Macsim Mihai

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Published on March 18, 2008

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Slide1:  International Symposium concerning Interoperability within European Railways AIFR Bucharest, Romania October 27-28, 2005 IT&C RAILWAYS PRODUCTS SUPPLIER AFER Authorisation/ISO 9001 Certified Slide2:  IT&C RAILWAYS PRODUCTS SUPPLIER AFER Authorisation/ISO 9001 Certified Romanian Railways Interoperability within TEN-T European Railways Contents:  Contents Railway Transport Policy Interoperability Railways R&D Funding Pentagram or the Golden Proportion:  Pentagram or the Golden Proportion Railway Transport Policy Interoperability Funding Railways R&D Railway Transport Policy:  Railway Transport Policy 1992 Maastricht Treaty It provided a basis for the creation of a single Europe-wide transport network - one of the three Trans-European Networks (TENs) foreseen in the Treaty, the other two being telecommunications and energy. Railway Transport Policy:  Railway Transport Policy The aim of the trans-European transport network is to improve the efficiency and competitiveness of the European economy. To achieve these aims the Treaty calls for the promotion of: Interconnection of national networks; Interoperability. Railway Transport Policy:  Railway Transport Policy 1994 - Crete, Greece Second Pan-European Transport Conference It agreed on the following approach to further work on framing a Europe-wide transport policy and taking into account the following points in pursuing their efforts to develop a coherent transport system in Europe: 1. Uniform technical standards to ensure interoperability should be established especially for multimodal transport systems, and co- ordinated measures taken to encourage and develop them. 2. There should be co-operation in assessing the results of research into and trials of new information and traffic management systems and measures to co-ordinate their implementation should be enacted. Railway Transport Policy:  Railway Transport Policy 1997 - Helsinki, Finland Third Pan-European Transport Conference OBJECTIVES 1. To attain greater efficiency in transport development throughout Europe, taking into account technical and interoperability aspects in order to facilitate movements at border crossings and contribute to mobility of both people and goods and to provide operators and customers with an efficient logistical and working environment, 2. To promote improvements in the construction and operation of the transport system (infrastructure, vehicles and equipment, services and procedures), giving priority to measures which are able to exploit better the present system and to develop it using suitable methods of analysis. Railway Transport Policy:  Railway Transport Policy Crete/Helsinki Corridors The Trans-European network initially proposed for Western Europe in 1992 and officially agreed in 1996 were extended as a result of decisions reached on the occasion of the pan-European Conference of Transport Ministers in Crete (1994) and in Helsinki (1997) to include 10 multimodal corridors connecting up to the infrastructure of those Central and Eastern European countries in line for accession to the EU. Railway Transport Policy:  Railway Transport Policy Corridor I Via Baltica (road): 445 km; Rail Baltica: 550 km; road-rail Helsinki (Finland), Tallinn (Estonia), Riga (Latvia), Kaunas, Klaipeda (Lithuania), Warsaw, Gdansk (Poland), Kaliningrad (Russia). Corridor II Road; rail. Total length: 1.830 km running in parallel for the most part Berlin (Germany), Poznan, Warsaw (Poland), Brest, Minsk (Belarus), Smolensk, Moscow, Nijni Novgorod (Russia), Omenio, Istanbul (Turkey). Corridor III Road; Rail. Total length 1.640 km running in parallel for the most part Berlin, Dresden (Germany), Wroclaw, Katowice, Cracow (Poland), Lvov, Kiev (Ukraine). Railway Transport Policy:  Railway Transport Policy Corridor IV Link EU-South-Eastern Europe; Road; rail; Danube ferry link; airports; ports ; combined transport; Total length: 3.258 km Berlin, Dresden, Nuremberg, (Germany), Prague, Brno (Czech Republic), Vienna (rail) (Austria), Bratislava (Slovak Republic), Györ, Budapest (Hungary), Arad, Craiova, Bucharest, Constantza (Romania), Sofia, Plovdiv (Bulgaria), Thessaloniki (Greece), Omenio, Istanbul (Turkey). Corridor V Road; rail. Total length: 1.600 km Venice, Trieste (Italy), Kopar, Ljubljiana, Maribor (Slovenia), Budapest (Hungary), Uzgorod, Lvov, Kiev (Ukraine), Bratislava, Zilina, Kosice (Slovak Republic), Rijeka, Zagreb, Osijek (Croatia), Ploce, Sarajevo (Bosnia-Herzegovina). Railway Transport Policy:  Railway Transport Policy Corridor VI Road ; rail ; link corridor V; combined transport. Length: 1.800 km Gdansk, Torun, Poznan, Grudziadz, Warsaw, Zebrzydowice (Poland), Zilina (Slovak Republic), Ostrava (corr. IV), (Czech Republic) Corridor VII Waterway route on the Danube from Germany to the Black Sea; Connects up with the North Sea via the Rhine and the Main Germany, Vienna (Austria), Bratislava (Slovak Republic), Györ-Gönyü (Hungary), Croatia, Serbia, Russe, Lom (Bulgaria), Calafat, Giurgiu, Constantza (Romania), Moldova, Ukraine Railway Transport Policy:  Railway Transport Policy Corridor VIII Road; rail; expansion of port of Durrës; combined transport in Bitola; Length: 1.300 km Durrës, Tirana (Albania), Skopje, Bitola (FYR Macedonia), Sofia, Dimitrovgrad, Burgas, Varna (Bulgaria) Corridor IX Road; rail ; port expansion The Council in Essen (1994) declared the link Helsinki-St. Petersburg- Moscow as prioritary; Total length: 6 500 km Helsinki (Finland), Vyborg, St Petersburg, Pskov, Moscow, Kaliningrad (Russia), Kiev, Ljubasevka, Odessa (Ukraine), Chisinau (Moldova), Bucharest (Romania), Vilnius, Kaunas, Klaipeda (Lithuania), Minsk (Belarus), Alexandroupolis (Greece), Dimitrovgrad, Ormenio (Bulgaria). Railway Transport Policy:  Railway Transport Policy Corridor X Road; rail ; Length: 2 360 km Salsburg, Graz (Austria), Zagreb (Croatia), Belgrade, Nis, Veles (Serbia), Thessaloniki, Bitola, Skopje (FYR Macedonia), Ljubljiana, Maribor (Slovenia), Budapest (Hungary), Belgrade, Novi Sad, Nis, (Serbie),, Sofia, (Corr IV - Istanbul), (Bulgaria), Veles, Florina, Via Egnatia. Railway Transport Policy:  Railway Transport Policy 1999, TINA Process The Transport Infrastructure Needs Assessment (TINA) process has been designed to initiate the development of a multi-modal transport network within the territory of the candidate countries for accession: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Poland, Slovenia, Romania, Bulgaria, and Cyprus. Railway Transport Policy:  Railway Transport Policy 1990, UN/ECE TER Project Trans-European Railway (TER) Project provided the co-operation framework to Central and Eastern European countries to the view to promoting initiatives for implementing an efficient international rail and combined transport system in those countries in accordance with: the Pan–European infrastructure agreements, the European Agreement on Main International Railway Lines (AGC) for rail and the European Agreement on Important International Combined Transport Lines and Related Installations (AGTC) for combined transport developed by all European Governments under the auspices of the UN ECE. Railway Transport Policy:  Railway Transport Policy TRACECA Transport Corridor Europe Caucasus Asia The TRACECA Programme was launched at a conference in Brussels in May 1993 which brought together trade and transport ministers from the original eight TRACECA countries (five Central Asian republics and three Caucasian republics), where it was agreed to implement a programme of European Union (EU) funded technical assistance (TA) to develop a transport corridor on a West - East axis from Europe, across the Black Sea, through the Caucasus and the Caspian Sea to Central Asia. Railway Transport Policy:  Railway Transport Policy TRACECA project corresponds to the global EU strategy towards these countries and retains the following objectives: To support the political and economic independence of the republics by enhancing their capacity to access European and World markets through alternative transport routes; To increasingly use TRACECA as a catalyst to attract the support of International Financial Institutions (IFIs) and private investors; To link the TRACECA route with the Trans - European Networks (TENs). Railway Transport Policy:  Railway Transport Policy TRACECA - 1998, Baku (Azerbaijan) Restoration of the Historic “Silk Route” Conference This conference was attended by the Presidents of Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Georgia, Kyrgyz Republic, Moldova, Romania, Turkey, Uzbekistan and Ukraine, representatives of the Commission of the European Union as well as heads of governments and transport ministries and experts from 32 countries. Representatives of 12 international organisations also participated. Railway Transport Policy:  Railway Transport Policy Identification of Euro-Asian Transport Links The Euro-Asian links should primarily connect the major regions in Asia with the system of Pan-European Transport Corridors. The following links were identified for consideration: 1. Linking PETrC 2, 3 and 9 to China, the Korean Peninsula and Japan through the Russian Federation and Kazakhstan/Mongolia. 2. Linking PETrC 4 with South Asia through Turkey and Iran. 3. Linking PETrC 4 wih China through Iran and Central Asia. 4. Linking PETrC 4, 7, 8, 9 with Central Asia through the TRACECA route. 5. Linking PETrC 9 with the Persian Gulf through the Russian Federation and Central Asia. Railway Transport Policy:  Railway Transport Policy Railway Transport Policy:  Railway Transport Policy 91/440/EEC - COUNCIL DIRECTIVE of 29 July 1991 on the development of the Community's railways The aim of this Directive is to facilitate the adoption of the Community railways to the needs of the Single Market and to increase their efficiency; -by ensuring the management independance of railway undertakings; -by separating the management of railway operation and infrastructure from the provision of railway transport services, separation of accounts being compulsory and organizational or institutional separation being optional, -by improving the financial structure of undertakings, -by ensuring access to the networks of Member states for international groupings of railway undertakings and for railway undertakings engaged in the international combined transport of goods. Railway Transport Policy:  Railway Transport Policy 95/18/EC - Council Directive of 19 June 1995 on the licensing of railway undertakings Licences 1. A railway undertaking shall be entitled to apply for a licence in the Member State in which it is established. 2. Member States shall not issue licences or extend their validity where the requirements of this Directive are not complied with. 3. A railway undertaking which fulfils the requirements imposed in this Directive shall be authorized to receive a licence. 