micro credit presentation

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Published on October 15, 2007

Author: Charlie

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Microcredit/Microfinance Grameen Bank:  Microcredit/Microfinance Grameen Bank Kapa Yang Microcredit & Microfinance:  Microcredit & Microfinance Microcredit: Small loans given clients. Microfinance: small loans given to poor, low-income clients. Concept of microfinance became well known after the 1970’s with the creation of various organizations. More than 3000 microfinance organizations in over 100 countries. Grameen Bank:  Grameen Bank Started in 1976 in Bangladesh by Professor Muhammad Yunus Grameen means "rural" or "village" in Bangla language Loans are given out based mutual trust, accountability, participation, and creativity. Provides loans to the poor who do not have anything to put up for collateral. http://www.ferien.no/maps/bangladesh.jpg Muhammad Yunus:  Muhammad Yunus Nobel Peace Prize for 2006 Founder of the Grameen Bank Demonstrated the poorest of the poor can gain economic independence when provided with some financial capital Women can gain both economic and social power Impact of Grameen Bank:  Impact of Grameen Bank 6.74 million borrowers 97 percent are women. 2259 branches Services in 72,833 villages which is more than 86 percent of all villages in Bangladesh. Grameencredit :  Grameencredit No collateral or beauracratic legal processes. All borrowers are part of a group. Payment installments. Savings programs. Most loans come from non-profit institutions or from institutions that the borrowers own. If the loan is from a for-profit institution, then the interest rate is kept near the market rate without compromising sustainability. Grameen Bank vs Conventional Banks :  Grameen Bank vs Conventional Banks To bring economic and social change to the poor. Based on trust Looks at what the borrower can have Located in rural areas The bank goes to the customer Flexible payment scheme Most owners and borrowers are poor women Loans are for productive activity, not consumption To make profit Based on collateral Looks at what the borrower already has Located in urban areas Customers have to go to the bank Strict payment scheme Most owners and borrowers are wealthy men Loans could be used for consumption or other activities. Success:  Success Loan recovery rate is 98.85 per cent. Borrowers of Grameen Bank own 94% of the total equity of the bank. The government owns the remaining 6%. No longer need donors because it is self sufficient now. Has made a profit almost every year since it started Has expanded to offer other services Training Scholarships Insurance Communication services Pensions Why is the Grameen Bank Successful?:  Why is the Grameen Bank Successful? Organization Beyond the Grameen Bank:  Beyond the Grameen Bank Over 3000 organizations in over 100 countries. Available in both developing and developed nations. Services have extended past just money. Economic, social, and political change. Work Cited:  Work Cited Bootstrap Banking and the World. Dir. Rob Rooy. PBS. Gose, Ben. “Nobel Prize Win Focuses Attention on Microfinance.” Chronicles of Philanthropy 19.2 (2006). Nobel Peace Prize Winner: ‘Poverty is a threat to peace.’” USA Today 27 Nov. 2006. Pankaj, Jan. “Managing Credit for the Rural Poor: Lessons from the Garmeen Bank.” World Development 24.1 (1995): 79-89. Tharoor, Ishaan. “Muhammad Yunus.” Time 168.17 (2006). Yunus, Muhammad. “A Hand Up Doesn’t Always Require a Handout.” Wall Street Journal (2006): A6. Preview--Banker to the Poor: Muhammad Yunus and the Founding of Grameen <http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=-8504008685839870008&q=microcredit> http://www.yearofmicrocredit.org/ http://www.grameen-info.org/ http://www.ferien.no/maps/bangladesh.jpg

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