Published on March 6, 2009
The past history of London
The Romans • London was conquered by the Romans about 2,000 years ago.(Londinium) • Dark age( III and IV): • Nordic peoples invaded the city.
The Middle Ages • In 796 the anglo- saxons occupied the country. • A lot of cathedrals and monasteries were built.
Tudor London • London became the center of the goverment. • Henry VIII created the Anglican Church. • Theatre became popular (Shakespeare) Henry VIII
Stuart London • London suffered two disasters : • the Great Plague of 1665 • the Great Fire of 1666 • Bourgeois neighborhoods were born
Georgian London • Many of the new houses that you can see today were built then
The Victorian Era • The era of the greatest splendor • The emergence of slums in the East End • Public transport was developed quickly
The World Wars • The city was bombed by the Germans • Queen Elisabeth II tried to modernize the city after the second war.
SINGERS • AMY WINEHOUSE • She was born on 14 September of 1983 • She’s well-known for her electric mix of various musical generes • She has problems with drugs
WRITERS • Charles Dickens(1812-1870) • He was one of the most popular English novelists of the Victorian Era • We can also know London throw his works.
• Arthur Conan Doyle (1859-1930) • On 1890 he move to London with his wife. • He is well-known for his stories about the detective Sherlock Holmes. • He is also a poet and doctor.
• William Shakespeare(1564-1616) • He was an English poet and playwright. • He is also considered as the greatest writer in the English language. • His plays have been translated into every major living language. • Until 1595 and 1599 he wrote comedies like Romeo and Juliet and Julius Cesar what are considered his greatest comedies. • He wrote mainly tragedies until about 1608 including Hamlet, King Lear, and Macbeth .
• Virginia Woolf(1882-1941) • She was an English novelist and essayist, regarded as one of the foremost modernist literary figures of the twentieth century. • She was a significant figure in London literary society and a member of the Bloomsbury Group. • Her most famous works include the novels Mrs Dalloway (1925), To the Lighthouse (1927) and Orlando (1928).
• LONDON IN THE CINEMA • Albert Hitchcock(1899-1980) • He is an important British film maker and producer. • He is one of the pioneers of the techniques in the suspense and psychologycal thriller genres. • He moved to the USA in 1956. • He directed most popular films like ‘’Psycho’’, ‘’The birds’’ and ‘’ Rebecca’’.
Match Point • Match Point is a 2005 film written and directed by Woody Allen and starring Jonathan Rhys Meyers, Scarlett Johansson, Emily Mortimer, Matthew Goode, Brian Cox and Penelope Wilton. • The film is the first of Allen's films to be shot in England. • The film's backdrop includes well-known London locations such as the Tate Modern, Norman Foster's quot;Gherkinquot;, Richard Rogers' Lloyd's building, the Royal Opera House, the Palace of Westminster, Blackfriars Bridge and Cambridge Circus. • Meyers plays Chris Wilton, a tennis pro searching a new direction for his life, who seems to find it all when he meets the members of a British family.
• Four weddings and a funeral • Is a 1994 British romantic comedy film directed by Mike Newell. • The film follows the adventures of a group of friends through the eyes of Charles an English man, played by Hugh Grant. • The film was entirely shot in London and the Home Counties. They include Hampstead, Betchworth in Surrey, Amersham in Buckinghamshire and West Thurrock in Essex .
• Nothing hill • Notting Hill is a 1999 romantic comedy film set in Notting Hill, London. • The screenplay was written by Richard Curtis who had previously written Four Weddings and a Funeral. • The film was well received by critics, becoming the highest grossing British film yet released. • Notting Hill won several awards.
London Contemporary History
Culture • Mid-1960s , London became a centre for the worldwide youth culture. • London's role as a trendsetter for youth fashion • In the mid-1990s: revival of the Britpop (this was revived to some extent with the emergence of the Britpop era).
Politics • From the 1950s onwards London became home to a large number of immigrants • Immigrant troubles in Northern Ireland • The outward expansion of London was slowed by the war, and the Green Belt established soon afterwards • Greater London's population declined steadily in the decades after World War II. • In the early 1980s political disputes • In 2000, London-wide government was restored
21st century London • An icon of 21st century London: the London Eye. • The London Plan, published by the Mayor of London in 2004, estimated that the population would reach 8.1 million by 2016. • On 6 July 2005 London won the bid to host the 2012 Olympics.
ECONOMY • Major centre for international business and commerce. • English being the native and dominant language of business • banks, brokers, insurers and legal and accounting firms. · Tourism · Most popular cities.
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