4. No railway undertaking shall be permitted to provide the rail transport services covered by this Directive unless it has been granted the appropriate licence for the services to be provided. However, such a licence shall not itself entitle the holder to access to the railway infrastructure. Railway Transport Policy:  Railway Transport Policy 95/19/EC - Council Directive of 19 June 1995 on the allocation of railway infrastructure capacity and the charging of infrastructure fees The purpose of this Directive is to define the principles and procedures to be applied with regard to the allocation of railway infrastructure capacity and the charging of infrastructure fees for railway undertakings which are or will be established in the Community and the international groupings which they form, where such undertakings and groupings carry out services referred to in Article 10 of Directive 91/440/EEC under the conditions laid down in that Article. Railway Transport Policy:  Railway Transport Policy 1692/96/EC - Decision of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community guidelines for the development of the trans-European transport network Objectives of the Trans-European Transport Network: ensure mobility of persons and goods; offer users high-quality infrastructures; combine all modes of transport; allow the optimal use of existing capacities; be interoperable in all its components; cover the whole territory of the Community; allow for its extension to the EFTA Member States, countries of Central and Eastern Europe and the Mediterranean countries Railway Transport Policy:  Railway Transport Policy 2001/12/EC - Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 February 2001 amending Council Directive 91/440/EEC on the development of the Community's railways Article 7 1. Member States shall take the necessary measures for the development of their national railway infrastructure taking into account, where necessary, the general needs of the Community. 2. Member States shall ensure that safety standards and rules are laid down, rolling stock and railway undertakings are certified accordingly and accidents investigated. Railway Transport Policy:  Railway Transport Policy 2001/13/EC - Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 February 2001 amending Council Directive 95/18/EC on the licensing of railway undertakings ’Railway undertaking' shall mean any public or private undertaking the principal business of which is to provide services for the transport of goods and/or passengers by rail with a requirement that the undertaking must ensure traction; this also includes undertakings which provide traction only. Railway Transport Policy:  Railway Transport Policy 2001/14/EC - Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 February 2001 on the allocation of railway infrastructure capacity and the levying of charges for the use of railway infrastructure and safety certification Infrastructure managers shall cooperate to achieve the efficient operation of train services which cross more than one infrastructure network. Services to be supplied to the railway undertakings: maintenance and other technical facilities; access to telecommunication network; technical inspection of rolling stock. Railway Transport Policy:  Railway Transport Policy 2004/50/EC - Directive Of The European Parliament And Of The Council amending Council Directive 96/48/EC on the interoperability of the trans-European high-speed rail system and Directive 2001/16/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on the interoperability of the trans-European conventional rail system COMPATIBILITY OF THE TRANS-EUROPEAN CONVENTIONAL RAILWAY SYSTEM The quality of rail services in Europe depends, inter alia, on excellent compatibility between the characteristics of the infrastructure (in the broadest sense, i.e. the fixed parts of all the subsystems concerned) and those of the rolling stock (including the onboard components of all the subsystems concerned). Performance levels, safety, quality of service and cost depend upon that compatibility. Railway Transport Policy:  Railway Transport Policy 2004/51/EC - DIRECTIVE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL amending Council Directive 91/440/EEC on the development of the Community's railways 2004/51/EC:  2004/51/EC This Directive is part of a comprehensive set of measures announced by the White Paper on transport policy and encompassing Directive 2004/49/EC on safety on the Community’s railways (Railway Safety Directive), Directive 2004/50/EC amending the interoperability directives and Regulation (EC) No 881/2004 establishing the European railway agency (Agency Regulation). This set of measures, referred to as the ‘second railway package’, was adopted to further develop the Community regulatory framework in the field of railways, as established in particular by Directives 2001/12/EC, 2001/13/EC and 2001/14/EC, these latter Directives being referred to as the ‘first railway package’. In order to complete the regulatory framework and pursue the effort to realise an integrated European railway area, the Commission proposed on 3 March 2004 a third set of measures that will further contribute to the objective of this Directive. . 