MiniMedical School

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Information about MiniMedical School
Education

Published on January 15, 2008

Author: Candelora

Source: authorstream.com

Mini-Medical School for Caregivers:  Mini-Medical School for Caregivers Hospital Name Date This educational material is brought to you by::  This educational material is brought to you by: This information is not to intended to replace the advice of a health care provider. Please check with your physician for specific health information. Learn how to give the best care to your loved one – and to yourself:  Learn how to give the best care to your loved one – and to yourself Part I:  Part I Caring for Yourself Top Five Caregiver Concerns:  Top Five Caregiver Concerns Finding time for themselves = 53% Managing physical and emotional stress = 29% Balancing work and family responsibilities = 29% Speaking with doctors = 22% Making end-of-life decisions = 20% Time for Yourself:  Time for Yourself Everyday, take 5 -15 minutes for yourself (more time when possible) Enjoy and maintain your friendships Managing Your Stress:  Managing Your Stress Know your “stress triggers” Practice relaxation techniques Seek out help and support Take a respite from the caregiver role Balancing Work and Family:  Balancing Work and Family Set Priorities Be Flexible Include other family in the caregiving activities (share the responsibility) Create a schedule, use a calendar Communicating with the Healthcare Team:  Communicating with the Healthcare Team Identify yourself as the primary caregiver Discuss the treatment/management plan with the primary physician and the specialists Become an active participant and ask questions, provide information End-of-life Decisions:  End-of-life Decisions Don’t wait to have this discussion Identify what your loved one wants Discuss a Living Will Enlist the help of a physician, nurse or social worker if you feel uncomfortable Care for the Caregiver :  Care for the Caregiver 12 steps to a better point of view Take time out Make time Slow down Set aside “worry time” Laugh Change perspective Take action No “what-ifs” Start a hobby Nurture your spirituality Take time to relax Indulge Resources to Support Your Health:  Resources to Support Your Health Your personal physician National Institute of Mental Health Local caregiver support group Now that your well-being is taken care of…:  Now that your well-being is taken care of… Let’s consider some general caregiving information: Home safety Nutrition for the older adult Sensory loss Five things to ask yourself:  Five things to ask yourself Is your loved one… Losing weight? Falling or posing other safety concerns? Taking care of themselves (hygiene wise)? Chronically sad, blue, depressed? Having difficulty getting around? Basic Home Safety:  Basic Home Safety Lighting Floors and rugs Phones Bathroom Medications Emergency exit plan Nutrition for Seniors:  Nutrition for Seniors Nutritional needs change as we age and our daily requirements are altered when we are ill. Simple Nutritional Recommendations:  Simple Nutritional Recommendations Incorporate foods from ALL food groups Choose lean sources of protein Encourage fluids (unless otherwise directed by the physician) Abundant fruits and veggies Sensory Loss :  Sensory Loss Vision and hearing loss can occur with normal aging. There are a few ways to make the world more visible and audible for those we love………. Promote Optimal Vision by…:  Promote Optimal Vision by… Enhancing indoor lighting Wearing sunglasses outdoors Providing large font newspapers/books Encouraging annual visits to the eye-doctor Using color contrast Promote Optimal Hearing by…:  Promote Optimal Hearing by… Reducing extraneous noises/voices Choosing quiet areas to carry on conversations Not yelling – use a low frequency, deep voice Changing batteries in the hearing aid Encouraging a hearing evaluation Part II:  Part II Caring for Your Loved One Part II:  Part II Common conditions in older adults Caregiving tips Detailed illness review Problems that need attention Caregiving support and resources Top Illnesses in the Elderly:  Top Illnesses in the Elderly Arthritis Cardiovascular disease Cancer Diabetes Epilepsy Obesity Oral health Other Conditions Threatening Older Adults:  Other Conditions Threatening Older Adults Injuries: Among older adults, falls are the leading cause of injuries, hospital admissions for trauma, and deaths due to injury. Motor vehicle accidents: Among older adult drivers, the number of motor vehicle-related fatalities increased 30% and the number of nonfatal