Mexico City Green Plan

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Information about Mexico City Green Plan

Published on December 2, 2008

Author: RRI

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Learn how ten million people in Mexico City came together to fight environmental damage, improve traffic congestion, improve air quality, open streets to bikes and pedestrians, and improve public health and civic pride.

Mexico City Population 19.2 million Land Area 1,499 sq km Source: Consejo Nacional de Población, 2006

 

Purpose To modify the course and redirect Mexico City in the path of sustainability.

To modify the course and redirect Mexico City in the path of sustainability.

Commitments Tangible environmental improvement Social responsibility World commitment

Tangible environmental improvement

Social responsibility

World commitment

Principles Sustainable Development Regulatory Policy Environmental Education Transparency and Accountability Metropolitan Dynamic Conscious Civic Participation Polluter Pays

Sustainable Development

Regulatory Policy

Environmental Education

Transparency and Accountability

Metropolitan Dynamic

Conscious Civic Participation

Polluter Pays

Comprehensive 1. of large scope; covering or involving much; inclusive 2. comprehending mentally; having an extensive mental range or grasp.

Challenges Urban mobility Land conservation Lack of green spaces Drinking water demand Water erosion Air quality Solid waste management Climate change

Urban mobility

Land conservation

Lack of green spaces

Drinking water demand

Water erosion

Air quality

Solid waste management

Climate change

Focus Areas Water Air Climate Transportation Space Land Waste

Water Objective: To achieve water self-sufficiency and improve water management in Mexico City.

Objective:

To achieve water self-sufficiency and improve water management in Mexico City.

Goals To attain a balance of aquifer extraction and replenishment To reduce residential water consumption To reduce losses in water mains To increase re0use and treatment of water To create two lakeside parks

To attain a balance of aquifer extraction and replenishment

To reduce residential water consumption

To reduce losses in water mains

To increase re0use and treatment of water

To create two lakeside parks

Strategies 90% decrease of barren land by 2015 Issue of a decree declaring 12 urban ravines as environmentally-valued areas Decrease water demand by at least one cubic meter per second by 2010 Complete replacement of damaged infrastructure by 2012 Increase wastewater treatment from 2.5 to 7.2 cubic meters per second by 2012

90% decrease of barren land by 2015

Issue of a decree declaring 12 urban ravines as environmentally-valued areas

Decrease water demand by at least one cubic meter per second by 2010

Complete replacement of damaged infrastructure by 2012

Increase wastewater treatment from 2.5 to 7.2 cubic meters per second by 2012

Air Objective: To control the most prevalent, noxious atmospheric pollutants (ozone and particulate matter), and to reduce emissions of toxic pollutants.

Objective:

To control the most prevalent, noxious atmospheric pollutants (ozone and particulate matter), and to reduce emissions of toxic pollutants.

Goals To reduce emissions of pollutants To increase both passenger and freight transportation efficiency To enforce the actions proposed by transportation and energy plans, and to measure the benefits yielded by the Green Plan in terms of air quality

To reduce emissions of pollutants

To increase both passenger and freight transportation efficiency

To enforce the actions proposed by transportation and energy plans, and to measure the benefits yielded by the Green Plan in terms of air quality

Strategies 50% reduction of NOX and VOCs by 2012 Reduction of 10,000 tons per year of industry-generated pollutants by 2012 Enforcement of mandatory emissions testing for freight vehicles by 2009 Replacement of all taxis with less polluting units by 2012 Introduction of ultra low sulfur diesel in public transportation starting in 2008-09 Replacement of all government vehicles with less polluting fuel-efficient units by 2012

50% reduction of NOX and VOCs by 2012

Reduction of 10,000 tons per year of industry-generated pollutants by 2012

Enforcement of mandatory emissions testing for freight vehicles by 2009

Replacement of all taxis with less polluting units by 2012

Introduction of ultra low sulfur diesel in public transportation starting in 2008-09

Replacement of all government vehicles with less polluting fuel-efficient units by 2012

Climate Objective: To reduce greenhouse gas emissions, to foster the establishment of renewable energy markets, and to promote adaptations to climate change among the population.

