Published on February 20, 2014
Seeing their faith, who can forgive sins, abstain from fornication, forgive first, vengeance, the Son of Man, taxes, sinners, wine, Sabbath breaker, work on the Sabbath Mark 2 Argentine gauchos race across a lake near Beron de Astrada, November 1980.PHOTOGRAPH BY O. LOUIS MAZZATENTA, NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC The Son Of Man Has Authority The Son Of Man Is Lord Even Of The Sabbath
BIBLE IN FIVE Pastor Dave Kooyers Valley Bible Fellowship Box 433 Boonville CA 95415 www.ValleyBibleFellowship.org (707) 895-2325 God bless you as you examine His Word, Your servant in Christ, 2Cor. 4:5, Dave
Let’s read Mark 2:1-5
Mark 2:2, “and” (kai) • Mark 2:2 And many were gathered together, so that there was no longer room, not even near the door; and He was speaking the word to them. • This little book has a disproportionate number of uses of “and” (kai). 509 NASU uses out in it’s 678 verses • Out of the 66 books, Mark comes in 19th in uses • This connector ties together the continuous action of Mark • J.V. McGee says his English teacher would have flunked for this much use of “and.” • Some say it’s impossible to end a sentence with “and.”
Mark 2:2, Speaking To Them The Word • YLT Mark 2:2 and immediately many were gathered together, so that there was no more room, not even at the door, and he was speaking to them the word. • καὶ ἐλάλει αὐτοῖς τὸν λόγον. • YLT has the most accurate literal • So, be like Jesus; 2 Timothy 4:2 preach the word; be ready in season and out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort, with great patience and instruction.
Mark 2:5, Seeing Their Faith • This account is in all 3 synoptics; • Matthew 9:2 And they brought to Him a paralytic lying on a bed. Seeing their faith, Jesus said to the paralytic, "Take courage, son; your sins are forgiven.“ • Mark 2:5 And Jesus seeing their faith… • Luke 5:20 Seeing their faith… • Matthew 17:20 And He said to them, "Because of the littleness of your faith; for truly I say to you, if you have faith the size of a mustard seed….
Mark 2:5, Seeing Their Faith • Mark 2:5 And Jesus seeing their faith said to the paralytic, "Son, your sins are forgiven.“ • If someone ripped open the roof, what would we “see”? • What would we “see” as his need? • What are we most interested in this account? • Jesus wasn’t distracted by the roof, He saw their faith and his need for forgiveness of sins. • What is the most important thing in this account?
Let’s read Mark 2:6-15 • Mark 2:6 …reasoning in their hearts, • Mark 2:8 Immediately Jesus, aware in His spirit that they were reasoning that way within themselves… • Mark 2:10 …the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins “ • Jesus was not only claiming to be God, but showing it
Mark 2:6, Reasoning In Their Hearts • Mark 2:6 But some of the scribes were sitting there and reasoning in their hearts, • The “reasoning in their hearts” is juxtaposed to “their faith.”
Mark 2:7, Who Can Forgive Sins? • Mark 2:7 "Why does this man speak that way? He is blaspheming; who can forgive sins but God alone?“ • The scribes were exactly right, in challenging this! • I can forgive sins against me in a relational sense, but not judicially. The DA decides who he will prosecute under the law. • All sins is against God, and He alone set the punishment for sin, and no amount of emotional regret, or us forgiving each other, has any impact upon the penalty of the law. • The fine/penalty must be paid. (Romans 6:23)
Mark 2:7, Who Can Forgive Sins? • Suppose our local sheriff caught a bank robber, and he knew the man, and knew his desperate need for money for his child’s operation. Could the sheriff forgive his sin? • Yes he could, but the DA decides who he will prosecute under the law. • Suppose our local DA forgives his sin, and decides not to prosecute? Would he be OK? • It’s a federal crime, would he be OK? • Suppose the Feds forgave his sin, and decide not to prosecute? Would he be OK? • Exodus 20:15 "You shall not steal. • All sin is against God, and the fine/penalty must be paid. (Romans 6:23)
Mark 2:7, Who Can Forgive Sins? • Mark 2:7 "Why does this man speak that way? He is blaspheming; who can forgive sins but God alone?“ • Psalm 51:1…A Psalm of David, when Nathan the prophet came to him, after he had gone in to Bathsheba…. • Psalm 51:4 Against You, You only, I have sinned…
Mark 2:7, Abstain From Fornication • Joe's in the confessional... • "Father, I committed adultery" • "The priest starts thinking of the most promiscuous women in town. "Was it with Marie Brown?" • "I'd rather not say who it was." • "Was it with Betty Smith?" • "I'd rather not say," says Joe. So the priest gives him absolution and Joe leaves. Later, Joe's friend asks if he received absolution. • "Yes, and two very good leads!"
