LopezBGET12May05

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Information about LopezBGET12May05
Travel-Nature

Published on March 30, 2008

Author: Waldarrama

Source: authorstream.com

Slide1:  Chris & Chom Sangarasri Greacen Lopez Library 12 May, 2005 No more surgeries by flashlight solar power for jungle clinics in Burma and other tales of green energy from South East Asia. ﴀ Green Empowerment Palang Thai Palang Thai พลังไท:  Palang Thai พลังไท พลัง (palang): n 1. Power. 2. Empowerment. ไท (thai): adj. 1. Independence. 2. Self-reliance We are a small Thailand-based non-profit organization dedicated to empowering grassroots communities and small entrepreneurs to use environmentally responsible energy in ways that support sustainable development and participatory democracy. Geograhic area: Mekong region (Thailand, Burma, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam) Palang Thai พลังไท:  Palang Thai พลังไท Public interest energy policy analysis Critical appraisal of large electricity infrastructure plans Political economy of energy sector Grid connected renewable energy Thai net metering project Community energy Burma sustainable energy project (including medical clinics for IDPs) Thai village micro-hydro Slide4:  Portland Oregon-based non-governmental organizations (NGO) Works with local and international NGOs and rural communities to implement community-based renewable energy Provides training, technical, organizational, public relations, and fundraising support Works in Nicaragua, Guatemala, Ecuador, Peru, Thailand, Burma, Malaysia, Philippines Green Empowerment Outline:  Outline “No more surgeries by flashlight”: solar electricity for Karen clinics on Burma side of border (2003-present) Micro-hydro for Karen villages in Thailand (2002-present) Border Green Energy Team (2005-) “No more surgeries by flashlight”: solar electricity for Karen clinics on Burma side of border :  “No more surgeries by flashlight”: solar electricity for Karen clinics on Burma side of border 1 minute political history of contemporary Burma:  1 minute political history of contemporary Burma Independence in 1947 15 years of elected parliament and democracy hampered by ethnic unrest, lack of unity and economic troubles 1962 Burmese military coup staged by General Ne Win. Ne Win creates policy to wipe out the ethnic opposition groups that were in conflict with the central government, and were struggling to assert their own identities and cultures. 1970s Ne Win introduces the 'Four Cuts' program: Cut off food, information, recruits and financial support to armed ethnic opposition groups. The policy has mostly affected the villagers that live in the ethnic border areas. Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in Burma:  Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in Burma Driven from their homes by the actions of the State Peace and Development Council (SPDC – Burma’s military government) yet still living within the borders of Burma. SPDC inflicts forced relocations, extrajudicial killings, arbitrary detention, rape, village destruction, forced labor and portering. Victims are generally ethnic minorities (Karen, Karenni, Shan, etc.) Up to 2 million IDPs in Burma Little access to heath care, education, peace of mind Slide9:  They came and destroyed our rice paddies and properties, and in the rainy season they killed one of my nieces on the hill. They came to ask us to be porters, and if you don't want to do it, you have to run away and they destroy your things. -- IDP interviewed in documentary, "No Place to Go" Slide11:                                                                  Slide13:  The SPDC soldiers entered and destroyed everything and burned down the village. They burned down all the houses in the village and ate all the chickens, pigs and goats. -- Internally displaced man interviewed in "No Place to Go" Slide16:                                                            Slide17:                                                                Slide18:  It's getting more and more difficult. Last year, we were living somewhere else and this year we are living here... I just want to live in my own place and have my own lands... I used to have my own home and live my own life with my family. --- Old man interviewed in "No Place to Go" Ruggedized solar electric systems built by medics in 3-5 day hands-on trainings:  Ruggedized solar electric systems built by medics in 3-5 day hands-on trainings Slide31:  3 trainings (2003, 2004, 2005) 18 clinics 40 medics trained Thus far… Micro-hydro for Karen villages in Thailand:  Micro-hydro for Karen villages in Thailand Micro-hydroelectricity:  Micro-hydroelectricity Source: Inversin, A. R. (1986). Micro-Hydropower Sourcebook. Slide34:  Kre Khi village micro-hydro 