MJ_s_Evidence_for_the_Resurrection

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Information about MJ_s_Evidence_for_the_Resurrection
Education

Published on July 8, 2009

Author: mmcelhaney

Source: authorstream.com

Black Screen : Black Screen Evidence for the Resurrection Black Screen : Black Screen Authorized use:   This presentation is for use by non-profit organizations (non-profit would be considered any entity possessing a 501(c)3 designation; churches, some private schools, denominational entities, etc).  The ministry of "Confident Christianity" asks that you please include an acknowledgement if you should choose to utilize this presentation for more than personal viewing.   Thank you Slide 3: Evidence for the Resurrection Prepared by Mary Jo Sharp for Confident Christianity Apologetics Ministry Slide 4: “There’s actually no historical evidence that isn’t a hotly disputed item within the field of history to prove that he ever was even a man, much less the Son of God.” – Kelly, Rational Response Squad ABC’s Nightline Face-Off Slide 5: Is belief in Jesus Christ comparable to the belief in: Not Even Close! Slide 6: Resurrection … Foundation of Christianity Slide 7: Resurrection … If Christ was not raised than your faith is useless I Cor. 15:14 Slide 8: Resurrection … If Christ was not raised we are false witnesses I Cor. 15:15 Slide 9: Resurrection … The resurrection is the best explanation for the available facts Slide 10: F A C T S The Minimal Slide 11: F A C T S Using the Bible as a historical document Slide 12: F A C T S They must be strongly evidenced. Definition: Slide 13: They must be strongly evidenced: 1) multiple, independent sources 2) enemy testimony 3) principle of embarrassment 4) eyewitness testimony 5) early testimony F A C T S The Minimal Slide 14: F A C T S They must be acknowledged by the vast majority of scholars. Definition: Slide 15: They must be acknowledged by the vast majority of scholars. Dr. Gary Habermas, Liberty University Complied 1400* scholarly sources of resurrection writings from 1975 to the present, whether the scholar was atheist, skeptic, liberal, or conservative. F A C T S The Minimal Slide 16: F A C T S Not saying: these facts prove historically the resurrection. Slide 17: F A C T S I am saying: the best explanation of these historical facts, when combined, is a resurrection. Slide 18: F A C T S The Minimal Slide 19: Jesus died by Roman Crucifixion Minimal Fact #1 1) Recorded in all four Gospels 2) Non-Christian sources - Josephus, Jewish Historian - Tacitus, Roman Historian - Lucian of Samosata, Greek Satirist - Mara Bar-Serapion, Syrian prisoner - the Jewish Talmud Slide 20: Jesus died by Roman Crucifixion Minimal Fact #1 3) Jesus’ death is one of the most well-attested events of ancient history “That he was crucified is as sure as anything historical can ever be.” - John Dominic Crossan, “Jesus: A Revolutionary Biography” pg.145 Slide 21: Review: The Facts Minimal Facts Approach 1) Jesus died by Roman Crucifixion Gary Habermas, Mike Licona. The Case for the Resurrection of Jesus. Kregel Publications. pgs. 70-74 Slide 22: Jesus’ tomb was empty Minimal Fact #2 1) Jerusalem factor Gary Habermas, Mike Licona. The Case for the Resurrection of Jesus. Kregel Publications. pgs. 70-74 2) Enemy testimony 3) Testimony of women Slide 23: Jesus’ tomb was empty Minimal Fact #2 1) Jerusalem factor - Why not go get the body, drag it through the streets, and shut down the Christian movement? - No defense of a body in the tomb by the early church fathers - It would have been impossible for Christianity to begin in Jerusalem if the body were still in the grave Slide 24: Jesus’ tomb was empty Minimal Fact #2 2) Enemy Testimony - If testimony about an event or person is given by a source who does not sympathize with the person, message, or cause then there is reason to believe the testimony is true Slide 25: Jesus’ tomb was empty Minimal Fact #2 2) Enemy Testimony Sources: Justin Martyr’s Dialogue with Trypho 108 Tertullian’s Spectacles 30 Jewish Toledoth – “he was not in his grave” Matthew 28: 11-15 "You are to say, 'His disciples came during the night and stole him away while we were asleep.