Mark 2:7, Who Can Forgive Sins? • • • • • Can a priest forgive sins? Can I as a pastor forgive sins? Only sins against me, and only relationally. I can do nothing about the broken law! Sin goes out like ripples in a pond, I can do nothing about the consequences of sin. • If 2 fornicators, have a child out of wedlock, they can forgive each other but the consequences remain. • I can only direct sinners to the only One who paid the fine/penalty for sin. Jesus Christ • Psalm 51:4 Against You, You only, I have sinned…
Mark 2:7, Who Can Forgive Sins • Matthew 9:6…the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins… • Mark 2:7 …who can forgive sins but God alone?" • CCC 1461 Since Christ entrusted to his apostles the ministry of reconciliation,65 bishops who are their successors, and priests, the bishops’ collaborators, continue to exercise this ministry. Indeed bishops and priests, by virtue of the sacrament of Holy Orders, have the power to forgive all sins “in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.” (981) • CCC 1493 One who desires to obtain reconciliation with God and with the Church, must confess to a priest all the unconfessed grave sins he remembers after having carefully examined his conscience. The confession of venial faults, without being necessary in itself, is nevertheless strongly recommended by the Church.
Smile First, Forgive First • Let us be the first to give a friendly sign; to nod first, smile first, speak first, and- if such a thing is necessary- forgive first. Unknown • For our own well being, and for the offender’s, and for the relationship between us, we must forgive. Completely, unconditionally, in a horizontal way, relationally. • Romans 12:19 Never take your own revenge, beloved, but leave room for the wrath of God, for it is written, "VENGEANCE IS MINE, I WILL REPAY," says the Lord. [Deuteronomy 32:35, Hebrews 10:30] • Matthew 6:12 'And forgive us our debts, as we also have forgiven our debtors. • 1 John 1:9 If we confess our sins, He is faithful and righteous to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.
Mark 2:7, Who Can Forgive Sins? • Mark 2:7…who can forgive sins but God alone?“ • The scribes were exactly right, in challenging this! • Either Jesus is blaspheming, in which case He is a sinner, not a Savior. • Or He is God in the flesh! • Jesus, knowing their thoughts, is claiming to be, and showing that He is God.
Mark 2:10, The Son of Man? • Mark 2:6 …reasoning in their hearts, • Mark 2:8 Immediately Jesus, aware in His spirit that they were reasoning that way within themselves… • Mark 2:10 …the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins “ • Jesus was not only claiming to be God, but showing it
Who Or What Is Your Authority • Mark 2:10 "But so that you may know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins "-He said to the paralytic,
Mark 2:14, In The Tax Booth • Mark 2:14 As He passed by, He saw Levi the son of Alphaeus sitting in the tax booth, and He said to him, "Follow Me!" And he got up and followed Him.
Taxes? • Luke 20:22 "Is it lawful for us to pay taxes to Caesar, or not?“ • Romans 13:6 For because of this you also pay taxes, for rulers are servants of God, devoting themselves to this very thing.
Mark 2:15 • Mark 2:15 And it happened that He was reclining at the table in his house, and many tax collectors and sinners were dining with Jesus and His disciples; for there were many of them, and they were following Him.
