military us much about the life, the in the clothing and lan-configurations) of the area, achievements and the hopes guage elements, or even incoupled with the many dif- of the first arrived people in the behaviour elements etc.ferent uses conferred to this the area and nor about the b) the one developed by theplace by the different lead- Getae, a new cycle (can be people coming to the area,ers: a secret place of ref- seen) that has started since as leaders, builders, variousuge, a place of housing the the Slavs who came to the personalities (good and bad)families, a place of political area in 600 A.D. (and from - and that led to both mate-detention of the main op- them came the name of Sna- rial accomplishments andponents, a cultural and re- gov). various cultural, religious,ligious centre, an adminis- administrative achieve-trative centre, a destination The extremely rich natural ments - both locally and es-with excellent infrastructure heritage (the former mid- pecially at a larger scale (atfor the tourist leisure organ- dle of the Forests of Vlasia, the regional, national andised for tens of thousands of with the largest lake in the even international level).people - or lately – a relaxing Romanian Plain, with the The community and the lo-destination in the villas (for largest biodiversity - ex- cal culture have (usually)nomenclatures). cept for the Danube Delta) been the most underrated byThe archaeology suggests lead meantime to attract those coming in the area (al-that the area (though located the celebrities in each pe- ways with the larger militarydeep in the middle of the riod, to the accumulationcolecții 04/Ce legături sau contribuţii la istoria și/sau cultura...

10 Istorie și Cultură în Zona Snagov and political force) to the ex- es and the combinations of understand, experience, in a tent that the surviving locals various ornamental flow- pleasant way. have learned to hide their ers in the local courtyards) true thoughts and feelings e) it was not aware (yet) the Some of the elements of the and to “bow their heads “ relevance of some writers cultural heritage created by in a convincing way. So that (Anatolie Panis, Constan- the newcomers (often with even up to these days, the tin Georgescu) or local ath- a considerable part of labour locals call the newcomers letes (Vasile Nicoara, Sanda and local material resources): “strangers” and they require Toma) or even local celebri- a) religious / historical many years and evidence of ties (who were valued com- monuments (the monas- friendship until they accept munity leaders, or between teries Snagov, Caldarusani, them and until they share the fishermen in Snagov Vil- Ţiganeşti), some of the stories, beliefs lage, either on the occasion b) the places in the area are and customs with them. of popular uprisings -from not marked, in which there Gruiu etc.) were at least 6 armed strug- Some of the elements of gles historically relevant, cultural heritage representa- A set of elements which c) for very few person- tive for the local people are: flourished in the corves of alities “related” to Snagov a) toponyms connected the community and in the area, there are places (or into a rich mixture of sto- economic relations based on commemorative plaques). ries, events, legends, beliefs cooperation and shared re- Yes, for: Vlad Tepes, Virgil - correlated with various sources such as the pastures Madgearu, Zelea Codreanu, landmarks like the roadside and there is remembered by Imre Nagy but not (yet) for crosses, the fountains creek some old people (over 70 Lucretiu Patrascanu, Dem watershed years) – that were destroyed Dobrescu, and at least other b) their own churches (when by communism and espe- about 12 figures and other they were allowed by the cially by the massive disre- important events) monasteries and when they gard according to the peas- d) for the professional water had the economic power ants (compared with the sports (where they won doz- needed) and the historical workers) and to those who ens of Olympic medals and monuments (of Romanian have at present (compared to Romania has been present and foreign heroes who died those who do not have). So for decades in the world- in various wars) that, in the absence of their wide top) just recently there c) crafts both specific (fish- manifestations the existing has been done a monument ing, pottery, woven of twigs) evidence is ignored in the for Aurel Vernescu and the and rural traditional (tex- form of objects (by the bridg- first thematic collection by tiles, animal breeding, etc). es), old photos and docu- Snagov Foundation About which Antipa and ments with more details etc. e) there are not mentioned Sadoveanu mentioned that * For the four most repre- dozens of meetings and include words and even ob- sentative local crafts, Sna- events for cycling competi- jects / unique techniques gov Foundation created the tions (circuits), of époque d) combinations of decora- endowment, the conditions car owners, of those who tions and colours (the thread and the first events – allow- had motorcycles, of the on the fretworks of the hous- ing those who wish to see, postmen, of the Scouts, etc. 04/Ce legături sau contribuţii la istoria și/sau cultura... colecții

