advertisement

Lived Poverty and the Economy

67 %
33 %
advertisement
Information about Lived Poverty and the Economy

Published on February 20, 2014

Author: Afrobarometer

Source: slideshare.net

Description

This presentation covers the first Afrobarometer Round 5 Global Release in #Johanesburg on Lived Poverty and the Economy where Citizens Give Governments Failing Grades on Economic Management despite decades of Growth.
advertisement

WWW.AFROBAROMETER.ORG Citizens Give Governments Failing Grades on Economic Management Despite a Decade of Growth

People’s perceptions of national and personal economic and living conditions • New findings from the Afrobarometer, based on surveys conducted in 34 African countries between October 2011 and June 2013, reveal widespread dissatisfaction with current economic conditions despite a decade of strong growth • A majority (53%) in the 34 countries rate the current condition of their national economy as “fairly” or “very bad”, while just 29% offer a positive assessment. • Just one in three Africans (31%) think the condition of their national economies has improved in the past year, compared to 38% who say things have gotten worse. • 32% say their own personal living conditions have improved in the past year, compared to 33% who say they have gotten worse (34% saw no change).

People’s perceptions of national and personal economic and living conditions • Africans give their governments failing marks for economic management (56% say they are doing “fairly” or “very badly”), improving the living standards of the poor (69% fairly/very badly), creating jobs (71% fairly/very badly), and narrowing income gaps (76% fairly/very badly) • Many Africans nonetheless express optimism about the future: 57% expect the economy to be better in a year. • At the regional level, West Africa tends to be the most positive and optimistic region, while East Africans are consistently the most negative, and the least optimistic about the future.

Fig. 1: Current condition of the national economy Very/Fairly Bad Algeria Namibia Niger Mauritius Morocco Botswana Liberia South Africa Burundi Senegal Guinea Madagascar Ghana Nigeria Togo Tanzania Tunisia Kenya 14 0% 20 24 10% Neither Good nor Bad 29 31 33 36 37 39 39 42 43 45 45 46 47 20% 13 Don't Know 53 32 9 40% 20 13 43 62 55 20 53 54 54 54 55 59 59 63 63 63 66 67 67 70 72 73 75 79 83 83 30% Very/Fairly Good 54 44 23 24 31 20 12 13 17 12 44 43 37 31 42 41 34 16 16 17 25 21 9 11 21 12 6 7 8 14 8 5 60% 70% 29 29 28 31 29 21 20 10 20 30 27 25 18 21 22 6 50% 34 22 18 9 80% 18 9 6 8 10 8 10 90% Question: In general, how would you describe the present economic condition of this country? 100%

Figure 2: Current condition of national economy compared with one year ago Worse/Much Worse Algeria Namibia Burkina Mozambique Botswana Cape Verde Liberia Cote d'Ivoire South Africa Lesotho AVERAGE Mali Swaziland Togo Burundi Kenya Tunisia Egypt 8 51 19 19 22 22 23 23 25 25 25 25 26 26 28 32 33 33 33 36 37 38 40 41 45 47 49 49 51 53 56 57 68 69 71 77 0% 10% 20% Same 30% 40% 50% 3 55 1 42 1 40 1 32 5 42 1 24 4 28 1 43 5 30 0 35 3 40 6 34 1 29 3 38 1 36 1 36 2 24 1 35 7 27 1 29 2 25 1 13 0 37 6 26 2 23 1 27 2 23 0 21 1 11 1 8 1 12 2 13 2 7 1 11 1 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Question: Looking back, how do you rate economic conditions in this country compared to one year ago?