injuries increased 21% between 1990 and 1997. Suicide: Older persons have a higher prevalence of depression. Fire: People aged 65 and older are twice as likely to die in a home fire as the population at large. Take charge of your loved one’s healthcare :  Take charge of your loved one’s healthcare Be an active participant Choosing a Hospital :  Choosing a Hospital Look for a hospital that: Is accredited by the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations. Is rated highly by state, consumer or other groups. Is one where your doctor has privileges, if that is important to you. Is covered by your loved one’s health plan. Checks and works to improve its own quality of care. Has experience with conditions or diseases your loved one may have Be prepared for unexpected trips to the hospital:  Be prepared for unexpected trips to the hospital Information to take with you to the hospital:  Information to take with you to the hospital Medical history Insurance information Doctor information Emergency contact list Prescription list Worrisome symptoms needing immediate attention:  Worrisome symptoms needing immediate attention Chest discomfort or pain Shortness of breath New or worsening confusion Dizziness and falls Persistent fever Change in speech Weakness or inability to move arms/legs Regular Physician Visits :  Regular Physician Visits Every three to six months more frequently if there is an active health problem Common illnesses caregivers are managing at home:  Common illnesses caregivers are managing at home Heart Disease and Stroke:  Heart Disease and Stroke Leading cause of death in older adults Heart disease is an umbrella term for: Hypertension Myocardial Infarction High Cholesterol Dementia and Alzheimer’s:  Dementia and Alzheimer’s 10 Warning Signs Memory loss Difficulty performing familiar tasks Problems with language Disorientation to time and place Poor or decreased judgment Problems with abstract thinking Misplacing things Changes in mood or behavior Changes in personality Loss of initiative Care Issues Unique to Dementia or Alzheimer's :  Care Issues Unique to Dementia or Alzheimer's Maintaining safety Dealing with confusion Managing behavioral challenges More Information and resources can be found at::  More Information and resources can be found at: Alzheimer’s Disease Education and Referral Center http://www.nia.nih.gov/alzheimers Alzheimer’s Association http://www.alz.org/ Diabetes Signs and Symptoms:  Diabetes Signs and Symptoms Fatigue Weight loss Blurred vision Itchy skin Frequent urination Thirst Sensations of tingling or numbness Confusion Depression Osteoarthritis (OA) and Osteoporosis:  Osteoarthritis (OA) and Osteoporosis Both are very common OA affects your joints Osteoporosis affects the strength of your bones Symptoms of OA Can Be Managed:  Symptoms of OA Can Be Managed Moist heat Ice therapy Hydrotherapy Pain medications Osteoporosis Can Be Prevented :  Osteoporosis Can Be Prevented Lifelong adequate intake of calcium and vitamin D Lifelong exercise – weight bearing type Lifting weights Walking, dancing, jogging Urinary Incontinence:  Urinary Incontinence There are many reasons for “leaking” urine or inability to control bladder Cognitive issues Confusion Brain injury Physical issues Injury such as spinal cord injury Illness such as stroke Not a normal part of aging Tips for Managing Incontinence:  Tips for Managing Incontinence Plan a toileting schedule If walking is limited, consider a bedside commode/urinal Encourage Kegel exercises if appropriate Biofeedback Limit caffeine and alcohol Utilize pads/diapers Fecal Incontinence:  Fecal Incontinence Reason for fecal incontinence include: Poor cognition Physical issues such as gastrointestinal illnesses, cancer Mobility issues Insomnia:  Insomnia As we age, we require less and less sleep and our sleep pattern usually changes Illness, dementia and Alzheimer's can adversely effect our sleep/wake cycles Helpful Hints to Promote Sleep:  Helpful Hints to Promote Sleep Create a sleep routine Keep active throughout the day Limit naps Limit food and drink two to three hours before bedtime Toilet immediately before bedtime Support and Help:  Support and Help Adult daycare services Companion care Home nursing care Respite care Absorbent products/pants to improve lifestyle. Care alternatives Assisted living Nursing home Resources:  Resources U.S. Administration on Aging – www.aog.gov www.aarp.org http://caregiver.depend.com/ www.eldercare.gov www.caregiving.org How to Care for Aging Parents, By Virginia Morris

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