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Information about MET PRESENTATION longole

Published on March 5, 2008

Author: Saverio


“PRIORITIZATION OF FUNDING NATIONAL METERIOLOGICAL PROGRAMMES AND PROJECTS FOR SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT” :  “PRIORITIZATION OF FUNDING NATIONAL METERIOLOGICAL PROGRAMMES AND PROJECTS FOR SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT” PRESENTED BY J.F.O. LONG’OLE MINISTRY OF FINANCE Introduction:  Introduction The linkage between publicly funded programmes, projects and basic research and economic development is a very important one. Governments and donors spend substantial amounts of funds on programmes & projects implementation and basic research carried out by institutions and yet more funds are required. We must, however, appreciate that governments all over the world face numerous competing demands for public funds. Introduction (contd.):  Introduction (contd.) On the face value, the benefits derived from public spending on, for instance, health or FPE (Free Primary Education) are more obvious compared with those from Meteorological programmes, projects and related basic research. Extensive and available empirical evidence, however, suggests that public funding of programmes and projects can lead to substantial socio-economic benefits, both direct and indirect. Introduction (contd.):  Introduction (contd.) Accordingly, public officials responsible for allocating available limited government and donor funds and ensuring expenditure accountability are familiar with prioritization of funding of Nat. Met. Programmes and projects under our MTEF budget. Introduction (contd.):  Introduction (contd.) Regionally, Kenya falls under a special group of countries, LDCs, which are particularly vulnerable to natural disasters and other vagaries of weather and therefore needs to invest more on Met. progs. and projs. to mitigate against climate change effects in general. In the region, Kenya has the most advanced Met infrastructure and provided extensive meteorological services but may have deteriorated due to economic problems. Introduction (contd.):  Introduction (contd.) WMO, development partners and other Agencies need to consider doing more to assist Kenya and her regional neighbours in programme and project implementation to enhance service delivery. Introduction (contd.):  Introduction (contd.) In order to enhance Met. services delivery, Kenya must improve its resource mobilization efforts both locally and externally. The evolution of the world economy has come with a general decline in technical assistance to developing countries. The Purpose of Presentation:  The Purpose of Presentation The purpose this presentation is not to pledge funding but to explore initiative ways of accessing funds from governments and various financial agencies for funding programmes and projects prioritized by the NMHSs to enable them provide meteorological products and services in support of socio-economic development of East African region. Sectors requiring Priority Funding:  Sectors requiring Priority Funding Met. programmes and projects which create socio-economic development cut across the following sectors: Agriculture; Maritime transport; Aviation; Tourism; Sectors requiring Priority Funding (contd):  Sectors requiring Priority Funding (contd) Health; Environment; Forest Management; Disaster Management and; Water Resources Management. Sectors requiring Priority Funding (contd):  Sectors requiring Priority Funding (contd) Funding for Related Met. Progs. and projs. is handled in each respective sector. Funding for specialized meteorological, hydrological services and related fields e.g. meteorological data and other products, are usually under the Met. Dept. national budget. Major Funding Sources:  Major Funding Sources There are two major sources of funding Met. Progs. And projs External or Donor Sources: Domestic i.e. Government Funding through the National Budget; Major components of Technical Cooperation Programme (TCOP) which include: WMO Voluntary co-operation Programme (VCP) Sources of Funds cont..:  Sources of Funds cont.. UN Fund for International Partnership UNFIP) World Bank and Regional Development Banks WMO Disaster Assistance Fund Co-operation with the Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) and the Private Sector. Objective (s) of funding::  Objective (s) of funding: The main objective of Nat. Met. programmes & projects is to enhance capacity of Nat. Met. Services of the country so as to contribute to socio-economic development. All funding for Met. programmes and projects must, by design, be long-term because they are meant to achieve long-term objectives of Government Development Plans Details on Sources of Funding:  Details on Sources of Funding Domestic-Government Funding: Generally, government funding through the national budget is limited because of competing demands on public funds. Some of government funding comes as counter part funds to donor financed programmes and projects, usually as definite percentage to donor funds. Details on sources of Funding con….:  Details on sources of Funding con…. In some cases, government funds on its own meteorological infrastructure development from direct budget allocation. Contained in the some Line Ministries budget are provisions operational and projects expenditures which may have a direct or indirect bearing to Met. Services in as far as they affect related sectors affected by climate. Details on Funding Sources con.:  Details on Funding Sources con. External Sources: External