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Mobile Communication Broadcast System Jochen Schiller

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Information about Mobile Communication Broadcast System Jochen Schiller
Technology

Published on February 28, 2009

Author: sonalichauhan

Source: slideshare.net

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6.Broadcast Systems Sonali C. UDIT - M.Sc (IT) 2008-09

INTRODUCTION We will focus on unidirectional broadcast. Radio, televisions, distribute information regardless of the need of individual user. 2 way communication technologies, broadcasting information is very cost effective. In future, Television and radio transmissions will be fully digitalize. Along with video and audio transmission multimedia information can be accompany radio and TV programs at low cost compare to individual wireless connection.

We will focus on unidirectional broadcast.

Radio, televisions, distribute information regardless of the need of individual user.

2 way communication technologies, broadcasting information is very cost effective.

In future, Television and radio transmissions will be fully digitalize.

Along with video and audio transmission multimedia information can be accompany radio and TV programs at low cost compare to individual wireless connection.

UNIDIRECTIONAL DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM Asymmetric communication environments Channel characteristic differs in one direction as compare to other direction Symmetric communication environments Channel characteristic is same in both direction E.g.. Same old telephone or GSM (in end-to-end communication). Band width and delay are same not matter who calls Cont…

Asymmetric communication environments

Channel characteristic differs in one direction as compare to other direction

Symmetric communication environments

Channel characteristic is same in both direction

E.g.. Same old telephone or GSM (in end-to-end communication).

Band width and delay are same not matter who calls

UNIDIRECTIONAL DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM Asymmetric communication environments bandwidth limitations of the transmission medium depends on applications, type of information Examples wireless networks with base station and mobile terminals client-server environments (diskless terminal) cable TV with set-top box information services (pager, SMS) Cont…

Asymmetric communication environments

bandwidth limitations of the transmission medium

depends on applications, type of information

Examples

wireless networks with base station and mobile terminals

client-server environments (diskless terminal)

cable TV with set-top box

information services (pager, SMS)

UNIDIRECTIONAL DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM Special case: unidirectional distribution systems High bandwidth from server to client (downstream), but no bandwidth vice versa (upstream) problems of unidirectional broadcast systems a sender can optimize transmitted information only for one group of users/terminals functions needed to individualize personal requirements/applications Cont…

Special case: unidirectional distribution systems

High bandwidth from server to client (downstream), but no bandwidth vice versa (upstream)

problems of unidirectional broadcast systems

a sender can optimize transmitted information only for one group of users/terminals

functions needed to individualize personal requirements/applications

BROADCAST TRANSMISSION sender receiver receiver receiver unidirectional distribution medium A A A A A A A B B B B optimized for expected access pattern of all users individual access pattern of one user 

CYCLICAL REPETITION OF DATA Broadcast sender does not know when reviver will listen to message. But in radio and TV, this is not a problem If receiver not listening/tuned in it will not receive data Or. will repeat the information at particular interval of time ( news and weather ) if not received by receiver

Broadcast sender does not know when reviver will listen to message.

But in radio and TV, this is not a problem

If receiver not listening/tuned in it will not receive data

Or. will repeat the information at particular interval of time ( news and weather ) if not received by receiver

CYCLICAL REPETITION OF DATA Structuring transmissions – broadcast disks Sender cyclic repetition of data blocks different patterns possible (optimization possible only if the content is known) Cont… Every block is transmitted at regular interval of time Average Waiting time is same Favor one or more data block by repeating Distribute blocks more often than others in cyclic pattern Minimize delay if user wants to access Incr probability of receiving repeated locks..if corruped frst time A B C A B C flat disk A A B C A A skewed disk A B A C A B multi-disk

Sender

cyclic repetition of data blocks

different patterns possible (optimization possible only if the content is known)

CYCLICAL REPETITION OF DATA Structuring transmissions – broadcast disks Receiver use of caching cost-based strategy: what are the costs for a user (waiting time) if a data block has been requested but is currently not cached application and cache have to know content of data blocks and access patterns of user to optimize Cont…