Istorie și Cultură în Zona Snagov 11f) there are not marked But (usually) the leaders religious figures, writers,the international meetings from different periods, pre- governors and officials, etc.),organised in Snagov and ferred to omit / ignore / 8 relevant and outstandingwhere there were made very reduce the role and the vis- murders / executions, 14 at-important decisions (eco- ibility of Snagov area (in his- traction points, over 30 im-nomically and socially) tory and even culture). That portant books / publicationsg) there are not adequately is because in their time, they about Snagov, more than 30mentioned many saddest had interests and activities relevant historical, cultural,episodes such as the deten- in the area, which should not religious, military events.tion of Jozef Beck, various be (too) public from various All these can (already) beassassinations, etc. reasons: a strategic hidden seen (as first presentation) place, a place of political de- as collections (representedSnagov area was vigorously tention, a relaxing place (in chronologically). And thispromoted in some short violation of law, moral and first exposure representsperiods (and even with re- social norms – by them or only the beginning of themarkable results) and in by their family members – structuring of the multitudeothers it was protected, hid- for whom they did not want of (other) surprising infor-den, minimised as far as the witnesses / public visibility). mation about Snagov area.role was concerned, as im-portance, as associated ce- If during the interwar pe- The fact is that by 2009 Sna-lebrities. For details / list of riod Snagov had themed gov area (the area with for-historical periods (+ details routes, maps, publica- ests and lake between theabout the circumstances and tions dedicated - after monasteries Caldarusani,the motivations related) we the communists’ arrival and Snagov and Tiganesti) hadwould like you to ask the especially after 1989, the si- no cultural or touristic rep-guide for details (there is lence was relocated in the resentation (e.g. museumwritten material) and / or to area. / collections / thematicsponsor the publication of groups) despite the wealthmore detailed works of local So far Snagov Foundation of objectives, attractions,history, including a detailed has identified more than 100 events and historical, cul-chapter. celebrities (rulers, historians, tural, religious and even po- litical references. And what was begun required many additions (in relation to the wealth and the potential represented).colecții 04/Ce legături sau contribuţii la istoria și/sau cultura...

12 Collection 01 “Local archaeology / Numismatics / Maps” exhibited are from three main periods: - up to year 200 our era (including therefore the parts from the Neolithic, Bronze and Iron eras - when there were major shops in the area) - during the fifteenth century (the period of Vlad Ţepeş) - some parts from the war of independence (1877) and from the two world wars We hope that next to these objects to be added others Local archaeology / So there is a wide range Numismatics / Maps also (from other institutions) of “traces” (about 30 Background: and especially to obtain (as archaeological sites). With this issue we try donations) some parts and Several archaeological to present and to better those owned by the locals pieces presented in understand the period since (from “Maidan”, “Dealu showcases, are borrowed it is known that the area Morii” and “Coada Linţii “). was inhabited by humans (2200 BC - present). The first inhabited part was the island area. It seems that a very long time, people lived in groups that kept moving (regularly) from one place to another, usually chosen on the higher water banks (e.g. “Coada Linţii”) This collection is visual, from the National Institute kinaesthetic, so very of Archaeology “Vasile convincing (and creates Pârvan “. We have purchased a balance - to the many or received the others. But images of other collections). we (still) have too few pieces DESCRIPTION of the to understand enough about collection: the locals’ ancestors. 1) archaeological pieces The archaeological pieces exhibited in glass cases 05/Local archaeology / Numismatics / Maps collections

