Media History 1

40 %
60 %
Information about Media History 1
Education

Published on February 4, 2009

Author: dissemination

Source: slideshare.net

Media History Overview and 1 st session Steen Christiansen [email_address]

Overview and 1 st session

What is this course? Basic knowledge of media history in English-speaking nations The convergence of media, media products and the movements of cultural history The connection between media and media technology Placing a media product in both a media historical context and a cultural historical context Understanding the context and meaning of media products

Basic knowledge of media history in English-speaking nations

The convergence of media, media products and the movements of cultural history

The connection between media and media technology

Placing a media product in both a media historical context and a cultural historical context

Understanding the context and meaning of media products

Exam essay Six page assignment Choose one from a list of questions Last session will be an exam workshop

Six page assignment

Choose one from a list of questions

Last session will be an exam workshop

Sample questions Give a brief outline of the history of the domestic sitcom and also give a more detailed description of a notable series from this genre. Your answer should also contextualize the development of this genre within the cultural history of the family. Questions by Jørgen Riber and Paul McIlvenny

Give a brief outline of the history of the domestic sitcom and also give a more detailed description of a notable series from this genre. Your answer should also contextualize the development of this genre within the cultural history of the family.

Sample questions Describe the monster figure through the history of horror. Try to explain how the monster changes against the background of history and cultural history. Questions by Jørgen Riber and Paul McIlvenny

Describe the monster figure through the history of horror. Try to explain how the monster changes against the background of history and cultural history.

Sample questions How does the Web 2.0 concept relate to the earlier history of the Internet? Questions by Jørgen Riber and Paul McIlvenny

How does the Web 2.0 concept relate to the earlier history of the Internet?

Sample questions Describe an example of subsequent (in later times) mediations of Shakespeare’s original texts, and relate the mediation to the period in which similar mediations were produced. Questions by Jørgen Riber and Paul McIlvenny

Describe an example of subsequent (in later times) mediations of Shakespeare’s original texts, and relate the mediation to the period in which similar mediations were produced.

Definitions and questions What are media? What is history? What is media history?

What are media?

What is history?

What is media history?

What are media? Communication tools Technology Extensions of man (McLuhan)

Communication tools

Technology

Extensions of man (McLuhan)

What is history? Description Explanation Cause and effect

Description

Explanation

Cause and effect

What is media history? The realization that context is significant Mass media and its impact (CT: 224) Implies a fear of the masses / hegemony (CT: 164) Culture industry and ideology (CT: 103) Democratizing and increasing freedom The press as watchdog Increased contact with the world

The realization that context is significant

Mass media and its impact (CT: 224)

Implies a fear of the masses / hegemony (CT: 164)

Culture industry and ideology (CT: 103)

Democratizing and increasing freedom

The press as watchdog

Increased contact with the world

Media history as description and explanation Chronology Listing events is a description It does not explain Provides overview but not insight

Chronology

Listing events is a description

It does not explain

Provides overview but not insight

Media history as description and explanation Causality Causality begins to locate the causes and reasons for change Explanation rather than description Individual causes ‘Great men of history’ Groups causes Institutions , movements, schools

Causality

Causality begins to locate the causes and reasons for change

Explanation rather than description

Individual causes

‘Great men of history’

Groups causes

Institutions , movements, schools

Media history as description and explanation Influence Influence is a broad, vague term but does not imply plagiarism It emphasizes structures and patterns across time It also emphasizes developments and improvements It connects to intertextuality but in a broader way than simply texts. The Vertigo shot re-used in Jaws and since then in many, many other movies.

Influence

Influence is a broad, vague term but does not imply plagiarism

It emphasizes structures and patterns across time

It also emphasizes developments and improvements

It connects to intertextuality but in a broader way than simply texts.

The Vertigo shot re-used in Jaws and since then in many, many other movies.

Media history as description and explanation Trends and generalizations Trends are smaller developments that never form movements or schools They come from a desire to generalize and gain a view of the big picture

Trends and generalizations

Trends are smaller developments that never form movements or schools

They come from a desire to generalize and gain a view of the big picture

Media history as description and explanation Periods Periods are man-made, they are not natural They are useful, however, to describe changes

Periods

Periods are man-made, they are not natural

They are useful, however, to describe changes

Media history as description and explanation Significance Intrinsic It is a great work of art and has intrinsic value Laurence Sterne, Tristram Shandy Influence The media product had a huge impact on later products The Flintstones Typicality Maybe not the best or even good, but a good example of the genre or type Zombie Flesh Eaters

Significance

Intrinsic

It is a great work of art and has intrinsic value

Laurence Sterne, Tristram Shandy

Influence

The media product had a huge impact on later products

The Flintstones

Typicality

Maybe not the best or even good, but a good example of the genre or type

Zombie Flesh Eaters

Explanatory frameworks Biographical Industrial or economic Aesthetic Technological Socio-cultural

Biographical

Industrial or economic

Aesthetic

Technological

Socio-cultural

History of the book and its impact on society Books didn't arise with printing, earliest books were hand-written Writing was craftmanship, not art and scribes were not regarded as special Oral culture was the dominant

Books didn't arise with printing, earliest books were hand-written

Writing was craftmanship, not art and scribes were not regarded as special

Oral culture was the dominant

History of the book and its impact on society Johann Gutenberg invented moveable type which allowed for fast printing presses Before, specific blocks had to be carved

Johann Gutenberg invented moveable type which allowed for fast printing presses

Before, specific blocks had to be carved

History of the book and its impact on society The printing press changed many things. Quick, poor-quality copies were disseminated of new works, which meant there was little reason for printers to produce books. This required legislation and publishers soon gained control over book printing.