Objective:

To reduce greenhouse gas emissions, to foster the establishment of renewable energy markets, and to promote adaptations to climate change among the population.

Goals To deliver the Climate Change Action Plan for Mexico City To endorse all actions proposed by the transportation, water, air, public spaces, waste and energy plans aimed at the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions To reduce Mexico City’s vulnerability to climate change by implementing measures that allow the general population to adapt to it

To deliver the Climate Change Action Plan for Mexico City

To endorse all actions proposed by the transportation, water, air, public spaces, waste and energy plans aimed at the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions

To reduce Mexico City’s vulnerability to climate change by implementing measures that allow the general population to adapt to it

Strategies Development of actions by the forestry sector aimed at reducing levels of carbon dioxide Use carbon bonds to reduce GHG emissions Develop adaptive actions to avoid potential health and safety risks for the population

Development of actions by the forestry sector aimed at reducing levels of carbon dioxide

Use carbon bonds to reduce GHG emissions

Develop adaptive actions to avoid potential health and safety risks for the population

Transportation Objective: To recover streets and roads for efficient, non-polluting, mass transportation with properly trained drivers, and to promote non-motorized transportation.

Objective:

To recover streets and roads for efficient, non-polluting, mass transportation with properly trained drivers, and to promote non-motorized transportation.

Goals To encourage efficient, non-polluting, mass transportation with properly trained drivers; and to recover the streets and roads for the majority of the population To reduce the number of vehicles in circulation To offer incentives to those who use non-motorized transportation To improve transit and traffic To foster transit and pedestrian awareness culture aimed at a more harmonious coexistence Transportation

To encourage efficient, non-polluting, mass transportation with properly trained drivers; and to recover the streets and roads for the majority of the population

To reduce the number of vehicles in circulation

To offer incentives to those who use non-motorized transportation

To improve transit and traffic

To foster transit and pedestrian awareness culture aimed at a more harmonious coexistence Transportation

Strategies Increase subway coverage by 2012 Mandatory school bus transportation for private schools by 2012 Circulation restrictions for taxis carrying no passengers Create pedestrian-zones in historic downtowns areas Bicycles should account for at least 5% of all individual trips made in the city prior to 2012 Build 4,000 kilometers of bicycle lanes by 2012

Increase subway coverage by 2012

Mandatory school bus transportation for private schools by 2012

Circulation restrictions for taxis carrying no passengers

Create pedestrian-zones in historic downtowns areas

Bicycles should account for at least 5% of all individual trips made in the city prior to 2012

Build 4,000 kilometers of bicycle lanes by 2012

Space Objective: To recover and create public spaces in order to transform Mexico City into a place suitable for social integration and capable of offering better habitability, comfort, and equity.

Objective:

To recover and create public spaces in order to transform Mexico City into a place suitable for social integration and capable of offering better habitability, comfort, and equity.

Goals To implement projects aimed at re-organizing and regulating large public spaces, designed according to sustainability and habitability criteria To recover and improve existing public spaces in order to incorporate them into Integration and Development corridors for recreational and environmental purposes To increase green areas and provide public spaces with outdoor furniture and greater accessibility

To implement projects aimed at re-organizing and regulating large public spaces, designed according to sustainability and habitability criteria

To recover and improve existing public spaces in order to incorporate them into Integration and Development corridors for recreational and environmental purposes

To increase green areas and provide public spaces with outdoor furniture and greater accessibility

Strategies Implement a “ Clean Building Guarantee ” in all new service facilities by 2010 Create a 36,000-square meter urban park in Iztapalapa by 2010 Reach a target of nine square meters of green areas per inhabitant by creating new parks and corridors

Implement a “ Clean Building Guarantee ” in all new service facilities by 2010

Create a 36,000-square meter urban park in Iztapalapa by 2010

Reach a target of nine square meters of green areas per inhabitant by creating new parks and corridors

Strategies Installation of 30,000 square meters per year of green roofs

Installation of 30,000 square meters per year of green roofs

Conservation Land Objective: To recover and create public spaces in order to transform Mexico City into a place suitable for social integration and capable of offering better habitability, comfort, and equity.

