Motivation ppt

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Published on March 4, 2014

Author: hibaarmouche

Source: slideshare.net

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Motivation

Motivation Presented by Hiba Armouche

Motivation Many of the differences in employee motivation, management styles, and organizational structures of companies throughout the world can be traced to differences in the collective mental programming of people in different national cultures. (Hofstede, 1980)

Theories of Human Motivation All people are motivated to pursue goals they value the five senses  Sigmund Freud Abraham Maslow Frederick Herzberg David McClelland Victor Vroom

Sigmund Freud Id Ego Superego

McClelland Achievement Motive Power Motive

Victor Vroom Expectancy ( Conscious) Effort Performance Specific Outcome: Value to the individual

Abraham Maslow SelfActualizat ion Esteem Social Security Physiological

Herzberg Hygienic : salary, interpersonal relations, technical supervision, working conditions, and company policies and administration ( Maslow’s Lower needs) Motivators: achievement, recognition, responsibility, advancement, and the work itself ( Maslow’s higher needs)

Let’s look at these theories through Conscious culture-conscious glasses Culture culture Conscious

U.S.A: Achievement 1- Low on Power Distance 2- Low in Uncertainty Avoidance 3- High in Individualism Achievement Motive (McClelland and Maslow) 4- High in Masculinity Performance Satisfaction of some need Expectancy Theory - Selfinterest - Conscious ( Vroom) + Risk

Austria: Security Motivation Comfortable - Security 1- Low on Power Distance “we” “Society” Superego (Freud) 2- High on Uncertainty Avoidance 3- Low on Individualism 4- High on Masculinity Working hard is a way of relieving stress Inner feeling of obligation: Unconscious (Freud) Performance + Security

Singapore: Social motivation 1- High power distance 2- Low uncertainty Avoidance 3- Low Individualism 4- Low Masculinity Quality of life + SocietySuperego : Freud Relationship between people + Risk

Portugal: Security and Social Needs 1- High Power Distance 2- High Uncertainty Avoidance 3- Low Individuality 4- Low Masculinity Quality of life + Security Rather than on Performance and Money

Lebanon Power Distance Uncertainty avoidance Individualism Masculinity

Thank You hiba.armouche@yahoo.com www.facebook.com/TrainerHibaArmouche

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