multidimensional poverty index

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Information about multidimensional poverty index
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Published on February 23, 2014

Author: yosepoey

Source: slideshare.net

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non financial - poverty approach

MULTIDIMENSIONAL POVERTY INDEX (MPI) LOGO

Indeks Kemiskinan Multidimensi  IKM mengukur kekurangan (deprivation) setiap individu ke dalam 3 dimensi yaitu kesehatan, pendidikan dan standar hidup  Setiap rumahtangga yang mengalami kekurangan (deprivation) diberi skor 1 dan yang tidak mengalami kekurangan diberi skor 0.  Jumlah dari skor setiap rumahtangga menunjukkan kekurangan multidimensi rumahtangga Company name

www.themegallery.com The method is an adaptation of Alkire and Foster (2011) which can deal with the binary or categorical data and was introduced by Alkire and Santos (2010) and UNDP (2010) A person is identified as poor using a counting approach in two steps 1) A person is identified as deprived or not in each dimension using a set of deprivation cutoff (z) 2) Based on the deprivation profile, a person is identified as poor or not Terms: deprived and poor are not synonymous Company name

www.themegallery.com 1/6 1/3 1/6 1/6 1/3 1/3 1/6 1/18 1/18 1/18 1/18 1/18 1/18 Company name

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Indikator Penyusun IKM Dimensi Pendidikan Indikator Weights 16,7% memiliki setidaknya satu anggota keluarga yang kekurangan gizi 16,7% memiliki satu atau lebih anak yang meninggal dunia Standar Hidup 16,7% memiliki setidaknya satu anak usia sekolah (sampai kelas 9 ) yang putus sekolah Kesehatan tidak memiliki anggota keluarga yang telah menyelesaikan pendidikan selama 5 tahun 16,7% tidak memiliki listrik 5,6% tidak memiliki akses air minum bersih 5,6% tidak memiliki akses ke sanitasi yang memadai 5,6% menggunakan bahan bakar memasak dari bahan bakar arang, batubara atau kayu bakar 5,6% memiliki rumah dengan lantai tanah 5,6% tidak memiliki kendaraan bermotor dan hanya memiliki salah satu barang berikut ini : sepeda, sepeda motor, radio, kulkas, telepon, atau televisi 5,6%

Identifikasi Kemiskinan Multidimensional c > 33 % maka RT dan seluruh anggota RT dianggap miskin multidimensional c > 50 % maka RT dan seluruh anggota RT dianggap sangat miskin multidimensional c <= 33,3 % maka RT dan seluruh anggota RT tidak dianggap miskin multidimensional 20 % <= c < 33,3 % maka RT dan seluruh anggota RT dianggap rentan miskin multidimensional

www.themegallery.com The MPI uses the Adjusted Headcount Ratio: Formula: MPI = H × A H is the percent of people who are identified as poor, it shows the incidence of multidimensional poverty. A is the average proportion of weighted deprivations people suffer at the same time. It shows the intensity of people’s poverty – the joint distribution of their deprivations. A person is identified as poor if deprived in 1/3 of ten weighted indicators (k = 1/3) . Company name

Penghitungan IKM  IKM merupakan perkalian antara Headcount Ratio dan Intensitas Kemiskinan Headcount ratio (H) adalah proporsi penduduk yang miskin. q = jumlah orang yang multidimensional miskin n = total populasi Intensitas kemiskinan (A) mencerminkan proporsi tertimbang dari indikator atau rata-rata kekurangan dari orang-orang miskin q = jumlah orang yang multidimensional miskin c = skor kekurangan masing-masing RT MPI = H.A

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