Managing Customer Service

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Information about Managing Customer Service

Published on May 20, 2007

Author: nusantara99

Source: slideshare.net

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Execllent presentation slides on managing customer service: strategies and applicative skills

Managing Customer Service

Contents : Understanding Quality Service and Service Culture Key Skills for Quality Customer Service Addressing Customer Different Behavior Style Steps to Resolve Service Breakdown

Understanding Quality Service and Service Culture

Key Skills for Quality Customer Service

Addressing Customer Different Behavior Style

Steps to Resolve Service Breakdown

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Those with a positive attitude and a cheerful outlook Those who can allow customers to be right (even on the occasions when they are not) Those who genuinely enjoy working with and for other people Those with the ability to put the customer on “center stage” Those who view their job primarily as a human relations profession Service Winners…..

Service is…. Customers in a restaurant want more than a meal Guests in hotels want more than a room Client in a transaction want more than a settlement Customer want more that just the product or service that is offered – they also want to be treated well

Customers in a restaurant want more than a meal

Guests in hotels want more than a room

Client in a transaction want more than a settlement

Customer want more that just the product or service that is offered – they also want to be treated well

Service is Intangible Service is intangible Intangibles deal with the human side of an organization They include human emotions, behaviors, understandings, feelings, and perceptions

Service is Intangible Examples of customer service intangible : Satisfaction Attentiveness Flow Helpfulness Sensitivity Tone Attitude Knowledge Understanding Tact Guidance

Satisfaction

Attentiveness

Flow

Helpfulness

Sensitivity

Tone

Attitude

Knowledge

Understanding

Tact

Guidance

Service The procedural dimension Consist of the established systems and procedures to deliver products and/or services The personal dimension How service providers (using their attitudes, behaviors, and verbal skills) interact with customers Two Dimensions of Service

Two Dimensions of Service The Freezer Low in both personal and procedural service. Motto : “We don’t care” The Friendly Zoo Bad in procedural service, good in personal service. Motto : “We are trying hard, but don’t really know what we are doing” The Factory Good in procedural service, bad in personal service. Motto : “You are number. We are here to process you” Quality Customer Service Excellent in both the personal and procedural dimensions. Motto : ‘We care and we deliver”

Key Elements of Quality Service

Assurance Five Elements of Quality Service Tangible Empathy Responsiveness Reliability

Five Elements of Quality Service Reliability The ability to provide what was promised, dependably and accurately Action strategy : make sure that you correctly identify customer needs, promise only what you can deliver, and follow through to ensure that the product or service was received as promised

The ability to provide what was promised, dependably and accurately

Action strategy : make sure that you correctly identify customer needs, promise only what you can deliver, and follow through to ensure that the product or service was received as promised

Five Elements of Quality Service Assurance The knowledge and courtesy of employees, and their ability to convey trust and confidence Action strategy : take the time to serve customers one at a time. Provide service assertively by using positive communication techniques and describing products and services accurately

The knowledge and courtesy of employees, and their ability to convey trust and confidence

Action strategy : take the time to serve customers one at a time. Provide service assertively by using positive communication techniques and describing products and services accurately

Five Elements of Quality Service Tangible The physical facilities and equipment and the appearance of personnel Action strategy : maintain workspaces in a neat, orderly manner, dress professionally, and maintain excellent grooming and hygiene standards

The physical facilities and equipment and the appearance of personnel

Action strategy : maintain workspaces in a neat, orderly manner, dress professionally, and maintain excellent grooming and hygiene standards

Five Elements of Quality Service Empathy The degree of caring and individual attention provided to customers Action strategy : listen for emotions in your customers’ messages. Put yourself in their place and respond compassionately by offering service to address their needs and concerns

The degree of caring and individual attention provided to customers

Action strategy : listen for emotions in your customers’ messages. Put yourself in their place and respond compassionately by offering service to address their needs and concerns

Five Elements of Quality Service Responsiveness The willingness to help customers and provide prompt services Action strategy : project a positive, can-do attitude. Take immediate steps to help customers and satisfy their needs

The willingness to help customers and provide prompt services

Action strategy : project a positive, can-do attitude. Take immediate steps to help customers and satisfy their needs