funds come in form of grants and loans. A majority of our Met. programmes and projects in the Met. Dept. Dev. budget are multilaterally and bilaterally funded with the GOK providing definite percentage of counter part funds ( ratio of 90% Development Partners :10% GOK). Ext. Sources con..:  Ext. Sources con.. Technical Cooperation Programme (TCOP) The purpose of TCOP is : to ensure, through collaborative efforts of Members and for their mutual benefits, the enhancement and development of capabilities of National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs) so that they can contribute to, and participate effectively and efficiently in the implementation of WMO Programmes for the benefit of the global community and in support of national socio-economic development. Voluntary Co-operation Progamme (VCP):  Voluntary Co-operation Progamme (VCP) The VCP provides assistance to Members through cooperative effort of to complement implementation activities for WMO scientific and technical programmes under national programmes , bilateral or multilateral programmes and the United Nations Development Progamme (UNDP). The VCP provides support to Member countries at their request in the form of equipment, expert services , training. VCP cont…:  VCP cont… The VCP is maintained by voluntary contributions received from Members in the form of offers of equipment and services and/or financial payments. Thus the VCP has two components: The Equipment and Services Progamme (VCP-ES); The Voluntary Cooperation Fund (VCP-F) The VCP is a remarkable example of the spirit of friendship within WMO. Regular Budget Co-operation Activities:  Regular Budget Co-operation Activities Promotes the WMO technical cooperation activities in support of WMO Members through new approaches for resource mobilization and strengthening ties with the UN system. Through negotiation with UN agencies & development partners & resource mobilization addressed to governments, funding & donor agencies, NGOs & the private sector, technical assistance projects & programmes will be developed for approval & implementation under other components of the TCOP. WMO Progamme for LDCs:  WMO Progamme for LDCs Newly established by Cg-XV (2003) to Contribute efficiently & in a timely manner to the social & economic development efforts of LDCs through the enhancement of the capacities and capabilities of NMHSs in LDCs. Trust Funds:  Trust Funds Trust Funds: Provided by development partners (donors) for projects in recipient countries. One or several donors and/or recipient may be involved in each project. Unilateral Trust Funds: One country funds its own development projects requiring technical assistance from a UN agency Trust Funds cont..:  Trust Funds cont.. Unilateral Trust Fund: cont.. Or other party. Advantages of Funds: Access to the WMO’s worldwide scientific & technical capabilities; Identification of potential donors &/or recipient countries; Preparation of project documents, feasibility studies, supervision of projects, appraisal of projects; Tailoring of programmes to the needs and requirements of recipient countries; Benefits from discounts in the procurement of equipment; Simple Administrative procedure; and Financial administrative administration carried out by WMO FS. Trust Funds cont..:  Trust Funds cont.. Some examples serve to illustrate these: In 2005 UK offered LDCs resources to assist NMHSs to establish Internet Links programmes for accessing meteorological data & products; France was willing to consider supporting meteorological projects; China Meteorological Administration (CMA) organized one training programme, a seminar on “Leadership and Management” for heads of NMHSs from LDCs; and Make acquisition of complex equipment e.g. radars satellite receiving & data processing facilities. United Nations Development Progamme (UNDP):  United Nations Development Progamme (UNDP) UNDP has set to achieve 3 goals to: Strengthen international cooperation for sustainable human development; Help the UN family become a unified & powerful force for human development; and Make Maximum contribution in recipient countries to key sustainable human development dimensions. To achieve these goals UNDP Executive Board has endorsed prioritized funding 4 areas: Poverty reduction/elimination, Job Creation & Environmental regeneration; United Nations Development Progamme (UNDP) cont..:  United Nations Development Progamme (UNDP) cont.. 2.Advancement of Women; 3.Technical Cooperation among Developing Countries (TCDC): (in all areas of socio-economic development). 4.Idetifying and promoting National Priorities The World Bank (WB):  The World Bank (WB) The WB provides grants, soft loans & other financial aid to developing countries (DCs) & countries with economies in transition to promote economic and social progress. Priority is given to projects for the protection of environment & climate change (Meteorological). Request for prioritized funding & assistance are coordinated through governments. Priorities are set according to National Development Plans. The World Bank cont..:  The World Bank cont.. For financing, sets of rules of the WB must be followed: Approval for loans is only given for productive venture activities and which must stimulate economic growth in the borrowing countries; Borrowing countries must give adequate loan repayment assurances; and All loans are approved & provided to countries themselves or in case of Semi- Autonomous Government Authorities (SAGAs) must be endorsed/guaranteed by their respective governments. International Finance Corporation grants