Objective:

To recover and create public spaces in order to transform Mexico City into a place suitable for social integration and capable of offering better habitability, comfort, and equity.

Fact 60% of Mexico City is rural territory classified as conservation land.

60% of Mexico City is rural territory classified as conservation land.

Goal Zero human settlement growth in conservation lands Restoration and preservation of ecosystems with high environmental value Payment of environmental services as a mechanism to compensate for conservation costs Promotion of agricultural ecosystems and sustainable management of natural resources

Zero human settlement growth in conservation lands

Restoration and preservation of ecosystems with high environmental value

Payment of environmental services as a mechanism to compensate for conservation costs

Promotion of agricultural ecosystems and sustainable management of natural resources

Strategies Recovery and restoration over a six-year period of 150 illegally occupied high-value environmental sites Reforestation and restoration of 3,000 hectares with 2.5 million plants per year Assess option of using green taxes Develop sustainable systems of land management and mining and/or quarrying by 2010 Relocation of 3,200 free-grazing heads of livestock to stable systems by 2012.

Recovery and restoration over a six-year period of 150 illegally occupied high-value environmental sites

Reforestation and restoration of 3,000 hectares with 2.5 million plants per year

Assess option of using green taxes

Develop sustainable systems of land management and mining and/or quarrying by 2010

Relocation of 3,200 free-grazing heads of livestock to stable systems by 2012.

Waste Objective: To implement comprehensive and sustainable management of solid waste

Objective:

To implement comprehensive and sustainable management of solid waste

Goal Zero human settlement growth in conservation lands Restoration and preservation of ecosystems with high environmental value Payment of environmental services as a mechanism to compensate for conservation costs Promotion of agricultural ecosystems and sustainable management of natural resources

Zero human settlement growth in conservation lands

Restoration and preservation of ecosystems with high environmental value

Payment of environmental services as a mechanism to compensate for conservation costs

Promotion of agricultural ecosystems and sustainable management of natural resources

Strategies Sponsor a law initiative to regulate packing and packaging of products made/distributed in the Federal District Increase organic waste recycling from 3% to 30% by 2012 Increase inorganic waste recycling from 12% to 20% by 2012 Use of waste for power generation by 2009 Construct a general waste management center by 2010

Sponsor a law initiative to regulate packing and packaging of products made/distributed in the Federal District

Increase organic waste recycling from 3% to 30% by 2012

Increase inorganic waste recycling from 12% to 20% by 2012

Use of waste for power generation by 2009

Construct a general waste management center by 2010

Systemic 1. of or pertaining to a system. 2. Physiology, Pathology. (a) pertaining to or affecting the body as a whole. (b) pertaining to or affecting a particular body system.

Policy Instruments Mexico City Green Plan Implementation Environmental Technologies Cross-boundary Communication Funding Education International Cooperation Environmental Regulations Civic Participation

Participating Agencies Mexico City Major Administration office Secretary of Governance Secretary of Environment Secretary of Urban Development and Housing Secretary of Transit and Transportation Secretary of Public Works and Services Secretary of Public Security Secretary of Education Secretary of Public Health Services Secretary of Social Development Secretary of Rural Development and Equity for Communities Secretary of Economic Development Secretary of Finances Institute for Youth Efficient Use of Energy Coordinating Office Mexico City Historic Downtown Authority