Collection 01 “Local archaeology / Numismatics / Maps” 13 relevant – can help for a better transposition during the periods taken into account. The coins can be used (visually) as an “axis” of time, as a continuity, etc. This collection presents: a) a description of the place names (old names) for different places and parts in Snagov Area b) references to the collection of Ethnography and Celebrities(different objects / tools of – Greek and Roman,thousands of years) similar to the ones found This collection includes:2) old maps (copies) –we present a suite in achronological order, inwhich it is marked theSnagov Lake with a red dotto understand and followthe evolution of political andadministrative memberships- the consequences andimplications.3) pieces of numismatics(exposed only during majorevents; we have found that on the island) from the 1) a collection of booksseeing some coins (copies main historical moments of history, archaeology, brochures and articles in the domain 2) several grouped coins (replica) (in certain periods, that correspond to certain locally important moments)collections 05/Local archaeology / Numismatics / Maps

14 Collection 02: “ETHNOGRAPHY - local traditions - Snagov Area” persons doing in these where we have the name areas, what occupations / Snagov (“sneg” meaning crafts did they have, how “snowflake” ). The Slavs were they organized, how being peaceful people, did they evolve, what did tolerant, with preference they specialize in, what for agriculture - were able happened to them, what to work and then even to have they become? integrate into the existing ETHNOGRAPHY - local traditions - Snagov Area Background: By the theme “Ethnography and local traditions” we intend to reconstruct (and preserve) the specific archaic life (peasant) in Snagov area and in time to achieve even a “living museum”. The sources of information are limited, so that the approach is difficult (but even though) – it is much more interesting. Within this area, you can ask yourself some simple questions: 1) why did the transition from the stage of massive oak forest (impenetrable) – to current state occur? 2) what were the first Compared to the relative communities, contributing known habits of the Getae substantially to population living here 2000 years ago, growth and to promote their significant changes have values and habits. Therefore, occurred with the arrival of in Snagov area, we find the Slavs (in 600 AD) - from many names, place names, 06/ETHNOGRAPHY - local traditions - Snagov Area collections

Collection 02: “ETHNOGRAPHY - local traditions - Snagov Area” 15 growth - all were influenced by these powerful external pressures and by the too little time for introspection, maturity and own choices. The intangible heritage formed - is found in the collections, crafts, objects of the Snagov Foundation. DESCRIPTION of the collection: 1) Panels with imagescustoms, mentalities - with communist period (1944- (postcards, stamps, oldobvious Slave roots (Snagov, 1989) it followed a setback maps, photos, clippingsDobre, Dobroşeşti, Nedelea, due to the loss of aims and from publications and soBugean, Gheorghe, etc). core values.The analysis of thelanguage, the words and theutterances reveal interestingdifferences even betweenthe neighbouring villages,which was noticed byGrigore Antipa and MihailSadoveanu (who noticedthe use of different wordsand unique fishing toolsby the local people - as ifthey were isolated fromthe rest of the country forat least several centuries). There were long periods on). Information, imagesThe whole ethnographic when there were strong and objects related to ports,setting went through external pressures (the houses, objects, traditionsseveral distinct periods: Phanariot period, the (in an area with a lake, reeds,cohabitation (600-1600) Communism period) and fishing and forest) - whichand homogenisation relatively few periods (1848-(1600-1800), then creation 1944) in which they couldof a new identity (1848- crystallize (more and better)1907). In the interwar a local, regional and nationalperiod, Romania seemed identity. The fact is that theto strengthen its identity values, activities / crafts,and specific, but during the economic, social, culturalcollections 06/ETHNOGRAPHY - local traditions - Snagov Area

