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Marital Status, Individualism And On Line

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Information about Marital Status, Individualism And On Line

Published on December 6, 2008

Author: uberme

Source: slideshare.net

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Marital status, individualism and on-line groups. Does the Internet have a “magnifying glass effect”?   Sorin Matei Communication Technology and Community Program Annenberg School for Communication University of Southern California The research presented in this paper uses datasets obtained from Metamorphosis, an Annenberg School for Communication (USC) Communication Technology and Community Program project

Theoretical background Off-line social-cultural factors that keep people socially anchored – families, friendship networks or neighborhoods – are essential in shaping on-line social encounters Need to analyze both on-line and off-line personal connections

Off-line social-cultural factors that keep people socially anchored – families, friendship networks or neighborhoods – are essential in shaping on-line social encounters

Need to analyze both on-line and off-line personal connections

Theoretical background Social shaping of technology Transformations in social-cultural structure are reflected in social choices we make on-line Major change in late 20 th century American society: emergence of radical individualism On-line discourse and to a certain extent social practices reflect this shift

Social shaping of technology

Transformations in social-cultural structure are reflected in social choices we make on-line

Major change in late 20 th century American society: emergence of radical individualism

On-line discourse and to a certain extent social practices reflect this shift

Theoretical background Why are on-line discourse and social practices linked to individualism: Old American vision of empowering individuals and extending democracy through technology (Boorstin) Emphasis on “open communication” (Bellah) Community as extension of the self (Jones; Fernback) The “self frontier” (Jones, Riesman) On-line activists explicitly embrace individualism (Shuler, Rheingold)

Why are on-line discourse and social practices linked to individualism:

Old American vision of empowering individuals and extending democracy through technology (Boorstin)

Emphasis on “open communication” (Bellah)

Community as extension of the self (Jones; Fernback)

The “self frontier” (Jones, Riesman)

On-line activists explicitly embrace individualism (Shuler, Rheingold)

Method Marital status used as proxy for individualism: Single households with no children: 1998: 32%, largest marital status group 1972: 16%, doubled its size Married households with children 1972 = 45%, largest marital status group; 1998 = 25%; second largest.

Marital status used as proxy for individualism:

Single households with no children:

1998: 32%, largest marital status group

1972: 16%, doubled its size

Married households with children

1972 = 45%, largest marital status group;

1998 = 25%; second largest.

Weakening of economic role of family Individualistic value priorities  divorce: 1980: 80% of Americans declare “parents should be free to live their own lives even if it means spending less time with their children" and that parents have the right to live well now "even if it means leaving less to the children" (Yankelovich, 1981, p. 74). 1985: 82% of Americans agree "parents who don't get along should not stay together because there are children in the family,” compared to the 51% who agreed with this statement in 1951 (Myers, 2000). Causes of family decline:

Weakening of economic role of family

Individualistic value priorities  divorce:

1980: 80% of Americans declare “parents should be free to live their own lives even if it means spending less time with their children" and that parents have the right to live well now "even if it means leaving less to the children" (Yankelovich, 1981, p. 74).

1985: 82% of Americans agree "parents who don't get along should not stay together because there are children in the family,” compared to the 51% who agreed with this statement in 1951 (Myers, 2000).

Hypotheses H1: Those who are single or divorced are more likely to agree with individualistic beliefs than the rest of the population. H2: Singles are more attracted by the social promises of the Internet than married people. H3: Higher likelihood of making personal connections on-line increases the number of personal friends in real life and is greater for married people.

H1: Those who are single or divorced are more likely to agree with individualistic beliefs than the rest of the population.

H2: Singles are more attracted by the social promises of the Internet than married people.

H3: Higher likelihood of making personal connections on-line increases the number of personal friends in real life and is greater for married people.

Datasets 1. The 1993 General Social Survey ( N =1606) 2. CBS News “CBS.Marketwatch.com” Internet Poll, January 1999 ( N =1782) 3. The Metamorphosis survey of Los Angeles neighborhoods ( N =1491) 4. A specially collected on-line groups dataset ( N =97)

1. The 1993 General Social Survey ( N =1606)

2. CBS News “CBS.Marketwatch.com” Internet Poll, January 1999 ( N =1782)

3. The Metamorphosis survey of Los Angeles neighborhoods ( N =1491)

4. A specially collected on-line groups dataset ( N =97)

Measures You have to take care of yourself first and then help other people (a/d) - GSS Main goal/best thing about the Internet – making new friends – CBS Poll Number of people known in real community to talk about a personal problem – Metamorphosis & Virtual Community datasets Number of people known on-line to talk about personal problem – VC dataset Have you ever made a personal friend on-line? - Metamorphosis

You have to take care of yourself first and then help other people (a/d) - GSS

Main goal/best thing about the Internet – making new friends – CBS Poll

Number of people known in real community to talk about a personal problem – Metamorphosis & Virtual Community datasets

Number of people known on-line to talk about personal problem – VC dataset

Have you ever made a personal friend on-line? - Metamorphosis

Findings H1: Singles have 80% greater odds of putting the self first H2: Singles are: 40% greater odds to say best thing about Internet is making new friends (CBS) 130% greater odds to say main goal for participating in on-line activities is making new friends (Metamorphosis) Controlling for age and education

H1: Singles have 80% greater odds of putting the self first

H2: Singles are:

40% greater odds to say best thing about Internet is making new friends (CBS)

130% greater odds to say main goal for participating in on-line activities is making new friends (Metamorphosis)

Controlling for age and education

MAGNIFYING GLASS EFFECT Main effects both for marital status ( F (1, 78)=11.11, p = .01) and for on-line friendship ( F (1, 78)=6.0, p <.05).

Interaction effect between marital status and personal ties on-line, F(1, 263)=5.34, p<.05

Conclusions a. Marital status seems to be associated with a general individualistic attitude. b. Singles are more likely to believe in the social potential of the Internet. c. Having personal connections on-line seems to be associated with having personal connections in one’s physical community and married people seem to have more connections both in reality and in cyberspace.

a. Marital status seems to be associated with a general individualistic attitude.

b. Singles are more likely to believe in the social potential of the Internet.

c. Having personal connections on-line seems to be associated with having personal connections in one’s physical community and married people seem to have more connections both in reality and in cyberspace.

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