Receiver

use of caching

cost-based strategy: what are the costs for a user (waiting time) if a data block has been requested but is currently not cached

application and cache have to know content of data blocks and access patterns of user to optimize

DAB:DIGITAL AUDIO BROADCASTING Media access COFDM (Coded Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplex) SFN (Single Frequency Network) 192 to 1536 subcarriers within a 1.5 MHz frequency band VHF and UHF frequencies bands Frequencies first phase: one out of 32 frequency blocks for terrestrial TV channels 5 to 12 (174 - 230 MHz, 5A - 12D) second phase : one out of 9 frequency blocks in the L-band (1452- 1467.5 MHz, LA - LI)

Media access

COFDM (Coded Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplex)

SFN (Single Frequency Network)

192 to 1536 subcarriers within a 1.5 MHz frequency band

VHF and UHF frequencies bands

Frequencies

first phase: one out of 32 frequency blocks for terrestrial TV channels 5 to 12 (174 - 230 MHz, 5A - 12D)

second phase : one out of 9 frequency blocks in the L-band (1452- 1467.5 MHz, LA - LI)

MSC (Main Service Channel) carries all user data (audio, multimedia, ...) consists of CIF (Common Interleaved Frames) each CIF 55296 bit, every 24 ms (depends on transmission mode) CIF contains CU (Capacity Units), 64 bit each FIC (Fast Information Channel) carries control information required for interpreting configuration and content of MSC consists of FIB (Fast Information Block) each FIB 256 bit (incl. 16 bit checksum) DAB-Transport Mechanism Cont…

MSC (Main Service Channel)

carries all user data (audio, multimedia, ...)

consists of CIF (Common Interleaved Frames)

each CIF 55296 bit, every 24 ms (depends on transmission mode)

CIF contains CU (Capacity Units), 64 bit each

FIC (Fast Information Channel)

carries control information

required for interpreting configuration and content of MSC

consists of FIB (Fast Information Block)

each FIB 256 bit (incl. 16 bit checksum)

Two transport modes are defined for MSC Stream mode transparent data transmission with a fixed bit rate Packet mode transfer addressable packets Use to convey MSC data within a sub channel Program association data (PAD) Program info, control info, still pictures etc DAB-Transport Mechanism Cont…

Two transport modes are defined for MSC

Stream mode

transparent data transmission with a fixed bit rate

Packet mode

transfer addressable packets

Use to convey MSC data within a sub channel

Program association data (PAD)

Program info, control info, still pictures etc

DAB- Transmission frame Cont… synchronization channel SC main service channel FIC MSC null symbol phase reference symbol data symbol data symbol data symbol . . . . . . symbol T u frame duration T F guard interval T d L 0 0 1 2 L-1 1 L fast information channel FIC DAB Frame structure

DAB- Sender Cont… Trans- mitter Trans- mission Multi- plexer MSC Multi- plexer ODFM Packet Mux Channel Coder Audio Encoder Channel Coder DAB Signal Service Information FIC Multiplex Information Data Services Audio Services Radio Frequency FIC: Fast Information Channel MSC: Main Service Channel OFDM: Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing 1.5 MHz f carriers

DAB- Receiver Cont… Packet Demux Audio Decoder Channel Decoder Independent Data Service Audio Service Controller Tuner ODFM Demodulator User Interface FIC Control Bus (partial) MSC

MULTI-MEDIA OBEJCT TRANSFER PROTOCOL Problem Broad range of different receiver capacity audio-only devices with single/multiple line text display, additional color graphic display, PC adapters etc. different types of receivers should at least be able to recognize all kinds of program associated and program independent data and process some of it. Solution common standard for data transmission: MOT important for MOT is the support of data formats used in other multimedia systems DAB can therefore transmit HTML documents from the WWW with very little additional effort MOT formats MHEG, Java, JPEG, ASCII, MPEG, HTML, HTTP, BMP, GIF, ...

