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Information about Melons

Published on December 18, 2008

Author: aSGuest7193


Melons : Melons Old world origin Melons originated in hot ______________ of southwest Asia Watermelons originated in ____________ Characteristics Warm season Separate male and female flowers Need bees for _______________; wind not effective Vining growth habit Can be divided into muskmelons, winter melons, and _______________ Key points : Key points Muskmelon and cantaloupe Fruit characteristics Growing melons Selecting quality melons Problems Winter melons Characteristics Differences from muskmelon/ cantaloupe Watermelon Characteristics Growing and harvesting watermelons Muskmelon (Cucumis melo var. reticulatus) : Muskmelon (Cucumis melo var. reticulatus) Dates back to at least 1600’s Name comes from the musk _________ of the mature fruit Outer appearance Generally has netted rind with deep ____________ Immature muskmelon Muskmelon : Muskmelon Interior flesh _________ to orange-colored flesh Cantaloupe : Cantaloupe Fruits are round to oval shaped Outer appearance Non-sutured, heavily netted Yellow colored when mature Inner flesh has strong flavor Melon Culture : Melon Culture Planting Melons are usually started as __________________ Do not transplant well if the roots are disturbed Start the transplants in individual containers Black plastic mulch Timing of planting After danger of ____________ has passed and the soil has warmed to 60 F Selecting a good melon : Selecting a good melon Melons are mature when: __________ changes from green to tan-yellow between ___________ Stem should easily separate (slip) where the ________ attaches to the fruit ______________ layer forms between stem and fruit Blossom end of fruit fairly easy to depress Melon Problems : Melon Problems Poor flavor due to: Cloudy weather during ripening Like hot, dry weather during ripening Too much or too little water Don’t like “wet feet” Temperatures too high Like mean temps of _______ Over or under ripe Often hard to tell; changes are subtle Melons might soften but do not get sweeter after harvest Melon Problems : Melon Problems Cucumber beetles Most serious insect pest Have stripped cucumber beetle and spotted cucumber beetle Adult stage of corn rootworm beetle Controls – Sevin, black plastic mulch, row covers Bacterial wilt Worst on younger plants Must control beetles Winter Melon (Cucumis melo var. inodorus) : Winter Melon (Cucumis melo var. inodorus) Smooth rind surface When ripe: Do not _______ from the vine Are cut from the vine Blossom-end of fruit _____ to touch Lack a distinctive odor Require long growing season ______ months Winter Melons : Winter Melons Honeydew Inner flesh Sweet, mild, and firm flesh Flesh has a light green color Outer appearance Smooth, white rind Winter Melons : Winter Melons Casaba Outer appearance Deep _______ at maturity Inner flesh Creamy white flesh Pear-like texture Muskmelons vs. Winter Melons : Muskmelons vs. Winter Melons Watermelons (Citrullus lanatus) : Watermelons (Citrullus lanatus) History Originated in __________ Brought to Europe in 16th century Appearance _________ leaves Watermelons : Watermelons Fruit appearance Flesh color Most watermelons are red color Some cultivars have a _________ flesh Watermelons : Watermelons Fruit appearance Shape Standard shape is oblong ____________ types Small round watermelons with a dark skin Easier to grow Mature rapidly Smaller plants Watermelons : Watermelons Seedless watermelon For seedless watermelon to set fruit you must also plant a normal ________ (“seedy”) cultivar in with the _______________ seedless watermelons Produces self-sterile triploid __________ which develop normal looking fruits but no fully developed seeds Watermelon Culture : Watermelon Culture Adaptation Watermelon are more adapted to the south than to central or northern Illinois Under ___________ seasons, watermelons do not produce enough sugar and are not sweet Ways to overcome Select __________ cultivars Grow icebox types Use transplants Use plastic mulch Watermelon Culture : Watermelon Culture Watering Watermelon have moderately ________ root systems Watering is seldom necessary unless weather turns dry for a prolonged period Spacing Watermelon vines require considerable space Space hills 6 ft. apart, with 7 to 10 ft. between rows Watermelon Culture : Watermelon Culture Can overcome space constraints Train vines onto a __________ Fruits must be supported by nets or bags Harvesting Watermelons : Harvesting Watermelons How to tell when watermelon fruit is ripe Curly tendrils on stem near the point of attachment dry down Surface color turns _______ Skin becomes resistant to penetration by a thumbnail and is _________ to the touch Bottom of melon (where it touches the ground) turns from light green to a yellowish color Watermelon Problems : Watermelon Problems Cucumber beetles and bacteria wilt generally not a problem Birds will makes holes in tops of watermelons Netting can be used to prevent

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