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Information about Manju
Education

Published on September 16, 2014

Author: manjusantharajasekhar

Source: slideshare.net

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THEORETICAL BASE OF PHYSICAL SCIENCE EDUCATION 2 ASSIGNMENT SUBMITTED TO SMITHA MISS LECTURER IN PHYSICAL SCIENCE SUBMITTED BY MANJU.S.RAJASEKHARAN

PHYSICAL SCIENCE TOPIC: NEED AND IMPORTANCE OF FIELD TRIPS AND EXCURSIONS

INDEX Serial no content 1. Introdution 2. Field trips 3. Importance of the field trip 4. Excursion 5. Importance of excursion 6. Conclusion 7. References

INTRODUCTION Education is not confined to class room teaching .The classroom can cover only a small part of our total life. If the pupils learning is to become full and well rounded, the pupils must go beyond the four walls of the classroom participate in the community and learn from their experience. The students must act as a working participant in the community. Field trip and excursion are interchangeably used in the educational literature. But in strict sense they are different. An excursion is a school journey involving any organized travel made by teachers and students primarily with an educational motive in mind. Field trips are organized visits of teachers and students to immediate or distant places to enrich learning experiences and to further instructional purposes of regular class room activities. The chief purpose of

field trips is to give students first hand experiences that cannot be had in the class room. Field trip co-relates learning in the class room with the community; it develops better social awareness and social skills in pupils. Field trips provide enough raw materials that would promote development of senses, knowledge, emotions and skills.

FIELD TRIPS A field trip is a journey by a group of people to a place away from their normal environment. The purpose of the trip is usually observation for education, on-experimental research or to provide students with experiences outside their everyday activities, such as going camping with teachers and their classmates. The aim of this research is to observe the subject in its natural state and possibly collect samples. In western culture people first come across this method during school years when class are taken on school trips to visit a geological or geographical feature of the landscape. Much of the early research into the natural sciences was of this form. Charles Darwin is an important example of someone who was contributed to science through the use of field trips. Fieldtrips are first hand experiences to places of scientific importance .They arise from direct learning situations. They

play the same role in the learning of science as do experiments and demonstrations. ORGANISING A FIELD TRIP To be effective, the trip must be planned carefully, otherwise it will be just wastage of time, energy and money. The stages involved in the completion of a field trip.  A FELT NEED; the purpose of the journey should be clear to students.  SELECTION; selecting a suitable place and securing the permission from the resource centre.  LISTING; Listing out specific objectives.  PLANNING; Planning and preparation.  CONDUCTING; conducting the actual field trip.  CONSOLIDATING; consolidating the results and taking up follow-up activities.

IMPORTANCE OF THE FIELD TRIP  Gives first hand experiences.  Supplements and enriches classroom teaching.  Creates spirit of scientific enquiry.  Gives training in observation.  Stimulates interest in nature and learning.  Co-relates the school life with the outside world.  Provides opportunities for utilizing community resources. EXCURSION An excursion is a trip by a group of people, usually made for leisure, education or physical purposes. It is often an adjunct to a longer journey or visit to a place, sometimes for other purposes. Long trips particularly those requiring the use of buses or automobiles are a different matter. Parents should know when their children are leaving the

school for extended periods. Because long trips require considerable advance preprations, the request for parental permission imposes little hardship. Study tours awaken interest, firsthand experience and all senses are brought into action. The places to be visited should be selected with care so that the tour provides to be really educational as well as memorable for the students. A group of students should be entrusted with the responsibility to compile relevant information about the places to be visited like historical monuments, educational and cultural institutions. The information can be obtained from the year books or can be downloaded from the internet. One or two discussions must be organized on the visit sites before the commencement of the journey. It should be made clear to the students that they should have to prepare a report on the tour for which they should take make notes of their observation.

IMPORTANCE OF EXCURSION  They are generally much more closely related to the out of-school experiences of young people than are the experiences gained in the class room.  Excursion should be for review and drill.  Excursion act as follow up experiences.  During excursion all senses are brought into action.  Excursion awaken many interests that classroom work cannot arouse.

 It is the study of actual object and objects stimulate more curiosity than do ideas.  Excursion permits a class to engage in activities that are too noisy or too violent.

CONCLUSION School field trip and excursions to cultural institutions have notable benefits. Students randomly assigned to receive a tour of an art museum experience improvements in their knowledge of and ability to think critically about display stronger historical empathy, develop higher tolerance and are more likely to visit such cultural institutions as art museums in the future. Field trips and excursions are first hand experiences to places of scientific importance. They arise from direct learning situations. They play the same role in the learning of science as do experiments and demonstrations.

REFERENCES  http://education next .org  http://en.wikipedia.org Corrected and checked by Smitha.I.G Lr.inPhysicalScience F.M.T.C,Mylapore

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