Maulana abul kalam azad thiyagu 11.11.2016

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Information about Maulana abul kalam azad thiyagu 11.11.2016

Published on November 11, 2016



1. MAULANA ABUL KALAM AZAD Indian Muslim Scholar 1

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3. Born on 11 November 1888 Died on 22 February 1958 3

4. Minister of Education 15 August 1947-1958 4

5. Azad Mastered Several Languages including Pashtu, Urdu, Arabic, Hindko, Persian, Bangla and Hindi 5

6. Azad joined the congress and was also elected president of the All India Khilafat Committee He served as congress president from 1940-1945 during which the Quit India rebellion was launched 6

7. Azad grew personally close to Gandhi and his philosophy and remained firmly committed to Gandhi’s ideals and leadership. 7

8. Becoming deeply committed to Non-violence (Ahimsa) Azad developed a close friendship with fellow Nationalists like Jawaharlal Nehru, Chittaranjan Das and Subash Chandra Bose. 8

9. Azad and his friend Nehru began espousing socialism as the means to fight inequality, poverty and other national challenges. 9

10. At the age of twelve in 1903,brought out a monthly journal “ Lissan-us-sidq”-which soon gained popularity Azad contributed learned articles to “Makhzan” (the best known literary magazine of the day )at fourteen. 10

11. Azad had promoted nationalism and rejected the All India Muslim League’s communal separatism.11

12. When Gandhi embarked on the Dandi salt march that inaugurated the salt satyagraha in 1930, Azad organised and led the nationalist raid, although non-violent on the Dharsana salt works in order to protest the salt tax and restriction of its production and sale. 12

13. Azad joined the congress vehement rejection of Jinnah’s demand that the Muslim League be seen exclusively as the representative of Indian Muslims. 13

14. • Azad criticized severely against Jinnah’s ‘Two nation theory’ and advised all Muslims to preserve a united India, as all Hindus and Muslims were Indians who shared deep bonds of brotherhood and nationhood. 14

15. • Supporting the call for the British to ‘Quit India’ Azad began exhorting thousands of people in rallies across the nation to prepare for a definitive all out struggle. 15

16. • The British agreed to transfer power to Indian hands in 1946,Azad led the congress in the elections for the new constituent assembly of India which would draft India’s constitution. 16

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18. • During the communal violence Azad travelled across Bengal and Bihar to calm the tensions and heal relations between Muslims and Hindus. 18

19. Inspite of being a learned scholar of Islam and a Maulana, Azad had been assailed by Muslim religious leaders for his commitment to nationalism and secularism. 19

20. As India’s first minister of Education he gave thrust to adult illiteracy, universal primary Education, free and compulsory for all children up to the age of 14, girl’s education and diversification of secondary Education and vocational training. 20

21. • Addressing the conference on ‘All India Education’ on January 16,1948 Maulana Azad emphasized, ‘We must not for a moment forget, it is a birthright of every individual to receive atleast the basic education without which he cannot fully discharge his duties as a citizen. 21

22. Under his leadership, the ministry of Education established the first Indian Institute of Technology in 1951 and the University Grant Commission in 1953. 22

23. Azad also laid emphasis on the development of the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore and the Faculty of Technology of the Delhi University. 23

24. His firm belief in Hindu Muslim unity earned him the respect of Hindu community and he still remains one of the most important symbols of communal harmony in modern India. 24

25. Numerous institutions across India have been named in his honour. Maulana Azad Medical College New Delhi Maulana Azad National Urdu University Hydrabad Maulana Azad Institute of Technology Bhopal Maulana Azad Centre for Elementary and social Education Delhi Maulana Azad college Calcutta 25

26. • Jawaharlal Nehru refered to to him as Mir-I-Karawan ( the caravan leader), “a very brave and gentleman, a finished product of the culture that, in these days pertains to few” 26





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32. Mahatma Gandhi remarked about Azad, “The emperor of learning, a person of the calibre of Plato, Aristotle and Pythagorus.” 32

33. HIS BIRTHDAY (NOVEMBER 11) IS CELEBRATED AS NATIONAL EDUCATION DAY IN INDIA. Prepared by Dr. K. Thiyagu, Department of Education, CUK 33

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