Mechanism of Motivation

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Information about Mechanism of Motivation

Published on March 9, 2014

Author: ahousand


MECHANISMS OF MOTIVATION BRIAN HOUSAND, PhD East Carolina University ! ANGELA HOUSAND, PhD University of North Carolina Wilmington

Housand, B. C. & Housand, A. M. (2012). The role of technology in gifted students’ motivation. Psychology in the Schools, 49(7), 706-715. !

Motivation is Complex • Competence • Autonomy • Control • Goal Pursuit • Persistence • Challenge • Interest



Autonomy The freedom to choose…

Autonomy The more autonomous a person believes their behavior to be the greater the personal satisfaction and enjoyment from engaging in that behavior.










High achieving students demonstrated greater autonomy and competence than low achieving students in computer-based learning tasks. ! (Otta & Tavella, 2010)

e nc pe te /C om yw no m Au to (Otta & Tavella, 2010)

Int rin s ic M va pe te tio n /C om oti yw no m Au to (Otta & Tavella, 2010) nc e

(Otta & Tavella, 2010) oti va rT oo yo ic M Ea s Int rin s To o tio n Ha rd

Autonomously-Motivated Students
 Control-Motivated Students • • • • • • Preference for optimal challenge Enjoy optimal challenge Stronger perceptions of control Greater creativity More positive emotionality Higher self-worth (Reeve, 2002)

Educational Benefits of Autonomy-Supportive Teachers • • • • • Greater conceptual understanding Greater flexibility in thinking More information processing Greater creativity Higher perceived competence (Reeve, 2002)

FUTURE SHOCK The shattering stress and disorientation that we induce in individuals by subjecting them to too much change in too short a time. - Alvin Toffler



 Ch w Flo a l ne n Apathy

Mihaly   Csikszentmihalyi

Ascending Intellectual Demand

iTunes U



Episodic Curiosity

Episodic Curiosity

Episodic Curiosity

Episodic Curiosity


RELATEDNESS... Feeling connected to others and having a sense of belonging to a community.

Int rin s va ic M oti Feeling connected to others and having a sense of belonging to a community. tio n RELATEDNESS...


MANIFESTO: A Guide for Developing a Creative Career 1. Don't be afraid to fall in love with something and pursue it with intensity.   2. Know, understand, take pride in, practice, develop, exploit and enjoy your greatest strengths.   3. Learn to free yourself from the expectations of others and to walk away from the games they impose on you.              Free yourself to play your own game.   4. FIND A GREAT TEACHER OR MENTOR WHO WILL HELP YOU.   5. Don't waste energy trying to be well rounded.   6. Do what you love and can do well.   7. Learn the skills of interdependence. (Torrance, 2002)



“We may not be able to prepare the future for our children, but at least we can prepare our children for the future.” - Franklin D. Roosevelt

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