Published on January 24, 2008
CIWMB Programs: Waste Characterization, Recycling Challenges, and Large Venue Recycling. : CIWMB Programs: Waste Characterization, Recycling Challenges, and Large Venue Recycling. September 7, 2005 Plastic Recycling Technologies Section Mike Leaon www.ciwmb.ca.gov Presentation Outline: Presentation Outline 2004 Waste Characterization Study (WCS) CIWMB Publication Number: 340-04-005 Plastics Legislation and Changes Plastic Film Recovery Efforts and Work Groups Large Venue Recycling Slide3: Plastics - 4th Largest Component of Waste Stream Slide4: Plastic Container Disposal Rigid Plastic Packaging Container (RPPC) Law: Rigid Plastic Packaging Container (RPPC) Law Current Law 8 fluid ounces to 5 gallons, non-food, recloseable, all plastic, Product manufacturers must comply with law CIWMB Continues Annual Certifications Rulemaking is underway RPPCs no longer have to be capable of multiple reclosure The size of the container shall be determined by its labeled fluid volume, or if not labeled, then by its equivalent fluid volumetric capacity RPPCs may have caps, lids, labels, handles, and hinges made of non-plastic material Slide6: Plastic Film Disposal Why Focus on Plastic Film Recycling ?????: Why Focus on Plastic Film Recycling ????? California’s 2004 Waste Study Estimates: - Annual Film Disposal = 1.75 million tons/yr - Film Disposal Estimates 4.3% by Weight, 8-10% by Volume - Per Person = 97 pounds of film disposed annually - Commercial, Industrial, Ag, consume 66% of film market 5% or less of all film plastic produced is recycled. Litter abatement Most film plastic contains no recycled material. Slide9: In the Southern Region which includes Imperial, Los Angles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego and Ventura; the two categories of Grocery/Retail and Non-Bag Commercial represent almost 24% of the total film plastics disposed. Land-Fill Costs Associated with Film Plastics: Land-Fill Costs Associated with Film Plastics Orange County operates three landfills. Annual costs directly associated with floating plastic litter abatement are $237,856.70 not including one time purchase of moveable wind cages. Plastic Trash Bag Law (Current): Plastic Trash Bag Law (Current) Annually, plastic trash bag manufacturers and wholesalers must certify that they either: (1) Used 10% or more post consumer material in new regulated trash bags, or (2) Used 30% post consumer material in all plastic products not subject to compliance with the Rigid Plastic Packaging Container or other minimum-content law; or (3) Demonstrate there was insufficient quality and/or quantity of post consumer materials to satisfy the 10 or 30% standards. Staff and Film Collection Workgroups: Staff and Film Collection Workgroups CIWMB staff, industry and local government stake holders collaborating to increase diversion of film plastics from CA’s landfills. Workgroup Topics: Overall Film Collection Matrix Residential and Commercial Education and Training Technical Training and Issues Washing Technology and Ag Film Film Collection Workshop October 11, 2005 Film Diversion through Residential Curbside Recycling Programs:: Film Diversion through Residential Curbside Recycling Programs: Bay Area: San Jose Green Team South Orange County: San Juan Capistrano, Dana Point and San Clemente Sacramento Area: Elk Grove, Rancho Cordova with Citrus Heights and Sacramento County adding in programs soon. City of LA Film Baled by City Fibers in LA: Film Baled by City Fibers in LA Recycle America MRFs: Recycle America MRFs Carmel/Marina Corp Facility (5000t) Currently removing 15 to 20 tons a month which could increase to 150-200 tons Residential and commercial single stream. 2-3% of throughput is divertible film. Would like promotion of programs to be bag in bag. Planning on starting similar program at Davis Street (6000t) Facilities taking loosely baled/baled film from commercial sources Empire (5000t) Tulare (12-13000t dirty MRF and Transfer Station) Ag Film Example: Strawberries: Ag Film Example: Strawberries 32,636 acres under cultivation statewide Watsonville Area: 12,250 acres/1,837.5 tons film applied Peak disposal is Oct-Nov at Crazy Horse Landfill when 250 tons of fumigation film/drip tape per day for 30-45 days arrives = 7,500-11,250 tons Southern Region has similar total acres under cultivation: Oxnard 11,333 Acres Orange Co/San Diego 2,457 Acres Washline Efforts: Washline Efforts Trex is completing feasibility study for facility in CA initially to handle 100 millions pounds throughput. This represents about 3% of the 1.7 million tons of disposed film based on 2003 Waste Characterization Study. ENO Plastics is investigating opportunities to site facilities near agricultural sources of film plastic in Oxnard area Universal Plastics Recycling is investigating opportunities to site facilities near agricultural sources of film plastic in Salinas area Film Collection Data Bases: Film Collection Data Bases CIWMB’s Clearinghouse Data Base for Businesses: www.ciwmb.ca.gov/Plastic/Recyclers No Charge American Plastics Council and Moore Recycling: www.plasticbagrecycling.org No Charge PCR Quality Assurance and Testing Protocol: PCR Quality Assurance and Testing Protocol PCR Objectives: Evaluate QA programs for PCR manufacturers in California Propose model program for quality assurance Quality control system & guidelines could be used or adapted for: Any PCR used in RPPC and film applications. Documentations, specifications, and testing requirements for increased quality PCR levels ranging from 1 to 5. Some film manufacturers can use levels 1, 2, or 3. Some RPPC manufacturers, plastic lumber and related products can use levels 4 or 5. Compostable Study: Compostable Study Evaluate performance of plastic products meeting ASTM 6400 in commercially operated compost systems: Product performance as advertised Fully degradable Environmental fate of degradation byproducts Follow up study examines additional Compostable and degradable plastics Slide21: Venues & Events Waste Reduction A New Place to Focus on Diversion of Plastics AB 2176 http://www.ciwmb.ca.gov/Venues/ Definitions: Definitions Large Venue Permanent facility Annual average of 2,000 attendees, workers and volunteers per day of operation Large Event An average of more that 2000 attendees Charge a fee for entrance Or operated by a local government. Requirements: AB 2176 : Requirements: AB 2176 Large Venues and Large Events Develop waste reduction plan, goal, and timeline; implement plan, and report annually to jurisdiction Update plan every 2 years. Jurisdictions Identify large venues & large events; provide information with permits; report on top 10%; and may charge a fee. Waste Management Board Model ordinance; tools and assistance for venues & events and jurisdictions; enable reporting via Annual Report 2008: Recommendations to Legislature if < 75% of reporting 10% of venues/events have prepared / implemented plans Tools: Tools Frequently asked questions/answers Brochures jurisdictions can provide to venues / events with permits Waste Reduction Guide for venues and events Waste Generation Studies Case Studies Contacts: Contacts Mike Leaon, 916-341-6475 RPPC, Jerry Berumen 916-341-6515 Trash Bag Certification, Sue Ingle 916-341-6518 Legislative Report, Neal Johnson 916-341-6513 Clearing House, Contract Studies Edgar Rojas 916-341-6508 Film Workgroups, Christine Flowers 916-341-6507 Large Venue/Large Events, Debra Kustic 916-341-6207 California Integrated Waste Management Board www.ciwmb.ca.gov www.ciwmb.ca.gov/Plastics
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