Mark 2:15, Disciples • The word “disciples” is used quite a lot by Mark. More than Luke or Acts. • The word “disciples” is used in 42 verses in Mark in the NASU
Mark 2:16, Tax Collectors And Sinners • Mark 2:16 When the scribes of the Pharisees saw that He was eating with the sinners and tax collectors, they said to His disciples, "Why is He eating and drinking with tax collectors and sinners?" 17 And hearing this, Jesus said to them, "It is not those who are healthy who need a physician, but those who are sick; I did not come to call the righteous, but sinners.“ • Tax collectors and sinners are emphasized, it was an affront to them, why would He do it?
Mark 2:17, Sinners • Mark 2:17 And hearing this, Jesus said to them, "It is not those who are healthy who need a physician, but those who are sick; I did not come to call the righteous, but sinners.“ • If you are self righteous, or religious righteous you cannot come to Christ; • John 6:44 "No one can come to Me unless the Father who sent Me draws him… • Only sinners can be called/saved. The teaching that somehow you must stop sinning before you can be saved is wrong. To “stop sinning” or “turn from your sin” is a result of salvation, not a prerequisite. • The only prerequisite is to be a called sinner.
Mark 2:17, Sinners • Psalm 51:13, 1:1, How blessed is the man who does not walk in the counsel of the wicked, Nor stand in the path of sinners, Nor sit in the seat of scoffers! • Jesus is paraphrasing Hosea 6:6 in, Matthew 9:13 "But go and learn what this means: 'I DESIRE COMPASSION, AND NOT SACRIFICE,' for I did not come to call the righteous, but sinners.“ • "There are only two kinds of men: the righteous, who believe themselves sinners; the rest, sinners who believe themselves righteous" --Blaise Pascal (16231662)
Mark 2:17, Jesus Came To Save Sinners • 1 Timothy 1:15 It is a trustworthy statement, deserving full acceptance, that Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners, among whom I am foremost of all. • Luke 19:10 "For the Son of Man has come to seek and to save that which was lost.“ • Matthew 9:13 "But go and learn what this means: 'I DESIRE COMPASSION, AND NOT SACRIFICE,' for I did not come to call the righteous, but sinners."
Let’s read Mark 2:18-20, We Await Him! • • • • • Not many people mourn at a wedding feast It’s normal for us to mourn when we study the crucifixion And rejoice at Easter, and the resurrection Romans 8:25…with perseverance we wait eagerly … 1 Corinthians 1:7…awaiting eagerly the revelation of our Lord Jesus Christ, • Philippians 3:20 …we eagerly wait for a Savior, the Lord Jesus Christ; • Hebrews 9:28 so Christ also, having been offered once to bear the sins of many, will appear a second time for salvation without reference to sin, to those who eagerly await Him.
Let’s read Mark 2:21-28
Mark 2:21, 2 Examples, Same Message • Mark 2:21 "No one sews a patch of unshrunk cloth on an old garment; otherwise the patch pulls away from it, the new from the old, and a worse tear results. • Mark 2:22 "No one puts new wine into old wineskins; otherwise the wine will burst the skins, and the wine is lost and the skins as well; but one puts new wine into fresh wineskins.“ • Who or what is He talking about? • Mark 2:16 When the scribes of the Pharisees saw… • Then Jesus brought up the crucifixion. • Religious legalistic Judaism is the un-stretchable cloth and old wineskin.
Mark 2:22, Wine • Matthew 9:17 "Nor do people put new wine [oinos] into old wineskins; otherwise the wineskins burst, and the wine [oinos] pours out and the wineskins are ruined; but they put new wine [oinos] into fresh wineskins, and both are preserved.“ • <3631> οινος oinos • Meaning: wine • Origin: a prim. word • Usage: wine(33), wine*(1). • [oinos] used 4X’s in Mark 2:22, 3X’s in Luke 5:37-38 • Luke 7:33 "For John the Baptist has come eating no bread and drinking no wine [oinos] , and you say, 'He has a demon!‘ 34 "The Son of Man has come eating and drinking, and you say, 'Behold, a gluttonous man and a drunkard, a friend of tax collectors and sinners!‘ • [oinos] used 5X’s in John 2:3-10… the mother of Jesus said to Him, "They have no wine [oinos] ." … you have kept the good wine [oinos] until now.
