Liu Guanzhong_China Public Transport Research Workshop

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Information about Liu Guanzhong_China Public Transport Research Workshop

Published on May 8, 2009

Author: tu_delft

Source: slideshare.net

course subject: [LEARNING SPACE] / [Public Transport] open learning resource (OLEP*): [China Public Transport Research Workshop] contributors: [Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China] [Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China] 空间拥挤困境 crowded space problem 登车淋雨困境 rain boarding problem 儿童护理困境 baby care problem 站立抓扶困境 handle care problem 信息交互困境 infor. interaction problem 购物携带困境 shop. carrying problem

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

巨大的客流 huge passengers flow 空间的阻塞 space obstruction [Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

从 大众视角 看待问题:人多 拥挤 时车厢内活动不便 从 设计研究视角 看待问题:人流与车厢空间载体 缺乏交互性 the common view the design research view lack of interactivity the crowded state [Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

高峰时段 the rush hours 非高峰时段 the common hours [Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

在 中国 ,公交车的 首要需求 应该是 多载客 ,而 其舒适性应当以站立乘客为准 In China , the primary task of buses should be the load capacity . The design standards of facilities and space should be based on the comfort of standing passengers . [Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

据统计, 2008 年,我国 10 米公交客车 高峰时段 最大载客量 92~99 人 , 每平方米面积 站立 9.2 人 。而在国家标准中,普通公交车的 额定载客量 是 75 人 ,双层公交车的 额定载客量 是 120 人 。在未来较长的时间内,我 国公交车上 站立乘客密度 降低的趋势不会太快,每年仅能减少 0.1 人 /m2 。也就是说,国内公交车乘客密度大的局面短期内不会有大的变化 In China , the largest load capacity of buses in peak hours is 92-99 people(44.56 people in United States ), an average of 9.2 people per square meter , and in China's national standards, the rated carrying capacity of buses is 75 people . [Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

相比 北美 1995 年在 高峰时段 进行的一项调查,其统计的 2180 辆标准公交车 ( 总长 12 米 ) ,共运客 97135 人次,平均 44.56 人 / 车 。其中总长 12 米的公交车座位数> 35 个,而总长 14 米的 3 轴公交车定额为 54~64 人 。 美国规定 ,公交车在 高峰时段站立人数不能超过 1/3 ,站立面积用于方便乘客下车、停放儿童推车和残障人士轮椅, 舒适性以座席乘客为准 。 中国 却难以做到这一点。在我国现阶段 ( 或今后相当长时期内 ) ,大中城市公交客车 高峰时段的站立人数超过 2/3 , 舒适性应以站立乘客为准 。我国公交车面临的 需求 , 首先是高峰时段能多搭载乘客 。对于 乘客 来说需求 首先是能乘上车,而不是有座位 ( 陈荫三, 2008 年中国客车学术年会 ) In China , more than two thirds of passengers in buses are standing in peak hours. The design standards of facilities and space should be based on this situation. [Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

时间变量 time variable 地点变量 location variable 环境变量 envir. variable 流量变量 flow variable ……… 数量调整 quantity adjust 搭配调整 compos. adjust 空间调整 space adjust 规则调整 rules adjust ……… 交通 traffic 反应性空间 依据流量进行空间的调整 [Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China] reaction space adjust space according to the flow

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

折 fold 旋转 rotate 伸缩 flex 卷 roll 拼 spell [Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China] 空间变化 方式探索 volume change ways

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

旋转 rotate 伸缩 flex 卷 roll 拼 spell 折 fold [Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China] 空间变化 方式探索 volume change ways

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

两种使用状态 ,分别满足 倚靠 和 就坐 客流高峰 时收起座椅以 节省空间 multi using state the rush hours the lean posture the seat posture to save space [Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

小雨时忽略上车过程淋雨困境 Boarding process of light rain 而大雨时呢 What about heavy rain [Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

从 大众视角 看待问题:雨天登车前的短暂过程易被雨淋 the common view 从 设计研究视角 看待问题: 空间转换 的 连接过程不畅 the design research view space conversion connect process not smooth [Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

根据 马斯洛 的 需求层级理论 ,任何事物在满足人类的 生理需求之后 ,应 进一步 考虑 协调和平衡 安全的需求 。以 公交车 为聚焦载体,则在满足生理层面的 移动代步需求 后,乘客 多方位的安全保护 应被提上日程 在 中国 ,由于 公交车 载客量 普遍较大,相应会造成乘客在上车过程中相对 在车外滞留 时间较长 ,即上下车的平均周期较长,因而若遇到雨雪天气,则对于乘客 安全性 形成的损失相对也比较大 After meeting the basic needs of transportation , the design of bus should be further consideration on multi-faceted security needs . [Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