16 Collection 02: “ETHNOGRAPHY - local traditions - Snagov Area” The collection presents: a) local traditions and customs b) traditional occupations/ crafts: fishing, agriculture (cereal and livestock), pottery, beekeeping, reed The collection includes: and wood exploitation 1) Primarily, a short story /a (basketry) chronological presentation c) aspects/images from the of the transformation of village life the former Forests of Vlăsia d) details about the evo- in the current villages (a presents a set of features lution in time of the po- very visual evolution of with the lake (fishing) and forest (hunting) and crafts (pottery , weaving, knitting, etc.) and a series of local traditions. 2) A collection of ethnographic items (pots, tools, etc.) - exhibited per themes, in a very visual form 3) For trades: fishing, pottery, basketry and textiles (including the loom) there is a set of ready tools pulation, of the lands, of the the restriction of Forests of and materials, so that we relationships at work, social- Vlăsia – the growth of plain can organize experimental economical infrastructure. Vlasia - and the growth and workshops for groups. diversification of human communities in Snagov area (in the narrow sense - made of three communes: Snagov, Gruiu, Ciolpani, and in an extended sense - consisting of seven communes - by including Grădiştea, Vlăsia Mill, Baloteşti, Periş - forming the northern part of Ilfov). 2) The visual support in the form of panels made in the 06/ETHNOGRAPHY - local traditions - Snagov Area collections

Collection 02: “ETHNOGRAPHY - local traditions - Snagov Area” 17form of A4 drawings (about threads of silk, tethers, nets regular fairs32 - so at least 70 pieces: / gill nets, basket and pots, 3) basketry: (made ofpostcards, stamps, photos - host, anchor, fish landing, reeds, rushes, husk (maizerelevant explaining texts) etc.) / preserving fish leaves), willow twigs)3) a set of minimum 30 demonstrations andpieces (objects) – from the exercises for a twiner:everyday life of peasants / raw material recognitionof the local people: different / harvest - training -ceramics (associated to storage - preservation /pottery in Piscu area and manufacturing differentLipia), different tools and products in a rather broadinstruments (for specificlocal activities: fishing, car- (smoked, salted, in glaciers)pentry, agriculture, textiles), / reading the signs on thesome traditional fabrics, pondsome wood furniture pieces. 2) pottery: demonstrations and exercises for a goodCrafts that can be tested potter: comparing and(for groups, with a prior choosing the clays /appointment): preparation - kneading1) fishing: demonstrations the clay and storing it /and exercises for a good manufacturing variousfisherman: various nodes products – at the potter’sof different materials / wheel / making differentmaking a boat and fishing figures (e.g. whistle) andtools (lines, fishing hitches other toys - for children but classification (over 20for clams and crabs, hooks, also for entertainment and different types of pieces) 4) textiles: demonstrations and exercises for a good weaver: raw material recognition / knowledge of harvesting operations, storage, preservation, pre- paration of raw material / preparation - setting the tools used (loom, schemer, etc.)collections 06/ETHNOGRAPHY - local traditions - Snagov Area

18 Collection 03: “Good and “bad“ celebrities” tion to them). I wonder lost in the lake and mysteri- what would have changed. ous legends. The division into good or The fact is that many people “bad” – is at your choice, with money and / or power, to be done in front of the desired and had (usually for collection (as a game), by a relatively short period of putting a note in a box with time) - one property at Sna- the number of the panel gov. And depending on the and of the drawing - and time and on the moral / val- we periodically make sum- ues of those times (or pres- maries of the votes found. ent) - these celebrities were Good and “bad“ celebrities So far, we have identified considered good or bad. The theme “Good and Bad over 100 celebrities of whom It is believed that at Sna- CELEBRITIES” presents among them: nationally rel- gov there are negative a chronological perspec- evant (90), internationally charges and dimensions: tive on human presence (20) and locally (12). Thus, no family / ruler could in Snagov area and a few Snagov area has always been own so far (at the edge of details about the most im- the lake) a property for portant people, “bound” more than 25 years (without to Snagov area. “Link” de- the emergence of various fined in various ways: to troubles / major problems) love Snagov / to live / to - reason for some legends / visit constantly/ to suffer local explanations (perhaps / to die / to contribute /to related to the curses start- write – to compose /to build ing from the prince Radu / to demolish – to destroy. the Handsome). And there The celebrities remembered are many violent episodes: are listed chronologically many bloody battles took (usually on one A4 page) place in the area, many ex- and if it was the case - with targeted (and even inhab- ecutions took place on the specific parts (that is with ited) by country and region island Vlad Ţepeş, a whole the most representative im- leaders (political, military, convoy drowned at a cross- ages). administrative, etc.) so ing and recently Virgil The fact is that the person- there are various associated Madgearu has been shot in alities in the communities events, which are known are those that emphasise only locally or in forms or change directions and quite different from those trends, those that have con- already “told “. These range tributions that empower from murders, executions, the others - and it may be “forced” detention / domi- interesting to imagine the cile / residence - to humor- consequences of their ab- ous and unlikely events like sence (or taking different crocodiles and anacondas decisions by - or in rela- 07/Good and “bad“ celebrities collections

