Lng 242 Week Five Group Assignment The Slovak Republic

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Information about Lng 242 Week Five Group Assignment The Slovak Republic

Published on September 3, 2008

Author: BethTheve

Source: slideshare.net

Description

This was a presentation I did for a college course on the Slovak Republic. While I often worked with teams to gather information on my assignments, the PowerPoint presentations I always built alone.

The Slovak Republic Annette Cupps Carol Martin Beth Theve

Where is Slovakia? Located in the geographic center of Europe. The whole country of Slovakia is less than half the size of the state of Ohio. Ohio is 116,096 km2, and Slovakia is 48,845km2. The country of Slovakia has about 5.4 million residents. The state of Ohio has 11.3 million. Slovakia is a mountainous country with temperatures similar to Ohio’s, and has a booming winter activity tourism business.

Located in the geographic center of Europe.

The whole country of Slovakia is less than half the size of the state of Ohio. Ohio is 116,096 km2, and Slovakia is 48,845km2.

The country of Slovakia has about 5.4 million residents. The state of Ohio has 11.3 million.

Slovakia is a mountainous country with temperatures similar to Ohio’s, and has a booming winter activity tourism business.

What about politics? Slovakia is a parliamentary democratic republic with a multi-party system. The Slovak constitution guarantees freedom of religion, assembly, speech and press. The law protects people with disabilities in employment, education and healthcare. The official language is Slovak, although Hungarian is also widely spoken. Ethnicity: 86% of citizens are ethnically Slovak. Hungarians are the largest ethnic minority (9.5%) and are concentrated in the southern regions of the country. Other ethnic groups include Roma with 1.8%, Czechs with 0.8%, Ruthenians with 0.4%, Ukrainians with 0.2% and Germans with 0.1%.

Slovakia is a parliamentary democratic republic with a multi-party system.

The Slovak constitution guarantees freedom of religion, assembly, speech and press.

The law protects people with disabilities in employment, education and healthcare.

The official language is Slovak, although Hungarian is also widely spoken.

Ethnicity:

86% of citizens are ethnically Slovak.

Hungarians are the largest ethnic minority (9.5%) and are concentrated in the southern regions of the country.

Other ethnic groups include Roma with 1.8%,

Czechs with 0.8%, Ruthenians with 0.4%,

Ukrainians with 0.2% and Germans with 0.1%.

What’s it’s History? There is evidence that the Slavic people have existed in Central and Western Europe since as early as 400 BC. The history of the Slavic nation is long and embattled, having been raided many times by other cultures and countries. At one point in history, the Czech and the Slavs were one culture, however the present-day Czech Republic seceded and became its own tribe. During World War I, the tribes banded together to form Czechoslovakia. The two cultures were, however, very different, and there was a great deal of tension between the two. The Slavic people were the vast minority, and began to resent what was perceived as domination by the Czech people. In 1939, the two states split again, the Slovakians creating “The Second Czechoslovakia”. However, the Slovakian leader allowed German troops to occupy Slovakia, and Slovakia became a German ally in World War II. Between 1942 and 1944 70,000 Slovakians lost their lives in the Holocaust. When WWII ended in 1945, the joint Czechoslovakia was resurrected. For a while, Czechoslovakia became a communist ruled country. When communism fell in the early 90’s, the Czech and Slovakian people were ready to reclaim their own heritages and lands. They agreed upon a split, and became the Czech Republic and Slovakia. An interesting side note… One of the main reasons that the Slavs and the Czech’s wished to become separate is because of the difference in mindsets between the cultures. Originally, both cultures were deeply religious. However, the Czech’s gradually became far more scientifically minded, and the Slav’s withheld their traditional religious backgrounds. Because the two mindsets were so important to day to day lifestyles, the cultures became inherently different, and they wanted to split so that each could live in harmony in the way most comfortable to them.

There is evidence that the Slavic people have existed in Central and Western Europe since as early as 400 BC.

The history of the Slavic nation is long and embattled, having been raided many times by other cultures and countries. At one point in history, the Czech and the Slavs were one culture, however the present-day Czech Republic seceded and became its own tribe.

