Moringa the miracle tree

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Information about Moringa the miracle tree

Published on April 28, 2013

Author: farawela


By Feryal Kherissat: Moringa The Miracle Tree By Feryal Kherissat Introduction: Introduction Moringa is potentially one of the planet’s most valuable plants, at least in humanitarian terms. Perhaps the fastest growing useful tree, it commonly tops 3 m—or even 5 m—within a year of the seed being placed in the ground. Some people actually grow it as an annual. PowerPoint Presentation: It yields at least four different edibles: pods, leaves, seeds, and roots. Beyond edibles, it provides products that make village life more self-sufficient: Lubricating oil. Lamp oil. Wood. Paper. Liquid fuel. Skin treatments. Means to help purify water . Classification : Classification Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants Class: Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons Subclass: Dilleniidae Order: Capparales Family: Moringaceae – Horse-radish tree family Genus: Moringa Adans – moringa Varieties: Varieties Thirteen Moringa species are known: M. oleifera M. arborea M. borziana M. concanensis M. drouhardii M. hildebrandtii M. longituba M. ovalifolia M. peregrina M. pygmaea M. rivae M. ruspoliana M. stenopetala PowerPoint Presentation: The moringa tree is native to northwestern India. Moringa is a hearty plant that grows quickly. It is also widely grown in other parts of the tropics, including tropical Asia, many regions of Africa, Indonesia, South and Central America. Caribbean Islands-Pacific Islands-South America-Africa-Arabia-India-South East Asia PowerPoint Presentation: The map shows Africa, Madagascar, and parts of Asia, including Arabia and India. Countries in which Moringa occurs are shaded in color. The lightest shadings indicate that only one species of Moringa is found in that country, while darker colors denote countries with two, four, or five species PowerPoint Presentation: Moringa diversity is highest in the Horn of Africa With nine species , the Horn of Africa is the center of Moringa diversity and include a variety of life forms . Eight of the species found here are endemic (occur nowhere else). M. peregrina is found in northern Somalia, Arabia, and the Red Sea coasts north to the Dead Sea. Currently Cultivated In: tropical Africa, tropical America, Sri Lanka, India, Mexico, Malaysia, the Philippines. Life Forms : Life Forms Bottle trees: Massive trees with bloated water- storing trunks and small radially symmetrical flowers Southern Hemisphere M. ovalifolia - Namibia and Angola in S.W. Africa M. drouhardii – Madagascar only M. hildebrantii - Madagascar only Life Forms : Life Forms Slender trees: Trees with a tuberous juvenile stage and cream to pink slightly bilaterally symmetrical flowers. India: M. oleifera - subhimalayan India. M. conanensis – India & Pakistan to near Bangladesh. M. peregrina - Dead Sea to the Red Sea and beyond. Life Forms : Life Forms Trees, shrubs, and herbs of NE Africa: These species are tuberous adults or tuberous juveniles maturing to fleshy-rooted adults; colorful, bilaterally symmetrical flowers. African Horn Specific Species: M. pygmaea. M. longtituba M. ruspoliana M. rivae M. boriziana M. stenopetala (widely cultivated) M. arborea PowerPoint Presentation: grows best between 25 to 35 o C, but will tolerate up to 48 o C in the shade. altitudes below 600 meters are best, but can grow in altitudes up to 1200 m in the tropics. prefers a well-drained sandy loam or loam soil, but tolerates clay →→→→→→ will not survive under prolonged flooding and poor drainage. tolerates a soil pH (indication of soil acidity) of 5.0-9.0 Adaptability Many Uses of Moringa: Many Uses of Moringa PowerPoint Presentation: Nutrition • Disease Prevention • Ointment • Alley Cropping • Fertilizer • Erosion Control • Water Purification • Cosmetics • Textile Printing • Insecticide • Fungicide • Lubricants • Tanning Leather • Dye • Fiber Products • Fences • Ornamentation & Shade • Wind Barrier • Cane Juice Clarifier • Honey Production & Clarifier • Condiment • Cooking Oil • Food • Traditional medicine: Anemia • Anxiety • Asthma • Blackheads • Blood impurities • Blood pressure • Bronchitis • Catarrh • Chest congestion • Cholera • Colitis • Conjunctivitis • Cough • Diabetes • Diarrhea • Dropsy • Dysentery • Eye and ear infections • Fever • Glandular swelling • Gonorrhea • Headaches • Hysteria • Intestinal worms • Jaundice • Lactation • Malaria • Pain in joints • Pimples • Pregnancy • Psoriasis • Respiratory disorders • Scurvy • Semen deficiency • Skin infections • Sore throat • Sores • Sprain • Stomach ulcers • Tuberculosis • Tumor • Urinary disorders • Wounds Seeds : Water Purification