Published on March 6, 2014
A multicultural world
A multicultural world = A rich colourful tapestry Multiculturalism – Picture analysis • What does each picture represent? • Can you identify each culture/ the culture you are seeing? • What is multiculturalism? • Can you name some of the most multicultural countries in the world?
A multicultural world = A rich colourful tapestry
A multicultural world = A rich colourful tapestry Multiculturalism – Picture analysis • What does each picture represent? different cultures • Can you identify each culture/ the culture you are seeing? • What is multiculturalism? (Among many definitions) it is the doctrine that several different cultures (rather than one national culture) can coexist peacefully and equitably in a single country. • Can you name some of the most multicultural countries in the world? Australia, the USA, Canada, Argentina, the UK, France, Luxembourg, Switzerland, etc.
A multicultural world = A rich colourful tapestry Brainstorming: • Sharing • Races • Interacting • differences • History • colour(s) • Costums • Music • Traditions • Food • Rotines • Anthem * festivals * styles * clothes * literature * religion * sports * beauty * beliefs * television * rules * languages * flag
A multicultural world - Vocabulary Work SOLUTIONS 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. q) n) b) h) c) k) e) o) j) l) f) g) m) i) d) p) s) t) r) a)
Cultural Diversity – Video Watching (solutions) 1. How does the interviewee define cultural diversity? Cultural diversity is about how two people are communicating, bearing in mind that the way they communicate will be based on their cultural differences, and that implies acknowledging and respecting differences, behaviours, values, beliefs. 2. How is eye contact seen in different cultures? In some cultures not giving eye contact is considered as a sign of respect. In other cultures, to give eye contact means giving attention. 3. Name the six differences covered by cultural diversity. Behavior, attitudes, values, beliefs, genders, status. 4. How many tips should we bear in mind when we're interacting with somebody of a different culture? 4 tips. 5. The 1st tip mentions a specific skill we should use. What is that skill? Observation skills: observe how people behave and interact, as well as their body language. 6. What's the importance of leaning forward or backward? In some cultures people sit and lean forward when they’re interacting, and if you lean back you can give a message that you’re not interested, which can be considered as an insult. 7. What advice is given in the 2nd tip? Appreciate cultural differences and respect them. 8. What is the comparison established between India and Switzerland? In India, time keeping is not considered important, so people don’t bother when someone is late. On the other hand, in Switzerland, being a minute late is considered as a real insult.
Cultural Diversity – Video Watching (solutions) 9. Region Northern Europe Italy How communication is established Giving facts Sharing a lot of emotions Japan Building harmony India Asking about families 10. The 3rd tip gives the following piece of advice: Don't assume that because that person represents that country, that he or she is 'gonna' behave like everybody else. 11. The 4th tip focus on patience. 12. Is the question "How are you?" easy to answer? It depends on the country we are. In the UK the answer would be simple: “I’m fine, how are you?”. But in some parts of the world they’ll give you 20 sentences to explain how they are. 13. How is cultural diversity summarized? Cultural diversity fundamentally is acknowledging and respecting differences, behaviours, values, beliefs.
The bright side of cultural diversity/ mult ic ult ur alism • • • • • • • • • • Contact with different cultures Sharing ideas Factor of development Sharing values Tolerance Solidarity Different languages Interculturalism Sharing dialogue Respect for humans rights and human dignity
The British speak out: Yes or No to multiculturalism: (Student’s book, pp. 118-119) EXERCISE A Eilidh Alan Kimberly pro: “The UK has Pro/against the use of the been… years” word “multicultural” Positive/negative/neutral outlook on multicultural situation Experience with people from other cultures positive: “Different positive: “I worked for races… recognised” a Jewish man.”; “I only see nice people and nasty people…” none neutral: “Why must we be either one or the other?”; positive: “We can be integrated…nationality” experience: “He was a Yes: “I am a Caucasian… nice man.” Vietnamese”
The British speak out: Yes or No to multiculturalism: (Student’s book, pp. 118-119) EXERCISE B 1. The UK is made up of various peoples and races. – TRUE. “The UK has been multicultural” 2. Eilidh feels that the complete integration of immigrants is vital to the well-being of the nation. – FALSE. “if citizens are integrated” 3. Alan dislikes people from other cultures. – FALSE. “with great regret I have to admit that the majority of people who I dislike are my own kind…” 4. Kimberly thinks that integration and the appreciation of different cultures are not incompatible. – TRUE. “We can be integrated and still be a recognized nationality. EXERCISE C 1. Why does Eilidh fell that full integration is a negative thing? She believes that cultural differences will be lost that way and they shouldn’t. 2. What has Alan noticed since he started working for Royal Mail? He has found out just how culturally diverse the UK is. 3. I love the differences between us. What does Kimberly mean? She has learned to respect and appreciate her husband’s uniqueness as an individual from a different background and culture.