2004/51/EC:  2004/51/EC This proposed third step addresses train drivers licensing, quality of service for rail freight transport, passenger rights in international railway transport and market-opening for international passenger transport services by rail. The European Parliament voted already in October 2003 in this legislative procedure on an amendment aiming at the marketopening for all passenger transport services by 2008. The European Parliament and the Council agreed to examine diligently the third set of measures. With regard to marketopening for international passenger transport services, the date of 2010 proposed by the Commission has to be considered as an objective allowing all operators to prepare in an appropriate manner. Railway Transport Policy:  Railway Transport Policy WHITE PAPER OF 2001 COM(2001) 370 final European transport policy for 2010: time to decide A clear programme of 60 measures to re-orientate the Common transport policy : to ensure economic growth (3% of GDP – Lisbon European Council) to facilitate the enlargement of the EU Railway Transport Policy:  Railway Transport Policy European Commission Directorate-General for Energy and Transport The High-Level Group on the trans-European transport (TEN-T) network The Group was mandated by the Commission to identify by the summer of 2003 the priority projects of the trans-European transport network up to 2020 on the basis of proposals from the Member States and the acceding countries. Railway Transport Policy:  Railway Transport Policy The current TEN-T network in figures • 89 511 km of roads • 93 741 km of rail track • 330 airports • 270 international sea ports • 210 inland ports • Traffic management systems, navigation and user information systems are also part of the TEN-T network Railway Transport Policy:  Railway Transport Policy New “priority projects”: 22. Railway axis Athina–Sofia–Budapest–Wien–Praha–Nürnberg /Dresden – Railway Greek/Bulgarian border-Kulata-Sofia–Vidin/Calafat (2015) – Railway Curtici–Brasov (towards Bucuresti and Constanta) (2010) – Railway Budapest–Wien (2010), cross-border section – Railway Brno–Praha–Nürnberg (2010), with Nürnberg–Praha as cross-border section – Railway axis Praha–Linz (2016) Railway Transport Policy:  Railway Transport Policy 881/2004 (EC) - REGULATION OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL establishing a European Railway Agency In order to promote the establishment of a European railway area without borders and to help revitalise the railway sector while reinforcing its essential advantages in terms of safety, the Agency should contribute to the development of a genuine European railway culture and form an essential tool of dialogue, consultation and exchange between all the actors in the railway sector, having due regard for their individual competences. Railway Transport Policy:  Railway Transport Policy 884/2004/EC - DECISION OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL amending Decision No 1692/96/EC on Community guidelines for the development of the trans-European transport network A comprehensive plan to build and complete by 2020 a trans-European transport network on European Union territory. Railway Transport Policy:  Railway Transport Policy (COM(2004) 144 final — 2004/0050 (COD)) (2005/C 221/03) Opinion of the European Economic and Social Committee on the Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on compensation in cases of non-compliance with contractual quality requirements for rail freight services The present proposal forms part of the third railway Package. Railway Transport Policy:  Railway Transport Policy CONCLUSIONS OF THE SEMINAR ON “WIDER EUROPE FOR TRANSPORT”, SANTIAGO DE COMPOSTELA, SPAIN, 8 JUNE 2004 The development of technically and administratively interoperable transport connections between the European Union and the neighbouring regions is an issue of utmost importance for economic growth, facilitation of trade and connecting people, Priority connections between major trans-European transport axes and the different neighbouring regions of the European Union should be identified and developed. They should cover especially the following countries and regions: Russia and the Western Newly Independent States, the Balkans, the Mediterranean region, Turkey and the Black Sea region. Interoperability:  Interoperability 96/48/EC - Council Directive of 23 July 1996 on the interoperability of the trans-European high-speed rail system Article 1 1. In accordance with Articles 129b and 129c of the Treaty, the aim of this Directive is to establish the conditions to be met in order to achieve interoperability within Community territory of the trans-European high-speed rail system as described in Annex I. 2. These conditions concern projects for and the construction, upgrading and operation of the infrastructures and rolling stock which will contribute to the functioning of the system to be put into service after the date of entry into force of this Directive. Interoperability:  Interoperability THE TRANS-EUROPEAN HIGH-SPEED RAIL SYSTEM 1. Infrastructure 2. Rolling stock 3. Compatibility of infrastructure and rolling stock Interoperability:  Interoperability 2001/260/EC: Commission Decision of 21 March 2001 on the basic parameters of the command-control and signalling subsystem of the trans-European high-speed rail system referred to as "ERTMS characteristics" in Annex II(3) to Directive 96/48/EC Interoperability:  Interoperability ERTMS CHARACTERISTICS 1. DESCRIPTION OF THE PARAMETER The unified control/command and signalling subsystem (ERTMS - European rail traffic management system) comprises two elements: - the control/command and signalling element (ERTMS/ETCS - European rail traffic management system/European train control system) covers both the onboard subsystems and trackside subsystems, - the radio and telecommunication element (ERTMS/GSM-R - GSM for railways) is based on the standards applied to the public GSM network and also covers both trackside and onboard equiment. GSM-R is based on ETSI standard GSM phase 2+, including GPRS (global packet radio services), extended to railway-specific applications. Interoperability:  Interoperability Directive 2001/16/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 March 2001 on the interoperability of the trans-European