Medicine Oil Gum : Medicine Leaves : Nutrition Medicine Trees: Alley Cropping Erosion Control Flowers: Medicine Pods: Nutrition Medicine Bark : Medicine Roots : Medicine Consider The Possibilities PowerPoint Presentation: Zinc Vitamin A Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin C Calcium Chromium Copper Iron Magnesium Manganese Phosphorus Potassium Protein Nutritional Value Malunggay, scientifically known as Moringa oleifera Lamk , is the world’s most nutritious crop. “Natural Nutrition for the tropics”—Church World Service and Educational Concerns for Hunger Organization. Nutritional Comparison : Nutritional Comparison Moringa Compared to 100gm. Edible Portion of Common Foods from Nutritive Value of Indian Foods by C.Gopalan, et al. Nutrient Moringa Other Foods Vitamin A 6780 mcg Carrots: 1890 mcg Vitamin C 220 mg Oranges: 30 mg Calcium 440 mg Cow ’ s milk: 120 mg Potassium 259 mg Bananas: 88 mg Protein 6.7 gm Cow ’ s milk: 3.2 gm As you can see, the Moringa tree is a powerful source of vitamins. PowerPoint Presentation: Rare for a plant source, Moringa leaves contain all the essential amino acids … Moringa even contains argenine and histidine— two amino acids especially important for infants . Leaves are tasty when prepared into recipes in small doses. Moringa Chili Moringa Leaves on Whole-grain Pizza. Scrambled Eggs and Moringa. Moringa Oleifera Salad. PowerPoint Presentation: Moringa Oil →→→→ Seeds contain 40% of oil, which can be used for oil extraction without reducing their effectiveness for water treatment. Cooking →→→→ Because of its high quantities of Oleic Acids (part of the Omega 9 EFA family), it is good in cooking and a replacement for olive oil; it is odorless to mild nutty flavor. Moringa Oleifera seeds Moringa Stenopetala seeds PowerPoint Presentation: All parts as natural medicines: Leaves: good for headache, bleeding from a shallow cut, bacterial and fungal skin complaints, anti-inflammatory, gastric ulcers and diarrhea, malnutrition. Flowers: ideal for breastfeeding, urinary problems. Nature’s Pharmacy Seeds: treat arthritis, rheumatism, gout, cramp, boils, and urinary problems; relaxant for epilepsy. Pods: de-wormer, treat liver and spleen problems and pains of the joints, malnutrition, diarrhea. Roots, bark, and gum: have the same medicinal value but are more concentrated. PowerPoint Presentation: Anti-microbial/biocidal. Asthma. Cancer therapy/protection. Circulatory/endocrine disorders (incl. anemia). Detoxification. Digestive disorders. Inflammation. Immunity. Nervous disorders. Reproductive health. General disorders/conditions. PowerPoint Presentation: Leaves, flowers and pods as cooking ingredients. Malunggay seed powder as household water purifier →→→→ Has the ability to detoxify contaminated water for drinking and cooking. Backyard Farming Water Treatment Agent PowerPoint Presentation: Malunggay tree as living fence. Leaves as natural pesticide, domestic cleaning agent. Backyard Farming PowerPoint Presentation: Malunggay seeds for Moringa Oil →→→→ Malunggay dried leaves for animal feeds. Malunggay processed leaves for food fortification. Malunggay cake for water treatment and biofertilizer. Skin Care and Cosmetics →→→→ Can produce an excellent massage oil because of good anti-oxidant properties with 4-5 years shelf life. Commercial Planting PowerPoint Presentation: Human Health PowerPoint Presentation: Test in Senegal In 1997 to 1998, a test was conducted in Senegal to examine the ability of Moringa leaf powder to prevent or cure malnutrition in pregnant or breast-feeding women and their children. Conducted by: Mr. Lowell Fuglie, Church World Service in Dakar AGADA (Alternative Action for African Development). PowerPoint Presentation: Results: Children maintained or increased weight and improved health. Pregnant women recovered from anemia and had babies with higher birth weights. Fuglie, Lowell J., ed. 2002 PowerPoint Presentation: Research in Nicaragua Nikolaus Foidl Leonardo Mayorga Intensive Cultivation Reyes, S.N. (2006) PowerPoint Presentation: Increases daily weight gain up to 32%. Increases milk production 43% to 65%. Livestock Fodder PowerPoint Presentation: Plant Growth Spray Extract juice from green matter. Dilute with 36 parts water. Spray 25ml on each plant. Plant Growth Enhancer Effects of Spray: Effects of Spray Accelerates growth of young plants. Plants are firmer, more resistant to pests and disease. Longer life-span. Heavier roots, stems and leaves. Produce more fruit. Larger fruit. Increase in yield 20-35% Bell Pepper Spray Control Sugar Cane Roots Spray Control Foidl, N., Makkar, H.P.S. and Becker, K. (2001). PowerPoint Presentation: Water Treatment Kebreab Ghebremichael. (2004) Seeds: Coagulant: Seeds: Coagulant