Methodological Proposals for Designing Federative Platforms in Cultural Linked Open Data: the example of MoDRef

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Published on September 26, 2014

Author: antoinecourtin

Source: slideshare.net

Description

As part of the on-going Labex project "Past in the present", our proposal aims at highlighting the organizational issues of Linked Data projects that have to deal with pluri-institutional contexts, among which libraries. First, we will discuss what is at stake. Second, we will present a methodology based on the building of several diagrams which highlight technical, conceptual, and organizational obstacles. We will also address the issues of designing and producing an information system intended to ensure the transmission of scientific skills, the exploitation of major vocabularies, associated to specific vocabularies, by foreign institutions and the harmonizing or building of bridges between heterogeneous descriptions.

#iflaLLD Antoine Courtin Labex Les passés dans le présent University Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense Jean-Luc Minel MoDyCo University Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense, CNRS 14 août 2014, Bibliothèque nationale de France Linked Data in Libraries:
 Let's make it happen ! Methodological Proposals for Designing Federative Platforms in Cultural Linked Open Data:
 the exemple of ModRef

ModRef Choices and Challenges Analysis of the existing I > II III Objectives / Projects > Methodology > Five dimensions analysis > Twelve variables > From a model to models > Vocabulary > URIs > Exposure modes of data Proof of conceptIV > Objectives and milestones > Tools > Analyzes Methodological Proposals for Designing Federative Platforms in Cultural Linked Open Data: the exemple of ModRef #iflaLLD14 août 2014 > First initiative

I ModRef Modeling, Frames of Reference and Digital Culture Methodological Proposals for Designing Federative Platforms in Cultural Linked Open Data: the exemple of ModRef #iflaLLD14 août 2014 View slide

> Objectives Methodological Proposals for Designing Federative Platforms in Cultural Linked Open Data: the exemple of ModRef #iflaLLD14 août 2014 The objective of this collective project is, first, to inventory the characteristics of each digitization project in the cluster, to establish a panorama of innovative systems that could be implemented for these digitization projects, and to complete a study of the actual uses of these innovative systems by cultural institutions. 
 Second, the project will engage thinking about digital culture and its interconnection with the production and the circulation of cultural contents. It will tackle the question of the role played by digital technologies and the media in modes of diffusion and exchanges by linking digital culture to the evolutions of social, cultural, and political mediations. We will notably study the impact of frames of reference (thesaurus, ontologies, taxonomies) on the process of appropriation of concepts and ideas as much by the large audiences as by specialists. Project leaders Anne Faure (Quai Branly Museum) and Jean-Luc Minel (MoDyCo) View slide

> Projects Project Names Acronym Institutions engaged Methodological Proposals for Designing Federative Platforms in Cultural Linked Open Data: the exemple of ModRef #iflaLLD14 août 2014 Digitized collections of the BNF’s Departement of Medals The Scholia to Homer’s Iliad: from texto to hypertext European poster (1914-1945) Photographs from the First World War, « Valois Albums » Memories of the decolonization (collection of oral archives) Sources of ethnomusicology Comedie-Française Register Project Paris guidebooks (historians of art and digital collections) The birth of French ethnology. The first ethnographic missions to Africa Archives of archeological digs at prehistoric and ancient sites The Commissions of « Topographie des Gaules » (1858-1879) Putting online experimental and ethnoarcheological frames of reference on archeological techniques

> Methodology Methodological Proposals for Designing Federative Platforms in Cultural Linked Open Data: the exemple of ModRef #iflaLLD14 août 2014 CSV interviews workshop survey GoogleSpreadsheet JSON API Librairie JS D3.js Software SVG export Inkscape Publication

Methodological Proposals for Designing Federative Platforms in Cultural Linked Open Data: the exemple of ModRef #iflaLLD14 août 2014 II Analysis of the existing Modeling, Frames of Reference and Digital Culture

> Five dimensions analysis Methodological Proposals for Designing Federative Platforms in Cultural Linked Open Data: the exemple of ModRef #iflaLLD14 août 2014 Organizational Conceptual Technological Legal Uses / Public ModRef
 Project > >> > >