‘” Slide 26: Jesus’ tomb was empty Minimal Fact #2 3) Testimony of women - Principle of embarrassment - Odd invention for the writers of the New Testament to make women the first witnesses - Testimony of a woman not as highly regarded as a man, especially the more serious the issue Slide 27: Review: The Facts Minimal Facts Approach 1) Jesus died by Roman Crucifixion Gary Habermas, Mike Licona. The Case for the Resurrection of Jesus. Kregel Publications. pgs. 70-74 2) Jesus’ tomb was empty Slide 28: Jesus appeared to the disciples Minimal Fact #3 1) Jesus’ disciples sincerely believed he rose and appeared to them 2) The disciples transformed from frightened, hiding individuals to bold witnesses of the resurrection Slide 29: Jesus appeared to the disciples Minimal Fact #3 1) Jesus’ disciples sincerely believed he rose and appeared to them - Established by primary evidence: Peter, Paul, and John wrote what they personally witnessed - Established by Paul who wrote about the appearances to the disciples: 1 Cor. 15:10-11 (some of the earliest material) Established by the written tradition, including the Gospels and works of the apostolic and early church fathers (Origen, Polycarp, Tertullian) Slide 30: “Written Tradition” Minimal Fact #3 Are there any writings that follow the Gospels, and the writings of Peter, John, and Paul? Yes... And these writings help confirm our facts! Slide 31: Didache, Clement of Rome, The Shepherd of Hermas, Ignatius, Polycarp, Diognetus Papias, Quadratus of Athens, Aristides, Justin Martyr, Claudius Apollinaris, Minucius Felix, Melito of Sardis, Hegesippus, Dionysius of Corinth, Athenagoras of Athens, Irenaeus of Lyons, Rhodon, Theophilus of Caesarea, Theophilus of Antioch, Maximus of Jerusalem, Polycrates of Ephesus, Pantaenus, Clement of Alexandria, Tertullian, Serapion of Antioch, Apollonius, Caius, Hippolytus of Rome, Origen Slide 32: Jesus appeared to the disciples Minimal Fact #3 2) The disciples transformed from frightened, hiding individuals to bold witnesses of the resurrection - Willingness to endure suffering, persecution, martyrdom - Jim Jones, David Koresh, Muslims versus the disciples’ post-resurrection proclamation of Jesus as God Nearly all scholarship agree that the disciples had experiences of the risen Jesus that transformed their life….now we have to explain why Slide 33: Review: The Facts Minimal Facts Approach 1) Jesus died by Roman Crucifixion Gary Habermas, Mike Licona. The Case for the Resurrection of Jesus. Kregel Publications. pgs. 70-74 2) Jesus’ tomb was empty 3) Jesus appeared to the disciples Slide 34: Jesus appeared to skeptics and foes Minimal Fact #4 2) James - Jesus’ brother 1) Paul - Saul of Tarsus, a Pharisee - Both were unbelievers before the resurrection of Jesus Both became believers after an experience of the risen Jesus, following Jesus’ crucifixion - Neither had good reason to convert! Slide 35: Review: The Facts Minimal Facts Approach 1) Jesus died by Roman Crucifixion Gary Habermas, Mike Licona. The Case for the Resurrection of Jesus. Kregel Publications. pgs. 70-74 2) Jesus’ tomb was empty 3) Jesus appeared to the disciples 4) Jesus appeared to skeptics/foes Slide 36: Historians look for the hypotheses that best fit the available facts. Slide 37: The hypothesis that fits all the facts is the best explanation. The hypothesis that fits all the facts is the best explanation. Slide 38: Once all the hypotheses have been weighed against the facts, we have confidence in the explanation that outweighs the rest. Once all the hypotheses have been weighed against the facts, we have confidence in the explanation that outweighs the rest. Slide 39: The resurrection of Jesus is the best explanation of the facts! Slide 40: Gary Habermas: Skeptics must provide more than alternative theories to the Resurrection; they must provide first-century evidence for those theories. Norman Geisler, Frank Turek. I Don’t Have Enough Faith to Be An Atheist. Crossway Books. Wheaton: 2004. pg. 299. Slide 41: May I suggest for further reading: The Case for the Resurrection of Jesus Gary Habermas, Mike Licona I Don’t Have Enough Faith to Be an Atheist Norman Geisler, Frank Turek Slide 42: May I suggest for getting started: The Case for Christ Lee Strobel Slide 43: Seek and proclaim Truth Mary Jo Sharp

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