Mexico City Major

Administration office

Secretary of Governance

Secretary of Environment

Secretary of Urban Development and Housing

Secretary of Transit and Transportation

Secretary of Public Works and Services

Secretary of Public Security

Secretary of Education

Secretary of Public Health Services

Secretary of Social Development

Secretary of Rural Development and Equity for Communities

Secretary of Economic Development

Secretary of Finances

Institute for Youth

Efficient Use of Energy Coordinating Office

Mexico City Historic Downtown Authority

2008 Road System Program This is the most ambitious and aggressive road system program in Mexico City to be undertake since the 1980’s. Program will result in 360 kilometers of new roads, bridges, bypasses, main avenue connectors, highways, and overpasses. Program investment is over 222 million pesos.

This is the most ambitious and aggressive road system program in Mexico City to be undertake since the 1980’s.

Program will result in 360 kilometers of new roads, bridges, bypasses, main avenue connectors, highways, and overpasses.

Program investment is over 222 million pesos.

Climate Action Program 2008-2012 Goal is reduction of GHG emissions 12% from 1990 levels by 2012 Program cost is 60 billion pesos ($5.9 million) Program will be partially funded by the sale of carbon bonds

Goal is reduction of GHG emissions 12% from 1990 levels by 2012

Program cost is 60 billion pesos ($5.9 million)

Program will be partially funded by the sale of carbon bonds

Climate Action Program

Integrative 1. to bring together or incorporate (parts) into a whole. 2. to make up, combine, or complete to produce a whole or a larger unit, as parts do. 3. to unite or combine.

Forest Owners Government hopes to pay commoners and peasants owners of forests for environmental services that support the conservation tasks.

Government hopes to pay commoners and peasants owners of forests for environmental services that support the conservation tasks.

Industry Regulations and incentives to encourage industry to redesign packing and crating materials using biodegradable and easily recyclable materials. Tax incentives for waste reduction and recycling

Regulations and incentives to encourage industry to redesign packing and crating materials using biodegradable and easily recyclable materials.

Tax incentives for waste reduction and recycling

Public Opinion A “ Green Survey ” was taken by more than one million residents. 71.9% Adults 71.0% Ballots 21.3% Teenagers 27.5% Telephone 6.7% Children 2.0% Internet

A “ Green Survey ” was taken by more than one million residents.

Public Opinion Expansion of Metrobus and subway system 81% Replacement of minibuses for clean units 89% Use of clean energies in taxis 88% Mandatory school bus transportation 64% Alternate Saturday circulation of private cars 71% Recovery of public spaces and green areas 83% Mandatory verification of commercial vehicles 91% Treatment facilities, pluvial absorption wells and lake recovery 94% Severe penalties to protected areas trespassers 93% Improvement on management of solid waste 92% Survey Results TOPIC APPROVAL

Expansion of Metrobus and subway system 81%

Replacement of minibuses for clean units 89%

Use of clean energies in taxis 88%

Mandatory school bus transportation 64%

Alternate Saturday circulation of private cars 71%

Recovery of public spaces and green areas 83%

Mandatory verification of commercial vehicles 91%

Treatment facilities, pluvial absorption wells and lake recovery 94%

Severe penalties to protected areas trespassers 93%

Improvement on management of solid waste 92%

Public Opinion Children’s Survey Results Safe use of bicycles, skates and skateboards in the City 93.5% Separation of waste into organic and inorganic at home 57.0% Use of school bus transport 83.3% Proximity to parks 60.7% Water conservation 91.9% TOPIC APPROVAL

Children’s Survey Results

Accountable 1. subject to the obligation to report, explain, or justify something; responsible; answerable. 2. capable of being explained; explicable; explainable.

Green Plan Evaluation and Monitoring Board The Green Plan is a living instrument which must be permanently evaluated and enhanced. Board includes a mix of government employees (mostly engineers), business representatives, interest groups, and academics.

The Green Plan is a living instrument which must be permanently evaluated and enhanced.

Board includes a mix of government employees (mostly engineers), business representatives, interest groups, and academics.

 

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