Published on March 16, 2014
Mid day Meal
Background It was launched on 15 August 1995. It is only other scheme other than ICDS which targets the nutritional needs of children and it covers the school going children, largely from the age of 5yrs. It has the advantage of promoting enrolment and preventing children from dropping out of school. Nodal department of MDM differs across states.
MID DAY MEAL Target- children of Primary and Middle School. Entitlements- Boost universalisation of primary education by increasing enrolment, retention and attendance Improve the nutritional status of children in primary and middle classes
Passed through various revisions The National Programme of Nutritional Support to Primary Education (NP-NSPE), commonly known as the Mid Day Meal Scheme (MDMS) provides a free cooked meal to every child in classes I-V of government, government aided and local body schools, and also children studying in centres run under the Education Guarantee Scheme (EGS) and Alternative and Innovative Education (AIE) Scheme. This is a primarily a centrally assisted scheme with the state governments contributing partially towards the cooking costs.
Passed through various revisions The Planning Commission requested State Governments in December 2003 to earmark a minimum of 15% of Additional Central Assistance under the Pradhan Mantri Gramodaya Yojana (PMGY) towards cooking cost under the mid day meal scheme.
Revised in 2004…. The mid-day meal scheme was therefore revised in September 2004 to provide cooked mid day meal with 300 calories and 8–12 grams of protein to all children studying in classes I – V in Government and aided schools and EGS(Education guarantee scheme) centres wherein in addition to free supply of food grains, the revised scheme provided Central Assistance for the following items: Cooking cost @ RS. 1 per child per day Transport cost. Management cost @ 2 % Provision of MDM during Summer Vacations in Drought Prone areas
Again in 2006… Calories : 300 -450 Protein: 8–12 …12 Micronutrients :Adequate quantities of micronutrients like iron, folic acid, Vitamin A etc.
Asistance …… Supply of free food grains (wheat/rice) at 100 grams per child per School Day from the nearest FCI (Food Corporation of India) godown Transport cost. Cooking Cost- North eastern states – 1.8 Rs / Cpd Other --1.5 Rs
Asistance…… Provide assistance for cooked Mid-Day Meal during summer vacations. Provide assistance to construct kitchen-cum- store in a phased manner up to a maximum of Rs. 60,000/- per unit. Provide assistance in a phased manner for provisioning and replacement of kitchen devices at an average cost of Rs. 5,000/- per school . Provide assistance to States/ UTs for Management, Monitoring & Evaluation
Rights and MDM Midday meals serve many other important purposes, such as fostering social equality, promoting school participation, Preventing classroom hunger, Facilitating the healthy growth of children, Intrinsic educational value A healthy midday meal can help to protect children from hunger, and to provide supplementary nutrition. cooked midday meals contribute to the right to education by facilitating regular school attendance and enhancing children’s learning abilities.
Supreme Court Orders Basic entitlement - Provide every child in every Govt. and govt. assisted Primary school with a prepared mid day meal with a minimum content of 300 calories and 8-12 grams of protein each day of school for minimum of 200 days. Revised norm of GOI to 450 calories and 12 grams of protein. Priority to Dalit Cooks Preference should be given to dalits, SC and ST in appointment of cooks and helpers. Summer Holidays Mid day meal should be provided in drought affected areas during summer vacations.
Cont… Kitchen sheds GOI shall make provisions for construction of kitchen sheds in every school. Quality Safeguards Govt. should ensure about the better infrastructure, safe drinking water and quality of meal. Joint quality Monitoring FCI should ensure provision of fair average quality of grains for MDM. The state/UTs and the FCI are directed to do joint inspection of food grains. No Charges- Meal should be provided without any cost or contribution.
As per the December 2004 guidelines, State Governments were expected to issue state specific guidelines for the scheme These guidelines to have state specific details of implementation of the scheme, including administrative & logistical arrangements As per the December 2004 guidelines, State Governments were expected to issue state specific guidelines for the scheme These guidelines to have state specific details of implementation of the scheme, including administrative & logistical arrangements Monitoring implementation…Monitoring implementation…
What to check Does the School opens regularly throughout the month at prescribed time. Number of children in school. Are cooked meal is being served in schools. What is the menu of the meal. How is the quality of meal. Does the school have facility of drinking water, kitchen shed and utensils ? Does all children sit together while eating the meal. Whether the children are giving full meal or not
Find out what is happening In your area regarding the implementation of Sc order. Surveys and informal enquires can be done for understanding the situation. Involve the gram sabha and other institutions like PTA, vigilance committee, mahila mandals and all concerned persons of the village in the enforcement of SC orders. In case of any violation of the SC order starts at local level. If it does not work try to approach the concerned officers. If case of no responses approach to collector because collector is bound to register your complaint under the SC order. The public hearing is one of the good option to draw attention of the public as well as the government. If no action was taken on your complaint move to the advisor of the SC. Redressal mechanism
Impact so far Universalisation of MDMS. Now it reaches to Middle school Children. Increased budgetary allocation for MDMS. Right to Food, Right to Life and Social harmony works together………
Some more Facts of India 13 Million Children were covered under the MDM Scheme. One recent study estimates that the provision of a mid-day meal in the local school is associated with a 50 per cent reduction in the proportion of girls who are out of school. Still 70.56 lakhs children are out of the school . 35,30,962 girls are not getting the benefit of the school.
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