Fig. 3: Highest and lowest levels of optimism about the economic future 82 80 79 78 78 75 54 Question: Looking ahead, do you expect the economic conditions in this country in twelve months time to be better or worse? (percent who say better/much better) Tanzania Uganda 26 24 22 Mauritius Egypt 33 32 Kenya Sudan AVERAGE Cote d'Ivoire Nigeria Benin Niger Mali 37 Algeria 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0%

Fig. 4: Highest and lowest ratings of personal living conditions Very/Fairly Good Zambia Liberia Mauritius Namibia Niger Sierra Leone Neither 56 50 47 46 44 44 AVERAGE 30 28 10 19 16 16 14 8 0% 10% 34 36 32 38 27 40 12 22 16 28 16 31 Malawi Uganda Togo Egypt Lesotho Kenya Tanzania Very/Fairly Bad 21 48 6 10 64 62 70 67 71 71 65 11 16 11 14 27 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Question: In general, how would you describe your own present living conditions?

Fig. 5: Countries with highest and lowest expectations about improved living conditions 87 85 82 80 79 77 27 23 Tanzania 30 Mauritius 33 Egypt 36 Kenya Burundi AVERAGE Cote d'Ivoire Cape Verde Niger Mali Nigeria 41 Uganda 60 Benin 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Question: Looking ahead, do you expect your living conditions to be better or worse in twelve months? (percent who say better/much better)

Fig. 6: Ratings of government management of the economy 80% 69 70% 60% 76 71 56 50% 40% 38 27 30% 24 20% 8 10% 0% Managing the Economy Improving Living Standards of Poor Very/Fairly Badly Creating Jobs Narrowing gaps between rich and poor Fairly/Very Well Question: How well or badly would you say the current government is handling the following matters, or haven’t you heard enough to say?

Fig. 7: Highest & lowest government ratings for creating jobs 87 87 87 84 81 79 71 59 57 54 54 51 Malawi Sierra Leone Cameroon Mauritius Lesotho Botswana AVERAGE Tunisia Kenya Nigeria Egypt Madagascar 44 Zimbabwe 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Question: How well or badly would you say the government is handling creating jobs, or haven’t you heard enough to say? (percent who say fairly/very badly)

What lessons to draw from AB survey findings • Economic growth appears to be benefiting only a few, according to the ordinary people who participated in Afrobarometer’s surveys • Growing economies are not creating enough jobs, or making life significantly better for Africa’s poor. • Glowing GDP growth figures might therefore offer little solace to people without jobs or those mired in poverty. • Popular opinion is thus increasingly out of sync with the “Africa Rising” narrative that has been gaining traction among government officials and international investors

For more information , data and publications, see the Afrobarometer website at: www.afrobarometer.org Follow us @afrobarometer https://www.facebook.com/Afrobarometer

Add a comment

Related pages

Economic Poverty

Unchanging Poverty. ... allow business to make more use of free gifts and suggests a move towards a some-pay-goods and some-free-goods mixed economy ? ...
Read more

Poverty in the United States - Wikipedia, the free ...

... Americans lived in poverty. ... Academic contributors to The Routledge Handbook of Poverty in the United States postulate that ... The economy food ...
Read more

Poverty - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Poverty is general scarcity, ... about 4.09 billion people in developing world lived above $1.25 per day and 1.4 billion people lived below $1.25 per day ...
Read more

Countries Compared by Economy > Population below poverty ...

Economy > Population below poverty line: Countries Compared. Home; Country Info; Stats; ... The official United States government poverty guidelines for ...
Read more

Lived Poverty | Africa Portal

"South Africans are increasingly pessimistic about their national economy: Compared to 2011, more citizens say the country’s economic situation is bad ...
Read more

Africa’s growth dividend? - Afrobarometer

Africa’s growth dividend? Lived poverty drops ... While “lived poverty ... used to summarize national wealth and the total state of the economy.
Read more

In 2011, Cambodia had a GDP of $33.8 billion and ...

Nearly a third of its people lived below the poverty level, and ... support the conclusion that Cambodia is a developing economy rather than an ...
Read more

Poverty Overview - World Bank

Fighting poverty in all of its dimensions lies at the core of the World Bank ... 10.7 percent of the world’s population lived on less than US$1.90 a ...
Read more

GAO-07-343T Poverty In America: Consequences for ...

Economy Statement of Sigurd R. Nilsen, Director ... total population, lived below the poverty line, as defined by the Census Bureau. Poverty imposes
Read more