Modern Applications of Biotechnology - This Field Effects Many Aspects of Your Life You May Not Even Know About!

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Information about Modern Applications of Biotechnology - This Field Effects Many Aspects...

Published on March 13, 2014

Author: nondescriptwrin88

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Biotechnology is a lot more than genetic manipulation: along with be employed in human health insur...

Modern Applications of Biotechnology - This Field Effects Many Aspects of Your Life You May Not Even Know About! Biotechnology is a lot more than genetic manipulation: along with be employed in human health insurance medicine, the sector encompasses agriculture, bioremediation, as well as other disciplines. Biotechnology has been a buzz-word for two decades or maybe more, but it is something that many of us hear a great deal about, without actually studying the cornerstone in the subject. What is biotechnology, anyway, and the way can it be employed in our modern world? Biotechnology is, to put it simply, technology which uses or https://plus.google.com/b/116970492245755296858/116970492245755296858/posts/VNyy7vA9pVa perhaps is based on biology. There are four main types of biotechnology applications: medicine, agriculture, biological engineering, and bioremediation. Each of these combines one or even more different scientific disciplines, for example genetics, molecular biology, robotics, and chemical engineering, in a unique and highly practical combination of biological and physical sciences. Surprisingly enough, ancient cultures began using biotechnology applications 1000's of years ago, in practicing agriculture, plus using microorganisms to generate bread, alcohol, and cheese. Of course, those early cultures had no idea they were practicing a sort of biotechnology, but those early uses have stayed with us for thousands of years, and are the premise of several new biotechnology applications. In the greater recent past, the roll-out of antibiotics and vaccines, and the usage of bacteria to make chemicals such as acetone are actually caused by biotechnological advances. And on June 16, 1986, the United States Supreme Court allowed General Electric scientist Ananda Chakrabarty to patent a genetically-modified microorganism, a ruling now regarded by some because defining moment through which area of of contemporary biotechnology came to be. There are four main areas in which biotechnology is employed: medicine, agriculture, biological engineering, and bioremediation. In medicine, biotechnology applications encompass drug development, genetic testing, gene therapy, and pharmacogenomics. The latter can be a relatively recent field of study which deals with how genetic factors influence just how individuals respond to drugs. It is hoped that kind of study will help scientists optimize drugs, and possibly even 1 day create entirely individualized treatment programs according to individual genetics. In agriculture, biotechnology expands on just how ancient cultures began developing and selecting for higher-yield crop species. However, modern biotechnology takes search engine optimization gainesville much further than in the past, using molecular genetic techniques to transfer genes between various plants to improve characteristics including yield and disease resistance. Biological engineering can be a subdiscipline within the sector of engineering which targets an incredibly physical side of biotechnology. Applications include biomedical engineering, which applies engineering techniques and technology for the growth and development of medical equipment as well as other items such as artificial areas of the body, including implants, prosthetic limbs and in

many cases artificial organs. Finally, there exists bioremediation and biodegradation, two similar areas of biotechnology which concentrate on developing technologies using microorganisms to scrub up environmental contamination. Biological processes and microorganisms both play an important role inside removal or conversion of many types of contaminants, and bioremediation seeks to consider advantage of this fact to devise strategies to removing them http://storify.com/biotechnews33/sr-process-researcher-microbial-fermentation through the environment. One particular application tries to genetically engineer microorganisms to improve power they have to degrade hydrocarbons. This application could have significant benefit in cleaning up marine oil spills along with removing petroleum seepage, countless plenty of which enter in the marine environment annually.

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