Published on October 21, 2007
Early Middle Ages in Western Europe
• After the Roman empire, the Dark Ages began. • They fought each other, did not repair the roads, did not write the laws down. QuickTimeﾪ and a • Some of the tribes that TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. settled in Europe are the Visigoths, Vandals, Celts, Ostrogoths, Franks and Burgundians. • Barbarians made beautiful art.
QuickTimeﾪ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. • Vortigern asked the barbarians for help in his battle, and said he would give them land. • The Saxons and the Angles came over with Hengest and Horsa. They decided to stay in Britain. • England comes from Angle Land. • The Celts moved to Scotland, Ireland and Wales as the Angles and Saxons took over Britain.
• Arthur became the king by pulling out the sword. • Fighting and war was going on in Britain. • Arthur’s father was worried that Arthur would be killed because he was a baby. • Merlin was the magician that put in the sword that no one else could pull out except for Arthur.
• Guinevere became Arthur’s queen. • Guinevere’s father, the chieftain, gave Arthur the round table as a wedding gift. • Arthur’s knights were called the Knights of the Round Table. • They promised to all kinds of good stuff.
• Christianity spread throughout Europe. • Missionaries taught people about Christianity and helped spread Christianity. • The pope was the leader of the church. • Priests, bishops and QuickTimeﾪ and a archbishops work for the TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor church. are needed to see this picture. • A cathedral is a big church the bishops would build. • The pope sent Augustine to England to build churches and take back the slaves. • Patrick went to Ireland to build churches.
• A monk is a person who cleans and cooks and the main thing is that they pray and worship God. • A monastery is a place where monks go to pray and worship and cook and clean and help the people with school. • They also had libraries of books, copied books, gave food and medicine to the poor.
• Monks kept learning alive in the middle ages in the monasteries. • Monks created books. They made paper out of skins. They had to make the ink out of soot, water and sap. And they made the pens out of feathers that are in water then. They sharpen the feathers. • It took months to write a book.
• Clovis was the king of the Franks. • Clovis conquered all of Gaul. • Clovis became a C hristian. • Clovis helped the church by winning the battles cause he built more churches. • Paris became the capital of the Kingdom of the Franks.
• Charlemagne was the king of the Franks who conquered many warring tribes and made the kingdom larger. • The pope chose Charlemagne’s father to be king after one of the Clovis’ had their hair cut off. • Charlemagne made more monasteries and the monks made smaller letters and spaces between words, and copied lots of books.
• The Pope asked Charlemagne for help because people were lying about him. • Charlemagne told people to trust the pope. • The pope surprised Charlemagne by crowning him Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
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