> Twelve variables Methodological Proposals for Designing Federative Platforms in Cultural Linked Open Data: the exemple of ModRef #iflaLLD14 août 2014 ‣ Team formation ‣ The Initial status of projects ! ‣ Volume of digitization and metadata ‣ Conceptuel model (origin and desired) ‣ Choice of standards ‣ The issue of licences ‣ Ultimate goal of publication materials (corpus) or editorialisation content (virtual exhibition with scientific discourse) ? ‣ Target audience (and uses) ‣ Number of partners and their location ‣ Institutional source projects : research institutes (CNRS, University, museums, librairies, archives,… ‣ Disciplines involved : history, art history, archeology, ethnology,… ‣ Multimodal aspects of digital objects: text, images, sounds, 3D files,…

> Analyzes : organizational complexity Methodological Proposals for Designing Federative Platforms in Cultural Linked Open Data: the exemple of ModRef #iflaLLD14 août 2014 Acronym of projects Establishment Service within institutions Associated or Partner

> Methodological Proposals for Designing Federative Platforms in Cultural Linked Open Data: the exemple of ModRef #iflaLLD14 août 2014 Analyzes : time complexity

> Methodological Proposals for Designing Federative Platforms in Cultural Linked Open Data: the exemple of ModRef #iflaLLD14 août 2014 Analyzes : conceptual complexity XML-EAD INTERMARC UNIMARC XML-TEI Dublin Core XML-EAC Non identifiéBibliothèque nationale de France BDIC Maison Archéologie et Ethnologie René-Ginouvès Musée Archéologique National Université Paris 10 - Laboratoire HAR Musée du Quai Branly

> Methodological Proposals for Designing Federative Platforms in Cultural Linked Open Data: the exemple of ModRef #iflaLLD14 août 2014 Analyzes : technological complexity Platform Type Current software solutions Project

> Methodological Proposals for Designing Federative Platforms in Cultural Linked Open Data: the exemple of ModRef #iflaLLD14 août 2014 Analyzes : ModRef’s sphere

> Methodological Proposals for Designing Federative Platforms in Cultural Linked Open Data: the exemple of ModRef #iflaLLD14 août 2014 Analyzes : ModRef’s sphere Bibliothèque nationale de France BDIC Maison Archéologie et Ethnologie René-Ginouvès Musée Archéologique National Musée du Quai Branly Institutions associés hors labex ArScAn ISP HAR-UPO URI - Lieux URI - Concept URI - Personne

> Methodological Proposals for Designing Federative Platforms in Cultural Linked Open Data: the exemple of ModRef #iflaLLD14 août 2014 Analyzes : ModRef’s sphere Bibliothèque nationale de France BDIC Maison Archéologie et Ethnologie René-Ginouvès Musée Archéologique National Musée du Quai Branly Institutions associés hors labex ArScAn ISP HAR-UPO Récupération / exposition
 des données dans le LOD

> Methodological Proposals for Designing Federative Platforms in Cultural Linked Open Data: the exemple of ModRef #iflaLLD14 août 2014 Analyzes : ModRef’s sphere Bibliothèque nationale de France BDIC Maison Archéologie et Ethnologie René-Ginouvès Musée Archéologique National Musée du Quai Branly Institutions associés hors labex ArScAn ISP HAR-UPO Standards

> Methodological Proposals for Designing Federative Platforms in Cultural Linked Open Data: the exemple of ModRef #iflaLLD14 août 2014 Analyzes : For which public ? with editorial content without editorial content specialized publics Publics

III Choices and Challenges Modeling, Frames of Reference and Digital Culture Methodological Proposals for Designing Federative Platforms in Cultural Linked Open Data: the exemple of ModRef #iflaLLD14 août 2014

> Methodological Proposals for Designing Federative Platforms in Cultural Linked Open Data: the exemple of ModRef #iflaLLD14 août 2014 Exposure data DUMPS OAI-PMH API SPARQLEndpoint

