Longfellow NHS Garden Restoration

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Information about Longfellow NHS Garden Restoration
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Published on December 15, 2008

Author: mwinikates

Source: slideshare.net

Description

This presentation was created for Longfellow National Historic Site in the 2006 season when I was an interpretive ranger there.

“ P layground of the H ome and R esting P lace of the S pirit” The History and Restoration of the Longfellow Garden

Vassall Mansion, built 1759 Glover’s Marblehead Regiment at the Delaware Crossing, 1776 George Washington’s Headquarters, 1775-6

Craigie House, 1815

Henry and Fanny Longfellow Henry Wadsworth Longfellow married Fanny Appleton in 1843 Her father, Nathan Appleton, bought the former Craigie house and gave it to the Longfellows as a wedding present. The Longfellows wanted to preserve the historic aspects of the house, particularly the Washington heritage. Longfellow took a cautious approach to “improving” the landscape around his home with garden spaces and trees.

Henry Wadsworth Longfellow married Fanny Appleton in 1843

Her father, Nathan Appleton, bought the former Craigie house and gave it to the Longfellows as a wedding present.

The Longfellows wanted to preserve the historic aspects of the house, particularly the Washington heritage.

Longfellow took a cautious approach to “improving” the landscape around his home with garden spaces and trees.

Rear of the Longfellow House, by Vautin 1845

Dolben’s Garden Beds, 1847

Alice Longfellow Lived at the Longfellow House until her death in 1928. Highly involved in historic preservation efforts. Wanted to preserve her father’s design but also to include colonial revival elements. Hired two important and influential female landscape designers in 1904 and 1925. Alice Mary Longfellow, 1875

Lived at the Longfellow House until her death in 1928.

Highly involved in historic preservation efforts.

Wanted to preserve her father’s design but also to include colonial revival elements.

Hired two important and influential female landscape designers in 1904 and 1925.

Martha Brooks Hutcheson, 1904 First female professional landscape architect. Earned reputation as designer of gardens and country estates. Featured the Longfellow House in her book The Spirit of the Garden. “ The garden is not only the exquisite playground of the home, but the resting place of the spirit—the place of inspiration and promise, of tranquility and intense personal claim, and we are held and inspired by it.” ~ The Spirit of the Garden Amelia Thorp, c. 1905

First female professional landscape architect.

Earned reputation as designer of gardens and country estates.

Featured the Longfellow House in her book The Spirit of the Garden.

Construction of the Garden, Winter 1904

 

Hutcheson’s Pergola This arbor serves three purposes: It forms a shady spot which is large enough for a group of people to sit in; It makes the long path more picturesque, breaking the effect of uninteresting distance; It creates a camouflage screening a neighbor’s building which lies at the direct rear of the arbor. ~ The Spirit of the Garden

This arbor serves three purposes:

It forms a shady spot which is large enough for a group of people to sit in;

It makes the long path more picturesque, breaking the effect of uninteresting distance;

It creates a camouflage screening a neighbor’s building which lies at the direct rear of the arbor.

~ The Spirit of the Garden

Hutcheson’s Garden, Post 1905

 

Ellen Biddle Shipman’s Garden

Ellen Biddle Shipman, 1925 Hired to revitalize Hutcheson’s aging garden, to replace plantings and redesign the garden beds. Borrowed from Italian formal gardens a more “three-dimensional” style. Incorporated both wild and domesticated roses of heirloom varieties in the same garden beds. Known as the “dean of American women landscape architects.” Mary Smith, great-granddaughter of the poet

Hired to revitalize Hutcheson’s aging garden, to replace plantings and redesign the garden beds.

Borrowed from Italian formal gardens a more “three-dimensional” style.

Incorporated both wild and domesticated roses of heirloom varieties in the same garden beds.

Known as the “dean of American women landscape architects.”

Shipman’s design changed the character of the garden from romantic and overgrown to a three dimensional design with wisteria, conifers, and fruit trees which add a vertical element to the garden beds. Many people appreciated the Longfellow tradition of drawing in the garden.

Henry Wadsworth Longfellow Dana, Alice Longfellow, and friends

A place for celebrations Home to many generations A family wedding in the pergola Anne Thorp, the poet’s daughter, and her granddaughter Mary Smith

 

Longfellow Formal Garden, 1940

The Longfellow Parlor

Restoration, 2000-Today Missing side beds Pergola removed in the 1960’s Non-historic trees Missing historic plantings Archaeology necessary Irrigation systems to be redesigned

Missing side beds

Pergola removed in the 1960’s

Non-historic trees

Missing historic plantings

Archaeology necessary

Irrigation systems to be redesigned

Archaeological Trenches

Non-Historic Tree Removal

Reconstruction of the Pergola

Restoration of Side and Central Beds

Alice’s Garden Today 39 varieties of roses Significant collections of other heirloom flowers, especially asters and phlox Most are not on the common market or in modern gardens An exciting contribution to the site and to garden history Still a work in progress.

39 varieties of roses

Significant collections of other heirloom flowers, especially asters and phlox

Most are not on the common market or in modern gardens

An exciting contribution to the site and to garden history

Still a work in progress.

 

“ A true summer morning, warm and breezy. Fanny sat under the linden-tree and read to me Heine’s poems, while I lay on a hay-cock; and Charley, red as a clover blossom, ran to and fro and into all possible mischief…” ~Entry from H.W.Longfellow journal June 4, 1846

The Longfellow House and Landscape: Alive and Inviting Daily guided tours of the house during open season Summer Festival of concerts and poetry, free and open to the public Special exhibits and events Group and school tours available Visit our website: www.nps.gov/long for calendar and visitor information

Daily guided tours of the house during open season

Summer Festival of concerts and poetry, free and open to the public

Special exhibits and events

Group and school tours available

Visit our website: www.nps.gov/long for calendar and visitor information

Art in the Garden Edith Longfellow’s Lilacs , May 30, 1860 age 6 The tradition continues

Family Days, 2005 NPS Staff and the Concordant Volunteers present word games and other period activities.

The Garden, June 2006

In all places then, and in all seasons, Flowers expand their light and soul-like wings, Teaching us, by most persuasive reasons, How akin they are to human things. ~ “Flowers” by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

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