Service Culture Components Delivery System Training Motivators and reward Employee roles and expectations Policies and procedures Management support Service mission SERVICE CULTURE Products and services

Service Culture Components Service mission Products and services The direction or vision of an organization that supports day-to-day interaction with the customer The material, products, and services that are state of the art, competitively priced, and meet the needs of customers

Service Culture Components Delivery System Training Motivators and reward The way an organization deliver its products and services Instruction or information provided through a variety of techniques that teach knowledge or skills, or attempt to influence employee attitude toward excellent service delivery Monetary rewards, material items, of feedback that prompts employees to continue to deliver service and perform at a high level of effectiveness and efficiency

Service Culture Components The specific measures that indicates what is expected of employees in customer interactions and that define how employee service performance will be evaluated The guidelines that establish how various situations of transactions will be handled The availability of management to answer questions and assist frontline employees in customer interaction when necessary Employee roles and expectations Policies and procedures Management support

Key Skills for Quality Customer Service

Know Your Organization Know Your Product/Service Know Your Customer Customer Service Person What You Should Know?

Know Your Organization Know Your Organization Organization mission and vision Organization culture Customer interaction policy and procedures Company support for product/service

Organization mission and vision

Organization culture

Customer interaction policy and procedures

Company support for product/service

Know Your Product/Service Know Your Product/Service Product /service development and quality improvement process Product/service configuration Performance data and specification Maintenance and care Price and delivery

Product /service development and quality improvement process

Product/service configuration

Performance data and specification

Maintenance and care

Price and delivery

Know Your CUSTOMERS Know Your Customers Customer Needs Customer Concerns Customer Personality

Customer Needs

Customer Concerns

Customer Personality

Developing Excellent Communication with Customers Excellent Verbal Communication Skills Excellent Non-Verbal Communication Skills Excellent Listening Skills Productive Relationship with Customers

Plan your messages Greet customer warmly and sincerely Be specific Use “small talk” Use simple language Paraphrase Excellent Verbal Communication with Customers Communicating positively…..

Plan your messages

Greet customer warmly and sincerely

Be specific

Use “small talk”

Use simple language

Paraphrase

Ask positively phrased question ( Instead, “Why do you feel that way” , use: What makes you feel that way? Instead, Why do you want that color, use : What other colors have you considered?) Communicate to your customer’s style Agree with customers Solicit customer feedback and participation Excellent Verbal Communication with Customers Communicating positively…..

Ask positively phrased question ( Instead, “Why do you feel that way” , use: What makes you feel that way? Instead, Why do you want that color, use : What other colors have you considered?)

Communicate to your customer’s style

Agree with customers

Solicit customer feedback and participation

Words and phrases that build relationship: Please Thank you I can or will How may I help? I understand how you feel You’re right May I Would you mind….. I apologize for…. Excellent Verbal Communication with Customers Communicating positively…..

Words and phrases that damage relationship: You don’t understand You don’s see my point Hold on a second Our policy says (or prohibits) That’s not my responsibility What you need to do is….. Why don’t you The word “problem” The word “but” The word “no” Excellent Verbal Communication with Customers Avoiding negative communication

Six C of giving good information to customers Clear Concise Courteous Complete Correct Concrete Excellent Verbal Communication with Customers

Non Verbal Communication with Customers Non Verbal Behavior Body language Volume Cues Appearance and Grooming Miscellaneous Cues

Non Verbal Communication with Customers Body language Volume Cue Eye contact Posture Facial expression Gestures Pitch Volume Rate of speech Voice quality Articulation Pauses Silence

Eye contact

Posture

Facial expression

Gestures

Pitch

Volume

Rate of speech

Voice quality

Articulation

Pauses

Silence

Non Verbal Communication with Customers Appearance and Grooming Miscellaneous cues Hygiene ( regular washing and combing of hair, use of mouthwash and deodorant ) Clothing and accessories Personal habits Proper etiquette and manners

Hygiene ( regular washing and combing of hair, use of mouthwash and deodorant )