The seeds of the Moringa tree contain a cation, which acts as a coagulant in turbid water. Seed powder is as effective as technical, non-organic water-clarifying agents, such as alum. There are no toxic by-products associated with the use of Moringa seeds as a coagulant. Moringa Seeds: Moringa Seeds Seed pods grow green (and can be eaten). Pods become brown and hard as they age. Pods are filled with white pulp. Seeds are brown, and the kernels are white. Seeds: Coagulant: Seeds: Coagulant Seed kernels are crushed with pestle & mortar. Seed powder is sown into sack cloths. Sacks are tossed into jugs at water collection site. Agitation by transportation disperses the cations to start the coagulation. Water settles at the home. Lucid water can be poured from the top of the container. Moringa Water Treatment Guide: Moringa Water Treatment Guide Somewhat turbid water 1 Moringa Kernel = 2 L Treated Water Very turbid water 1 Moringa Kernel = 1 Liter Treated Water On the Market: Moringa Seed Cake: On the Market: Moringa Seed Cake A natural coagulant used as a replacement for proprietary coagulants to treat both drinking water and waste water. Moringa in Tanzania: Moringa in Tanzania Combined efforts from Tanzania, Kenya and Switzerland have Moringa Plantations to produce “press cakes” for water treatment. Markus Schneider. (2006) PowerPoint Presentation: A study by HASSAN A. AL-KAHTANI in 2006 which entitled by: Some Antinutritional Factors in Moringa peregrina (Al-Yassar or Al-Ban) and Soybean Products. He was assayed Moringa peregrina and soybean defatted flours, protein concentrates, and isolates for trypsin (TIA) and α-amylase (AIA) inhibitor activities, phytic acid, tannin and chlorogenic acid contents, and in vitro protein digestibility (IVPD). Saudi Arabia Results: Results TIA in M. peregrina defatted flour (MDF) was lower (P < 0.05) but more heat resistant than in soybean. AIA in MDF was lower than in soybean and inhibited pancreatic amylase more than bacterial amylase. Some M.peregrina products were higher in phytic acid but lower in chlorogenic acid than soybean. Tannin was low in all samples. IVPD was slightly lower for M.peregrina than for soybean. IN RURAL AREAS TANZANIA : IN RURAL AREAS TANZANIA Prepared by Kitomondo-Plantation For the Tanzania Government BIO - ELECTRICITY PowerPoint Presentation: Moringa and Neem fertilizer and pesticides Seed selection Jatropha Honge Cultivation Harvesting Oil seeds treatment and storage Food crops Village Electricity Tractor Biofuel production Recommendations for Conservation: Recommendations for Conservation In situ conservation of the existing populations. Establishment of new populations in ecologically suitable habitats on the mountains of the Red Sea. In situ and ex situ ecological research on the species for creating conditions conductive to optimum survival and reproduction. Efforts should be made to increase the ecological awareness of the local people to reduce their dependence on the Moringa trees for fuelwood and to minimize the intensive collection of Seeds. Offering other resources and economic activities to the local people as alternatives to their dependence on M. peregrina and on the natural vegetation in general as an income source. Preservations of seeds in a gene bank. Encouraging botanical gardens and research institutes to maintain ex situ populations. Hegazy A.K. et. al .(2008) References: References A.K. Hegazy, O. Hammoudab, J. Lovett-Doust, N.H. Gomaa. Population dynamics of Moringa peregrina along altitudinal gradient in the northwestern sector of the Red Sea. Journal of Arid Environments 72 (2008) 1537– 1551 Foidl, N., Makkar, H.P.S. and Becker, K. The potential of Moringa oleifera for agricultural and industrial uses. In: L.J. Fuglie (Ed.), The Miracle Tree: The Multiple Attributes of Moringa (pp. 45-76). Dakar, Senegal: Church World Service, 2001. Fuglie, Lowell J., ed. The Miracle Tree—Moringa oleifera: Natural Nutrition for the Tropics. Training Manual. 2001. Church World Service, Dakar, Senegal. May 2002. John Sutherland, “ M.oleifera in water treatment ” Kebreab Ghebremichael – Moringa Seed and Pumice as Alternative Natural Material for Drinking Water Treatment (2004). Mark E Olson - Moringa Home Page Markus Schneider “ Drinking water treatment in Tanzania using purified seed extracts from the pan-tropical tree Moringa oleifera ” (2006). Reyes, S.N. Moringa oleifera and Cratylia argentea : potential fodder species for ruminants in Nicaragua. Doctoral thesis, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala. 2006. Suarez, M., M. Haenni, etc. “Structure-Function Characterization of Optimization of a Plant-Derived Antibacterial Peptide.” (2005).

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