A multicultural world - Labels Video Watching - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kOjNcZvwjxI
A multicultural world - Labels Video Watching - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kOjNcZvwjxI CONTRASTS Boss/Bossy (chefe/mandona) Persuasive/pushy (convincente/convencida) Dedicated/selfish (dedicado/egoísta) Neat/vain (impecável/vaidosa) Smooth/show-off (com estilo/exibida) Don’t let labels hold you back! (Não deixe os rótulos apagarem o seu brilho) Be strong and shine! (seja forte e brilhe) Whip it!
A multicultural world - Labels
A multicultural world - Labels Picture analyzis
A multicultural world - Labels What are labels? They’re stereotypes. Stereotypes are standardized and simplified conceptions of groups based on some prior assumptions. Why do people label each other? They want to feel superior to others. Many times this attitude hides a feeling of inferiority. Why are people discriminated against? People are discriminated because of their: sex, age, race, colour, social status, religious or political beliefs, nationality, etc. In short, they are different from the dominant group. How does one person discriminate against another? By excluding that person, by making fun of him/ her, by creating caricatures; by ignoring him/ her, by humiliating him/her, etc. What does this mean? “Labels are for cans not people” (Anthony Rapp) You are not supposed to label people as they are not to be labelled. Each one of us is unique and doesn’t compare to the others. Labels are for items.
Social Exclusion – Possible Causes These pictures are related to possible causes of social exclusion. Identify those causes and give reasons or examples for your choices.
Social Exclusion – Possible Causes
The dark side of cultural diversity/ multiculturalism • Intolerance • Racism • Xenophobia (ethnocentrism) • Social discrimination • Lack of solidarity/ dialogue (cultural relativism) • prejudice • Economic exclusion • Religious persecution • Enslavement • Segregation
Listen to/ Read the poem and answer the questions Sorry Sorry that we are here That we take your time Sorry Sorry that we breathe in your air That we walk on your ground That we stand in your view Sorry That my name is not David Or Catherine Or Mary But Rushed And Hotly And sorry that we brought nothing The only thing we have is a story Not even a happy story. 1. In your opinion who might have written this poem? 2. What is the author apologizing for? 3. Re-read the last two lines of the poem. For what reason might the author have left his homeland?
Reason(s) why the author might have left his homeland * War * Religious persecution * American dream (searching for better living/working conditions) * Lack of job * Political reasons *… *
Complete the table with the given information • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Racism Lack of jobs Political reasons Cheap workforce Prejudice Seen as a financial burden due to the support given by the state Different culture / language Economic reasons Financial investment War Religious persecution Help solving labour shortage People think they don’t pay taxes and have the same rights as them Discrimination Specialized immigrants mean specialized workers Fear that they steal jobs and or university vacancies Contribute to a multicultural society
Complete the table with the given information IMMIGRATION REASONS BENEFITS FOR THE HOST COUNTRY INTEGRATION PROBLEMS CAUSES
Complete the table with the given information (Solutions) IMMIGRATION REASONS - Lack of jobs - Political reasons - Economic reasons - War - Religious persecution BENEFITS FOR THE HOST COUNTRY - Cheap workforce - Financial investment - Help solving labour shortage - Specialized immigrants mean specialized workers - Contribute to a multicultural society INTEGRATION PROBLEMS - Discrimination - Prejudice - Racism - Different culture/language CAUSES - Fear that they steal jobs and or university vacancies - People think they don’t pay taxes and have the same rights as them - Seen as a financial burden due to the support given by the state
WORKBOOK, page 57-59 IMMIGRATION/IMMIGRANTS’ EFFECTS ON HOST SOCIETIES PROS • • • • • • • • • • Bring salt to society (Jim, Ireland) Carry their own culture, traditions, languages and ideas (Jim, Ireland) Contribute to change our customs (Jim, Ireland) Develop tolerance and understanding (Jim, Ireland) Show us new ceremonies, religions, dances and music (Jim, Ireland) There could be a cultural exchange (Juan, Spain) Provide new experiences (Estela, Portugal) We are able to learn new languages (Estela, Portugal) They bring new qualified people to the countries (Estela, Portugal) Politicians stand for immigration (Sylvia, France) CONS • • • • • • • • • • Take our jobs (Jim, Ireland) Some are disruptive and criminals (Jim, Ireland) Some don’t adapt (Jim, Ireland) Take our university vacancies (Juan, Spain) They keep speaking their own languages and the native people don’t understand them (Juan, Spain) It should be tighter as far as letting immigrants in the other country is concerned (Juan, Spain) They don’t get jobs according to their qualifications as they are not recognized in the host country (Estela, Portugal) They may occupy employment vacancies (Estela, Portugal) Turn to criminality, drug dealing or bank robbing (Sylvia, France) They make native people feel unsafe (Sylvia, France)
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