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Published on December 23, 2007

Author: avsar

Source: authorstream.com

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Philosophies of Karl Marx:  Philosophies of Karl Marx Lulu Fang Jeannette Zallar Chujiao Ma Sarai Ortega Hisabel Cuellar James Saca David Griffith In this presentation, we will talk about::  In this presentation, we will talk about: Dialectical materialism Communism Socialism Other philosophies Dialectical Materialism :  Dialectical Materialism Slide4:  Material, or physical, conditions are what historical changes are made of. All history is history of the class struggle. Everything depends upon historical circumstances and material conditions of the time. Communism:  Communism Slide6:  “From each according to his ability, to each according to his needs.” “Communism deprives no man of the power to appropriate the products of society; all that it does is to deprive him of the power to subjugate the labor of others by means of such appropriation.” -Karl Marx Slide7:  This picture describes the concept of Marx’s philosophy. A government under communism “distributes” resources according to the needs of the people. Socialism:  Socialism Slide9:  Socialism could be summed up in this way: “All social wealth, the land with all its natural resources hidden in its bowels and on the surface, and all factories and works must be taken out of the hands of the exploiters and taken into common property of the people. The first duty of a real workers' government is to declare by means of a series of decrees the most important means of production to be national property and place them under the control of society.” Slide10:  In other words, the resources should be in the hands of the workforce, not the few rich people there are. The true duty of the government is to place the ‘national property’ under the control of the “common” person. An explanation of Socialism… Marx’s other philosophies include::  Marx’s other philosophies include: Slide12:  “The rate of profit will fall over time, and this is one of the factors which leads to the downfall of capitalism.” “Great leaders succeed only if they move in the same direction as the force that will cause the revolution leads.” Slide13:  “Industry is the real historical relationship of nature … to man.” “The philosophers have only interpreted the world, the point is to change it.” "The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles." Slide14:  “The worker becomes all the poorer the more wealth he produces, the more his production increases in power and range. The worker becomes an ever cheaper commodity the more commodities he creates. With the increasing value of the world of things, proceeds, in direct proportion, the devaluation of the world of men. Labour produces not only commodities; it produces itself and the worker as a commodity -- and does so in the proportion in which it produces commodities generally.” - Karl Marx, Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts (1844) Economy:  Economy Determines human lives, their wealth, and their power. Forms the basis of all human activities. Is a crucial factor that helps determine the outcome, the ownership of the means of production. Workers:  Workers should produce what the community wants, not what rich people want. Workers Opportunism :  Opportunism When workers take advantage of the system to further their own ends. Workers suffer from four types of alienated labor::  Workers suffer from four types of alienated labor: Slide19:  The product, which as soon as it is created, is taken away from its producer. In productive activity (work), which is experienced as a torment. Slide20:  From species-being, for humans produce blindly and not in accordance with their truly human powers. From other human beings, where the relation of exchange replaces mutual need Works Cited:  Works Cited Marx and Marxism www.encarta.msn “The Communist Manifesto” Marxists.org http://www.historyguide.org/intellect/marx.html Works Cited cont.:  Works Cited cont. “Philosophy for Dummies”

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