Published on February 21, 2014
welcome to la france part II loire bordeaux I bordeaux II sud ouest languedoc & roussillon jura & savoie
la france – part II
la vallée de la loire
la vallée de la loire toils in the shadow of bordeaux burgundy rhône not because of a lack of quality many treasures to offer often overlooked
la vallée de la loire
la vallée de la loire loire's delicious wines come from numerous appellations many grape varieties • • some well known some not so much
loire valley appellations 87 appellation d'origine protégée – aop 0 grands crus
loire valley at a glance diversity – terroir – climate – varietal all types of wine – red – white – rosé – sparkling – sweet
loire valley at a glance most famous appellations of the loire valley – sancerre – vouvray – muscadet – chinon
sancerre domaine vacheron
loire valley varietals
loire valley grape varieties white chenin* – pineau de loire sauvignon blanc* – fumé blanc muscadet* – melon de bourgogne folle-blanche – arbois gros plant
loire valley grape varieties white chasselas chardonnay grolleau gris romorantin saint-pierre doré sacy
loire valley grape varieties red cabernet franc* – breton cabernet-sauvignon cot – malbec pinot noir* meunier gris/pinot meunier
loire valley grape varieties red pinot gris gamay* pineau d'aunis grolleau – groslot gamay de bouze gamay de chaudenay négrette
loire soil wide variety of soil granite, slate, gneiss limestone covered by • • • sand argiles cailloux de limons
loire climate nantes & anjou coastal - atlantic ocean ocean influence saumurois & touraine semi-continental center semi-continental the tempering effects of the loire river influences climate
loire valley regions 1 - pays nantais 3 – touraine 2 - anjou-saumur 4 - central vineyards or upper loire
loire valley regions - pays nantais muscadet coteaux de la loire muscadet côtes de grandlieu muscadet sèvre-et-maine coteaux d'ancenis muscadet
loire valley regions - pays nantais the pays nantais has been producing wine since the roman era muscadet is the bestknown wine of the this region muscadet – melon de bourgogne was brought to the loire centuries ago from burgundy
loire valley regions - pays nantais not very well suited to the terroir of burgundy melon flourished in the pays nantais, as was demonstrated in the winter of 1709, when frigid temperatures ravaged the countryside, exploding barrels, and even freezing the atlantic ocean along the coast
loire valley regions - pays nantais most vineyards were destroyed, but the melon survived, producing wines that perfectly reflect their maritime environment, and which make a natural partner for the superlative belon oysters of brittany
loire valley regions - anjou
tuffeau limestone subsoil
anjou at a glance – – – – – red white rosé sparkling sweet
anjou appellations anjou (sparkling) anjou-villages anjou-villages-brissac anjou coteaux de la loire cabernet d'anjou (rosé)
anjou appellations coteaux du vendômois coteaux du loir jasnières – 100% chenin blanc – lauded for their steeliness in youth and ability to improve and transform with age
anjou at a glance anjou is also home to most of celebrated sweet wines of the loire valley all made with chenin blanc ● coteaux du layon ● quarts de chaume ● bonnezeaux
anjou at a glance anjou’s most famous dry white ● savennières – cru – la-roche-au-moines – coulée-de-serrant • monopole • nicolas joly – chenin blanc
anjou at a glance reds outnumber the whites in this area & may be made from ● cabernet franc ● cabernet sauvignon ● côt (the local name for malbec) ● pineau d’aunis ● gamay and ● grollot
anjou at a glance best red anjou is made entirely from cabernet franc
château de la mulonnière l'effet papillon aoc savennières
loire valley regions saumur & saumur champigny
saumur & saumur champigny appellations cabernet de saumur coteaux de saumur saumur saumur blanc saumur brut samur brut rosé saumur-champigny crémant de loire (saumur)
saumur & saumur champigny at a glance the saumur brut appellation wines are among the most prestigious sparkling wines of the loire ● ● ● chenin blanc and/or cabernet franc small additions of chardonnay (in rare instances) sauvignon blanc depending on the style of the individual producer
saumur & saumur champigny at a glance saumur is also the principal region for the production ● ● ● crémant de loire made according to the méthode traditionnelle can include a greater variety of grapes ● must be hand harvested ● yields are strictly limited ● and the wines must age for at least a year before commercial release
saumur & saumur champigny at a glance saumur also produces excellent still wines white saumur ● mainly chenin blanc ● mainly cabernet franc reds most of the wines are light bodied and made for early drinking
saumur & saumur champigny at a glance saumur-champigny makes somewhat richer red wines that have seen a tremendous growth in popularity in recent years cabernet franc ● ● ● may be blended (although the practice is rare) with small quantities cabernet sauvignon pineau d’aunis, a grape unique to the loire valley
loire valley regions touraine
touraine at a glance – – – – red white rosé sparkling
touraine at a glance white ● sauvignon blanc blended ● chardonnay ● chenin blanc sparkling ● chenin blanc ● cabernet franc ● gamay ● côt (malbec) ● pinot noir is also used red
touraine appellations touraine touraine cot touraine mousseux crémant de la loire touraine - ambroise* touraine-noble joué touraine-mesland touraine-azay-le-rideau valençay
touraine appellations great variety under appellations ● vouvray ● montlouis sur loire ● ● ● ● mineral-scented & dry fruity off-dry “sec tendre” to rich, honeyed dessert wines delicious sparkling wine these wines showcase the versatility of the chenin blanc
touraine appellations chinon ● historic town is home to one of the loire valley’s most celebrated cabernet franc wines
touraine appellations bourgueil ● ● 100% cabernet franc reds and rosé resplendent of raspberry and the grape’s hallmark “pencil shaving” aromas, and can be slightly more tannic than wines from neighboring chinon st-nicolas-de-bourgueil 'beaujolais' of loire
loire valley regions upper loire
upper loire - appellations pouilly-fumé & pouilly-sur-loire sancerre menetou-salon giennois reuilly quincy chateaumeillant
upper loire - appellations cheverny – gamay & pinot noir cour-cheverny – romorantin
upper loire - appellations cour-cheverny white wine only – romorantin this grape, grown only in loire, makes floral, lively wines with a character uniquely their own
upper loire – at a glance centre loire, dominated by two grapes all white wines are made from ● sauvignon blanc and all red wines ● pinot noir small amount of rosé ● gamay ● pinot gris
upper loire – at a glance great variety exists within the region numerous micro climates different types of soil on which the vineyards are planted one has only to taste several of the wines side by side to experience the difference soil can make in wines made from the same grape
sancerre – at a glance sancerre, the most famous appellation of the centre loire ● ● ● produces the bestknown most imitated sauvignon blanc wines in the world sets international standards for sauvignon blanc
sancerre – at a glance vineyards are ideally situated on the left bank of the loire the steep hillsides provide ● ● ● ● ● optimal exposure to the sun very important advantage in a cool climate chalk and flint soils provide an ideal growing medium fresh, fruity sauvignon blanc perfumed, elegant pinot noir
upper loire – at a glance pouilly fumé ● ● entire production devoted to sauvignon blanc higher levels of clay in the soils give pouilly fumé creamier, rounder notes than its neighbors
domaine des grandes espérances les ailes pourpres aoc touraine ambroise
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