Collection 03: “Good and “bad“ celebrities” 19 a national, regional, Eu- celebrities on the criterion ropean and even world of “profession” / “compe- level – related to Snagov. tence”: writer, director, politician, leader, famous DESCRIPTION of the athlete, celebrity, historical collection: figure, criminal character etc. 1) Panels with images (post- c) if it was the case – the cards, stamps, old maps, concrete / direct contribu- photos, clippings from pub- tion (positive or negative) lications etc.) + short ex- to Snagov area [there are planatory texts, presented chronologically, with the main local, national, in- ternational, good or “bad” celebrities - which were inthe park Snagov, Imre Nagy connection to Snagov areaand Josepf Beck as well 2) Each celebrity is as-as Pătrăşcanu - had been signed at least to a draw-house arrested in Snagov, ing A4 - in which therethere drown annually in the are presented imageslake between 2 and 5 people. (cards, postcards, stamps,But there are also positive scanned photos and socharges and dimensions: on), quotes, interpretationsA number of writers and and possible conclusions.other artists - created / 3) some objects of several several celebrities, includingcomposed - even at Sna- local and national celebri- locally – for whom I madegov. Most of the Romanian ties (e.g. Sadoveanu’s um- details of their contribu-rowing world champions brella, etc.) tions]formed and trained them- The collection still includes:selves at Snagov. A lot of The collection presents: a) a collection of books, bro-celebrities (heads a) primarily a vi- chures, publications - con-of the state, politi- sual “timeline” taining works, articles, ref-cal leaders, heads of organized into A4 erences to these celebritiesservices and even drawings [at least b) some documentationsnotorious terror- 5 boards, that is at (more detailed) aboutists - came to Snagov minimum 5x16 =and made decisions 80 A4 drawings,with their peers, es- that is over 150 ofpecially during 1933 pieces included]to 2008) even with b) only in multi-an international impact. media version (available onThus, there is a long series request) may be presentedof important moments at a regrouping - presentingcollections 07/Good and “bad“ celebrities

20 Collection 03: “Good and “bad“ celebrities” Celebrities “belonging” to Snagov area 07/Good and “bad“ celebrities collections

Collection 03: “Good and “bad“ celebrities” 21collections 07/Good and “bad“ celebrities

22 Collection 03: “Good and “bad“ celebrities” Local celebrities some of the celebrities Seneslau (voivodeship), Mitita Filipescu, Nicolae c) a game: the visitors fill in a Basarab, Vladislav, Mircea Bălcescu, C.D. Aricescu, form with several celebrities cel Bătrân, Vlad Dracul, Alexandru Ioan Cuza, Al- (top 3 pleasant, 3 negative, Vladislav II, Vlad Ţepeş, exandru Odobescu, Mir- 3 who had negative contri- Radu cel Frumos, Basarab cea Malaieru, Nicolae Gri- bution upon Snagov area, 3 cel Tânăr, Vlad Călugărul, gorescu, Grigore Antipa, who had positive contribu- Neagoe Basarab, Mircea Regina Maria, Fisherman tion and so on). Ciobanu, D-na Ghica, Pe- Niculae Vasile, Mihail tru cel Tânăr, Mihai Viteazu Sadoveanu, Ioan Alexan- List of celebrities included and Stanca (wife), Postel- dru Brătescu-Voineşti, in the collection (with nicul Cantacuzino, Matei Panait Istrati, Constantin various “connections” with Basarab, Constantin Brân- Băicoianu, George Enescu, Snagov area): coveanu, Antim Ivireanul, Prince Nicolae, Nicolae 07/Good and “bad“ celebrities collections