Problem

Broad range of different receiver capacity

audio-only devices with single/multiple line text display, additional color graphic display, PC adapters etc.

different types of receivers should at least be able to recognize all kinds of program associated and program independent data and process some of it.

Solution

common standard for data transmission: MOT

important for MOT is the support of data formats used in other multimedia systems

DAB can therefore transmit HTML documents from the WWW with very little additional effort

MOT formats

MHEG, Java, JPEG, ASCII, MPEG, HTML, HTTP, BMP, GIF, ...

MOT Structure Header core 7 byte size of header and body, content type Depending on the header information, receiver may decide if its enough resources to decode Header extension handling information, e.g., repetition distance, segmentation, priority information supports caching mechanisms Body arbitrary data can be transferred in variable body as describe in header field. header core header extension body 7 byte

Header core

7 byte

size of header and body, content type

Depending on the header information, receiver may decide if its enough resources to decode

Header extension

handling information, e.g., repetition distance, segmentation, priority

information supports caching mechanisms

Body

arbitrary data can be transferred in variable body as describe in header field.

DIGITAL VIDEO BROADCASTING 1991 foundation of the ELG (European Launching Group) goal: development of digital television in Europe 1993 renaming into DVB (Digital Video Broadcasting) goal: introduction of digital television based on satellite transmission cable network technology later also terrestrial transmission

1991 foundation of the ELG (European Launching Group) goal: development of digital television in Europe

1993 renaming into DVB (Digital Video Broadcasting)

goal: introduction of digital television based on

satellite transmission

cable network technology

later also terrestrial transmission

DIGITAL VIDEO BROADCASTING SDTV EDTV HDTV Multimedia PC B-ISDN, ADSL,etc. DVD, etc. Terrestrial Receiver Cable Multipoint Distribution System Satellites DVB Digital Video Broadcasting Integrated Receiver-Decoder DVB-S DVB-C DVB-T

DVB Container Uses Container to transmit data Containers are basically MPEG-2 frames-do not restrict type of info. DVB Service Information specifies the content of a container NIT (Network Information Table): lists the services of a provider, contains additional information for set-top boxes SDT (Service Description Table): list of names and parameters for each service within a MPEG multiplex channel EIT (Event Information Table): status information about the current transmission, additional information for set-top boxes TDT (Time and Date Table): Update information for set-top boxes

Uses Container to transmit data

Containers are basically MPEG-2 frames-do not restrict type of info.

DVB Service Information specifies the content of a container

NIT (Network Information Table): lists the services of a provider, contains additional information for set-top boxes

SDT (Service Description Table): list of names and parameters for each service within a MPEG multiplex channel

EIT (Event Information Table): status information about the current transmission, additional information for set-top boxes

TDT (Time and Date Table): Update information for set-top boxes

multimedia data broadcasting MPEG-2/DVB container single channel high definition television MPEG-2/DVB container HDTV multiple channels standard definition MPEG-2/DVB container SDTV multiple channels enhanced definition MPEG-2/DVB container EDTV

Example- High Speed internet Access Apart from data and multimedia broadcasting we can use DVB for Internet access DVB-S adapter PC Internet TCP/IP leased line service provider information provider satellite provider satellite receiver DVB/MPEG2 multiplex simultaneous to digital TV

Apart from data and multimedia broadcasting we can use DVB for Internet access

Convergence of broadcasting and mobile comm. Definition of interaction channels Interacting/controlling broadcast via GSM, UMTS, DECT, PSTN, … Example: mobile Internet services using IP over GSM/GPRS or UMTS as interaction channel for DAB/DVB

Definition of interaction channels

Interacting/controlling broadcast via GSM, UMTS, DECT, PSTN, …

Example: mobile Internet services using IP over GSM/GPRS or UMTS as interaction channel for DAB/DVB

mobile terminal DVB-T, DAB (TV plus IP data) GSM/GPRS, UMTS (IP data) MUX Internet TV broadcaster ISP mobile operator TV data broadcast interaction channels

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