conventional rail system Interoperability:  Interoperability The pursuit of this directive must lead to the definition of a minimum level of technical harmonisation and make it possible to: (a) facilitate, improve and develop international rail transport services within the European Union and with third countries; (b) contribute to the progressive creation of the internal market in equipment and services for the construction, renewal, upgrading and operation of the trans-European conventional rail system; (c) contribute to the interoperability of the trans-European conventional rail system. Interoperability:  Interoperability THE TRANS-EUROPEAN CONVENTIONAL RAIL SYSTEM INFRASTRUCTURE ROLLING STOCK COMPATIBILITY OF THE TRANS-EUROPEAN CONVENTIONAL RAILWAY SYSTEM Interoperability:  Interoperability SUBSYSTEMS LIST OF SUBSYSTEMS For the purposes of this Directive, the system constituting the trans-European conventional rail system may be broken down into the following two subsystems, either: (a) structural areas: - infrastructure; - energy; - control and command and signalling; - traffic operation and management; - rolling stock; or (b) operational areas: - maintenance; - telematics applications for passenger and freight services. Interoperability:  Interoperability DESCRIPTION OF THE SUBSYSTEMS Maintenance: The procedures, associated equipment, logistics centres for maintenance work and reserves allowing the mandatory corrective and preventive maintenance to ensure the interoperability of the rail system and guarantee the performance required. Interoperability:  Interoperability REQUIREMENTS SPECIFIC TO EACH SUBSYSTEM 2.5. Maintenance 2.5.1. Health and safety The technical installations and the procedures used in the centres must ensure the safe operation of the subsystem and not constitute a danger to health and safety. 2.5.2. Environmental protection The technical installations and the procedures used in the maintenance centres must not exceed the permissible levels of nuisance with regard to the surrounding environment. 2.5.3. Technical compatibility The maintenance installations for conventional rolling stock must be such as to enable safety, health and comfort operations to be carried out on all stock for which they have been designed. Interoperability:  Interoperability Operation and traffic management 2.6.2. Reliability and availability The maintenance operations and periods, the training and qualifications of the maintenance and control centre staff and the quality assurance system set up by the operators concerned in the control and maintenance centres must be such as to ensure a high level of system reliability and availability. Telematics applications for freight and passengers 2.7.2. Reliability and availability The methods of use, management, updating and maintenance of the databases, software and data communication protocols must guarantee the efficiency of these systems and the quality of the service. Interoperability:  Interoperability 2004/49/EC - DIRECTIVE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL on safety on the Community’s railways and amending Council Directive 95/18/EC on the licensing of railway undertakings and Directive 2001/14/EC on the allocation of railway infrastructure capacity and the levying of charges for the use of railway infrastructure and safety certification (Railway Safety Directive) All those operating the railway system, infrastructure managers and railway undertakings, should bear the full responsibility for the safety of the system, each for their own part. Whenever it is appropriate, they should cooperate in implementing risk control measures. Member States should make a clear distinction between this immediate responsibility for safety and the safety authorities’ task of providing a national regulatory framework and supervising the performance of the operators. Interoperability:  Interoperability MANDATE TO THE AEIF FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE TSI The AEIF will draw up a work programme covering all aspects considered necessary for the preparation of each technical specifications for interoperability (TSI). This work programme will be submitted to the Commission, who is in charge of monitoring the development of TSIs on a permanent basis, as well as to the Committee. Interoperability:  Interoperability MANDATE TO THE AEIF FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE TSI The specific maintenance provisions relating to each sub-system covered by a TSI will be set out in the relevant TSI, taking into account the description of the maintenance sub-system in par. 2.7 of Annex II of the Directive 2001/16/EC on the interoperability of the trans-European conventional rail system. AEIF:  AEIF Conventional rail system Similarly to Directive 96/48/EC, Directive 2001/16/EC on interoperability of the trans-European conventional rail system is supported by a series of TSIs which are themselves supported by standards. There are basically two batches: The first batch (14/06/2001) includes five TSIs and are freight oriented: Rolling stock freight wagons, control command and signalling, traffic operation and management, freight telematics applications, noise (all types of rolling stock) The second batch (30/09/2002) includes two subjects: Safety in railway tunnels, accessibility to persons with reduced mobility AEIF:  AEIF The Trans-European Conventional Rail System “TELEMATIC APPLICATIONS” subsystem for Freight Services THE CONSIGNMENT NOTE DATA AND DESCRIPTION AEIF_TAF_ConData_V10_040622-EN.doc THE TRAIN PATH DATA AND DESCRIPTION AEIF_TAF_PatData_V10_040622-EN.doc Interoperability:  