The printing press changed many things.

Quick, poor-quality copies were disseminated of new works, which meant there was little reason for printers to produce books.

This required legislation and publishers soon gained control over book printing.

History of the book and its impact on society However, in 1710 in England, rights were given to authors rather than publishers This is what lead to copyright protection and formed the basis of all copyright law since then.

However, in 1710 in England, rights were given to authors rather than publishers

This is what lead to copyright protection and formed the basis of all copyright law since then.

The Reformation and its impact The printing press allowed for easier production of pamphlets and translated Bibles It also meant that it was difficult to silence Martin Luther The information monopoly is slowly destroyed Propaganda and censorship becomes part of print culture Privatizes the religious experience to reading at home

The printing press allowed for easier production of pamphlets and translated Bibles

It also meant that it was difficult to silence Martin Luther

The information monopoly is slowly destroyed

Propaganda and censorship becomes part of print culture

Privatizes the religious experience to reading at home

Early public sphere “critical public debates of political matters” (Jurgen Habermas) Public opinion is shared by reading pamphlets aloud People engage in the political process, but the earliest public sphere was religious

“critical public debates of political matters” (Jurgen Habermas)

Public opinion is shared by reading pamphlets aloud

People engage in the political process, but the earliest public sphere was religious

Effect of book technology Print requires that written language becomes standardized Books also establish linearity, from beginning to end Books also establish authority Hand-writing begins to take on significance as something original

Print requires that written language becomes standardized

Books also establish linearity, from beginning to end

Books also establish authority

Hand-writing begins to take on significance as something original

Wiliam Shakespeare’s First Folio No original manuscripts of Shakespeare’s have ever been found The Folios vary in content, and allows for the possibility of tampering More than one Shakespeare?

No original manuscripts of Shakespeare’s have ever been found

The Folios vary in content, and allows for the possibility of tampering

More than one Shakespeare?

Books and gender Early novels are seen as invading private space Women read novels and stop doing their chores Novels are clearly dangerous and no good Female writers often have to use pseudonyms to write George Elliot

Early novels are seen as invading private space

Women read novels and stop doing their chores

Novels are clearly dangerous and no good

Female writers often have to use pseudonyms to write

George Elliot

Books become popular Dime novels Books published in magazines, one chapter at a time Dickens Reading becomes a popular passtime

Dime novels

Books published in magazines, one chapter at a time

Dickens

Reading becomes a popular passtime

Books and technology The introduction of the typewriter changes the book Hand-writing and hand-written manuscripts lose their currency The process of writing becomes different

The introduction of the typewriter changes the book

Hand-writing and hand-written manuscripts lose their currency

The process of writing becomes different

Jack Kerouac’s original scroll

Books become literary culture With the advent of radio and TV, books gain a different status They become prestigious, in the right formats Books become a special, separate field with awards, juries and bestsellers Books become literary culture

With the advent of radio and TV, books gain a different status

They become prestigious, in the right formats

Books become a special, separate field with awards, juries and bestsellers

Books become literary culture

Literary culture The death of the novel is proclaimed several times over Authors begin to experiment with typography, images, color, paper, etc More and more books are produced – fewer, and fewer are read Self-publishing becomes popular Kindle and other devices try to replace the book Copyright becomes an issue again

The death of the novel is proclaimed several times over

Authors begin to experiment with typography, images, color, paper, etc

More and more books are produced – fewer, and fewer are read

Self-publishing becomes popular

Kindle and other devices try to replace the book

Copyright becomes an issue again

Add a comment

Related presentations

Related pages

Media History - Volume 22, Issue 1 - Taylor & Francis Online

Article usage statistics combine cumulative total PDF downloads and full-text HTML views from publication date (but no earlier than 25 Jun 2011, launch ...
Read more

Mass media - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Publication is also important as a legal concept; (1) ... A History of Mass Media in the United States (5th Edition, 2008) Fourie, Pieter J. (2008).
Read more

History Media GmbH

Willkommen bei History Media! Die History Media GmbH ist Spezialist für historische und wissenschaftliche Themen in Film und Fernsehen.
Read more

MediaOne - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Adelphia Communications Corporation; Alameda Power and Telecom 1; Astound Broadband; AT&T Broadband. MediaOne / Continental Cablevision; Tele ...
Read more

History - MediaLas Show Laser

MediaLas Show Laser is a business division of MediaLas Electronics GmbH - Hoelzlestr. 13 - 72336 Balingen, Germany
Read more

ProSiebenSat.1 Media – Wikipedia

ProSiebenSat.1 Media SE Group Operations & IT, Group Controlling, Group Finance & Investor Relations, Accounting & Taxes, Internal Audit und Administration: 1.
Read more

Social Media – Wikipedia

Social Media Monitoring bezeichnet die systematische, kontinuierliche und themenspezifische Suche, ... Reclam, Stuttgart 2012, ISBN 978-3-15-020266-1.
Read more

Das 1. Evangelium Matthäus - Drama - [DVD] - Media Markt

Das 1. Evangelium Matthäus [DVD] im Onlineshop von Media Markt. Diesen und weitere Artikel in der Kategorie Drama entdecken. Online kaufen - in über 250 ...
Read more

MEDIA | WAR HISTORY ONLINE

MEDIA. MEDIA. FEATURED Feb 19, ... 16 Next Page 1 of 16. ... We will sent you your Military History Updates, every day for FREE!
Read more

International Association for Media and History

The International Association for Media and History is an organization of filmmakers, broadcasters, archivists and scholars dedicated to historical inquiry ...
Read more