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Information about msc2005hansen

Published on November 7, 2007

Author: Christo


The Canadian Navy and Expeditionary Operations:  The Canadian Navy and Expeditionary Operations Commander Ken Hansen, Military Co-chair Maritime Studies Programme Canadian Forces College, Toronto Slide2:  “If we want to keep playing the national security game, we’re going to have to play in the big leagues. It won’t always be easy and it won’t always be pretty, but that’s the world we live in. The sooner we get used to it, the better.” “Playing in the Big Leagues.” Source: Paule Gauthier, Chair of the Security and Intelligence Review Committee, Keynote Address, “Making National Security Accountable,” Conference, Carleton University, 18 May 2005. Slide3:  Expeditionary Warfare in the Littorals Images: U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings/Reel Time Slide4:  "Transformation is a journey.  It is not a destination.  And transformation is not synonymous with modernization.  It is not only done in the material dimension of the process.  It involves doctrine.  It involves organization.  It involves training.  It involves the way we develop our leaders.  It involves the way we structure our installations; the way we train, equip, and raise our soldiers; and how we treat our families." One Definition of “Transformation” Source: General Peter J. Schoomaker, Chief of Staff, U.S. Army, 11 April 2005 Slide5:  Naval Power Doctrine A navy performs one or more of four functions and no others: - At sea, it: (1) assures that our own goods and services are safe, and (2) that the enemy’s are not. From the sea, it: (3) guarantees safe delivery of goods and services ashore, and (4) prevents delivery ashore by an enemy navy. Source: Uhlig, How Navies Fight, 1993. Slide6:  “Far from emphasizing the extreme case of amphibious assault against defended beachheads, traditional naval support roles in expeditionary warfare most commonly involve cover, administrative support, and supply operations.” Naval Functional Roles in Expeditionary Warfare Source: Milan Vego, Naval Strategy and Operations in Narrow Seas (London: Frank Cass, 2003), 269. Slide7:  “France – the most radical change in its defence structure since the mid-nineteenth century.” “Great Britain – RN and British Army being reconfigured into formations optimized for rapid deployment [for expeditionary warfare].” “Spain and France – have created a standing, self-contained, and self-transporting expeditionary formation.” Responding to “Chaos in the Littorals.” Source: Schultz & Paltzgraff Jr., eds., The Role of Naval Forces in Twenty-First Century Operations (Washington, 2000), 156. Slide8:  Netherlands acquiring four large ‘frigates’ (7,000 tonnes) acquiring second LHD replacing AORs reducing number and size of small (3,000 tonnes) ‘frigates’ reducing force by 12,000 (military & MoD employees) reducing submarine and minesweeper force by half eliminating all MPAs, transferring MHAs to army closing all naval air stations Responding to “Chaos in the Littorals.” Source: Presentation to CSC32 Maritime Component Program by LCol. Jan-Leendert Voetelick, RNlAF, Defence Attache to Canada, 3 March 2005. Slide9:  Formerly – How to resolve the competition for resources between domestic sovereignty (simple) tasks and alliance ‘Blue Water’ (complex) tasks? Today – How to control the littorals in home waters and overseas? The New “Medium-Power Dilemma” Slide10:  “A Superior Ship – must obviously and generally be recognizable as such [capable of outfacing another warship or overawing a foreign port], which usually means there must be more than one.” “ A Simple Ship – must have enough speed, endurance, armament and seaworthiness to intercept merchant vessels on the high seas or to reach and enter the territorial waters of another state.” Superior & Simple Ship Concepts Source: James Cable, Gunboat Diplomacy, 3rd ed. (New York, 1994), 101, 103, 105. Slide11:  Superior Ship – “cruising cutters [first class], large (up to 2000 tons) for their type, sea kindly (habitable for long periods), economical to run, of moderate speed, exceptionally reliable, strong and easy to maintain; capable of search and rescue, towing, …salvage, a good stable platform [for] boarding parties.” Simple Ship – “offshore patrol boats [cruising cutters second class], sea kindly, economical cruisers, capable of bursts of speed, a stable platform for coast guard work, cost effective for closer, shorter [duration] tasks.” “U.S.C.G. Superior/Simple Ship Model.” Source:Charles Koburger, Jr., Narrow Seas, Small Navies, and Fat Merchantmen (New York, 1990), 23-24. Slide12:  During a secret interview held on 6 August 1936, before the used C-class destroyers were acquired, the First Sea Lord, Admiral Sir Ernle Chatfield, advised Prime Minister King that the C-class destroyers were getting older and were not what Canada needed. Admiral Chatfield emphasized that sloops, supported by cruisers, were the ideal solution to both Canada’s local defence and trade protection roles. RCN Superior/Simple Ship Precedent Source: Nicholas Tracy, The Collective Naval Defence of the Empire, (London, 1997), 536–537. Slide13:  “[A] small, relatively long endurance, steam warship with, initially, sail as auxiliary propulsion, which was extensively employed on distant stations to supplement the small cruisers operated there; the smaller version of the type enjoyed the even more evocative term of “gunboat”. The second half of the 19th Century history of the Royal Navy contains innumerable examples of the employment of these vessels overseas where they provided reasonable economic examples of sea power in the colonial era.” Sloops Source: Arnold Hague, Sloops, 1926-1946, (Kendal, 1993), 9. Slide14:  Long endurance Seaworthy and seakindly Integrated into Information Sharing Network Air capable* Troop capable (or OGD/NGO/TRG/DIP) Administration capable (working deck, boats, cranes) Intership support capable (all two-way RAS capable) Superior & Simple Ship Characteristics Slide15:  Few in number Large, sophisticated, expensive Overtly aggressive in appearance Long-range (deep water) sensors and weapons Capable of operating manned air vehicles Few close-range defensive weapons Indirect fire-support weapons Capable of moderate speed Superior Ship Characteristics Slide16:  Many in number Small, limited sophistication, inexpensive, robust Covertly aggressive in appearance Short-range (shallow water) sensors and weapons Capable of operating remotely piloted vehicles of several types Many short-range weapons with devastating firepower Direct fire-support weapons Capable of somewhat higher speed, reliable Simple Ship Characteristics Slide17:  Counter Insurgency Warfare requires large numbers (of ships and people) Precision [naval] artillery is the [naval] equivalent of precision-guided air weapons The navy is a [essential] support service Expeditionary warfare duties are most often boring but are occasionally deadly – historically, most engagements fought have been within sight of land. The Tough News Slide18:  HMS TYNE (P281) a River-class patrol vessel Image: 1,700 tonnes, 80 metres, crew 30 + Royal Marines

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