Mac309 Net Neutrality 2008 9

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Information about Mac309 Net Neutrality 2008 9
Education

Published on March 6, 2009

Author: rob_jewitt

Source: slideshare.net

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Session slides used in the MAC309 workshop

Net Neutrality MAC309

2 sides?

T he layers principle Content layer Logical layer Physical layer

Content layer

Logical layer

Physical layer

1 – the content layer

2 – the logical layer

3 – the physical layer

1 – the content layer Battle around copyright and intellectual property T ougher laws ISPs refusing to ‘police’ the ‘net

Battle around copyright and intellectual property

T ougher laws

ISPs refusing to ‘police’ the ‘net

2 – the logical layer B attle against software misuse P2P, BitTorrent Domain phishing O pen source

B attle against software misuse

P2P, BitTorrent

Domain phishing

O pen source

3 – the physical layer B attles around hardware F ree wi-fi Internet enabled devices Generativity (Zittrain, 2008)

B attles around hardware

F ree wi-fi

Internet enabled devices

Generativity (Zittrain, 2008)

‘ Internet regulation is about more than just law’ Interaction between various aspects: Legal Technical S ocial Market ‘ Net neutrality … is a debate about regulation and influence at the interface of the logical and physical layers’ (Ganley & Algrove, 2006: 456)

Interaction between various aspects:

Legal

Technical

S ocial

Market

‘ Net neutrality … is a debate about regulation and influence at the interface of the logical and physical layers’

(Ganley & Algrove, 2006: 456)

B it parity INTERNET A ‘dumb network’ A ll data packets treat the same Devices at the end do the work The network shows no preferences S hould it stay this way?

A ‘dumb network’

A ll data packets treat the same

Devices at the end do the work

The network shows no preferences

S hould it stay this way?

‘ Net neutrality means simply that all like Internet content must be treated alike and move at the same speed over the network. The owners of the Internet's wires cannot discriminate. This is the simple but brilliant "end-to-end" design of the Internet that has made it such a powerful force for economic and social good.’ Lessig & McChesney, 2006

‘ Net neutrality means simply that all like Internet content must be treated alike and move at the same speed over the network. The owners of the Internet's wires cannot discriminate. This is the simple but brilliant "end-to-end" design of the Internet that has made it such a powerful force for economic and social good.’

Lessig & McChesney, 2006

2 tiered Internet?

They who own the pipes, own the future … Control in the hands of the network operators (ie the ISPs) Currently, ISPs attempt to manage traffic via: A pplication of ‘bit parity’ C ontrol flow during peak times; certain data prioritised 24/7 ‘deep packet inspection’ discrimination

Control in the hands of the network operators

(ie the ISPs)

Currently, ISPs attempt to manage traffic via:

A pplication of ‘bit parity’

C ontrol flow during peak times; certain data prioritised

24/7 ‘deep packet inspection’ discrimination

Comcast (US) secretly disrupted customer connections when using BitTorrent application Also interfered with other services (Lotus Notes) Forced to reveal behaviour to FCC Customers not entitled to use their bandwidth as they wish Anderson, 2008

Comcast (US) secretly disrupted customer connections when using BitTorrent application

Also interfered with other services (Lotus Notes)

Forced to reveal behaviour to FCC

Customers not entitled to use their bandwidth as they wish

Anderson, 2008

INTERNET

INTERNET









Service provider discrimination

VoIP (Voice over Internet Protocol) INTERNET

INTERNET WTF!? I can’t hear U. T eh interwebs is borked!

Application discrimination INTERNET That’s better! Lulz

ISPs enter video market?

T r affic management already happens Blocking and tiering 2004: ISP Madison River blocked Vonage’s VoiP services 2006: ISP AOL blocked access to www.dearaol.com 2007: ISP Comcast blocked BitTorrent 2008: ISP Tele2 blocked access to http://thepiratebay.org 2008: ISP Pakistan Telecom blocked YouTube

Blocking and tiering

2004: ISP Madison River blocked Vonage’s VoiP services

2006: ISP AOL blocked access to www.dearaol.com

2007: ISP Comcast blocked BitTorrent

2008: ISP Tele2 blocked access to http://thepiratebay.org

2008: ISP Pakistan Telecom blocked YouTube

‘ Any provider that blocks access to content is inviting customers to find another provider. And that’s just bad business.’ AT&T CEO Ed Whitacre, 2006, http://news.zdnet.com/2100-1035_22-147323.html

‘ Any provider that blocks access to content is inviting customers to find another provider. And that’s just bad business.’

AT&T CEO Ed Whitacre, 2006, http://news.zdnet.com/2100-1035_22-147323.html

‘ this net neutrality thing is a load of bollocks’ Virgin Media CEO Neil Berkett, 2008 http://www.digitalspy.co.uk/digitaltv/a93556/virgin-media-ceo-attacks-net-neutrality.html

‘ this net neutrality thing is a load of bollocks’

Virgin Media CEO Neil Berkett, 2008 http://www.digitalspy.co.uk/digitaltv/a93556/virgin-media-ceo-attacks-net-neutrality.html





Who are the interested parties? ISPs! Large content providers (eg games developers, movie studios, etc) Established online businesses Police Internet users!

ISPs!

Large content providers (eg games developers, movie studios, etc)

Established online businesses

Police

Internet users!