Clothing and accessories

Personal habits

Proper etiquette and manners

Eye contact, posture, facial expression, gestures Brief eye contact Eyes wide open Smiling Nodding affirmatively Expressive body gestures Open body stance Listening actively Remaining silent as customer speaks Gesturing with open hand Clean, organize work area Yawning Frowning or sneering Attending to matters other than the customer Leaning away from customers as he/she speaks Subdued or Minimal hand gestures Staring blankly or coolly at customers Interrupting Pointing finger or object at customer Disorganized, cluttered work space Positive Negative Positive and Negative Communication Behavior

Brief eye contact

Eyes wide open

Smiling

Nodding affirmatively

Expressive body gestures

Open body stance

Listening actively

Remaining silent as customer speaks

Gesturing with open hand

Clean, organize work area

Yawning

Frowning or sneering

Attending to matters other than the customer

Leaning away from customers as he/she speaks

Subdued or Minimal hand gestures

Staring blankly or coolly at customers

Interrupting

Pointing finger or object at customer

Disorganized, cluttered work space

Characteristics of Good Listener Empathy Understanding Patience Attentiveness Objectivity Good Listener

Empathy

Understanding

Patience

Attentiveness

Objectivity

Strategies for Improved Listening Stop talking ! Prepare yourself Listen actively Show willingness to listen Show empathy Send positive nonverbal cues Don’t argue Ask questions

Stop talking !

Prepare yourself

Listen actively

Show willingness to listen

Show empathy

Send positive nonverbal cues

Don’t argue

Ask questions

To listen more effectively….. Attend physically – the right body language helps us to focus on the customer and encourages the customer to give us more information Attend mentally – follow the customer’s flow of thought, listen to understand, not evaluate; listen first, then assess Check it verbally – paraphrase, clarify, probe further, summarize your understanding

Dealing Assertively with Customers Look customers in the eyes as you speak Grasp firmly without crushing Think, plan, speak a specific question Stop, gather thoughts, speak Apologize if you make a mistake Increase volume, sound firm and convincing Take responsibility, resolve the problem

Look customers in the eyes as you speak

Grasp firmly without crushing

Think, plan, speak a specific question

Stop, gather thoughts, speak

Apologize if you make a mistake

Increase volume, sound firm and convincing

Take responsibility, resolve the problem

Customer Focused Behavior Act promptly Guide rather than direct Don’t rush customer Offer assistance Don’t keep customer waiting Avoid unprofessional actions Customer focused behavior

Act promptly

Guide rather than direct

Don’t rush customer

Offer assistance

Don’t keep customer waiting

Avoid unprofessional actions

Addressing Customer Needs and Behavior Style

Addressing Customer Needs To Feel Welcome To Feel Comfortable To Be Understood To Feel Appreciated To Feel Important To Be Respected Customer Needs

Addressing Customer Needs To Feel Welcome To Feel Comfortable To Be Understood Use an enthusiastic greeting, smile, use the customer’s name, thank the customer, be positive Listen actively, paraphrase, ask key question, give positive feedback, empathize Use an enthusiastic welcome, relieve anxiety through friendly communication, explain your action calmly, ensure physical comfort

To Feel Appreciated To Feel Important To Be Respected Thank the customer, follow up, go beyond service expectations, provide “special” offers, remember special details about the customer Use the customer’s name, give special treatment when possible, elicit opinions Listen, don’t interrupt, acknowledge the customer’s emotions and concerns, take time to serve, ask advice, elicit feedback Addressing Customer Needs

Four Styles of Behavior Dominance Influencing Steadiness Compliance

Four Styles of Behavior Dominance Appears to be quite busy May give the impression of not listening Displays a serious attitude Voices strong opinions Influencing Appears quite active Takes social initiatives in most cases Likes to encourage informality Expresses emotional opinions (feelings)

Appears to be quite busy

May give the impression of not listening

Displays a serious attitude

Voices strong opinions

Appears quite active

Takes social initiatives in most cases

Likes to encourage informality

Expresses emotional opinions (feelings)

Four Styles of Behavior Steadiness Compliance Give the appearance of being quiet and reserved Listen attentively to other people Tend to avoid the use of power Make decisions in a thoughtful and deliberate manner Control emotional expressions Displays a preference for orderliness Tends to express measured opinions Sees difficult to get to know

