Metal brazing and soldering - processes

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Information about Metal brazing and soldering - processes

Published on March 4, 2014

Author: vicky937



Brazing • Brazing is a metal-joining process. • Brazing is when a filler metal or alloy is heated to its melting temperature above 450 °C. • It is then distributed in liquid form between two or more close-fitting parts by capillary action. • The filler metal is then brought slightly above its melting temperature. • It then interacts with a thin layer of the base metal (known as wetting) and is then cooled quickly. • This forms a sealed joint. • Brazed joints are generally stronger than the individual filler metals that have been used to make them. • This is because of the geometry of the joint and the metallurgical bonding that occurs.

Filler metals


Brazing Methods or Techniques

Soldering • Soldering is a process in which two or more metals are joined together by melting and flowing a filler metal into the joint, the filler metal having a relatively low melting point. Soft soldering is characterized by the melting point of the filler metal, which is below 400 °C. • The filler metal used in the process is called solder. • Soldering is distinguished from brazing as the filler metal used has a lower melting point. • Soldering is normally done by melting the solder with a soldering iron and applying it to the two metals that are going to be joined together.


Types of solders and fluxes

Advantages of brazing • • • • It's easy to learn. You can join virtually any dissimilar metals. The bond line can be very neat in appearance. Joint strength is strong enough for most nonheavy-duty use applications

Disadvantages of brazing • A badly brazed joint looks similar to a good joint, and can have a VERY low strength. • The metal used to bond the two parts may be different in color than the parts being bonded. This may or may not be a problem. • Long-term effects of dissimilar metals in constant contact may need to be examined for special applications. • Since the filler material (typically bronze) melts at a relatively low temperature, brazed parts may not be put in an environment which exceeds the melting point of the filler metal.

Advantages of soldering • Low power is required; • Low process temperature; • No thermal distortions and residual stresses in the joint parts; • Microstructure is not affected by heat; • Easily automated process; • Dissimilar materials may be joined; • High variety of materials may be joined; • Thin wall parts may be joined; • Moderate skill of the operator is required.

Disadvantages of soldering • Disadvantages of soldering • Careful removal of the flux residuals is required in order to prevent corrosion; • Large sections cannot be joined; • Fluxes may contain toxic components; • Soldering joints can not be used in high temperature applications; • Low strength of joints.

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