Interoperability The transition from AEIF to the European Railway Agency The European Railway Agency (ERA) – set up under Regulation 881/2004/EC in order to provide Member States and the European Commission with technical assistance in the fields of railway safety and interoperability – started its work on 1 January 2005. Interoperability:  Interoperability M/ 334 EN MANDATE FOR PROGRAMMING AND STANDARDISATION ADDRESSED TO CEN, CENELEC and ETSI in the field of the INTEROPERABILITY OF THE TRANS-EUROPEAN CONVENTIONAL RAIL SYSTEM The elaboration of the standards should be undertaken in co-operation with the broadest possible range of interested groups, including international and European associations. Those involved should include railway operators, infrastructure managers and regulatory railway bodies; manufacturers and installers of railway equipment and rolling stock; other industries associated with the railway industry and passenger groups. In particular, co-operation with AEIF, UIC, CER, UITP and UNIFE is regarded as essential. Interoperability:  Interoperability UNIFE The Association of the European Rail Supply Industry is the industrial organisation representing its members’ interest towards the European Institutions, rail operators, rail infrastructure managers and many other business relations. UNIFE members come from trend setting global industries such as the major rail system integrators, rail infrastructure suppliers and contractors, sub-system, component and service suppliers, suppliers of information technology systems and manufactures of special materials and components. Interoperability:  Interoperability UNIFE The steps to be taken by the industry and other stakeholders to secure the future of Europe’s rail supply industry are highlighted : • Increase investment in rail equipment • Implement equitable pricing across transport modes • Promote interoperability • Accelerate the deployment of ERTMS • Harmonised procurement and certification practices across Europe • Foster the thinking in LCC (Life Cycle Cost) and RAMS-Strategies (Reliability, Availability, Maintainability, Safety) • Increase the volume of maintenance work outsourced to the rail supply industry. Interoperability:  Interoperability UNIFE A single European procurement regime for rail products would include : • The harmonization of procurement practice for rail products. • A mandatory and standardised framework for calculating life cycle costs which can be used in tendering processes, such as those published by UNIFE. • A single pan-European safety regime. • A single pan-European regime for conformity assessments and testing procedures. Interoperability:  Interoperability CEN/CENELEC/ETSI Advancing interoperability and improving public procurement CEN, CENELEC and ETSI are the main bodies for standardisation in the railway sector officially recognised by the European Railway Agency. They therefore provide a key platform enabling manufacturers, operators and service providers to participate actively in the development of technical standards for the implementation of the ERA's new Technical Specifications for Interoperability (TSI). CENELEC:  CENELEC CEN/CENELEC/ETSI:  CEN/CENELEC/ETSI Directives based on the principles of the New Approach or the Global Approach, but which do not provide for CE marking 96/48/EC – 2004/50/EC Interoperability of Trans-European High-Speed Rail System 2001/16/EC - 2004/50/EC Interoperability of Trans-European Conventional Rail System Interoperability:  Interoperability UIC - International Union of Railways Improving the environmental performance of rail Considerable efforts have been made to develop new technologies to reduce noise and diesel exhaust emissions, within the framework of the joint action plans of CER and the UIC on noise and diesel. Interoperability:  Interoperability In the field of noise reduction, new emission-reducing materials, synthetic brake blocks (the so called K- and LL-blocks) have been developed and homologated for the European freight wagon fleet. These new brake blocks are intended to replace the old-style iron brake blocks, which roughen wheel surfaces, making them noisier. Another high-priority issue in recent months has been the reduction of diesel exhaust emissions. A new project began in January 2005 within the “UIC Diesel Action Plan” carried out by a consortium of UIC, CER, the Union of European Railway Industries (UNIFE), the European Association of Internal Combustion Engine Manufacturers (Euromot) and supported by an external consultant (AEA Technology, UK). Interoperability:  Interoperability 2004/26/EC - DIRECTIVE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL amending Directive 97/68/EC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to measures against the emission of gaseous and particulate pollutants from internal combustion engines to be installed in non-road mobile machinery UIC has been made responsible for a study aimed at reducing exhaust emissions for existing and new rail diesel vehicles. The “Rail Diesel Study” company-funded by the EU, is being carried out jointly with CER, UNIFE, and Euromot. The amended Non-Road Mobile Machinery Directive (2004/26/EC) defines strict future rail emission standards. RAILWAYS:  RAILWAYS CER Without a modern European network, based along key corridors, there is a serious danger that the potential for rail – particularly freight – will not materialise. Against this background, CER welcomes the adoption of the 30 transport priority projects – 22 of which are rail related – by the European Union in the spring of 2004. We look forward to the eastwards extension of