Give the appearance of being quiet and reserved

Listen attentively to other people

Tend to avoid the use of power

Make decisions in a thoughtful and deliberate manner

Control emotional expressions

Displays a preference for orderliness

Tends to express measured opinions

Sees difficult to get to know

Strategies to Deal with Dominance Person Dominance Keep the relationship a businesslike as possible Develop strong personal relationship is not a high priority for dominance person Be as efficient, time disciplined, and well organized as possible Provide appropriate facts, figures, and success probabilities Try to identify their primary objectives and then determine ways to support with these objectives

Keep the relationship a businesslike as possible

Develop strong personal relationship is not a high priority for dominance person

Be as efficient, time disciplined, and well organized as possible

Provide appropriate facts, figures, and success probabilities

Try to identify their primary objectives and then determine ways to support with these objectives

Strategies to Deal with Influencing Person Influencing Be enthusiastic Avoid an approach that is too stiff and formal Take time to establish goodwill and build relationship Do not place too much emphasis on the facts and details Plan actions that will provide support for their opinions, ideas and dreams Maintain good eye contact Be a good listener

Be enthusiastic

Avoid an approach that is too stiff and formal

Take time to establish goodwill and build relationship

Do not place too much emphasis on the facts and details

Plan actions that will provide support for their opinions, ideas and dreams

Maintain good eye contact

Be a good listener

Strategies to Deal with Steadiness Person Steadiness Take time to build a social relationship with the steadiness person Spend time learning about the things that are important in this individual’s life Provide personal assurance and support for their views If you disagree with a steadiness person, cur the desire to disagree assertively; steadiness person dislike interpersonal conflict Give them the time to comprehend your explanation/responses. Patience is important

Take time to build a social relationship with the steadiness person

Spend time learning about the things that are important in this individual’s life

Provide personal assurance and support for their views

If you disagree with a steadiness person, cur the desire to disagree assertively; steadiness person dislike interpersonal conflict

Give them the time to comprehend your explanation/responses. Patience is important

Strategies to Deal with Steadiness Person Compliance Provide a thoughtful, well organized approach Take a no-nonsense, businesslike approach Use specific questions that show clear direction Provide detailed and comprehensive information Never pressure the compliance person to make quick decisions

Provide a thoughtful, well organized approach

Take a no-nonsense, businesslike approach

Use specific questions that show clear direction

Provide detailed and comprehensive information

Never pressure the compliance person to make quick decisions

Resolving Service Breakdown

Service Breakdown Service breakdowns occur whenever any product or service fail to meet the customer’s expectations

Service Recovery Strategy Express respect Listen to understand Uncover the expectations Outline the solutions Take action and follow through Double check for satisfaction

Service Recovery Strategy Express respect Listen to understand Uncover the expectations "What you are telling me I important” Listen carefully; empathize with the customer; and do not make excuses or interruption “ Please tell me what happened” “ Will you please tell me what you feel need to be done?”

Service Recovery Strategy “ I will take this action” or “You have several choices” “ You refund has been requested. I will personally check with accounting to ensure your check goes out Friday” “ I am following up to make sure your check arrived” Outline the solutions Take action and follow through Double check for satisfaction

Roadblock to Service Recovery Not listening Lack of respect Inadequate materials or supporting equipment Poor or inadequate communication Lack of training Work conflict

Not listening

Lack of respect

Inadequate materials or supporting equipment

Poor or inadequate communication

Lack of training

Work conflict

Dealing with Difficult People Don’t take it personally Remain calm, listen carefully Focus on the problem, not the person Reward yourself for turning a difficult customer into a happy one When all else fail, ask for help

Don’t take it personally

Remain calm, listen carefully

Focus on the problem, not the person

Reward yourself for turning a difficult customer into a happy one

When all else fail, ask for help

Recommended Further Readings: Robert W. Lucas, Customer Service : Skills and Concepts for Success , McGraw Hill William B. Martin, Quality Customer Service , Crisp Publication

Robert W. Lucas, Customer Service : Skills and Concepts for Success , McGraw Hill

William B. Martin, Quality Customer Service , Crisp Publication

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