Mark 2:22, Wine • Romans 14:21 It is good not to eat meat or to drink wine [oinos] , or to do anything by which your brother stumbles. • Ephesians 5:18 And do not get drunk with wine [oinos] , for that is dissipation, but be filled with the Spirit, • 1 Timothy 3:3 not addicted to wine [paroinos] or pugnacious, but gentle, peaceable, free from the love of money. • <3943> πάροινος paroinos • Meaning: given to wine, drunken • Origin: from 3844 and 3631 • Usage: addicted to wine(2). • 1 Timothy 3:8 Deacons likewise must be men of dignity, not double-tongued, or addicted to much wine [oinos] or fond of sordid gain,
Mark 2:22, Wine • 1 Timothy 5:23 No longer drink water exclusively, but use a little wine for the sake of your stomach and your frequent ailments. [oinos]
Mark 2:23, Sabbath Breaker? • Mark 2:23 And it happened that He was passing through the grainfields on the Sabbath, and His disciples began to make their way along while picking the heads of grain. 24 The Pharisees were saying to Him, "Look, why are they doing what is not lawful on the Sabbath?" • Deuteronomy 23:25 "When you enter your neighbor's standing grain, then you may pluck the heads with your hand, but you shall not wield a sickle in your neighbor's standing grain.
Mark 2:24, Not Lawful On The Sabbath?" • Mark 2:24 The Pharisees were saying to Him, "Look, why are they doing what is not lawful on the Sabbath?“ • It was lawful according to Moses. • It was not lawful according to their traditions.
Mark 2:24-3:4, Work On The Sabbath • The Pharisees were splitting hairs over what was considered work on the Sabbath. • For example, one could swallow vinegar for a sore throat on the Sabbath but could not gargle with it, for that would be work; and a woman should not look in a mirror on the Sabbath because she might see a gray hair and pluck it out—that would also be work. • - John Commentary, pg 27 - Chester McCalley • Exodus 31:15 'For six days work may be done, but on the seventh day there is a sabbath of complete rest, holy to the LORD; whoever does any work on the sabbath day shall surely be put to death.
Mark 2:25, The Consecrated Bread • Mark 2:25 And He said to them, "Have you never read what David did when he was in need and he and his companions became hungry; 26 how he entered the house of God in the time of Abiathar the high priest, and ate the consecrated bread, which is not lawful for anyone to eat except the priests, and he also gave it to those who were with him?“ • 1 Samuel 21:1-9 • Jesus didn’t plead innocence because of Deuteronomy 23:25, that would only have only taught about eating, instead, He goes to the root of the problem, their legalism about the law, distorts the intent of the law. The law was to bless the people, not hurt them. It had a provision for the hungry, and destitute.
Mark 2:27 • Mark 2:27 Jesus said to them, "The Sabbath was made for man, and not man for the Sabbath.
Ezekiel 20:12 "Also I gave them My sabbaths to be a sign between Me and them, that they might know that I am the LORD who sanctifies them.
Mark 2:28, Sabbath • Mark 2:28 "So the Son of Man is Lord even of the Sabbath." • The captain of the LORD'S host commanded 7 times as much work to be done on the Sabbath. • Joshua 6:4 "Also seven priests shall carry seven trumpets of rams' horns before the ark; then on the seventh day you shall march around the city seven times, and the priests shall blow the trumpets. • “Who is this guy” • Matthew 12:8 "For the Son of Man is Lord of the Sabbath."
Mark 2:28 Sabbath • A world without a Sabbath would be like a man without a smile, like a summer without flowers, and like a homestead without a garden. It is the most joyous day of the whole week. Henry Ward Beecher
THE END • American bison charge through heavy snow in Yellowstone National Park, November 1967.PHOTOGRAPH BY WILLIAM ALBERT ALLARD, NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC
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5 Seeing their faith, Jesus said to the paralyzed man, ... can forgive sins! ... of the Sabbath. 28 So the Son of Man is Lord, even over the Sabbath! ...
... thy sins be forgiven thee. 5 Seeing their faith, ... man thus speak blasphemies? who can forgive sins ... Son of Man is Lord even of the Sabbath."
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5 And Jesus seeing their faith saith unto ... the Son of man hath authority on earth to forgive sins ... the Son of man is lord even of the sabbath.