soft loans to all LDCs but similar rules apply. Regional Development Banks & International Organizations (RFIs&IOs):  Regional Development Banks & International Organizations (RFIs&IOs) Funds for Projects related to weather, climate & water have recently become increasingly available from RFIs&IOs such as : The Inter-American Development Bank (IDB); The Asian Development Bank (ADB); The African Development Bank (AfDB); The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development EBRD); Regional Projects & Programmes Collaborations:  Regional Projects & Programmes Collaborations Regional & Economic Groups have another important centers where funds for weather, climate and water are channeled by prospective donors, financiers as well as investors. These Economic Blocks are: East Africa Community (EAC); Community of West African States (ECOWAS); Southern Africa Development Community (SADC); Regional Projects & Programmes Collaborations:  Regional Projects & Programmes Collaborations New Partnership for African Development (NEPAD); United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA); Economic Commission for South East Asian and Pacific Countries (ESCAP); Economic Commission for Western Asian countries (ESCWA); and Economic Commission for Latin America & Caribbean countries. Regional Projects & Programmes Collaborations:  Regional Projects & Programmes Collaborations In addition to the above, there are specific regional cooperation institutions established in support of regional economic groupings and organizations: AGRHYIMET Centre The Drought Monitoring Centres The African Centre of Meteorological applications for Development etc Main achievements of TCOP since inception:  Main achievements of TCOP since inception Mobilized new sources of funds, including establishing new Trust Funds & new VCP donors; Increased cooperation with WB & RDBs; Established Specialized Centres (African Centre of Meteorological Applications for Development (ACMAD), two Drought Monitoring Centres & the ASEAN region. Development of regional meteorological & hydrological programmes and projects, Achievements cont…:  Achievements cont… in collaboration with regional and economic groupings, including intergovernmental organizations; Enhanced relationships with the Private Sector & Foundations; Increased awareness in the international community, in particular, world meteorological community of WMO’s capability to address major ENVIRONMENTAL issues, including issues related to weather, climate and water Harmonized functions of WMO regional & Sub-regional Offices with technical activities. Achievements cont…:  Achievements cont… Adopted integrated but “Country Specific” approach to assist NMHSs develop strategic service delivery plans: “Country Specific” – recognizing particular national characteristics, identifying individual strengths & weaknesses of respective NMHSs . Achievements cont…:  Achievements cont… “Integrated” – strategy must relate the services of NMHSs to national socio-economic developmental needs while providing linkages to partners within the country & internationally A whole array of WMO programmes must be involved & specific initiatives taken. Recommendations on Funding improvement & Access to Funding:  Recommendations on Funding improvement & Access to Funding This discussion has revealed that funds are available under various financing Schemes at national , regional and international levels. But most countries in this region are unable to access these FUNDS for many different reasons. We propose & recommend adopting initiative ways of accessing those funds: Recommendations (contd.):  Recommendations (contd.) Countries establish Strategic Partnerships at local, regional and international levels; Countries Restructure operations of NMHAs & develop sound strategic plans which clearly define their visions, missions and goals; Recommendations (contd.):  Recommendations (contd.) Countries must understand and willing/ready to adopt to changing global scenario, policies & procedures of funding agencies and Governments ( New Budget Reforms & Systems). Countries must endeavor to educate the met. Comm. of their countries with a view to demonstrating clearly how Recommendations (contd.):  Recommendations (contd.) meteorological services and products, benefit and contribute to developmental issue resolving – poverty alleviation, disaster prevention and mitigation, environmental preservation, food security and water resource management; Recommendations (contd.):  Recommendations (contd.) Marketing: Countries must publicize good practices & success stories on the use of meteorological information, data and products; These recommendations seek to improve on measures to access funds and enhance visible presences of programmes and projects for socio-economic development within the countries concerned. THANK YOU Recommendations (contd.):  Recommendations (contd.) We call upon WMO to information flow to all countries and regions to facilitate on how they can enhance resource mobilization efforts and take advantage of available funding opportunities. Conclusion:  Conclusion Prioritizing funding for National Meteorological programmes and projects for socio-economic development requires concerted effort of all relevant parties concerned – Governments, international organizations & Banks, WB, regional institutions etc. As noted earlier, Governments have competing demands for their financial resources, therefore limited funding is expected from Governments. Slide45:  THANK YOU

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