Microsoft Windows Azure for SharePoint

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Information about Microsoft Windows Azure for SharePoint

Published on March 6, 2014

Author: d501159



Farming in the cloud A model of a SharePoint farm running on Windows Azure, with a VPN connection to an on-premises site Save your resources! Windows Azure Infrastructure Services frees you to create a highly available Internetfacing SharePoint farm in the cloud with virtual machines. SQL Server AlwaysOn manages the SharePoint databases for you. Cloud service Search, MSDN, or TechNet for the keywords referenced below Cloud service WEB FRONT ENDS APPLICATION A A DATA DOMAIN CONTROLLER B A C Port 80 LARGE SQL AlwaysOn availability group Port 443 Availability set Subnet 1 Subnet 2 Availability set Site-to-site VPN Availability set The gateway VMs are automatically provisioned by Windows Azure when you set up a VPN gateway. You can’t access the VMs—and you don’t need to. Virtual network 2 Windows Server 2012 Datacenter (medium) 2 SQL Server Enterprise (size A7 or larger) STANDBY VPN 2 SharePoint Server Trial Servers (large) DNS ACTIVE DIRECTORY Windows Server 2012 RRAS or hardware VPN device I. CONFIGURE WINDOWS AZURE COMPONENTS Using the Management Portal, create 1 Virtual Network, 1 Storage Account, 4 subnets, and 4 VHD data disks. Also create 8 (or more) Virtual Machines for a minimum configuration: WINDOWS SERVER C Subnet 4 Subnet 3 FAILOVER CLUSTERING B Backup 500 GB Availability set SQL SERVER Windows Server AD (HTTPS) Here’s how to set up a SharePoint farm with SQL AlwaysOn: WINDOWS SERVER SMALL Primary 500 GB SHAREPOINT A7 or LARGER (HTTP) WINDOWS SERVER 2 Application Servers (large) ACTIVE VPN VPN gateway subnet ON-PREMISES 2. CONFIGURE DOMAIN CONTROLLERS 1. Add the Domain Controller Role to one Windows Server 2012 VM. 2. Restart the VM. 3. Add user accounts to the domain: SharePoint Farm Administrator Publish to the Internet Logical views of the SharePoint farm showing how to manage publishing features and identity for an Internet site Database Administrator (used to configure WSFC Cluster) SharePoint Installer SQL Service Login 1 (Service account for primay SQL Server instance) SharePoint 2013 farm—logical view with sites (option 1) Logical view of the SharePoint 2013 farm with identity management SQL Service Login 2 (Service account for secondary SQL Server instance) Separate environments for dev and production 4. Add the Domain Controller role to the second Windows Server 2012 VM as a backup controller. https://authoring 3. CONFIGURE SQL SERVER VMs 1. Attach a 500GB VHD to the SQL Server VM. 2. Join the VM to the domain and restart. Use the cross-site publishing feature to separate authoring from live sites https://authoring/contoso/customer For each SQL Server VM, do the following: Apply SharePoint topology guidance for configuring VMs and designing service distribution across VMs 3. Add the database administrator account as a sysadmin role to the default instance. 4. Add the database admin account as a machine administrator. 5. Configure the firewall to allow SQL Server through. SharePoint 2013 farm—logical view with sites (option 2) Separate environments for development, staging, and publishing 3. Deploy and configure your SharePoint farm with the primary SQL Server VM as the database server. SharePoint Farm A Public-facing web site TechNet: “Plan for SharePoint 2013” SharePoint Farm B Authoring, dev & staging environment Multiple farm environments can be implemented to satisfy isolation requirements or different service-level agreements Cross-site publishing can be used across multiple SharePoint 2013 farms 5. CONFIGURE THE WINDOWS SERVER FAILOVER CLUSTER (WSFC) d. Bring the cluster name online. e. Add other SQL Server VMs to the WSFC cluster. 3. Enable AlwaysOn High Availability in SQL Server Configuration Manager on all SQL Server VMs. Windows Auth (NTLM) Use Windows Azure Active Directory for customer accounts while using your on-premises Active Directory accounts to authenticate site authors and developers. In SharePoint 2013, identity management is factored into the configuration of SP zones and authentication. For Internet-facing sites, the following approach separates internal and external access into different zones: Configure the default zone for your internal accounts Configure the Internet zone for customer access, including both anonymous and authenticated access Use Azure Active Directory for customer accounts, or use a different SAML-based provider To collaborate with external partners on the same content, an alternative approach is to implement one zone with SAML-based authentication across the different directories, resulting in one URL for all users. CROSS-SITE PUBLISHING WINDOWS AZURE VIRTUAL NETWORK a. Create a single node WSFC cluster. c. Configure the cluster name’s IP address to a link-local address (169.254.x.x). Zone Default OR 2. Log on to the VM. b. Take the cluster name offline. Authenticated WINDOWS AZURE ACTIVE DIRECTORY TENANT SharePoint Farm 1. Join the SharePoint VM to the domain. 2. Create the Windows Failover cluster that includes the SQL Server VMs on the primary VM: Anonymous CROSS-SITE PUBLISHING 4. CONFIGURE SHAREPOINT VMs 1. Add the Failover Clustering feature to the VMs. Zone Internet Technet: “Cross-site publishing” 6. Change the SQL Server instance to use the respective domain service account (Login 1, Login 2). 7. Add a SQL Server login for NT AUTHORITYSYSTEM with the following permissions: alter any availability group, connect SQL, and view server state. Web Application Author and publish in the same environment https://authoring/contoso Be more available AlwaysOn availability groups and Windows Azure availability sets MSDN: “Tutorial: AlwaysOn Availability Groups in Windows Azure” 6. CREATE ALWAYSON AVAILABILITY GROUPS AND ADD DATABASES Windows Server Failover Clustering (WSFC) cluster 1. Log on to the primary SQL Server VM. FAULT DOMAIN A AVAILABILITY GROUP AG1 An availability group contains a discrete set of user databases, known as availability databases, that fail over together. The database set is known as an availability replica. There is one primary replica and up to four secondary replicas. Secondary replicas are not backups. You should back up your data as usual. 2. Create a file share on one of the SQL servers and grant modify rights to the SQL Server Service accounts. 3. Use SSMS to do a full backup of the SharePoint DBs. 4. Run the New Availability Group Wizard to create an availability group (specifying the replicas and DBs). 5. Manually create the Availability Group Listener. 6. Remount the SharePoint databases using the Availability Group Listener. TechNet: “Configure AlwaysOn Availability Groups for SharePoint 2013, Listener Configuration” Try it out—for free. PRIMARY REPLICA VM 1 VM ... VM ... VM ... VM ... Deploying availability groups requires a Windows Server Failover Clustering (WSFC) cluster. Each replica must reside on a different node of the same WSFC cluster. TechNet: “Overview of AlwaysOn Availability Groups” FAULT DOMAIN Z AVAILABILITY GROUPS VS. AVAILABILITY SETS AVAILABILITY SETS An availability group is a SQL Server AlwaysOn solution that provides high availability to databases. In contrast, Windows Azure availability sets span fault domains and ensure that hardware failures do not take down multiple VMs. The availability set is a supporting configuration to AlwaysOn availability groups. MSDN: “Manage the Availability of Virtual Machines” Get $200 of Windows Azure free with your one-month trial. Build what you want. Scale as you need. Like it? Get it. Windows Azure: Deploy SharePoint with SQL Server AlwaysOn © 2013 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Created by the Windows Azure team Part no. 098-117663

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