2003 Slide39:  20 liters/second 8 meters head 110 meter of 6” pipe Slide51:  Kre Khi village Microhydro Estimated power: 500 Watts Head: 8 meters Flow: 20 liters/second Total Installed cost: $2500 Slide58:  E Wi Jo village micro-hydro 2004 Slide68:  E Wi Jo village microhydro Estimated power: 750 Watts Head: 20 meters Flow: 20 liters/second Total installed cost: <$2000 Border Green Energy Team 2005 onward :  Border Green Energy Team 2005 onward Thai government solar home program:  Thai government solar home program 14:00 Sa Ke Kla village Thai government solar home program:  Thai government solar home program 205,000 solar home systems installed by 2006 Budget at least US$200,000,000 (taxpayer funded) No program to address sustainability No trainings for villagers on how to use solar home systems No information provided to villagers about equipment warranty Nowhere to turn to if there are problems Problems observed (n=105 systems, 3-5 months after installation 7% failure):  Problems observed (n=105 systems, 3-5 months after installation 7% failure) Manufacturing defect Missing connector in module junction box (1 system) Diode with wrong polarity in module j-box (1 system) Controller/inverter early failure (2 systems) Installation defect PV installed in shaded location (several systems) Controller installed under leaky roof (1 systems) User error Bypass broken controller (several systems) Bypassed wrong -- reverse polarity burns diode (1 system) Inverter destroyed by paralleling output of 2 inverters (2 systems) Difficulty making warranty claim Villagers do not know who to contact when system breaks under warranty Solar electric training 17-23 Feb, 2005 Mae Sa Pau village, Tak Province:  Solar electric training 17-23 Feb, 2005 Mae Sa Pau village, Tak Province Training: solar site selection:  Training: solar site selection Training: operations and maintenance:  Training: operations and maintenance Retrofit/repair broken PEA SHS:  Retrofit/repair broken PEA SHS Repair broken DEDE battery charging station:  Repair broken DEDE battery charging station Border Green Energy Team:  Border Green Energy Team Hire & train local technicians Teach Thai villagers how to keep solar electric systems from failing early Battery recycling program System repair Warranty service Use Thai solar home systems as hands-on classroom Thai technicians refugee vocational students medics from inside Burma Community systems microhydro solar clinics, schools, community centers both sides of the border. Border Green Energy Team:  Border Green Energy Team Green Empowerment International Institute for Energy Conservation (IIEC) Karen Health and Welfare Department Karen Network Palang Thai Taipei Oversees Peace Service ZOA refugee vocational training We’re able to do this through generosity of our donors…:  We’re able to do this through generosity of our donors… Individual Donors Contributions directly to Palang Thai Contributions to Green Empowerment (501.c3) Foundations Heinrich Boll Foundation (German Green Party) The Ashden Trust for Renewable Energy Switzer Environmental Foundation (USA) Bangkok American Women’s Club Thank you!:  Thank you! For more information contact: Tel. (+011) 662-674-2533 chris@palangthai.org www.palangthai.org Download presentation slides& documents at: http://www.palangthai.org/docs/index Renewables account for very little of Thailands’ installed generating capacity:  Renewables account for very little of Thailands’ installed generating capacity Source: EGAT (2003). Power Development Plan Natural gas lignite Big hydro Fuel oil 0.6% grid-connected renewables TOTAL: 26,000 MW Slide84:  Estimated renewable energy potential in Thailand Source: Technical potential and Targets from Thai Ministry of Energy. (2003).“Energy Strategy for Competitiveness” http://www.eppo.go.th/admin/moe-workshop1/index.html. Commercial potential from from Black & Veatch 2000 and NEPO/DANCED 1998 as well as interviews with power plant managers. Biogas from Pig Farms:  Biogas from Pig Farms Reduces air and water pollution Produces fertilizer Produces electricity Biogas from Pig Farms:  Biogas from Pig Farms Korat Waste to Energy - biogas:  Korat Waste to Energy - biogas Uses waste water from cassava to make methane Produces gas for all factory heat (30 MW thermal) + 3 MW of electricity Earns high market returns Developer estimates 300 MW from waste water + 800 MW from wet cake Korat Waste to Energy - biogas:  Korat Waste to Energy - biogas 3 x 1 MW Jenbacher gas generators Community micro-hydro:  Community micro-hydro Mae Kam Pong village, Chiang Mai 40 kW Community cooperative Expected gross revenues: $750/month 40 kW micro-hydro generator at Mae Kam Pong:  40 kW micro-hydro generator at Mae Kam Pong

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