Published on May 20, 2007
Merb and why you potentially should care By Luke Francl (firstname.lastname@example.org) Presented at the Ruby Users of Minnesota, March 27, 2007.
Merb = Mongrel + ERB By Ezra Zygmuntowicz Merb = Mongrel + ERB, written by Ezra Zygmunotgonna happen. When I heard Merb was Mongrel+ERB, I thought “Ah, PHP is making a comeback.” But Merb is actually a small MVC framework similar to Rails in many ways. Key points about Merb
Merb is thread-safe Merb does not use ActionPack (Rails controller/view), which is the main oender. Note: Ruby uses quot;green threadsquot;, so I believe a that to take advantage of a multi-core computer, you will need to start one Ruby instace per processor core.
Merb uses Erubis for embedded Ruby Merb uses Erubis for ERB - 3x faster than ERB - 10% faster that eRuby (written in C)
Merb does not use CGI.rb
Request Apache 2.2 mod_proxy_balancer Mongrel buffers the Mongrel upload. Rails blocks while processing the request. Rails CGI.rb causes CPU spike. It is *NOT TRUE* that Mongrel blocks while you are uploading a ﬁle. Rails blocks while you are *processing* the ﬁle.
[File] upload doesn't block Rails actions going on, when you ﬁnally pass this to Rails you'll block that Mongrel process while cgi.rb is going. This is why you should make a separate Mongrel handler to do all of your upload processing and ﬁle preparation before you pass the fully cooked stuff to Rails. Mongrel running cgi.rb in a thread is much more efﬁcient than Rails running cgi.rb inside a lock. - Zed Shaw So, if your app has to deal with the uploads of a lot of large ﬁles which you need to do processing on, a custom upload handler will save your butt. upload
Request Apache 2.2 mod_proxy_balancer Mongrel buffers the Mongrel upload. Merb does not block. CGI.rb is Merb not used. This is why you should care about Merb -- if you need the capacity. Think of it as a custom Mongrel ﬁle handler...that you don’t have to write.
Installing Merb sudo gem install mongrel json erubis archive-tar-minitar rspec -y svn co http://svn.devjavu.com/merb/trunk merb && cd merb && rake install Then you can generate a new merb app: merb -g myapp Merb is available as a gem, but it is rather rough right now. I recommend getting the trunk to keep abreast of the latest bug ﬁxes. There is a simple blogging application called MrBlog that will show you how Merb works.
Merb vs Rails Merb uses ActiveRecord, so all your favorite features are there. It’s M/V/C, so development is similar. - generator scripts are not generally available - routing is dierent (simple but functional) - not many view helpers - most conﬁguration in Ruby rather than YAML - In general, rougher around the edges. (Example: multipart form uploads were broken)
Merb + Rails Perhaps more interesting is getting Merb working _with_ your existing Rails app. In about half a days work, I was able to get Merb loading up my ActiveRecord objects from my rails project (to avoid code duplication), and get a Rails AR plugin working. Merb can piggy-back on your Rails sessions as long as you store them in the database.
class Item < ActiveRecord::Base end require DIST_ROOT + '/../../app/models/item.rb'
Many ActiveRecord plugins will work with Merb ...with a little modiﬁcation. I got Rick Olson’s attachment_fu plugin working with Merb with a few tweaks to the code. Mostly I had to change how ﬁles were required, because Rails does a lot of magic to load plugins. In this way, you can use Rails for your views and general app, and pass o ﬁle upload POST actions to Merb for LET’S LOOK AT A SHORT DEMO.
Resources Merb Docs: http://merb.rubyforge.org Merb Trac: http://merb.devjavu.com Ezra’s blog: http://brainspl.at/ Erubis: http://www.kuwata-lab.com/erubis
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Merb was a model–view–controller web framework in Ruby, notable as a precursor to Rails 3. It brought increased focus on speed and modularity to Rails 3.
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