advertisement

Multimedia & Contiguity Principles - Mesler

50 %
50 %
advertisement
Information about Multimedia & Contiguity Principles - Mesler
Education

Published on February 17, 2009

Author: kristimesler

Source: slideshare.net

Description

A presentation of the Multimedia and Contiguity Principles.
advertisement

The Multimedia and Contiguity Principles EdTech 513 - Multimedia Dr. Schroeder by Kris Mesler NOTE: Please mouse click on each page to view presentation.

• After viewing this multimedia presentation, students will be able to view pages with two examples per page and identify which example correctly uses the Multimedia and Contiguity Principles.

The Multimedia Principle • Use words and graphics rather than words alone

What does that mean? • WORDS include printed or spoken text • GRAPHICS can be static illustrations or dynamic graphics (animation or video)

Decorative Graphics • Visuals added for aesthetic appeal (to decorate) or for humor, like this photo...

Representational Graphics • Visuals that illustrate (or represent) the appearance of an object, like this...

Organizational Graphics • Visuals that show qualitative relationships among content (or organize information), like this...

Relational Graphics • Visuals that summarize quantitative relationships (or show how they relate) like this...

Transformational Graphics • Visuals that illustrate changes in time or over space (as in transform), like this...

Interpretive Graphics • Visuals that make intangible phenomena visible and concrete, like this molecule...

So, how do I best use graphics? • Select graphics that support learning • Minimize decorative and representational graphics • Incorporate transformational, interpretive, or organizational graphics to make learning easier

Graphics to Teach Concept Types Useful Graphic Content Type Description Types Unique & isolated Representational; FACTS information Organizational Representational; Groups of objects, CONCEPTS Organizational; events, or symbols Interpretive Transformational; A description of how PROCESS Interpretive; something works Relational A series of steps to PROCEDURE Transformational complete a task Transformational; Guidelines to complete PRINCIPLE Interpretive a task; cause-and-effect

The Multimedia Effect • There is consistent evidence that people learn more deeply from words and pictures than from words alone. This is known as the “multimedia effect.”

REVIEW: The Multimedia Principle • Use words and graphics rather than words alone WORDS + GRAPHICS = The Multimedia Principle

Contiguity Principle #1 • Place printed words near corresponding graphics

What does that mean? • On-screen words should be placed near the parts of the on-screen graphics to which they refer • Graphics and printed words need to be placed near each other on the screen

• On-screen words should be placed near the parts of the on-screen graphics to which they refer

• Graphics and printed words need to be placed near each other on the screen This photo of Cinderella’s castle was taken at sunset during a trip to Walt Disney World in 2009.

6 Common Violations of the Contiguity Principle 1 Separating text and graphics on scrolling screens 2 Separating feedback from questions or responses 3 Covering lesson screens with linked windows Presenting exercise directions separate from the 4 exercise itself 5 Displaying captions at the bottom of the screen 6 Using a separate legend to indicate parts of a graphic

How do I remember all that?? • Create each design so that a person may find all visual information necessary close together on one clearly readable page.

REVIEW: Contiguity Principle #1 • Place printed words near corresponding graphics >>>_|text+graphics|_<<<

Contiguity Principle #2 • Synchronize spoken words with corresponding graphics

What does this mean? • Nobody likes an echo, especially when you are trying to process a presentation by seeing as well as hearing. Match the audio with the text and graphics.

Why does this matter? • Not being synchronous can cause extraneous processing by the brain or split attention, where you may lose focus of the presentation altogether.

REVIEW: Contiguity Principle #2 • Synchronize spoken words with corresponding graphics timing Graphics Spoken Words

What have you learned? • Multimedia Principle: Use words and graphics rather than words alone • Contiguity Principle #1: Place printed words near corresponding graphics • Contiguity Principle #2: Synchronize spoken words with corresponding graphics

Can you recognize the principles in action? • You will see two examples on each of the following pages. One example is using the principles correctly, while the other is not. Choose which example you think is following the Multimedia and Contiguity Principles.

Example A Example B Example A Civil War Battlefield Civil War Battlefield There are There are many battlefields left in many the southern United States. Prairie battlefields Grove, Arkansas has several left in the buildings and equipment that have southern been preserved from the Civil War. United States. Prairie Grove, Arkansas has several buildings and equipment that have been preserved from the Civil War. Which example do you think follows the Multimedia Principle best?

Example A Example B Example A Civil War Battlefield Civil War Battlefield There are There are many battlefields left in many the southern United States. Prairie battlefields Grove, Arkansas has several left in the buildings and equipment that have southern been preserved from the Civil War. United States. Prairie Grove, Arkansas has several buildings and equipment that have been preserved from the Civil War. If you chose B, you were correct! Use words and graphics together.

