More Worshiping Community

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Published on October 20, 2008

Author: rshewman

Source: authorstream.com

More Worshiping Community : More Worshiping Community Reconciliation, Anointing, Funerals and Sacred Places Reconciliation : Individual and integral confession and absolution constitute the only ordinary way by which the faithful person who is aware of serious sin is reconciled with God and with the Church; only physical or moral impossibility excuses the person from confession of this type, in which case reconciliation can take place in other ways (c.960). For a member of the Christian faithful validly to enjoy sacramental absolution given to many at one time it is required that this person not only be suitably disposed but also at the same time intend to confess individually the serious sins which at present cannot be so confessedc.962). Reconciliation Slide 3: To be properly disposed to receive the sacrament of Reconciliation a Christian must repudiate the sins committed and have a purpose of amendment (c.987). A Christian is obliged to confess: in number and kind all serious sins committed after baptism and not yet directly remitted through sacramental confesion of which one is conscious after a diligent examination of conscience (c.988). Slide 4: After the age of discretion, each of the faithful is bound by an obligation to faithfully confess serious sins at least once a year. In order for the priest to validly give absolution he must have the faculty. Failure to have the faculty means that the sacramental celebration is invalid (c.965-966). A priest can have the faculty by virtue of: an office he holds through a concession granted by competent authority (c.967-974). Faculties : The habitual faculty to hear confessions must be in writing. A bishop has the faculty by virtue of his office to hear confessions anyplace in the world. A priest enjoys the same faculty, as long as his faculties to hear confession are intact in his home diocese. If he looses those faculties for any reason in his home diocese, then he looses them everywhere. Faculties Slide 6: In common error: About fact or about law regarding the executive power of governance the Church supplies what is missing (c.144). This is often referred to as “ecclesia suplet”. The sacrament is not an exercise of executive power but giving the faculty is an exercise of executive power. This applies only in the case of error regarding the faculty. Confession to a deacon without the faculty is still invalid, due to no power of absolution Confession to a priest without the faculty due to error is valid, if illicit. Slide 7: In danger of death a priest may always hear a confession validly without faculties, even if he has been laicized (c.976). The sacramental seal is inviolable; therefore, it is a crime for a confessor in any way to betray a penitent by word or in any other manner for any reason. If an interpreter is present or someone else in a helping role they are also bound to preserve the secret (c.983) Slide 8: Further, a confessor is absolutely forbidden to use knowledge acquired from confession when it might harm the penitent. One who is placed in authority can in no way use for external governance knowledge about sins which he has received in confession (c.984). Anointing of the sick : … by which the Church commends to the suffering and glorified Lord the faithful who are: dangerously sick so that He relieve and save them, is conferred by: anointing them with oil and using the words prescribed in the liturgical books (c.998). Every priest, and only a priest, validly administers the anointing of the sick (c.1003). Anointing of the sick Slide 10: The oils used in the celebration of the sacrament are normally blessed by the bishop at the Chrism Mass each Holy Week. Though, clerics equivalent in law to a diocesan bishop may also bless the holy oils. In case of necessity, any priest can bless the oils but only in the context of the celebration of the sacrament (c.999). Slide 11: Anointing of the sick can be administered to: a member of the faithful having reached the use of reason, begins to be in danger due to sickness or old age. The sacrament may be repeated: whenever the sick person again falls into a serious sickness whenever a more serious crisis develops during the same sickness (c.1004). Slide 12: This is understood to include persons who are about to undergo surgery such intervention normally implies sickness of relative seriousness Any surgery involves a significant element of danger. The sacrament is to be conferred upon sick persons who ask for it at least implicitly when they were in control of their faculties (c.1006). The sacrament is not to be administered upon those who: obstinately persist (they were previously warned) in manifest (public) grave sin (the sin is very serious) (c.1007). Slide 13: When in doubt: about the sick person’s use of reason, severity of illness whether the person is living or dead, go ahead and administer the sacrament (c.1005). If the death of the person is not a matter of doubt, the ritual books tell the priest not to proceed with the sacrament, since the sacraments are for the living. Slide 14: The forgiveness of sin is inherent in the sacrament and does not involve an integral confession as with the sacrament of reconciliation, so faculties are not required. One of the reasons for faculties with regard to the sacrament of Reconciliation is to help ensure that the confessor is competent to assist the penitent through the process of coming to acknowledge and repent his sins. Since that is not involved with anointing, faculties are not relevant. Funerals : The Christian faithful departed are to be given ecclesiastical funeral rites according to the norm of law (c.1176). Unless they have given some signs of repentance before their death, the following are to be deprived of ecclesiastical funeral rites: (1) notorious (publicly known through sentence, judicial decision or a judicial confession, or know by means of it being general knowledge) apostates, heretics and schismatics; Apostasy is a total repudiation of the Christian faith after baptism. Funerals Slide 16: Hersey is the obstinate denial or doubt (public). After baptism of some truth which is to be believed as part of the treasure of divine and Catholic faith (dogma & definitive doctrine).  Schism is the refusal to submit to the Pope or to maintain communion with those faithful subject to him. Persons who have simply fallen away from the Catholic Church are not considered as apostates, heretics or schismatics. (2)persons who had chosen cremation of their own bodies for reasons opposed to the Christian faith; The Church does not forbid cremation unless it has been chosen for reasons which are contrary to Christian teaching (c.1176, §2). Reasons contrary to Christian teaching would be to manifest a denial of the Christian doctrine of the resurrection. Allowing cremation is a change from the old Code in which cremation was forbidden. Slide 17: (3) other manifest sinners for whom ecclesiastical funeral rites cannot be granted without public scandal to the faithful. If there is doubt, the local ordinary is to be consulted and his judgment followed (c1184). Any funeral Mass whatsoever is also to be denied a person excluded from ecclesiastical funeral rites (c.1185). Sacred Places : Places which have been designated for divine worship (church, chapel or oratory) or for the burial (cemetery) of the faithful through a dedication or blessing which the liturgical books prescribe for that purpose (c.1205). It is normal the diocesan bishop who dedicates or blesses a sacred place, though those equivalent to him in law may do so. In an emergency even a presbyter can be delegated to do it (c.1206). Sacred Places Slide 19: A church is a sacred building destined for divine worship to which the faithful have a right of access for divine worship, especially its public exercise (c1214).   An oratory is a place designated by permission of the ordinary for divine worship for the benefit of some religious community who gather there; other members of the faithful may also have access to it with consent of the competent superior (c1223).   A private chapel is a place designated for divine worship for the advantage of one or several physical persons with the permission of the local ordinary (c.1226).   Entrance to a church during the time of sacred celebrations is to be free and gratuitous (c.1221). This eliminates the use of pew tax and admission fees. Closing a parish : The bishop must hear what the presbyteral council has to say as well as anyone who legitimately claims rights regarding the church; that would include parishioners, creditors, owners of art and other material loaned to the Church (c.1222). The bishop has to respect the rights of everyone involved and ensure that the spiritual well-being of the people would not be impaired. Closing a parish Slide 21: Vatican is concerned with the purpose to which the old Church building is to be put, as the building can be used for profane purposes but not for sordid purposes. Profane purposes are morally good or at least morally neutral. Sordid purposes are objectively evil.

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