> Methodological Proposals for Designing Federative Platforms in Cultural Linked Open Data: the exemple of ModRef #iflaLLD14 août 2014 Legal position open licensing
 (contents) open licensing
 (data) closed licensing
 (contents) closed licensing
 (data) open licensing closed licensing exposure mode data
 sparqlendpoint exposure mode data
 dumps

> Methodological Proposals for Designing Federative Platforms in Cultural Linked Open Data: the exemple of ModRef #iflaLLD14 août 2014 One and more models ? British Museum : CIDOC-CRM Europeana : EDM Smithsonian : EDM + Extensions BNF : Modèle propre découlant de FRBR Les possibilités offertes par RDF/RDFS/ OWL offrent une bonne adaptabilité

> Methodological Proposals for Designing Federative Platforms in Cultural Linked Open Data: the exemple of ModRef #iflaLLD14 août 2014 URI : the choice British Museum : local URI Smithsonian : URI locales + links with DBPEDIA Exemples Quelques éléments de réflexion Requires an integration process One or more URI Delegation of Authority Enrichment uncontrolled properties Inserts warehouse in the LOD Network effect (attractor or unattractive) ! Globalization of URI Search engines and recommendation engines

> Methodological Proposals for Designing Federative Platforms in Cultural Linked Open Data: the exemple of ModRef #iflaLLD14 août 2014 Vocabulary

Methodological Proposals for Designing Federative Platforms in Cultural Linked Open Data: the exemple of ModRef #iflaLLD14 août 2014 IV Proof of concept Modeling, Frames of Reference and Digital Culture

> Methodological Proposals for Designing Federative Platforms in Cultural Linked Open Data: the exemple of ModRef #iflaLLD14 août 2014 Objectives and milestones

> Methodological Proposals for Designing Federative Platforms in Cultural Linked Open Data: the exemple of ModRef #iflaLLD14 août 2014 Tools Outils URL Créateur Licence Evalutation par rapport aux besoins Antitod Information Factory http://www.antidot.net/produits- services/produits/antidot- information-factory/ Antidot Propriétaire **** Armadillo... ? http://www.armadillo.fr/app/ photopro.sk/web/ Armadillo Propriétaire *** D2RQ http://d2rq.org/ University of Mannheim OpenSource ** Datalift http://datalift.org/ 7 membres initiateurs: INRIA, LIRMM, Eurécom, Mondeca, Atos, IGN, INSEE OpenSource **** DataTank http://thedatatank.com/ Propriétaire ** Intelligence Topic Manager http://www.mondeca.com/fr/ Produits/Knowledge-Browser Mondeca Propriétaire ** Karma http://www.isi.edu/integration/ karma/ Information Sicence Institute - University of Southern California OpenSource **** OpenRefine + Extension RDF http://refine.deri.ie/ Volontaires + DERI's pour l'extension RDF OpenSource *** OpenSemanticBus http://www.perfect-memory.com/ nos-solutions/les-offres/ PerfectoMemory Propriétaire **** OWLIM http://www.ontotext.com/ Ontotex Propriétaire ** Silk http://wifo5-03.informatik.uni- mannheim.de/bizer/silk/ University of Mannheim OpenSource ** Talend http://www.talend.com/ Propriétaire ** Triplify http://triplify.org/Overview Research Group Agile Knowledge Engineering and Semantic Web (AKSW) is hosted by the Chair of Business Information Systems (BIS) of the Institute of Computer Science (IfI) /University of Leipzig as well as the Institute for Applied Informatics (InfAI OpenSource ** Virtuoso Sponger http://virtuoso.openlinksw.com/ dataspace/doc/dav/wiki/Main/ VirtSponger Propriétaire ** Workbench http://www.mysql.fr/products/ workbench/ Propriétaire **

Thanks Methodological Proposals for Designing Federative Platforms in Cultural Linked Open Data: the exemple of ModRef #iflaLLD14 août 2014

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