Collection 03: “Good and “bad“ celebrities” 23Caranfil, Dem Dobrescu, teachers: Anatolie Paniş, Hilde Lauer, Simion Is-King Carol II, Prince– king Constantin Georgescu, Ion mailciuc, Dumitru Alexe,Mihai, Nicolae Iorga, Iuliu Dumitriu-Snagov, Dumit- Ion Dospinescu, Gheo-Maniu, Brunea Fox, Zelea ru Vintilă, Alexandru Neagu rghe + Toma Simionov,Codreanu, Virgil Madgea- Artists: Geo Bogza, Con- Macarenco-Ciobanu-Ticu-ru, (a series of interwar stantin Codrescu), Vlad Popa, Ion Bârlădeanu, Ivanmagnates owing around 30 Muşatescu, Margareta Pâs- Patzaichin, Vasile Diba,villas in Snagov), Mareşalul laru, Florin Piersic, Irina Sanda Toma, ElisabetaIon Antonescu, Josef Beck, Petrescu, Sergiu Nicolaes- Lipa, Rodica Arba, ElenaManfred von Killinger, cu, Ştefan Iordache, Vio- (Horvat) Florea, AngelaLucreţiu Pătrăşcanu (l14), leta Andrei, Fanuş Neagu, Alupei, Constanţa Burcică,(Russian military and po- Dan Piţa, Dinu Tănase, Ion Georgeta Damian, Vioricalitical nomenclature), (Imre Băieşu, Ana Szeles, Angela Susanu, Georgeta Andru-Nagy + his colleagues), (the Similea, Nicolae Corjos, nache, Bjorn Rune Borg,nomenclature of Gheorghiu Ovidiu Iuliu Molodovan, Nadia Comăneci.Dej + his guests: Iosip Broz Sebastian Papaiani, MichaelTito, etc.), (the nomencla- Jacksonture of Nicolae Ceauşescu Sportsmen: Aurel Vernes-+ Nicolae Doicaru + cu, Măcean Tiberiu, SînceacIon Mihai Pacepa + Anton, Radu Nicolae, Pon-their guests: Carlos, Yas- gratz Ştefan, Leon Rot-ser Arafat, Gaddafi, etc.) man, Mihai Ţurcaş, AtanaseWriters, historians, local Sciontic, Simion Cuciuc,collections 07/Good and “bad“ celebrities

24 Collection 04: “Monasteries and Churches” - in Snagov Area other and gathered together important wealth from which an important part was sent to Athos annually. Thus only when (on one side) the local communities have grown enough (in terms of population and sense of self / identity) and (on the other side) the coercive power (Phanariot - feudal) Monasteries and Churches and cultural continuity of the monasteries lowered - in Snagov Area (values). enough, starting from The theme “MONASTERIES Chronological appearance 1850, it was possible the and CHURCHES” (1408- of the three monasteries appearance of churches in up to present) presents (Snagov - 1408), Căldăru- the villages around the lake. (briefly) representative ima- şani - 1638), Tigăneşti - Currently, in the three ges and short events related 1805) can be analyzed in communes: Snagov, Gruiu to the main three places of conjunction with the de- and Ciolpani (a combined worship in Snagov Area: forestations of the Forests population of about 18,000 1) Vlad Ţepeş Monastery of Vlăsia, the emergence inhabitants) there are about (or Snagov) situated on the of new trading roads, the 10 churches, quite different island in the middle of the mills on the river Ialomiţa from each other and with lake (could be visited also and then the change of their own story. by boat) their importance, the It can be very interesting development of nearby to follow (e.g. in the case communities, the various of the monastery Snagov), princes preferences for one how it has evolved over time or the other, the changes as both main and auxiliary in tax systems applied by the monasteries to the surrounding communities 2) Căldăruşani Monastery (and the number of slaves - (of monks) Gypsy - used). 3) Ţigăneşti Monastery (of nuns) Each monastery has These places represent both its history and material achievements of interdependence with the administrative and econo- others (as alternatively there mic power concentrations was favoured one over the (in different periods) and others, different estates therefore evidence of a unit were moved from one to the 08/Monasteries and Churches - in Snagov Area collections

