Published on May 31, 2014
Name: Sarvang Kamleshbhai Patel Roll No:3403 Exam Number:
Human migration is movement by humans from one place to another, sometimes over long distances or in large groups. Historically this movement was nomadic, often causing significant conflict with the indigenous population and their displacement or cultural assimilation. Only a few nomadic people have retained this form of lifestyle in modern times. Migration has continued under the form of both voluntary migration within one's region, country, or beyond and involuntary migration.
Historical migration of human populations begins with the movement of Homo erectus out of Africa across Eurasia about a million years ago. Early humans migrated due to many factors such as changing climate and landscape and inadequate food supply. The evidence indicates that the ancestors of the Austronesian peoples spread from the South Chinese mainland to Taiwan at some time around 8,000 years ago.
Most people migrate in search of three objectives: o economic opportunity o cultural freedom o environmental comfort.
Great way to learn a foreign language Provides the opportunity to travel To know another culture Enhances employment opportunities The opportunity to break out of your academic routine
PULL o More income o Higher standard of living o To be with family members PUSH o Higher level of poverty o Lack of jobs and education o Lower standard of living
Where migrants go is not always their desired destination. They may be blocked by an intervening obstacle. • In the past, intervening obstacles were primarily environmental. . . like mountains and deserts. Bodies of water long have been important intervening obstacles. However, today’s migrant faces intervening obstacles created by local diversity in government and politics.
In the twentieth century, forced international migration increased because of political instability resulting from cultural diversity. Refugees are people who have been forced to migrate from their home country and cannot return for fear of persecution. Political conditions can also operate as pull factors, especially the lure of freedom. With the election of democratic governments in Eastern Europe during the 1990s, Western Europe’s political pull has disappeared as a migration factor. However, Western Europe pulls an increasing number of migrants from Eastern Europe for economic reasons.
International migration is further divided into two types : oForced oVoluntary
o International migration is permanent movement from one country to another, whereas internal migration is permanent movement within the same country. International migrants are much less numerous than internal migrants. o Interregional migration is movement from one region of a country to another, while intraregional migration is movement within one region.
o Other countries charge that by giving preference to skilled workers, U.S. immigration policy now contributes to a brain drain, which is a large-scale emigration by talented people. o The average immigrant has received more education than the typical American: nearly one- fourth of all legal immigrants to the United States have attended graduate school, compared to less than one-tenth of native-born Americans.
conclusively we can say that eighty percent of people are migrate for the common purpose of generate income rest of them move for getting higher education. It is good as well as bad for the country in which migrant does migrate and that is why nowadays each and every country makes it’s own policy and terms for the procedure of visas.
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