During World War I, the tribes banded together to form Czechoslovakia. The two cultures were, however, very different, and there was a great deal of tension between the two. The Slavic people were the vast minority, and began to resent what was perceived as domination by the Czech people.

In 1939, the two states split again, the Slovakians creating “The Second Czechoslovakia”. However, the Slovakian leader allowed German troops to occupy Slovakia, and Slovakia became a German ally in World War II. Between 1942 and 1944 70,000 Slovakians lost their lives in the Holocaust.

When WWII ended in 1945, the joint Czechoslovakia was resurrected. For a while, Czechoslovakia became a communist ruled country.

When communism fell in the early 90’s, the Czech and Slovakian people were ready to reclaim their own heritages and lands. They agreed upon a split, and became the Czech Republic and Slovakia.

What’s life like there? Most towns have their own folk festivals, with dancing, local costumes and food. These tend to be in the summer months leading up to the harvest festivals in September. Folk arts and crafts, which include wood carving, fabric weaving, and glass painting, have a long and popular tradition in Slovakia, especially in rural areas. Examples of folk architecture, such as wooden churches and brightly painted houses, are found throughout the country, particularly in the Ukrainian communities of Eastern Slovakia. Today, music is one of the most significant aspects of Slovakian culture. Some of the most renowned orchestras are: The Philharmonic Orchestra of Bratislava and Kosice, The Symphonic Orchestra of Bratislava Broadcast and The Slovak Chamber Orchestra. The most prominent religion in Slovakia is Catholicism, which is practiced by about 69% of the population.

Most towns have their own folk festivals, with dancing, local costumes and food. These tend to be in the summer months leading up to the harvest festivals in September.

Folk arts and crafts, which include wood carving, fabric weaving, and glass painting, have a long and popular tradition in Slovakia, especially in rural areas. Examples of folk architecture, such as wooden churches and brightly painted houses, are found throughout the country, particularly in the Ukrainian communities of Eastern Slovakia.

Today, music is one of the most significant aspects of Slovakian culture. Some of the most renowned orchestras are: The Philharmonic Orchestra of Bratislava and Kosice, The Symphonic Orchestra of Bratislava Broadcast and The Slovak Chamber Orchestra.

The most prominent religion in Slovakia is Catholicism, which is practiced by about 69% of the population.

What’s life like there (con’t)? While Slovakian cities are modern, there is very little in the way of chain-commercialism (you probably won’t see a McDonald’s or a Wal-Mart in Slovakia). But there are over 2,600 libraries and more than 50 museums. Education is compulsory in Slovakia, just like in the USA. Children begin school when they are 6 years old. School Monday thru Friday. They have a summer break, one week for Winter break and one week for Spring break, and do not attend school on national holidays. Graded on a numeric scale – 1 is the best, and 5 is the worst. Study Slovak language and literature, mathematics, foreign language, geography, biology, chemistry, physics, history, ethics, physical education, music, drawing and farming and technical education.

While Slovakian cities are modern, there is very little in the way of chain-commercialism (you probably won’t see a McDonald’s or a Wal-Mart in Slovakia). But there are over 2,600 libraries and more than 50 museums.

Education is compulsory in Slovakia, just like in the USA.

Children begin school when they are 6 years old.

School Monday thru Friday.

They have a summer break, one week for Winter break and one week for Spring break, and do not attend school on national holidays.

Graded on a numeric scale – 1 is the best, and 5 is the worst.

Study Slovak language and literature, mathematics, foreign

language, geography, biology, chemistry, physics, history, ethics,

physical education, music, drawing and farming and

technical education.

And how does business work? Slovakia is in the midst of moving from a centrally planned economy to a modern market economy. Business practice and etiquette in the Slovak Republic is a cross between that of western Europe and the United States on the one hand, and eastern Europe and Russia on the other. Slovakians are usually well disposed to Americans. Decision making is often restricted to one person. Titles and positions (i.e. “Engineer”) are highly regarded. Telecommunications standards are much lower than US standards, and a great deal of follow-up can be required. After initial meetings, summaries and goals should be written and distributed, to minimize miscommunication. Successful business dealings require a building of good will and relationships. Often include a welcoming toast with slivovica or borovicka (alcoholic beverages). There should always be a social time before business. Launching directly into business talks is considered rude!!

