MDG7EnsureEnvironmen talSustainabilityTar get10Hal

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Information about MDG7EnsureEnvironmen talSustainabilityTar get10Hal
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Published on January 1, 2008

Author: Alfanso

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MDG 7 Ensure Environmental Sustainability Target 10 Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation:  MDG 7 Ensure Environmental Sustainability Target 10 Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation UNDP Making Progress on Environmental Sustainability - Lessons and recommendations from a review of over 150 MDG country experiences WSP Getting Africa on track to meet the MDGs on Water and Sanitation – A status overview of sixteen African countries SIWI Making Water a part of Economic Development – The Economic benefits of improved Water Management and Services SIWI Securing Sanitation – The compelling case to address the crisis MDG 7 Ensure Environmental Sustainability Target 10 Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation:  MDG 7 Ensure Environmental Sustainability Target 10 Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation Key messages: Access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation are essential for achieving the other MDGs. It is fundamental for effective primary health care and a precondition for success in the fight against poverty, hunger, child mortality and achieving gender equality. Sub-Saharan Africa remains the area of greatest concern. From 1990 to 2005 the number of people without access to safe drinking water increased by 24% and the number of people without sanitation increased by more than 30%. Facts and figures: In 2005 a total of 5.3 billion people or 83% of the world population used water from improved sources. Accounting for the population growth, in order to meet the water target by 2015 an additional 1.1 billion people need access to an improved water source (and 84% live in rural areas) MDG 7 Ensure Environmental Sustainability Target 10 Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation:  MDG 7 Ensure Environmental Sustainability Target 10 Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation Facts and figures (cont.): 4 out of 10 people around the world have no access to improved sanitation, i.e. around 600 million people in urban areas and 2 billion in rural areas. This means - to meet the goal by 2015 - providing services to not less than an additional 450.000 people a day from now on to 2015. Every year, unsafe water and lack of basic sanitation kills at least 1.6 million children under the age of five years. At any one time half the developing world are suffering from one or more of the main diseases associated with inadequate provision of water supply and sanitation services and more than half the hospital beds in the world are filled with people suffering from water related diseases. MDG 7 Ensure Environmental Sustainability Target 10 Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation:  MDG 7 Ensure Environmental Sustainability Target 10 Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation Making progress on environmental sustainability: Countries are encouraged to report annually on all the MDGs in Millennium Development Goals Reports, as of 2oo5 158 countries had submitted such reports. While all countries report on at least one environmental indicator, reporting on all eight MDG 7 indicators* for measuring environmental sustainability has been weak overall. Only eight countries reports on all eight indicators; among them Bangladesh.The indicator on water has the highest rate of reporting 138 countries, while sanitation has only 116 countries. However, countries are enhancing the practice of adapting MDG targets to existing national priorities and aligning them to national development plans and setting additional targets aligned to the global indicators beyond those included in the MDG 7 framework (i.e. wastewater treatment and solid waste collection) . * Forest; Protected areas; Energy; Emissions; Solid fuels; Water; Sanitation and Slums. MDG 7 Ensure Environmental Sustainability Target 10 Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation:  MDG 7 Ensure Environmental Sustainability Target 10 Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation Tailoring Target 10: Improved water and sanitation are clearly regarded as critical to achieving not only environmental sustainability but also overall poverty reduction. Examples of country specific tailoring: (indicator 30) - By end of the ninth five-year plan 2007, 100 % of population will have access to safe drinking water (Bhutan) - Supply water to 26 million people in water-scarce areas and add 40 billion m3 water supply in the tenth five-year plan (China) - Provide 93% of the population with access to safe water by 2015 (Viet Nam) (Indicator 31) - Increase proportion of rural population with access to improved sanitation from 8,6% in 1996 to 30% in 2015 and of urban population from 49% in 1998 to 74% in 2015 (Cambodia) - Have access to sanitation for 100% of rural households by 2015 (Zimbabwe) MDG 7 Ensure Environmental Sustainability Target 10 Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation:  MDG 7 Ensure Environmental Sustainability Target 10 Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation Getting Africa on Track: - Only few of the countries are prepared to take on the challenges of the sector - Plans developed for most countries, but only as documents neither country- owned nor actively implemented - Many countries lack the capacity required to meet national and global targets - No consistency between different countries making it difficult to measure the progress - Sanitation still lags far behind water supply - Uncertainties whether investments in the sector are sustainable MDG 7 Ensure Environmental Sustainability Target 10 Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation:  MDG 7 Ensure Environmental Sustainability Target 10 Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation What are the ways forward: - Policy changes geared towards prioritising water supply as well as sanitation and hygiene education - Policy changes geared towards setting national targets and indicators - Building capacity and ownership– institutional as well as individual and at.national, regional and local level – should be given priority - Improved data at a country level and the opportunity to benefit from one another’s experiences MDG 7 Ensure Environmental Sustainability Target 10 Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation:  MDG 7 Ensure Environmental Sustainability Target 10 Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation Benin: End 2005: 48% access to safe water/ 40% access to sanitation MDG 2015: add 4 mill access to safe water/ add 3.8 mill. access to sanitation Remaining: add 3.3 mill access to safe water/ add 4.0 mill. access to sanitation Capacity to be increased by 5.1 times for water and 2.8 times for sanitation Investment requirements: 27 mill. USD/year for water and 19 mill USD/year for sanitation Investments (public) planned: 33mill.USD/year for water and 2 mill. USD for sanitation. MDG 7 Ensure Environmental Sustainability Target 10 Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation:  MDG 7 Ensure Environmental Sustainability Target 10 Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation Burkina Faso: End 2005 : 62,5% access to safe