middleages 1

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Published on March 7, 2014

Author: joberg33

Source: authorstream.com

PowerPoint Presentation: Middle Ages Ch. 13 Ms. Taylor PowerPoint Presentation: The Middle Ages: 500 – 1500 The Medieval Period Rise of the Middle Ages Decline of the Roman Empire PowerPoint Presentation: Western Europe PowerPoint Presentation: Early Middle Ages 450 - 1050 PowerPoint Presentation: Germanic Peoples Roman empire overran by Germanic groups with repeated invasions and constant warfare Breakdown of trade: money became scarce. Cities abandoned – no longer center of economy or administration Population became rural. Decline of literacy – priests and other church officials were the few that were literate. Breakup of unified empire – language began to change. No longer Latin. End of Democracy PowerPoint Presentation: End of Democracy Rome Unified by loyalty to public government and written law Orderly government Germanic Family ties and personal loyalty People lived in small communities governed by unwritten rules and traditions Ruled by a Chief who led a band or warriors loyal only to him – not some emperor they’d never seen PowerPoint Presentation: European Empire Evolves After the decline of the Roman Empire small kingdoms sprang up all over Europe. The largest and the strongest was controlled by the Franks Lead by Clovis – first Christian king Area that is now France Greatest king was Charlemagne most powerful king in Western Europe encouraged learning PowerPoint Presentation: Vikings Attack Charlemagne's empire was broken up by his grandsons and was soon destroyed by invaders who would attack by sea, raid and plunder, then be quickly out to sea again. Vikings – Germanic people called Norsemen From Scandinavia Worshipped warlike gods Warriors, traders, farmers, and explorers PowerPoint Presentation: While the Roman Empire declined the Church remained Missionaries succeeded in spreading Christianity Adapted to rural conditions by building monasteries – religious communities Rules established by Benedict Became best educated communities Shared belief bonded the people together The church served as a stable force as well as social center Power of the Church PowerPoint Presentation: The Clergy Religious officials had different ranks within the church structure PowerPoint Presentation: Power of the Church Provided a unifying set of spiritual beliefs and rituals Created a system of justice to guide peoples conduct – Cannon Law – the law of the church excommunication – banishment interdict – the denial of sacraments - important religious ceremonies (baptism, last rights) PowerPoint Presentation: Feudalism Think of a chess set PowerPoint Presentation: Feudalism Based on mutual obligation Military protection Provide knights in times of war service Fiefs – land grants Fiefs – land grants protection PowerPoint Presentation: Feudalism Manors The lords estate – The lord provided the serfs with housing, farmland and protection Serfs tended the lands, cared for the animals, maintained the estate PowerPoint Presentation: Feudalism Manors Peasants rarely traveled more than 25 miles from the manor Was home to 15 – 30 families Self-Sufficient community Peasants heavily taxed, including a tithe – a church tax of 1/10 their income PowerPoint Presentation: High Middle Ages 1050 - 1300 PowerPoint Presentation: A violent society Noble’s constantly fought each other Defend estates Seize new territories Increase wealth Kept Europe fragmented Glorification of warriors PowerPoint Presentation: The Age of Chivalry The mounted Knights were the most important part of an Army Professional solders – main obligation was to serve in battle Rewarded with land Devoted lives to war PowerPoint Presentation: The Age of Chivalry Chivalry – a complex set of ideals, demanded that a knight fight bravely in defense of three masters His feudal lord His Heavenly Lord His Lady Meant to protect the weak and the poor Be loyal, brave, and courteous PowerPoint Presentation: The Age of Chivalry Sons of nobles began training at an early age for knighthood Page – at 7 they were sent to another lord to be trained Squire – at 14 they act as a servant to a knight Knight- at 21 they become a knight and gain experience in local wars and tournaments PowerPoint Presentation: The Age of Chivalry Tournaments – mock battles that combined recreation and combat training Fierce and bloody competitions PowerPoint Presentation: Castles and Keeps Stone castles were encircled by massive walls and guard towers Home to lord and lady, their family, knights solders, and servants A fortress of defense PowerPoint Presentation: Castles and Keeps PowerPoint Presentation: High Middle Ages By the end of the High Middle Ages Western European nations gained much of the shape by which we know them today They became more stable and began concentrating on establishing stronger political structures PowerPoint Presentation: Late Middle Ages 1300 - 1527 PowerPoint Presentation: 5 major developments of the Late Middle Ages The Hundred Years War Fought between the French and English for the French throne Massively destructive Gun powder and heavy artillery PowerPoint Presentation: 2) The Papal Schism 3 popes Loss of respectability due to political involvements 3) The Fall of the Byzantine Empire Turks begin assault on Western boarders 4) Famines Climate became colder and rainier Harvests shrank Population doubled Move back to towns PowerPoint Presentation: 5) Black Death The Bubonic Plague killed 1/3 – ½ of European population

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