Collection 04: “Monasteries and Churches” - in Snagov Area 25 churches in the area. The collection presents: a) details about the evolution in time of religious places (and of the change in organisation - administration, of the role and activities / services provided by the community and by the others)buildings (including the DESCRIPTION of theprotective walls, the bridge collection:and the tunnel - from 1) Panels with images (post-the island to the shore). cards, stamps, old maps,At least for the locals, the photos, clippings fromChurch is an institution and publications and so on).an important place. For the Information and imagestrue peasants (who left for related to the secular andthe pool or in the woods, religious history of thesemaking a cross first and then religious places (which b) some atypical / unusuala prayer / a request with a also had an administrative, stories - locally collectedpromise), the Monasteries military, political, cultural (and some which wereand the Churches in the role and there were even unfound in any otherarea represented the base a place of detention and written form so far!)– the community centre. executions) The collection includes:Hence, from the perspective 2) For each monastery, a) a set of cards/brochuresof becoming local, the there is a panel (16 A4 /guides made at different drawings) - as visually and times chronologically as possible, *) [Optional] The visitor with references to a few is invited to “fill in” some moments/happenings/ “missing” steps/information celebrities/ objects / the most /events (as some boards will important in their existence. even have a question or a The visitor is encouraged suggestive image, indirectlyunderstanding of the local to note the information related to the subject)monasteries and churches provided in this place, todevelopment is related to reflect and prepare betterthe adjustment of customs, before visiting the actualto the ethnographic locations concerned. Therediversity, to the great shocks is a separate presentationand social dramas. (panel with 16 drawings A4) and of the most relevantcollections 08/Monasteries and Churches - in Snagov Area

26 Collection 05: “VLAD BASARAB ŢEPEŞ / DRACULA – HISTORY and LEGEND” reconsidered nationally. The fact is that at an international level, the propagation / increase rate of the brand Dracula (and the reposition as the leader of all the bad characters) accelerated (especially since the advent “VLAD BASARAB ŢEPEŞ of film Dracula 1931 - / DRACULA – HISTORY Bela Lugosi). Internally, and LEGEND” since 1906 (the National The reigns of Vlad Ţepeş Exhibition Jubilee), due to were in the years 1488, were held international the new nationalist current 1456-1462, 1476. In the congresses in which it was - Prince Vlad Ţepeş has (re) years after his death, it concluded that the brand gained additional symbolic continued to be published Dracula remains Romania’s meanings of justice (by the new printing system role to take, invest and (associated with Tudor - Guttenberg) defamatory develop projects related to Vladimirescu etc). leaflets (e.g. Dracula Waide). these topics. It is surprising that In less than 200 years, his Romania has never memory has faded at both The collection belongs run any internationally European and national level. to the OPEN class (that program / measure as But with the advent of the includes postcards, stamps, taking / repositioning / novel “Dracula” by Bram coins, papers, manuscripts, fructification of the doublet Stoker (1897), it appeared pictures and so on - all Vlad Ţepeş Basarab (the internationally the fictional related to the subject real prince) <-> Dracula Dracula, associated to Vlad pursued) and contains (the fictional character with Basarab the Impaler, which 5 panels that means 80 negative valence), although begins (as an induced effect) A4 drawings (so about internationally there to be rediscovered and 200 pieces). The related

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