Slovakia is in the midst of moving from a centrally planned economy to a modern market economy.

Business practice and etiquette in the Slovak Republic is a cross between that of western Europe and the United States on the one hand, and eastern Europe and Russia on the other.

Slovakians are usually well disposed to Americans.

Decision making is often restricted to one person.

Titles and positions (i.e. “Engineer”) are highly regarded.

Telecommunications standards are much lower than US standards, and a great deal of follow-up can be required.

After initial meetings, summaries and goals should be written and distributed, to minimize miscommunication.

Successful business dealings require a building of good will and relationships. Often include a welcoming toast with slivovica or borovicka (alcoholic beverages).

There should always be a social time before business.

Launching directly into business talks is considered rude!!

And how do gender roles and sexuality affect life in Slovakia? Men are commonly perceived as strong and dominating. Men prefer women stay at home and raise children and keep the house, making it difficult for a woman to return to work after maternity leave. Women are still struggling with liberation, and being considered equals and not a lesser, weaker sex. Women desire work as a form of self-actualization and expression. New government policies are being put into place. Paternity leave is being offered to encourage fathers to bond with children, and break traditional male roles. Domestic violence is a serious, somewhat hidden, and growing problem in Slovakia. The Slovakian government actively protects gays and lesbians, so they may live an open lifestyle free of discrimination. Gays and lesbians may have a registered partnership, which is legally recognized as equal to marriage, and may adopt.

Men are commonly perceived as strong and dominating.

Men prefer women stay at home and raise children and keep the house, making it difficult for a woman to return to work after maternity leave.

Women are still struggling with liberation, and being considered equals and not a lesser, weaker sex.

Women desire work as a form of self-actualization and expression.

New government policies are being put into place.

Paternity leave is being offered to encourage fathers to bond with children, and break traditional male roles.

Domestic violence is a serious, somewhat hidden, and growing problem in Slovakia.

The Slovakian government actively protects gays and lesbians, so they may live an open lifestyle free of discrimination.

Gays and lesbians may have a registered partnership, which is legally recognized as equal to marriage, and may adopt.

What do families look like? In a recent survey, nearly 90% of Slovakian citizens said that family was the single most important aspect in their lives. In general, families in Slovakia are small – mother, father, a child or two. As grandparents age, they may move into the family home to be cared for. Holidays are celebrated at home, with family and perhaps very close friends. People tend not to marry until later Usually, in their mid-twenties. The divorce rate in Slovakia is only 34%.

In a recent survey, nearly 90% of Slovakian citizens said that family was the single most important aspect in their lives.

In general, families in Slovakia are small – mother, father, a child or two. As grandparents age, they may move into the family home to be cared for.

Holidays are celebrated at home, with family and perhaps very close friends.

People tend not to marry until later

Usually, in their mid-twenties.

The divorce rate in Slovakia is only 34%.

Ok, but the important part is… The food!!! Traditional Slovak eating and drinking habits date back to the old Slavic period influenced later by Hungarian, Austrian and German cooking. Slovak food is based on many different kinds of soups, gruels, boiled and stewed vegetables, roast and smoked meats and dairy products. The style of cooking varies from region to region. Slovak specialties include salted and sweetened dishes made with flour, including dumplings. One such dish is the popular bryndzove halusky (small potato dumplings with sheep cheese). And the drink!!! Popular drinks include Slovak beer, wine and mineral waters. Borovicka (strong gin) and slivovica (plum brandy) are particular specialties with wine from the Tokaj region and sparkling wine from the Bratislava region.

The food!!!

Traditional Slovak eating and drinking habits date back to the old Slavic period influenced later by Hungarian, Austrian and German cooking. Slovak food is based on many different kinds of soups, gruels, boiled and stewed vegetables, roast and smoked meats and dairy products. The style of cooking varies from region to region. Slovak specialties include salted and sweetened dishes made with flour, including dumplings. One such dish is the popular bryndzove halusky (small potato dumplings with sheep cheese).

And the drink!!!

Popular drinks include Slovak beer, wine and mineral waters. Borovicka (strong gin) and slivovica (plum brandy) are particular specialties with wine from the Tokaj region and sparkling wine from the Bratislava region.

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