these corridors – towards the important markets of Turkey, Russia and China – in the near future. Railways:  Railways Opening up the European rail market By 1 January 2007, the European freight market will be fully opened – a process started within the First Railway Package, and finalised in the Second. CER supported both packages. CER also acknowledges the opening of international passenger services proposed under the Third Railway Package Railways:  Railways INFRASTRUCTURE On 17 March 2005, the European Commission and the rail sector signed a Memorandum of Understanding establishing the basic principles for the definition of an EU deployment strategy for the ‘European Rail Traffic Management System’. Railways:  Railways CER support for railways in Central and Eastern Europe Termination of cross-subsidies between freight and passenger services Track access charges Financing of rolling stock investments EU Cohesion and Structural Funds Traffic to and from third countries. Railways:  Railways The Main Data of the Central and Eastern European Railways (CER 2004 data): BDZ (Bulgaria): Length of lines (km) - 4,320 Passenger traffic (millions) - 38.3 Freight in tonnes (millions) - 20.4 CFR (Romania): Length of lines (km) - 10,844 Passenger traffic (millions) - 98.7 Freight in tonnes (millions) - 62.8 Railways:  Railways The Main Data of the Central and Eastern European Railways (CER 2004 data): CH (Greece): Length of lines (km) - 2,319; Passenger traffic (millions) - 9.4 Freight in tonnes (millions) - 3.0 HZ (Croatia): Length of lines (km) - 2,727 Passenger traffic (millions) - 37.0 Freight in tonnes (millions) - 14.0 Railways:  Railways The Main Data of the Central and Eastern European Railways (CER 2004 data): JZ (Serbia-Montenegro): Length of lines (km) - 3,809 Passenger traffic (millions) - 15.7 Freight in tonnes (millions) - 12.2 MAV (Hungary): Length of lines (km) - 7,729 Passenger traffic (millions) - 121.2 Freight in tonnes (millions) - 45.3 Railways:  Railways The Main Data of the Central and Eastern European Railways (CER 2004 data): PKP (Poland): Length of lines (km) – 19,576 Passenger traffic (millions) - 272.0 Freight in tonnes (millions) - 163.5 SZ (Slovenia): Length of lines (km) - 1,229 Passenger traffic (millions) - 14.8 Freight in tonnes (millions) - 17.9 Railways:  Railways The Main Data of the Central and Eastern European Railways (CER 2004 data): GYSEV/ROEE (Hungary): Length of lines (km) - 220 Passenger traffic (millions) - 3.9 Freight in tonnes (millions) - 6.4 CD (Czech Republic): Length of lines (km) - 9,365 Passenger traffic (millions) - 178.0 Freight in tonnes (millions) - 86.4 Railways:  Railways The Main Data of the Central and Eastern European Railways (CER 2004 data): ZSR (Slovak Republic): Length of lines (km) - 3,660 Passenger traffic (millions) - 50.3 Freight in tonnes (millions) - 49.7 ZFBH (Bosnia-Hercogovina): Length of lines (km) - 609 Passenger traffic (millions) - 0.23 Freight in tonnes (millions) - 5.3 Research & Development:  Research & Development A JOINT STRATEGY FOR EUROPEAN RAIL RESEARCH - 2020 UIC-CER-UITP-UNIFE-AEIF-EC RESEARCH PRIORITIES Conditions for Interoperability: • Interoperable Operations, Rolling Stock and Infrastructure; • Integrated Transport Strategy; • Improving Passenger and Freight Services. Development of Telematic solutions: • Inter-connected telematic applications; • Distance monitoring and dynamic management of trains; • Fleet maintenance optimisation. Research & Development:  Research & Development WHITE PAPER - COM (Sept. 2001) 370 European transport policy for 2010 eEUROPE ACTION PROGRAMME • 50% of Europe’s major towns ought to be provided with traffic and travel information services; • 50% of Europe’s major motorways ought to be equipped with systems to manage traffic; • All new vehicles sold in Europe should be equipped with more effective active safety systems; • Legislative initiatives should be taken to promote the Single European Sky, mobile communications for trains and control systems and Galileo Satellite Navigation System. Research & Development:  Research & Development ROSIN (1996-1999) Specification and validation of a complete train network platform, open to other systems and to a wide range of suitable on-board applications; TrainCom (2000-2003) Integration of railway and ICT to link train and ground systems, allowing to develop new interoperable applications; EuRoMain (2002-2004) Defining, implementing and validating a complete maintenance support system for railways, which will allow to monitor and diagnose complex equipment aboard trains and inside plants, establishing new standards and a new maintenance organisation in Europe. Research & Development TrainCom Project:  Research & Development TrainCom Project Research & Development TrainCom - Integrated Communication System for Intelligent Train Applications:  Research & Development TrainCom - Integrated Communication System for Intelligent Train Applications Block diagram Research & Development TrainCom Project:  Research & Development TrainCom Project Integration of different technologies in TrainCom Research & Development TrainCom Project:  Research & Development TrainCom Project The main outcomes of the TrainCom project will be: Train-Ground Communication System, New applications for Intelligent Coaches and Locomotives, including dynamic passenger information and remote traction control Architecture and basic elements for a trans-European Monitoring and Maintenance Network Validation of both existing and new specifications Contributions to technical specifications for interoperability and European standard proposals Conformance