时间变量 time variable 地点变量 location variable 环境变量 envir. variable 组成变量 compos. variable ……… 数量调整 quantity adjust 搭配调整 compos. adjust 设施调整 facilities adjust 规则调整 rules adjust ……… 安全 safety 空间转换保护 在空间变更时提供连接设计 [Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China] space conversion protection providing connective design for space change

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

接驳结构 connection 实体结构 root 旋折结构 rotate [Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China] 空间连通 方式探索 space connection ways

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

旋折结构 rotate 接驳结构 connection 实体结构 root [Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China] 空间连通 方式探索 space connection ways

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

 

 

旋折式 设计,不会额外增加体积 缓解 雨雪天气 登车过程中 滞留于环境 的问题 rotate and fold rain and snow stranded in environment [Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

时间变量 time variable 地点变量 location variable 环境变量 envir. variable 组成变量 compos. variable ……… 数量调整 quantity adjust 模式调整 compos. adjust 空间调整 facilities adjust 规则调整 rules adjust ……… 呵护 care 专属空间定制 专为婴儿设置的机动性空间 [Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China] customization space adjust space according to children

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

 

非两侧乘客抓扶困难 different to use the handles 目前扶手高度和人机学不合理 handle design needs to improve

 

目前公交车的把手设计 current handle design 车厢中部没有把手 no handles in central space

 

时间变量 time variable 地点变量 location variable 环境变量 envir. variable 组成变量 compos. variable ……… 数量调整 quantity adjust 模式调整 compos. adjust 空间调整 facilities adjust 规则调整 rules adjust ……… 支点 fulcrum 多方位支撑照顾 为不同位置站立的乘客提供支撑 [Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China] multi-directional support setting handle for passengers in different location

 

在公交车车厢内增加中间位置把手 setting central handles in common bus

 

 

 

 

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

纷繁复杂的交通 burdensome traffic 忙于接驳的人群 busy transfer crowd [Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

交通信息的模糊 使人们花费大量时间在 等待 车辆或者 换乘 途中 traffic information is not clear waiting state transfering state [Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

车载信息采集设备 vehicle information acquisition system 交通站点信息终端 traffic site information terminals 随身信息接收装置 portable information receiving device 智能交通信息系统 vehicle information acquisition system [Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

时间变量 time variable 地点变量 location variable 环境变量 envir. variable 组成变量 compos. variable ……… 方式调整 method adjust 协同平台 sync. adjust 互联网络 netservice adjust 规则调整 rules adjust ……… 交互 interaction 动态信息协同网络 在不同载体间信息平行化处理 [Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China] dynamic information synchronization network multi-carrier sharing and synchronization

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

知道目的地, 不知道换乘方式 do not know the transfer ways 到达站点后, 不知道目的地的具体方位 do not know the specific position of destination 浪费大量时间 候车 wasted a lot of time waiting [Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

明确 出行路线,换乘信息 方便目的地的 具体方位查找 clear travel routes specific position search clear transfer information 合理安排 出行规划 ,减少候车时间 travel planning [Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China] 关注 行为方式和行为载体 构成的困境 behavior patters and carriers

购物袋勒手: 购物袋多为塑料袋 ,物品重或者多便 非常勒手 plastic bags when shopping 购物袋众多:买菜的时候 多个 袋子 不同的物品不能放在一起 too many shopping bags different items could not put together 特殊语境: 下班 买菜时间 不能携带过大的物品 off duty and going shopping could not carry too much items hand pain [Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

明确出行路线,换乘信息 substitute or support item 整合购物袋把手 integration of a shopping bag handle [Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China] 灵活的 收纳方式 flexible unused state

hands liberation change bearing part use comfortable part low cost easy for classification light and easy to carry [Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

解放你的双手 用最舒服的部位承重 在疲劳的时候可以更换承重部位 物美价廉 分类,便于携带多种物品 轻便,易于携带 整合购物袋,肩背的方式至少可以解放一只手 可以自己选择最喜欢的使用方式 有多种携带方式:肩、肘、腕、手 用简单材料制成 下方有多个嵌槽,上方也有凹槽 体积小巧,轻便,背带收纳起来体积小巧便携 [Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

[Professor Liu Guanzhong] [Tsinghua University] / [Industrial Design] / [China]

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