water/ 11% access to sanitation MDG 2015 : add 5,8 mill access to safe water/ add 7,9 mill access to sanitation Remaining : add 3,1 mill access to safe water/ add 7,7 mill access to sanitation Capacity to be increased by 2 times for water and 6 times for sanitation Investment requirements: 88 mill. USD/year for water and 28 mill USD/year for sanitation Investments (public) planned: 13 mill USD/year for water and 4 mill. USD/year for sanitation MDG 7 Ensure Environmental Sustainability Target 10 Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation:  MDG 7 Ensure Environmental Sustainability Target 10 Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation Ghana: End 2004: 56% access to safe water/ 35% access to sanitation End 2015: 85% access to safe water/ 85% access to sanitation Remaining: add 4 mill.access to water and sanitation. Capacity to be increased by 5 times for both water and sanitation Investment requirements: 125 mill. USD/year for water and 25 mill. USD/year for sanitation Investments (public) planned: 78 mill. USD/year for water (no figures for sanitation available) MDG 7 Ensure Environmental Sustainability Target 10 Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation:  MDG 7 Ensure Environmental Sustainability Target 10 Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation Kenya: End 2002 : 62% access to safe water and 48% to sanitation MDG 2015: 80% access to safe water and 60 % (90%) to sanitation Remaining: add 8.5 mill. access to safe water and 12.2 mill. access to sanitation Capacity to be increased by 1.2 times for water and 2.2 times for sanitation Investment requirements: 138 mill. USD/year for water and 99 mill. USD/ year for sanitation Investments (public) planned: 110 mill. USD/year for water and 16 mill. USD/year for sanitation MDG 7 Ensure Environmental Sustainability Target 10 Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation:  MDG 7 Ensure Environmental Sustainability Target 10 Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation Uganda: End 2006 : 61% access to safe water/ 58% access to sanitation MDG 2015: 80% access to safe water/ 83% access to sanitation Remaining: add 9 mill. access to safe water and sanitation Capacity to be increased by 1 time for for water and 1.1 times for sanitation Investment requirements: 95 mill. USD/year for water and 147 mill /year for sanitation Investments (public) planned: 100 mill. USD/year for water and 19 mill. USD/year for sanitation MDG 7 Ensure Environmental Sustainability Target 10 Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation:  MDG 7 Ensure Environmental Sustainability Target 10 Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation Zambia: End 2002 : 53% access to safe water/ 23% access to sanitation MDG 2015: 74% access to safe water/ 42% access to sanitation Remaining: add 4 mill. access to safe water and 9 mill. access to sanitation Capacity to be increased by 6 times for water and 3 times for sanitation Investment requirements: not available Investment s (public) planned: 0.45 mill USD/ year for water and 0.05 USD/year for sanitation MDG 7 Ensure Environmental Sustainability Target 10 Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation:  MDG 7 Ensure Environmental Sustainability Target 10 Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation Making Water part of Economic Development: - Improved water supply and sanitation and water resources management boosts countries economic growth and contribute greatly to poverty eradication -The economic benefits of improved water supply and – in particular – sanitation far outweigh the investment costs - National economies are more resilient to rainfall variability, and economic growth is boosted when water storage capacity is improved - Improved water supply and sanitation contributes significantly to increased production and productivity within economic sectors - The overall public and private investment needs for improved water supply and sanitation ( and water resources management) are considerable. However, at the country level, meeting such investment challenges is highly feasible and within the reach of most nations. MDG 7 Ensure Environmental Sustainability Target 10 Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation:  MDG 7 Ensure Environmental Sustainability Target 10 Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation Making Water part of Economic Development: - Improved water supply and sanitation and water resources management boosts countries economic growth and contribute greatly to poverty eradication -The economic benefits of improved water supply and – in particular – sanitation far outweigh the investment costs - National economies are more resilient to rainfall variability, and economic growth is boosted when water storage capacity is improved - Improved water supply and sanitation contributes significantly to increased production and productivity within economic sectors - The overall public and private investment needs for improved water supply and sanitation ( and water resources management) are considerable. However, at the country level, meeting such investment challenges is highly feasible and within the reach of most nations. MDG 7 Ensure Environmental Sustainability Target 10 Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation:  MDG 7 Ensure Environmental Sustainability Target 10 Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation What are the ways forward: - There must be a deliberate commitment by donors to increase and refocus their development assistance and to target sufficient aid to the poorest low income countries - There must be a deliberate commitment by governments to reallocate their resources so that they target funding to their unserved poor - There must be deliberate activities to create support and ownership for water supply and sanitation initiatives among both women and men in poor communities - There must be a deliberate recognition that basic sanitation in particular requires an approach that centres on community mobilisation and actions that support and encourage that mobilisation - Their must be a deliberate planning and investment in sound water resources management and infrastructure MDG 7 Ensure Environmental Sustainability Target 10 Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation:  MDG 7 Ensure Environmental Sustainability Target 10 Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation Securing sanitation: - There must be a commitment by governments to secure that the institutional arrangements are up to the job ? - There must be a commitment by the government to devise and support the new institutional arrangements to achieve the needed focus at the household level. - Thinking creatively: hardware alone is not sufficient; household decision making is crucial; change in the entire community is imperative; the public nature of sanitation remains important, but public and private benefits needs to be in balance The sanitation crisis is just that – a crisis. It is as shocking as AIDS, as debilitating as Malaria, and as solvable as Polio. Overall meeting the target could garner an economic gain in the order of 65 billion USD every year. MDG 7 Ensure Environmental Sustainability Target 10 Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation:  MDG 7 Ensure Environmental Sustainability Target 10 Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation Thank you for your attention

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