Example A Example B Example A This road sign welcomes you to Fayetteville, Arkansas, home of the University of Arkansas Razorbacks. The university team has won many NCAA national track and field titles. This road sign welcomes you to Fayetteville, Arkansas, home of the University of Arkansas Which example do you think follows the Razorbacks. The university Contiguity Principle best? team has won many NCAA national track and field titles.

Example A Example B Example A This road sign welcomes you to Fayetteville, Arkansas, home of the University of Arkansas Razorbacks. The university team has won many NCAA national track and field titles. This road sign welcomes you to Fayetteville, Arkansas, home of If you chose B, you are awesome! the University of Arkansas Graphics and corresponding text should Razorbacks. The university be located near each other, and not team has won many NCAA underneath a graphic. national track and field titles.

Example A Example B Example A The Greenbelt passes through downtown Boise, The Greenbelt in giving cyclists, walkers, and Boise, Idaho wildlife observers a place to relax and enjoy the scenery. The Greenbelt passes through downtown Boise, giving cyclists, The Greenbelt in Boise, Idaho walkers, and wildlife observers a place to relax and enjoy the scenery. Greenbelt Fun Facts Location: beside Boise River Length: 25 miles the path connects Parks: Which example would be more helpful 12 parks in learning about the Greenbelt? Wheelchair Handicapped: accessible

Example A Example B Example A The Greenbelt passes through downtown Boise, The Greenbelt in giving cyclists, walkers, and Boise, Idaho wildlife observers a place to relax and enjoy the scenery. The Greenbelt passes through downtown Boise, giving cyclists, The Greenbelt in Boise, Idaho walkers, and wildlife observers a place to relax and enjoy the scenery. Greenbelt Fun Facts Location: beside Boise River Length: 25 miles the path connects Parks: A is the best choice. It includes an 12 parks organizational graphic with additional info. Wheelchair Handicapped: accessible

Now that you have seen correct examples, practice on your own lesson presentations. Be sure to review this Multimedia and Contiguity Principles presentation as needed for information.

Image credits • “Equipment” by paprutzi* • “Flow Chart” by Phillie Casablanca* • “Bar Graph” by Kevin Hengli* • “Life Cycle” by Vik Nanda* • “Molecule” by p-a-h* • “Mitosis”- www.accessexcellence.org • All other images by Kris Mesler • *- Creative Commons images under 3.0 unported license (with attribution)

Print Source • Clark, Ruth Colvin, Mayer, Richard E. (2008). e-Learning and the Science of Instruction (2nd ed.). San Francisco: Pfeiffer - An Imprint of John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Add a comment

Related presentations

Related pages

Multimedia & Contiguity Principles - Mesler - HubSlide

A presentation of the Multimedia and Contiguity Principles. Toggle navigation. BUSINESS; EDUCATION; TECHNOLOGY; TRAVEL; MORE TOPICS; Sign up
Read more

PPT - The Multimedia and Contiguity Principles PowerPoint ...

The Multimedia and Contiguity Principles. EdTech 513 - Multimedia Dr. Schroeder by Kris Mesler. NOTE: Please mouse click on each page to view presentation.
Read more

Design Principles for Multimedia Instruction (designed by ...

Design Principles for Multimedia Instruction (designed by: Robert Whelan) Spatial Contiguity Temporal Contiguity Coherence Principle Modality Principle.
Read more

Who is Kris Mesler - (770) 396-0507 - Atlanta - GA - waatp.com

Multimedia & Contiguity Principles - Mesler — Presentation Transcript. The Multimedia and Contiguity Principles EdTech 513 - Multimedia Dr ...
Read more

The Modality and Redundancy Principles EdTech 513 ...

The Modality and Redundancy Principles EdTech 513 - Multimedia Dr. Schroeder by Kris Mesler. Published byGracie Sher Modified about 1 year ago
Read more

The Modality and Redundancy Principles EdTech 513 ...

Slide 1 The Modality and Redundancy Principles EdTech 513 - Multimedia Dr. Schroeder by Kris Mesler Slide 2 After viewing this multimedia presentation ...
Read more

Modality And Redundancy Principles Contiguity - Education

Modality And Redundancy Principles Contiguity. by kburgess73. on Jul 04, 2015. Report Category: Education. Download: 0 Comment: 0. 1,612. views. Comments.
Read more

AET541-LearningTeamCWiki - Week 3 - Part2

The Multimedia Principle: The inclusion of both text and graphics in e-learning courses. ... The Contiguity Principle: Aligning words to corresponding ...
Read more