Mobilizing Disaster Content: From Source to Use

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Information about Mobilizing Disaster Content: From Source to Use

Published on December 3, 2007

Author: Al.Simard

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Describes the flow of disaster-related content from its source to end use through five processes: monitoring, decision support, integration, transactional knowledge markets, and sequential service markets

Mobilizing Disaster Content: Pre-ICIS SIG DSS Workshop Montreal, Dec. 9, 2007 Albert Simard From Source to Use

Content Value Chain “ Flow of content through sequential stages, each of which changes its form and increases its usefulness and value.” (NRCan, 2006) Objects Data Information Knowledge Wisdom Measurement Analysis Synthesis Experience

Content Flow - Source to Use Environment Disaster Occurrence Organization Economy Society Decision-Support Models Outputs Outcomes Actions Environment Events Knowledge Organization Economy Society Decision Making Mobilizing Transforming Inputs Availability Reliability Timeliness Channels Networks Markets Information System

Outline Environmental Monitoring Decision Support Integrated Systems Transactional Markets Sequential Markets

Environmental Monitoring

Decision Support

Integrated Systems

Transactional Markets

Sequential Markets

Monitoring - Inputs Availability Reliability Timeliness Trump Accuracy Completeness Relevance

Availability

Reliability

Timeliness

Trump

Accuracy

Completeness

Relevance

Monitoring - Transformation Fire Behavior Prediction ( FBP ) System Outputs GIS Products Reports & Statistics Rate of Spread Fuel Consumption Fire Intensity Type of Fire Crown Fraction Burned Fire Load Area Burned Fire Size Classes Fuel Consumption Greenhouse Gases Foliar Moisture Content Fuels Weather Topography Remote Sensing Fire Masks Inputs FBP System Fuel Type Fuel moisture Wind Speed & Direction Slope & Aspect Elevation, Latitude, Longitude & Date Hot Spot Location, Time & Date

Monitoring - Outputs

Monitoring - Use Relative indicators Must be interpreted Risk awareness Preparedness levels Permits & restrictions

Relative indicators

Must be interpreted

Risk awareness

Preparedness levels

Permits & restrictions

Decision Support - Planning Suppression models Time to escape Control effectiveness Response planning Resource deployment

Suppression models

Time to escape

Control effectiveness

Response planning

Resource deployment

Specific event Prescribed fire Land owner calls District fills form Smoke dispersion Outputs: go/no-go 3 Minutes Decision Support - Regulation Florida Division of Forestry Smoke Dispersion Prediction

Specific event

Prescribed fire

Land owner calls

District fills form

Smoke dispersion

Outputs: go/no-go

3 Minutes

Decision Support - Response Wildfire Initial attack Suppression time Attack strength Resource type Prioritize fires

Wildfire

Initial attack

Suppression time

Attack strength

Resource type

Prioritize fires

Integration – National Mosaic AVHRR images Daily, low resolution National mosaic Identify “hot spots” Geocorrect points Plot on GIS map National situation Drill-down capability Fire M3 Internet Products, May 5, 1999 CANADA CENTRE FOR REMOTE SENSING Applications Division CANADIAN FOREST SERVICE Fire Research Network

AVHRR images

Daily, low resolution

National mosaic

Identify “hot spots”

Geocorrect points

Plot on GIS map

National situation

Drill-down capability

Integration - Mapping Landsat images Periodic, high resolution Less costly Unburned islands Daily advance Behavior by fuel type Canada Centre for Remote Sensing

Landsat images

Periodic, high resolution

Less costly

Unburned islands

Daily advance

Behavior by fuel type

Integration – Smoke Dispersion Smoke detection Production & dispersion Community evacuation Greenhouse gasses National carbon budget

Smoke detection

Production & dispersion

Community evacuation

Greenhouse gasses

National carbon budget

Integration – Fire Load Counting hot spots = Area with large fire Amount of work & resources needed National mobilization Source: Canadian Forest Service 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 Number of Hot Spots 27-May 29-May 31-May 2-Jun 4-Jun 6-Jun 8-Jun 10-Jun 12-Jun 14-Jun 16-Jun 18-Jun 20-Jun 22-Jun 24-Jun 26-Jun 28-Jun 30-Jun Date Daily Fire Load Statistics (Canada: May 27 - June 30 1995)

Counting hot spots = Area with large fire

Amount of work & resources needed

National mobilization

Transactional Market National disaster portals Global Disaster Information Network Supply (Providers) Demand (Users) Providers and users connect through a virtual marketplace facilitated by brokers

National disaster portals

Global Disaster Information Network

Market - Attributes Autonomous - providers and users Diversity - mandates, jurisdictions, roles Legal - accountability, responsibility, liability Certification - inclusion, authenticity, reliability Quality - completeness, timeliness, accuracy Infrastructure - standards, networks, systems

Autonomous - providers and users

Diversity - mandates, jurisdictions, roles

Legal - accountability, responsibility, liability

Certification - inclusion, authenticity, reliability

Quality - completeness, timeliness, accuracy

Infrastructure - standards, networks, systems

Market Mechanisms Price – reciprocity, repute, altruism Trust – visible, ubiquitous, top-down Signals – position, education, networks Inefficiencies – incomplete information, asymmetry, localness Pathologies – monopolies, artificial scarcity, trade barriers Adapted from Davenport (1998)

Price – reciprocity, repute, altruism

Trust – visible, ubiquitous, top-down

Signals – position, education, networks

Inefficiencies – incomplete information, asymmetry, localness

Pathologies – monopolies, artificial scarcity, trade barriers

Market Services Facilitate search and retrieval Help adapt content to user needs Maintain content repositories Provide infrastructure for exchange Increase awareness of content availability Assist with content dissemination

Facilitate search and retrieval

Help adapt content to user needs

Maintain content repositories

Provide infrastructure for exchange

Increase awareness of content availability

Assist with content dissemination

National Fire Portal General information Explanations & FAQs National content Agency content Used by: Individuals Media Practitioners Researchers

General information

Explanations & FAQs

National content

Agency content

Used by:

Individuals

Media

Practitioners

Researchers

Sequential Market - Value Chain 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Use Professionally Use Personally Use Internally Generate Transform Add Value Transfer Evaluate Manage Extract Advance Embed Legend Organization Sector / Society

Sequential Market (Performance / Supply) (Market / Demand) 6. Add Value 7. Use Professionally 8. Use Personally Evaluate Natural Resources Forestry Metals & Minerals Earth Sciences Energy 1. Generate 2. Transform 3. Enable 4. Use Internally 5. Transfer Organization

A Tale of Two Cities 5 cases 44 deaths 350 cases Information Services Vancouver BC Toronto ON

Conclusions Mobilizing disaster content from source to use involves the environment, events, organizations, knowledge, the economy, and society Information systems must acquire, transfer and process reliable and timely content through diverse channels, networks, and markets. Decision support systems depend on how well: Process models represent situations Management models relate to actions Socioeconomic models are relevant to outcomes

Mobilizing disaster content from source to use involves the environment, events, organizations, knowledge, the economy, and society

Information systems must acquire, transfer and process reliable and timely content through diverse channels, networks, and markets.

Decision support systems depend on how well:

Process models represent situations

Management models relate to actions

Socioeconomic models are relevant to outcomes

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