specification and testbed for on-board equipment Research & Development TrainCom - SILOGIC Achievements:  Research & Development TrainCom - SILOGIC Achievements SILOGIC developed DPIS applications answering at the following requirements: GSM data communication between the “Passenger Train” and the “Railway Dispatcher”; Seat reservation from “Railway Travel Agency” to “Railway Dispatcher”; Seat reservation from “Passenger Train” to “Railway Dispatcher”; On-Board passenger train seat reservation dynamic information; On-Board passenger train travel punctuality dynamic information; Research & Development TrainCom - SILOGIC Achievements:  Research & Development TrainCom - SILOGIC Achievements Passenger Information System SIPAS-LED Research & Development TrainCom - SILOGIC Achievements:  Research & Development TrainCom - SILOGIC Achievements Passenger Information System SIPAS-LED Research & Development TrainCom - SILOGIC Achievements:  Research & Development TrainCom - SILOGIC Achievements On-line seat reservation Railway Transport - SIR-TF System Research & Development TrainCom - SILOGIC Achievements:  Research & Development TrainCom - SILOGIC Achievements Dynamic Passenger Information SIPAS-TFT System Research & Development TrainCom - SILOGIC Achievements:  Research & Development TrainCom - SILOGIC Achievements Seat Reservation Displaying SIPAS-TFT System Research & Development TrainCom - SILOGIC Achievements:  Research & Development TrainCom - SILOGIC Achievements Passenger Train Punctuality Information SIPAS-TFT Research & Development TrainCom - SILOGIC Achievements:  Research & Development TrainCom - SILOGIC Achievements Audio-Video Information System SIPAS-AVE Research & Development TrainCom - SILOGIC Achievements:  Research & Development TrainCom - SILOGIC Achievements SILOGIC developed an intermediate solution, SICOTRA-COM system, for the locos interoperability application what it could open the possibility of the future implementation of the TCN technologies on the rolling stock fleet of CFR MARFA and CFR CALATORI and another Romanian private railway transport operators. SILOGIC intermediate solution: Multiple traction control system, type SICOTRA-COM Specific interfaces to the process, type SICOTRA-TC, SICOTRA-M/F RS 485 communication Research & Development TrainCom - SILOGIC Achievements:  Research & Development TrainCom - SILOGIC Achievements Rolling stock applications Research & Development TrainCom - SILOGIC Achievements:  Research & Development TrainCom - SILOGIC Achievements SICOTRA-COM system Research & Development TrainCom - SILOGIC Achievements:  Research & Development TrainCom - SILOGIC Achievements SICOTRA-COM system Research & Development TrainCom - SILOGIC Achievements:  Research & Development TrainCom - SILOGIC Achievements Research & Development EuRoMain Project European Railway Open Maintenance System:  Research & Development EuRoMain Project European Railway Open Maintenance System Distribution of the participants Research & Development EuRoMain Project :  Research & Development EuRoMain Project Block diagram Research & Development EuRoMain Project:  Research & Development EuRoMain Project Block diagram Research & Development EuRoMain - SILOGIC Achievements:  Research & Development EuRoMain - SILOGIC Achievements Visual Communication & Management Information System for Maintenance Purpose SIMAV Research & Development EuRoMain - SILOGIC Achievements:  Research & Development EuRoMain - SILOGIC Achievements Visual Communication & Management Information System for Maintenance Purpose SIMAV Trains Maintenance Depot Application Research & Development EuRoMain - SILOGIC Achievements:  Research & Development EuRoMain - SILOGIC Achievements Visual Communication & Management Information System SIMAV Research & Development EuRoMain - SILOGIC Achievements:  Research & Development EuRoMain - SILOGIC Achievements INTERNET/INTRANET application Maintenance Visual Management Information System Research & Development EuRoMain - SILOGIC Achievements:  Research & Development EuRoMain - SILOGIC Achievements Doors Access Control – MONIVA Kilometer Counter – MONIVA KM Research & Development EuRoMain - SILOGIC Achievements:  Research & Development EuRoMain - SILOGIC Achievements Electrical Traction Substations Power Transformers Maintenance Research & Development:  Research & Development ERRAC - European Rail Research Advisory Council ERRAC recommends that the budget devoted to railway research in FP7 be increased at least in the same proportion as the overall programme itself. In concrete terms, ERRAC is advocating a budgetary package of 400 million Euro for the rail sector, in other words double the amount earmarked in FP6. ERRAC:  ERRAC The rail sector is directly concerned by each of these 6 objectives as illustrated by the following examples: • Centres of excellence are starting: EURNEX8, TRANSNET and EXTR@WEB. • Further technological initiatives, especially to enable a cost-effective implementation of interoperability, are required, building on past and current projects such as ModTrain, EUDD and ProMain. • Assign responsibilities in the field of basic research and ensure the continuation of corresponding projects (ICON, WIDEM). • Establish Europe as the most attractive place to conduct railway research (Galileo applications, GSMR applications). • Develop research infrastructures adapted to the need of a single European rail area (REPID, Libertin, Trainsafe, ESC users group). • Increase synergies between European and national pre-competitive joint research (ERANET). Funding:  Funding Sources of funding:

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