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Market Analysis Getah Damar atau Gum Rosin

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Information about Market Analysis Getah Damar atau Gum Rosin
Marketing

Published on February 18, 2014

Author: lenalayla

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Market analysis mengenai industri getah damar di Indonesia dan pasar ekspor. Penjelasan singkat dan merupakan rangkuman analisis. Berisi latar belakang, spesifikasi getah damar yang diterima pasar dunia, foto, harga dan negara-negara suplier.
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Presented by : Lena Lailasari

    Pohon damar (Agathis dammara (Lamb.) Rich.) adalah sejenis pohon anggota tumbuhan runjung (Gymnospermae) yang merupakan tumbuhan asli Indonesia. Damar menyebar di Maluku, Sulawesi, hingga ke Filipina (Palawan dan Samar) Diambil getah/kopal/hars Kegiatan mengambil getah dinamakan menderes Nama asing getah damar yaitu Gum Rosin  Sumber : jualgetahdamar.wordpress.com/

Salah satu lokasi penghasil getah damar yaitu daerah Krui, Lampung Barat  Getah damar memiliki kualitas dan harga yang berbeda-beda 1. AA : super, harga Rp. 24.000,-/kg 2. AB : baik, harga Rp. 22.500,-/kg 3. B : menengah, harga Rp. 17.000,-/kg 4. C : rendah, harga Rp. 12.000-13.000,-/kg  Jenis getah damar favorit yaitu getah damar mata kucing 

          Pembuatan korek api (untuk mencegah api membakar kayu terlalu cepat) Berguna untuk melapisi dan mengkilapkan penganan dan makanan Digunkan sebagai dupa (incense) Sebagai bahan untuk plastik Digunakan sebagi plester, Bisa dijadikan lak/lem , misalnya untuk pompong/perahu kecil. Dijadikan sebagai vernis (varnish) pada kayu Untuk melapisi lukisan agar menjadi lebih awet Sebagai bahan campuran pewarna dan lilin pada kain Batik, jumlah yang dibutuhkan untuk keseluruhan batik ini adalah 6 %. Diolah menjadi kopal, yaitu sebagi bahan yang berguna untuk melapisi kertas agar tidak rusak kalau ditulisi dengan tinta. Sumber : http://daunhijau.com/2012/12/fungsi-dan-kegunaan-damar/

Negara pengimpor getah damar : India, Jerman, Filipina, Perancis, Belgia, Uni Emirat Arab, Bangladesh, Pakistan, India  Harga ekspor di pasaran yaitu USD 12002080 per metric ton  Harga lokal di Indonesia yaitu USD 10001500 per metric ton  Kualitas dan spesifikasi gum rosin akan menentukan harga jual  Sumber : Alibaba.com

                        GUM ROSIN PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION CAS NO. : 8050-09-7 EINECS NO. : 232-475-7 FORMULA Mixture MOL WT. H.S. CODE TOXICITY Oral rat LD50: 3.0 mg/kg SYNONYMS Colophony; Rosin, Gum; Pine rosin; Mixture of resin acids; DERIVATION CLASSIFICATION PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES PHYSICAL STATE yellow crystalline solid MELTING POINT 70 - 80 C BOILING POINT 250 C SPECIFIC GRAVITY 1.06 - 1.08 SOLUBILITY IN WATER : Negligible pH VAPOR DENSITY AUTOIGNITION NFPA RATINGS Health: 2; Flammability: 1; Reactivity: 0 REFRACTIVE INDEX FLASH POINT STABILITY Stable under ordinary conditions. GENERAL DESCRIPTION & APPLICATIONS Turpentine is a semifluid substance consisting of two principal components, spirits of turpentine (volatile portion also known as oil of turpentine or turps ) and a type of rosin (nonvolatile portion also known as colophony). Turpentine is exuded from coniferous trees. The crude turpentine is distilled through steam into commercial turpentine, oil of turpentine. Rosin, also known as colophony, is the solid residue from crude turpentine. It is a translucent, brittle, friable resin which becomes sticky when warm and often has a fai nt pinelike odor. Its color varies from dark brownish to transparent depending on the source of crude turpentine. "Wood rosin¡± is obtained from old conifer stumps, while ¡°gum rosin¡± is from living conifers. The water solubility is negligible. But rosin is soluble in alcohol, ether, turpentine, and some organic solvents. It dissolves various metal hydroxides. Rosin is a complex derived from wood, especially pine wood. Composed primarily of resin acids and modified resin acids such as dimers and decarboxylated acids. Rosin acids are the complex mixture of several compounds, particularly abietic acid types and the pimaric acid types which belong to the diterpene group of organic compounds. Abietic acid has conjugated double links and carboxyl groups. Pimaric acid is the dehydro form of abietic acid. Oxidation of abietic acid makes colophony more brittle and darker. The carboxyl group and double links in the acids can yield many kinds of salts and modified compounds for better purposes. Rosin and modified forms (salts and esters) are used in making papers, varnishes, pai nts, adhesives, and some soaps. Modified products with fumaric and maleic acids (or anhydrydes) are used in manufacturing alkydes. Other uses include sizing for paper products, paint dryers, plasticiser in rubber, waterproofing, emulsified oils, dressings for machine belting, enamels used in ceramic manufacture, roofing cement, sealing wax, linoleum, oil cloth, lutes ointments, plasters, veterinary medicines, disinfecting compounds, dry batteries and electrical insulation, production of fungicides, antislip agents for floors and shoes, violin bows. SALES SPECIFICATION APPEARANCE light yellow MELTING POINT 76 C min ACIDITY : 166 min (mg KOH/g) UN SAP VALUE 5.0% max INSOLUBLES 0.05% max (in alcohol) ASH 0.02% max TRANSPORTATION PACKING 225kgs in drum or 25kgs in bag HAZARD CLASS UN NO. OTHER INFORMATION Hazard Symbols: XI , Risk Phrases: 43, Safety Phrases: 24-37 Other CAS RN: 8050-14-4; 8050-10-0; 8052-47-9; 37271-91-3; 39390-87-9; 68153-42-4; 118817-23-5

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Cina -1767 Indonesia - 78 Vietnam - 307 Turki - 14 Argentina - 3 Armenia - 1 Australia - 3 Bangladesh – 2 Sumber : Alibaba

TERIMA KASIH

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