Infrastucture The Internet as we know it is at breaking point V ideo streaming P2P VPN 2006: BT invested £10 billion in 21CN July 2008: BT announced further £1.5 billion investment in NGA 40 Mb/s to 10m homes by 2010 Cost to update entire UK: £25 billion

The Internet as we know it is at breaking point

V ideo streaming

P2P

VPN

2006: BT invested £10 billion in 21CN

July 2008: BT announced further £1.5 billion investment in NGA

40 Mb/s to 10m homes by 2010

Cost to update entire UK: £25 billion

ISPs on infrastructure proportionality ‘‘ They don’t have any fibre out there. They don’t have any wires. They use my lines for free – and that’s bull. For a Google or a Yahoo or a Vonage or anybody to expect to use these pipes for free is nuts!’’ AT&T CEO Ed Whitacre , 2006

‘‘ They don’t have any fibre out there. They don’t have any wires. They use my lines for free – and that’s bull. For a Google or a Yahoo or a Vonage or anybody to expect to use these pipes for free is nuts!’’

AT&T CEO Ed Whitacre , 2006

Who to charge? Successful content providers? Customers? A lready been paying for years? Are ISPs even entitled to a cut of the revenue for a successful service like eBay, YouTube, Facebook, etc? What impact will this have on new services? What impact will this have on end-users?

Successful content providers?

Customers?

A lready been paying for years?

Are ISPs even entitled to a cut of the revenue for a successful service like eBay, YouTube, Facebook, etc?

What impact will this have on new services?

What impact will this have on end-users?

Irony? Pro-net neutrality = regulation Anti-net neutrality = ISPs free reign R e gulation usually stifles competition but in this case will it do the opposite? The early Internet was largely unregulated

Pro-net neutrality = regulation

Anti-net neutrality = ISPs free reign

R e gulation usually stifles competition but in this case will it do the opposite?

The early Internet was largely unregulated

F r om Digital Britain 2008 report: [ISPs] can take action to manage the flow of data … on their networks to retain levels of service to users or for other reasons. The concept of so-called ‘net neutrality’, requires those managing a network to refrain from taking action to manage traffic on that network. It also prevents giving to the delivery of any one service preference over the delivery of others . Net neutrality is sometimes cited by various parties in defence of internet freedom, innovation and consumer choice. The debate over possible legislation in pursuit of this goal has been stronger in the US than in the UK.

[ISPs] can take action to manage the flow of data … on their networks to retain levels of service to users or for other reasons. The concept of so-called ‘net neutrality’, requires those managing a network to refrain from taking action to manage traffic on that network. It also prevents giving to the delivery of any one service preference over the delivery of others . Net neutrality is sometimes cited by various parties in defence of internet freedom, innovation and consumer choice. The debate over possible legislation in pursuit of this goal has been stronger in the US than in the UK.

F r om Digital Britain 2008 report: Ofcom has in the past acknowledged the claims in the debate but have also acknowledged that ISPs might in future wish to offer guaranteed service levels to content providers in exchange for increased fees. In turn this could lead to differentiation of offers and promote investment in higher-speed access networks. Net neutrality regulation might prevent this sort of innovation .

Ofcom has in the past acknowledged the claims in the debate but have also acknowledged that ISPs might in future wish to offer guaranteed service levels to content providers in exchange for increased fees. In turn this could lead to differentiation of offers and promote investment in higher-speed access networks. Net neutrality regulation might prevent this sort of innovation .

F r om Digital Britain 2008 report: Ofcom has stated that provided consumers are properly informed, such new business models could be an important part of the investment case for Next Generation Access, provided consumers are properly informed. On the same basis, the Government has yet to see a case for legislation in favour of net neutrality . In consequence, unless Ofcom find network operators or ISPs to have Significant Market Power and justify intervention on competition grounds, traffic management will not be prevented.

Ofcom has stated that provided consumers are properly informed, such new business models could be an important part of the investment case for Next Generation Access, provided consumers are properly informed.

On the same basis, the Government has yet to see a case for legislation in favour of net neutrality . In consequence, unless Ofcom find network operators or ISPs to have Significant Market Power and justify intervention on competition grounds, traffic management will not be prevented.

Questions Where does this debate lead to? What are the implications of a two-tiered Internet?

Where does this debate lead to?

What are the implications of a two-tiered Internet?

Role play See role play handouts

See role play handouts

Asides Google wants its own fast track on the Web http://online.wsj.com/article/SB122929270127905065.html?mod=googlenews_wsj Bloggers trash Journal’s tale of cyber queue-jumping http://www.guardian.co.uk/media/2008/dec/21/blogging-google-wall-street-journal-murdoch The made-up drama’s of the Wall Street Journal http://www.lessig.org/blog/2008/12/the_madeup_dramas_of_the_wall.html Do we need a new Internet? http://futureoftheinternet.org/do-we-need-a-new-internet

Google wants its own fast track on the Web

http://online.wsj.com/article/SB122929270127905065.html?mod=googlenews_wsj

Bloggers trash Journal’s tale of cyber queue-jumping

http://www.guardian.co.uk/media/2008/dec/21/blogging-google-wall-street-journal-murdoch

The made-up drama’s of the Wall Street Journal

http://www.lessig.org/blog/2008/12/the_madeup_dramas_of_the_wall.html

Do we need a new Internet?

http://futureoftheinternet.org/do-we-need-a-new-internet

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