Maths in the Arab World

50 %
50 %
Information about Maths in the Arab World
Education

Published on October 11, 2008

Author: aSGuest738

Source: authorstream.com

MATHS IN THE ARAB WORLD : MATHS IN THE ARAB WORLD INTRODUCTION : INTRODUCTION Greeks ?? Europeans Conquests: Damascus, Jerusalem, Mesopotamia, Alexandria. Arab territory: from India to Spain (including North Africa and South Italy) Library of Alexandria House of Wisdom(“Beit al Hinka”) Some translations : Some translations Euclid’s Elements Ptolemy’s Almagest Aristotle, Apollonius, Archimedes, Heron, Diophantus and Indian writers. AL-KHWARIZMI : AL-KHWARIZMI Abu Abdallah Muhammad ibn Mūsā al-Jwārizmī Al-Khorezmi, al-Khwarizmi, Al-Khawarizmi, Al-Khawaritzmi or al-Khowarizmi Some notes about his biography : Some notes about his biography 780 DC - Kharizm (south of Aral Sea) 850 DC - Bagdad 820 DC – Caliph Al'Mamun (House of Wisdom) Travels: Afghanistan, Turkey, Russia... Main worksMaths, Astronomy, Astrology, Geography and History : Main worksMaths, Astronomy, Astrology, Geography and History A page from Algebra Al-Khwarizmi: father of Algebra : Kitab al-jabr wa'l-muqabala – ‘algebra’ the most ancient book method for solving linear and quadratic equations Reduction of the equations to one of six standard forms (b,c >0) : squares equal roots (ax2 = bx) squares equal number (ax2 = c) roots equal number (bx = c) squares and roots equal number (ax2 + bx = c) squares and number equal roots (ax2 + c = bx) roots and number equal squares (bx + c = ax2) Al-Khwarizmi: father of Algebra Slide 9: Solve the equation x2+6x=7 total area: x2+6x+9 x2+6x+9 = 7+9 = 16 (x+3) 2 = 42 x = 1 Slide 10: Algoritmi de numero Indorum (Latin translation) numerical system India zero The Arabic numeral system : The Arabic numeral system Different number systems were used simultaneously in the Arabic world over a long period of time. There were three different types of arithmetic (11th century): counting on the fingers with the numerals written entirely in words the sexagesimal system with numerals denoted by letters of the Arabic alphabet the arithmetic of the Indian numerals Slide 12: al-Sizji (969) al-Biruni (1082) The biggest change was the fact that the 2 and the 3 have been rotated through 90º. Slide 13: The scribes therefore, instead of writing from right to left (the standard way that Arabic was written) wrote in lines from top to bottom. Slide 14: al-Banna al-Marrakushi (beginning of the 14th century) Al-Haytham : Al-Haytham He was the first to attempt to classify all even perfect numbers as those of the form 2k-1(2k - 1) where 2k - 1 is prime. He is also the first person that we know to state Wilson's theorem: If p is prime then 1+(p-1)! is divisible by p. Trigonometry : Trigonometry Al-Battani, Abu’l-Wafa, Ibn Yunus, Nasir al-Tusi The Arabs start their study with the idea of the Greeks and the idea of Hindus.At the end, they prefer the idea of the Hindus.

Add a comment

Related presentations

Related pages

Mathematics in medieval Islam - Wikipedia, the free ...

Algebra. The study of algebra, which itself is an Arabic word meaning "reunion of broken parts", [3] flourished during the Islamic golden age. Al-Khwarizmi ...
Read more

Modern Arabic mathematical notation - Wikipedia, the free ...

It is contested that the usage of Latin x in maths is derived from the first letter of the Arabic word شيء [ʃajʔ(un)] meaning thing. [1] (X was used ...
Read more

PPT – MATHS IN THE ARAB WORLD PowerPoint presentation ...

Title: MATHS IN THE ARAB WORLD 1 MATHS IN THE ARAB WORLD 2 INTRODUCTION. Greeks ?? Europeans ; Conquests Damascus, Jerusalem, Mesopotamia, Alexandria.
Read more

No Title - Department of Mathematics, Texas A&M University

About this document . Arab Contributions. Within a century of Muhammad's conquest of Mecca, Islamic armies conquered lands from northern Africa, southern ...
Read more

Arabic mathematical notation - World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)

2.2 Glyph Shaping. As Arabic is a calligraphic script, letters within words are typically joined together. When text in such calligraphic scripts is ...
Read more

THE ARAB WORLD’S EDUCATION REPORT CARD - Carnegie ...

The Arab world is embarking on a long journey of political, ... The Arab World’s Education Report Card: ... math or science, ...
Read more

Arabic Math Vocabulary | Arabic Language Blog

Arabic Math Vocabulary. Posted on 11. Mar, 2010 by aziza in Vocabulary. Most Arabic teaching focuses on Arabic grammar and vocabulary, and many students ...
Read more

Islamic Mathematics - The Story of Mathematics

... Islamic Mathematics. The ... the major Greek and Indian mathematical and astronomy works into Arabic. ... was soon adopted by the entire Islamic world, ...
Read more

Arabic mathematics - University of St Andrews

Recent research paints a new picture of the debt that we owe to Arabic/Islamic mathematics. ... the world of mathematics except that some Arabic ... Math ...
Read more

THE THIRD WORLD MATHEMATICS EDUCATION IS A HOPE FOR THE ...

THE THIRD WORLD MATHEMATICS EDUCATION IS A ... and other Arab countries were involved in a "new math ... from outside the Arab World ...
Read more